Posted 12 months ago
This is a locket presented by the Mainzer Carneval Association for 25 years of service to Victor Kreyzschmar. His service spaned from 1884 to 1909 as the Secretary. It is engraved with on the back and has the seal of the association on the front. its is 14k gold weight is 16.73 grams
Does any body know anything s about this item to point me in a good direction I can not ask for a appraisals, or value but where ? ? moreThe city of Mainz, the MCV and the carnival MY EMAIL IS FISH0450@ATT.NET NEED MORE INFO
an indivisible whole 1838 - 1848
The first court foolish 1838th Ludwig Chary than as Prince Carnival, right MCV president Carl Heinrich Michel Delahaye and left arms Herald1838 decided the citizens of Mainz Fastnacht "in better order and nobler taste" celebrate and founded The Mainz Carnival Club. The modern Mainz Carnival - with meetings and Carnival, with theater farce and royals, with medals and cap - was born. It developed into the distinctive urban folk festival, which also has national and international appeal. The carnival has helped shape the look of the city of Mainz crucial. For many foreigners, the terms "Mainz" and "Carnival" congruent. For the carnival is part of the history of Mainz. They helped shape the history of the city of Mainz, she has acted on the situation and was in turn influenced in a kind of interaction of these again.
The beginning of the industrial age and the club was founded in Vormarz
The modern Mainz Carnival originated in the Biedermeier period, at a time that is reminiscent of bourgeois idyll, comfort and cosiness. Factories were built, the steam power spread. Mechanization was at the gates, the population grew. The belief in progress was uninterrupted. The French had initiated with the Republic of Mainz from 1792/93 the first democratic experiment on German soil. They had brought a model of the Judiciary, a modern administration and local self-government, on which today's Rheinische Bürgermeistereiverfassung based. And they had, the propertied middle, given political participation rights. Civil society began to emerge. In the Hessian time - 1816 was Mainz come with its hinterland to the Grand Duchy of Hesse and capital of the province Rheinhessen become - were created in the French term fundamentals largely intact, but were increasingly threatened. At the Hambach Festival of 1832, the Assembly Democrats and Liberals, Mainz had been represented by a large delegation. Mainz was not only Hessian provincial capital, but, since 1815, also fortress of the German Confederation, in which the two great powers, Austria and Prussia had garrison right. Mainz was in the thirties, a city at the beginning of the fermentation process in which the industrial age dawned. Still dominated by medium, she was the industrially most developed city of the Grand Duchy. To curb the "revolutionary activities" in Germany, the German Confederation was adopted 1832 and 1834 various laws against freedom of expression, and freedom of assembly. These laws were in the Grand Duchy of Hesse strict application. And Mainz, the largest town of the country, got the distrust of the Darmstadt Ministry felt especially, a suspicion which was confirmed by the two major powers in the German League: Austria and Prussia. Even the ceremony for the unveiling of the Gutenberg monument in 1837 broke in Darmstadt from fear. In the old system before the French Revolution, the people had listened corporations, which were determined by birth and status. Guilds, in which man was involved in work and leisure. In its place now joined the club on the basis of a voluntary association. You could enter and exit, and belong to several clubs at the same time. The Voluntary Sector in the 19th Century to the age of formative force. And the carnival? It was celebrated with private balls and balls in the theater with mask activity on the streets and in the pubs. "Only children and older people from the lower classes of people," said the politician Ludwig Bamberger recalled his childhood in the thirties, "appeared on the streets." 1823 in Cologne had been a reform of the carnival, organized by the "better" as Joseph Klersch quoted a co-founder, of the propertied and educated middle classes viz. By the redoubt, the Prince Carnival and Carnival in the meetings of the now valid under the carnival was set. As between Mainz and Cologne were manifold business connections and both cities were in competition with each other, knew the Mainzer the new Cologne carnival.
The MCV and Ranzengarde
The foundation of Ranzengarde and the establishment of the Mainz Carnival Association are closely linked. Interconnections confirm the relationships. Of the 37 knapsack Guardsmen in 1838 accompanied the first real Carnival, 30 are known by name, 15 of them were among the founders of the MCV. Founding president of the MCV was the producer Charles Michel.
