Pietra dura (or literally translated: hard stone)is a term for the inlay technique of using cut and fitted, highly-polished colored stones to create images. It is considered a decorative art. The stonework, after the work is assembled loosely, is glued stone-by-stone to a substrate after having previously been "sliced and cut in different shape sections; and then assembled together so precisely that the contact between each section was practically invisible. Stability was achieved by grooving the undersides of the stones so that they interlocked, rather like a puzzle, with everything held tautly in place by an encircling frame. Many different colored stones, particularly marbles for example Chalcedony, Agate, Lapis Lazuli, Jasper were used, along with semiprecious, and even precious stones. It first appeared in Rome in the 16th century, reaching its full maturity in Florence. Pietra dura items are generally crafted on green, white or black marble base stones. Typically the resulting panel is completely flat, but some examples where the image is in low relief were made, taking the work more into the area of hardstone carving. There are a lot of subjects inlaid with Pietra Dura as for example: tables, cabinets and last but not least beautiful jewelry.