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Fairbairn-Sykes Fighting Knife

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Posted 5 years ago


(51 items)

This is a Fairbairn-Sykes Fighting Knife from my WW2 Collection. It is a 1942 example made by William Rodgers of Shefield England and was owned by a "Commando" with the initials "H.A.M.". It now resides on my desk and I handle it each and every day in it's new role of my letter opener! The "F-S" Knife is a double-edged fighting knife resembling a dagger or poignard with a foil grip developed by William Ewart Fairbairn and Eric Anthony Sykes in Shanghai based on concepts which the two men initiated before World War II while serving on the Shanghai Municipal Police in China.

The F-S fighting knife was made famous during World War II when issued to British Commandos, including the SAS. With its acutely tapered, sharply-pointed blade, the F-S Fighting knife is frequently described as a stiletto, a weapon optimized for thrusting, although the F-S knife is capable of being used to inflict slash cuts upon an opponent when its cutting edges are sharpened according to specification. The Wilkinson Sword Company made the knife with minor pommel and grip design variations.

The F-S knife is strongly associated with the British commandos and the US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and Marine Raiders (who based their issued knife on the Fairbairn-Sykes), among other special forces / clandestine / raiding units. It features in the insignia of the British Royal Marines, the Dutch Commando Corps, founded in the UK during World War II, the Australian 1st Commando Regiment and 2nd Commando Regiment, and the United States Army Rangers, both founded with the help of the British Commandos. A solid gold F-S Fighting Knife is part of the commandos' memorial at Westminster Abbey.

The first batch of fifty F-S Fighting Knives were produced in January 1941 by Wilkinson Sword Ltd after Fairbairn and Sykes had travelled down to their factory from the Special Training Centre at Lochailort in November 1940 to discuss their ideas for a fighting knife.
The F-S Fighting Knife (having little other practical application except for use in hand-to-hand combat) is now of interest mainly to collectors, though it remains in production because of continued collector interest.
The F-S Fighting Knife was designed exclusively for surprise attack and fighting, with a slender blade that can easily penetrate a ribcage. The vase handle grants precise grip, and the blade's design is especially suited to its use as a fighting knife. Fairbairn's rationale is in his book Get Tough! Published in 1942: : See my companion Collectors Weekly Post:

In close-quarters fighting there is no more deadly weapon than the knife. In choosing a knife there are two important factors to bear in mind: balance and keenness. The hilt should fit easily in your hand, and the blade should not be so heavy that it tends to drag the hilt from your fingers in a loose grip. It is essential that the blade have a sharp stabbing point and good cutting edges, because an artery torn through (as against a clean cut) tends to contract and stop the bleeding. If a main artery is cleanly severed, the wounded man will quickly lose consciousness and die: See Photos .3 & .4 in my companion Collectors Weekly Post:

The Fairbairn-Sykes was produced in several patterns. The Shanghai knife on which it was based was only about 5.5 in (14 cm) long in the blade. First pattern knives have a 6.5 in (17 cm) blade with a flat area, or ricasso, at the top of the blade which was not present on the original design and the presence of which has not been explained by the manufacturers, under the S-shaped crossguard. Second-pattern knives have a slightly longer blade (just less than 7 in/18 cm), 2 in (5.1 cm)-wide oval cross-guard, knurled pattern grip, and rounded ball, and may be stamped "ENGLAND" on the handle side of the cross piece. Some may also be stamped with a number on the opposite handle side of the cross piece. Above the number may also be stamped a triangular symbol. Third-pattern knives also have a similarly-sized inch blade, but the handle was redesigned to include a ring grip. This ring grip is reputed to have distressed one of the original designers as it unbalanced the weapon and made harder to hold when wet, but it was used by the manufacturers as it was simple to produce and could be cast from a cheaper and more plentiful alloy instead of using up scarce quantities of brass stock which were of course required for ammunition casings and other such vital applications. Third-pattern knives such as mine here are usually stamped "WILLIAM RODGERS SHEFFIELD ENGLAND" (See Photo .2), "BROAD ARROW", or simply "ENGLAND". William Rodgers, as part of the Egginton Group, now also produce an all-black "sterile" version of the knife, which is devoid of any markings showing maker or NATO use.

The length of the blade was chosen to give several inches of blade to penetrate the body after passing through the 3 in (7.6 cm) of the thickest clothing that was anticipated to be worn in the war, namely that of German greatcoats. Later production runs of the F-S Fighting Knife have a blade length that is about 7.5 in (19 cm).
In all cases the handle had a distinctive foil-like grip to enable a number of handling options. Many variations on the F-S Fighting Knife exist in regards to size of blade and particularly of handle. The design has influenced the design of knives throughout the many decades since its introduction.

Because of the success of the Fairbairn-Sykes Knife in World War II and in the wars in Korea and Vietnam, many companies made their own versions of the F-S Fighting Knife. The Gerber Mark II (1966) became the second-most famous knife to the United States Marine Corps's KA-BAR.

Almost two million of the British knives were made. Not all of these were of good quality; post-1945 versions were notably inferior. Early production runs were extremely limited and demand was high, with many British troops attempting to buy their own.

