Strictly speaking, trench art is a phrase that describes folk art created by soldiers who were stuck in the trenches during World War I. But trench art as a more broadly defined genre includes all sorts of art objects made during numerous military conflicts going back to the early 1800s, including items produced by prisoners of war.
Leaving aside the question of era, there are several generally accepted categories of trench art. Some of the earliest examples are wooden boxes made by French prisoners captured by the English during the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815).
By World War I, prisoners on both sides of that struggle were engraving and carving everything from spent shell casings to soup bones, transforming them into poignant mementos and useful historical records of the war to end all wars. Some pieces are particular to certain battle zones. For example, Turkish prisoners were known for their beaded snakes.
Those soldiers who did not have the time or tools to engrave spent artillery shells in the trenches often brought them home, where they would be embossed, fluted, and flared. Engravings on canteens and mess kits were probably done in the field, as were paintings on helmets.
Other examples of trench art include letter openers and knives made from bullets and shells; presentation plates hammered and engraved from flattened casings; lighters formed out of enemy belt buckles; and inkwells carefully crafted from fuse caps.
Soldiers recovering from their wounds also made trench art, usually in the form of embroidered badges and belts. Similar pieces made by wives and girlfriends waiting for their loved ones to return home are also considered trench art.
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Feb. 13th - Trench Art Retrospective: The War Against HIV/AIDS - Women of the ...Business Wire (press release), February 12th
13th - Trench Art Retrospective: The War Against HIV/AIDS - Women of the African Diaspora in the Trenches. 35th Annual Black Doll Exhibit, S.H.I.N.E. Drum Troupe Performance & Community Panel Discussion: “Creating Sanctuary: Eliminating ...Read more
A&E calendar: Music, theater and more in Kendall CountyKendall County Now (subscription), February 4th
"Cast Off: Michael Dinges," carved and inked discarded plastic and electronics objects, is among three exhibits to be displayed Feb. 10 to April 29 at the Schingoethe Center of Aurora University, 1315 Prairie St. in Aurora. Companion displays are...Read more
Michael Mortilla: New ObjectivityL.A. Weekly, January 12th
Pianist Michael Mortilla used to tour with the Martha Graham Dance company, playing along as dancers rehearsed and composing scores for them, including one for their performance for President Ronald Reagan). On the final day of LACMA's exhibition ...Read more
Exploring Judy Waugh's trench art collectionABC Local, November 10th
Judy is a collector of 'trench art', little objects made by Australian soldiers on the Western Front during World War One. The objects took various forms: tiny replicas of musical instruments; inkwells; snuffboxes paperknives and crucifixes. Soldiers...Read more
County Durham woman amasses trench art collection over 30 yearsChronicleLive, July 14th
For a project which aims to track down First World War trench art in the North East, Judy Sunter's home is the perfect place to start. Judy, who lives near Stanley in County Durham, has amassed a collection of more than 600 pieces of trench art, much...Read more
Newcastle University join forces with Beamish to hunt for First World War ...ChronicleLive, July 7th
In the years of First World War trench fighting, the debris associated with waging an industrialised conflict was everywhere. In what is now called trench art, soldiers made creative use of everything from shell cases and bullets to army biscuits...Read more
If only trench art could talk ....Danville Commercial News, March 14th
Trench art consists of war souvenirs made from things that soldiers — particularly World War I soldiers —found in trenches and on battlefields: uniform buttons, belt buckles, canteens, shrapnel, bullets, helmets, artillery shells … even bones. I...Read more
Trench art: a story of grace under fireSydney Morning Herald, February 26th
Slade, who's based at the Art Gallery of South Australia, envisioned a marriage between historical trench art and contemporary work, and came up with En-Trenched. The exhibition – supported by the federal government's Anzac Centenary Arts and Culture ...Read more