The approval process in flash
Sections 1 and 2 of the Statutes of the MCV of 18 January 1838The approval process, which followed the actual founding of the MCV, was "suspicious" is wound quickly between the founders and the authorities there must have been collusion. On 19 January 1838 already asked the elected committee Baron Ludwig von Lichtenberg, the head of the district office and district president of the province of Mainz Rheinhessen to permit also the 19th to Dated January statutes. On 22 January 1838, approved the statutes of the Lichtenberg MCV. As early as 24 January appeared in the newspaper the Invitation to General Mainz on the following day, 25 January, in the hall of the Roman king in the Grebenstraße. Tickets, "which constitute the membership", for 3 Gulden 30 Kreuzer were, "the orderly-dude-caps" for 1 guilder at the Treasurer of the Association and member of the committee to have the Bernhard Göttig Domläden. This 4 1/2 Gulden were a princely sum. There were workers who received this amount as a weekly wage. On 28 January saw, this time in the yard as Holy Roman Emperor, a gathering that "Carnival members" held that "If the masquerade as actively want to participate." On 9 February Karl Michel requested as president of the MCV approval of the planned Fastnachtsmontagszugs, issued promptly. Only the sum earmarked for the Carnival Sunday torchlight was banned by the Vizegouvarneur the federal fortress of Muffling for security reasons. Also on Carnival Sunday was the new city theater - to the benefit of the poor - the first time a farce, "Hamlet, Prince of Lilliput", and listed on the following day, 26 February 1838, the first real Carnival attracted by Mainz, for the time being still bore the name of "masquerade", led by those endowed with their new uniforms Ranzengarde. On Shrove Tuesday took the MCV a cap ride. Thus the modern Mainz Carnival was born. Already in its founding year they had all the elements that are still parts of the Mainz Carnival: meeting, Posse, medals and cap, cap and train ride.
Cologne and Mainz, the carnival sisters
The journalism raised triumphantly in the years after the founding of the MCV from the fact that the model for the new Mainz Carnival Cologne carnival reform since the mid-thirties suffered stress, which led to a split in the forties. In the Cologne upper class to support the reform carnival, moved away from coming to families who were not interested in the carnival. On the other hand strengthened the middle class and pushed into the carnival. Add the unrest occurred in connection with the dispute of the Prussian state and the Catholic Church because of the question of mixed marriages, were arrested in the course of the Cologne archbishop Droste-Vischering was. Yet in the 1838 campaign cheered "The Rhine: Cologne you're dead." Cologne had, it was said, the jilted Prince Carnival, as it had noticed sister Moguntia'll pass on the first try and make Cologne for stepchild. Cannibalistic trouble will come to the sister city when will the fools area reverberate from one end to the other: "Look! Mainz is my chosen daughter, to whom I am well pleased. " Cologne took over the Mainz meeting Fastnacht, the Posse, the train, the guard and cap. They interpreted this as a formal takeover, as a superficial relationship.
The early political Mainz Carnival
In the meetings Local, balderdash and political speeches alternated in colorful sequence. Local topics of the forties were walking through the streets of Mainz. The dunce cap was interpreted as Phrygian cap of the Jacobins, even if they were their shape changed annually. The committee consisted of eleven yet, but eight people. If there was an allusion to the policy, they were in the committee elections, because the members of the MCV initially chose 22 electors, who then determined the eight-member committee, and this corresponded to the multi-stage elections to the second chamber of Parliament. In the forties, politicized the MCV reflecting thus the state of the general political situation reflected on the eve of the March Revolution. The real politicization of the MCV began 1843/44, when the future parliamentary and Paul Church Members, the lawyer Dr. Franz Zitz, president of the MCV and was the lawyer and democrat Philipp Wittmann was one of the two secretaries to the committee moved.
The first conflicts with the authorities
The politicization of course, led to conflict with the authorities. A satirical poem Kalisch in Narrhalla of 1844 to King Ludwig I of Bavaria, an antibody directed against the late Duchess Elisabeth of Nassau car in Carnival of 1845, an appeal of the Austrian ambassador in Darmstadt State Chancellor Metternich of the meeting Carnival 1846 threatened the very existence of association, which, however, could always distance themselves from such individual events. Danger threatened the MCV temporarily in Mainz and from within. The campaign of 1845 was considered by many as disappointing. And despite great misgivings from Darmstadt mayor Nack could enforce the annual approval of the statutes and the program for the campaign 1846th
The social commitment of the MCV
In 1841, completed in Frankfurter Hof, 20 years of the Narrhalla MCVEven the social commitment of the MCV was considerable: the income of tickets for the Posse were distributed to the needy. 1845 a donation of 1200 guilders went to the victims of the floods and the devastating famine in 1847, flowed 1,400 gold coins to the needy, the carnival events were canceled. 1848 took place under the presidency of William Trunk at the Frankfurter Hof held some meetings scheduled. Then ended the policy the foolish goings. On 1 March said the MCV, the 5th day of the carnival to 7 March provided Events. The Revolution of 1848 broke out. In the Frankfurter Hof drew a different audience.