The OSS dagger was a double-edged knife based on the Fairbairn-Sykes fighting knife. It was so admired that the U.S. military created several other fighting knives based on it. Unfortunately, the U.S. Office of Strategic Services's per-knife manufacturing bid was approximately one-fifteenth of the British equivalent. As a result, the U.S. version of the knife, manufactured by Landers, Frary & Clark, of New Britain, Connecticut was improperly tempered and inferior to the British in materials and workmanship, and its reputation suffered accordingly. A total of 20 000 units of the OSS version were produced. The OSS dagger was replaced in service in 1944 by the U.S. M3 Fighting Knife.
General Robert T. Frederick of the Devil's Brigade (First Special Service Force) is credited with a similar weapon, the V-42 Stiletto, itself a derivation of the F-S design. The V-42 was manufactured by W. R. Case & Sons Cutlery Co. during this period and is distinguished mainly by its markings and the presence of a small, scored indentation for the wielder's thumb, to aid in orienting the knife for thrusting.

Fairbairn has been given full or partial credit for the design of several other fighting knives, including the smatchet which has a whole chapter in “Get Tough” the book by Bill Fairbairn already mentioned and spotlighted in my companion Collectors Weekly Post:


  1. Hems303 Hems303, 5 years ago
    This is the Link to my "Companion CW Post" for this F-S Fighting Knife:

  2. Hems303 Hems303, 5 years ago
    Thanks for the appreciation from: AR8Jason, musikchoo, BELLIN68, petey, walksoftly, pw--collector, blunderbuss2 and kerry10456.

  3. dlfd911 dlfd911, 5 years ago
    I just found out that I have one of these knives. I have had it for many years and simply thought it to be a boot knife before I found your post. It's hard to read, but it appears to say just "Sheffield England" on the handle side of the crossguard. It is all black, though you can see where it is worn away slightly on the handle to reveal a copper or brass color beneath. The blade measures exactly 6 5/8 inches in length. I'll post some photos on CW as soon as I take them.
  4. Hems303 Hems303, 4 years ago
    dlfd911: I look forward to seeing your post, sounds interesting.
  5. dlfd911 dlfd911, 4 years ago
    OK, here's my post.
  6. Hems303 Hems303, 4 years ago
    dlfd911: Thanks for the link. Well worth looking at :)
  7. blunderbuss2 blunderbuss2, 4 years ago
    Steve, I was doing some research on the VOC (Dutch East Indies Co.) as you know, & ran into a comical lion face crest. Said to be used between 1728-51. The pics of some China with that emblem on it was attributed to the British Museum. You might want to send a pic to them & see if it is a match. I was searching thru "VOC rampant lion emblem". Bon chance.
  8. Hems303 Hems303, 4 years ago
    Blunderbuss2: Thanks for that mate! Sorry for delay in responding but as you know; I was away from CW for 3 weeks.

    For anyone confused by comment about comical lion face crest, it was referring to another post I made:
  9. Machiavelli_Sun_Tzu Machiavelli_Sun_Tzu, 2 years ago
    Great knife!!! If you stick with a modern Linder or J Nowill and Sons copy, you'll get a faithful, battle ready FS knife that can actually be used in combat. Too many people buy the six dollar pieces of crap and judge the knife based on those pathetic reproductions. Anyway, spend the sixty or so dollars for the real thing and you'll not regret it. Congratulations on your original piece, btw.
  10. Hems303 Hems303, 2 years ago
    Hi Machiavelli_Sun_Tzu

    Thanks for your kind words, and yes; obtaining the genuine item is always the route I maintain in buying for the collection. ;)
  11. blunderbuss2 blunderbuss2, 2 years ago
    Good to hear from you Steve! You just passing thru?
  12. Hems303 Hems303, 2 years ago
    Hi Blunderbuss...
    Just passing thru... times and things have changed on this site too much .. too many departures of good folk. Really don't have the desire to hang about like I did. I no longer have to suffer long boring spells that I would fill with trawling/posting to CW; as I've retired (Jan14) from my "active" life, now enjoying the Queen's pension at 57, but still occasionally get dragged back into "items of current concern"..... once the man has his hooks into you, there ain't no getting away, lol. I'm gonna have to vanish taking my canvases and oils with me, to paint those pictures I've never found time for! I'll pass thru here occasionally for old times sake. Anyway nice to hear from you, I still get the funny emails you send, those brighten up the day. Spk soon!
  13. inky inky, 2 years ago
    Hi! Steve..nice to see you back even if it is for a little now and again..better than not at all...I do know what you mean though!!!...Bye for now..Penny...:-)
  14. blunderbuss2 blunderbuss2, 2 years ago
    Steve, do you want me to add you to my joke list? I just flip a few your way that I think you would enjoy. Glad to know you appreciate them. Ever want to come this way, you have a place to stay & free transportation to drive. (Pickup without power anything, but free!)
    Penny, I was just going to call you.
  15. Hems303 Hems303, 2 years ago
    Hi Lucas & Penny.
    Thanks for the kind words, and you have encouraged me to revisit more often! And special thanks to you BlunderB for repeating your kind offer, if ever I'm in your neck of the woods, how could I not look-up your good self!

    I'll try a.s.a.p. to post something interesting as I've accumulated a ton of stuff since I last posted 9 months ago!!!!!! I was "offered" £1000 for the object of my last post, and even received one veiled threat if I didn't sell! Another reason to back off from publicising "gems" on CW and giving public access to email!
  16. blunderbuss2 blunderbuss2, 2 years ago
    Door is open Steve. I can teach you how to shoot. LOL. Blunderbusses. Maybe we can work in some night drive-bys in this target enriched zone. Take care or anyway you can get it.

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