Posted 12 months ago
Imperial German reservist’s stein of Adam Bayerlieb, who apropos his name, served in the Royal Bavarian Leib Garde Regiment, 12th Company, from 1907-1909, while garrisoned in Munich. This is an interesting stein in that it has a crowned lid, with glass inserts allowing a view of the crown’s interior which presents a scene of a garrison guardhouse, with the gardist on duty presenting arms to a mounted officer who is making his rounds as officer of the day. The Bavarian Leib regiment is associated with such crown lids. Another distinction of this colorful stein is that it presents front and center the Shooting Prize (more accurately termed “Shooting Badge”) awarded by the King of Bavaria to this company in 1908 for their outstanding performance and marksmanship under simulated combat conditions. The stein has four side panels depicting the daily life of the recruit. The interior of the pewter lid is marked “D.R.G.M. & “51628” within a double-circle, in the center of the inner circle are the initials “J. M.”. This indicates that the lid design is protected under patent laws of all German states. I speculate that the initials are those of the designer.
On the upper rim, just below the rear of the lid is the manufacturer/distributer’s name “J. (Jakob) Maier, Munchen, Dachauer Str,(asse) 105”.
The regiment was created by Royal Decree on 16 July 1814 as the "Grenadier-Garde-Regiment" from the grenadier companies of the Bavarian line infantry regiments. In the Franco-PruIn the Franco-Prussian War the whole Regiment was assigned to the 1st Brigade, and thus to the 1st Division. At Lechfeld, it counted 66 officers and 2879 men ready for action. In the battles of Wörth on 6 August 1870 and Sedan on 1 September the Regiment was at the centre of the fighting and suffered a few casualties. For the actions at Sedan the commander of the III battalion, Major Joseph Graf von Ioner-Tettenweiß, was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph. After the battle at Artenay on 10 October 1870 the Regiment occupied Orléans on 11 October, but had to give it up again on 9 November 1870 in the face of far superior French forces, the Armée de la Loire. The cautious but brave actions of Captain Karl Hoffmann, head of the 9th Company of the Regiment, in the Battle of Villepion on 1 December 1870 prevented a breakthrough by superior French units, and held the endangered position until the end of that day. He was also awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph. On 2 December 1870 the Regiment proved itself in the bloody Battle of Loigny-Poupry, for which First Lieutenant Hermann Ehrne von Melchthal (8th Company) received a Knight's Cross for bravery in the face of the enemy. The Regiment recaptured Orléans the following day. On 7 December 1870 Second Lieutenant Friedrich Krieger, head of the 11th Company, repelled an attack by superior French forces on an artillery unit at Lemons (near Meung) and engaged in a counter-attack on his own initiative. He pursued and captured numerous French soldiers and an enemy artillery battery; for this he received a Knight's Cross. On the same day Second Lieutenant Alfred Meyer distinguished himself through his brave actions in a battle at Le Bardon (north-west of Meung), resulting in the award of a Knight's Cross on 24 May 1871. In the Battle of Beaugency on 8 December 1870 the Regiment held its positions against the French attacks. The Regiment was kept on alert during the siege of Paris, but did not have to intervene in the fighting.
An interesting side-note: the Badenweiler Marsch is a well-known Bavarian military march by Georg Furst (1870-1936).
Furst composed this tune for the Royal Bavarain Infantry Guard Regiment. The title refers to fighting on 12 August 1914 near Badonviller (Badenwelier) in French Lorraine, where the Royal Bavarian Infantry Guard Regiment achieved a first victory against the French at the beginning of the First World War. Anyone who has viewed Nazi newsreels of Wehrmacht and party parades has heard this march many times, as it apparently was one of Hitler’s favorites.