Strictly speaking, trench art is a phrase that describes folk art created by soldiers who were stuck in the trenches during World War I. But trench art as a more broadly defined genre includes all sorts of art objects made during numerous military conflicts going back to the early 1800s, including items produced by prisoners of war.
Leaving aside the question of era, there are several generally accepted categories of trench art. Some of the earliest examples are wooden boxes made by French prisoners captured by the English during the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815).
By World War I, prisoners on both sides of that struggle were engraving and carving everything from spent shell casings to soup bones, transforming them into poignant mementos and useful historical records of the war to end all wars. Some pieces are particular to certain battle zones. For example, Turkish prisoners were known for their beaded snakes.
Those soldiers who did not have the time or tools to engrave spent artillery shells in the trenches often brought them home, where they would be embossed, fluted, and flared. Engravings on canteens and mess kits were probably done in the field, as were paintings on helmets.
Other examples of trench art include letter openers and knives made from bullets and shells; presentation plates hammered and engraved from flattened casings; lighters formed out of enemy belt buckles; and inkwells carefully crafted from fuse caps.
Soldiers recovering from their wounds also made trench art, usually in the form of embroidered badges and belts. Similar pieces made by wives and girlfriends waiting for their loved ones to return home are also considered trench art.
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Recent News: Trench Art
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WW1 centenary events in athyA Kilcullen Diary (blog), September 2nd
The presentations include WW1 a full size replica Armoured Car, an Interactive World War Scene, Recruitment Office, Walk through Trench & Bunker Exhibits, Uniforms, Medals, Trench Art & Military Memorabilia. There's also a WW1 Art Exhibition, Living ...Read more
Hunt for war artHenley Standard, September 1st
It is looking for items of trench art, which soldiers crafted from debris when they were on leave. These included jewellery, ashtrays, cutlery and models of tanks or aeroplanes. Many were handed down through families. If you can help, call Janet Hurst...Read more
First World War trench artist's son presented with family history bookEpsom Guardian, August 31st
A First World War trench artist's son was "overwhelmed" to receive a book bringing together research into his father's life. Back in May a couple from Ewell presented Ronald Turtle with a piece of trench art created from the case of a shell by his dad...Read more
World's Fair of Money top exhibiting honor awarded to Mack MartinCoinWeek, August 30th
American Numismatic Association member Mack Martin won the Howland Wood Memorial Award for Best-in-Show in numismatic exhibiting at the 2014 Chicago World's Fair of MoneySM in Rosemont, Illinois. Martin's exhibit, “Baby Bonds,” featured notes ...Read more
Discover trench art at Compton VerneyLeamington Courier, August 25th
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Trench art: relics from a grim realityEdmonton Journal, August 23rd
The veteran is gone, but the souvenir sits in the collection of the National War Museum in Ottawa and is a favourite of historian Tim Cook. It's one of the many pieces of trench art that survived the war, mementos fashioned by soldiers from the...Read more
Warwickshire gallery exhibits a different take on the First World War ...Coventry Telegraph, August 22nd
A different take on the First World War commemorations can be seen at a Warwickshire gallery which shows the creativity of people in the worst conditions. From Ammunition to Art: Trench Art from the First World War is on at Compton Verney art gallery...Read more
First World War soldier's son "overwhelmed" to receive his trench artYour Local Guardian, August 19th
Almost a century after it was created, a piece of trench art made by a soldier during the First World War has finally been presented to his son. Corporal Ernest Turtle, from the Royal Engineers, crafted a guard house from the case of a German shell...Read more