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1893 Dalpayrat & Voisin-Delacroix Large Grotesquerie/Symbolist Sang de Boeuf Glazed Stoneware Vase

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paris1925's loves402 of 493Large Revernay Vase (France), ca. 1900Muller Freres, Luneville  Cameo Vase
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Posted 3 years ago

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cogito
(140 items)

One of the finest and artistically important figural ceramic vases in my collection. A large organic formed stoneware vase with a molded stylized dragon that is either emerging from the fruit or eating it. The form was sculpted by Alphonse Voisin-Delacroix (1857-1893) shortly before his death, and a known variant of the same fantastical creature appears on a similar “VD” signed Dalpayrat piece from the same period. This vase represents some of the initial ceramics produced by Voisin-Delacroix and Adrien-Pierre Dalpayrat (French, 1844–1910) in his famed "sang de boeuf" glaze, which was first presented to the public in 1892 at the Galerie Georges Petit in Paris. The base is inscribed deeply with Dalpayrat's signature, and, incredibly, there is also a penciled in price of $18, though I'm not certain if this is contemporary to the vase's production. Dimensions: 8.7”(H) x 9”(W).

Another example of this form in a different glaze color is found in Dalpayrat’s catalogue raisonné, "Adrien Dalpayrat: Franzosische Jugendstil-Keramik" (1998), Arnoldsche, Stuttgart; Pg. 140 (i.e., img. #80 - “Vegetal form vase being eaten by fantasy animal/dragon”).

By my count there are only 4 known (published) examples of this vase, one in the 1998 Arnoldsche Dalpayrat catalogue raisonné, two pieces of the same form that sold at auction in 2007 (both through Camard & Associés), and the piece above. It is unclear if the exact signature/markings are shared on all pieces.

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Adrien-Pierre Dalpayrat (French, 1844–1910) was born in Limoges. As a youngster with an interest in painting and design, he attended a local art school and subsequently trained at the Limoges Municipal School of Porcelain Painting. In the first decades of his career, Dalpayrat was a faïence painter, working at six different manufactories between 1867 and 1888. In 1889, he settled down near Paris in Bourg-la-Reine, a town with a long history of porcelain manufacture. At around this time, he dropped the designation of 'porcelain painter' and began to identify himself as a 'ceramist' or 'artist-ceramist.' From that time forward, he devoted his time mostly to stoneware, a material revered for its Japanese associations and in vogue at the time given the published and popular review of Asian art by Sigfried Bing. Dalpayrat's studio executed objects by Maurice Dufrêne, designer of furniture, textiles, glassware, silverware, and ceramics. Dufrêne was the director and manager of La Maison Moderne, an association of artists who worked together to create designs that could be produced in multiples.

Dalpayrat was well known for his sang de boeuf (oxblood) flambé pottery, so much so that the term "Dalpayrat red" was coined to designate his distinctive glaze. Modeled after the oxblood glazes on Chinese pottery centuries earlier, Dalpayrat's version diverges in interesting and organic ways with swirls of color and irregular surface characteristics that perfectly encapsulates the French Art Nouveau aesthetic. Perfected by 1892, Dalpayrat unveiled his oxblood glaze at the prestigious Galerie Georges Petit in Paris, where he exhibited 50 stoneware pieces based on models by Alphonse Voisin-Delacroix. His success with the high fire glazed stoneware was immediate, and since that fateful exhibition, Dalpayrat has been recognized as a master of the art form and a key figure in French Art Nouveau pottery.

Alphonse Voisin-Delacroix (1857-1893), Swiss born, was a pupil of the sculptor Henri Chapu. In 1892, Voisin-Delacroix joined Dalpayrat in operating a small ceramic studio at 9 and 11 High Street (now destroyed and at the location of No. 33 and 35 Avenue du Général Leclerc in Bourg la-Reine, Fr.) for a year of fruitful collaboration, creating pieces with flowing handles, fantastical creatures, moldings and striations well within Art Nouveau tastes of the time. Their first exhibition in December 1892 at the Galerie Georges Petit (1856 - 1920) was greeted enthusiastically and was carried over into a subsequent exhibition at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. The success of Dalpayrat and Voison-Delacroix's collaboration led to a second exclusive contract with Galerie Georges Petit for a period of twelve years, but sadly this contract was voided by the untimely death of Voisin-Delacroix from pleurisy on 4/2/1893.

Comments

  1. vetraio50 vetraio50, 3 years ago
    Thanks for sharing this fabulous piec, COGITO !!!!!!

    Exceptional!
  2. cogito cogito, 3 years ago
    Thanks Vetraio50. I thought it was appropriate for the upcoming Halloween holiday. Frankly, I'm amazed that I landed it.
  3. SEAN68 SEAN68, 3 years ago
    stunning!!!
  4. cogito cogito, 3 years ago
    Thanks Sean68. Still pinching myself.
  5. VioletOrange VioletOrange, 3 years ago
    BRAVO !!
  6. lostspirits, 3 years ago
    You are one lucky ducky! It is to die for!
  7. SEAN68 SEAN68, 3 years ago
    STUNNING!! WOW!!
  8. Vermont, 3 years ago
    Very nice...appreciate the concise history you have added, very informative to say the least.
  9. cogito cogito, 3 years ago
    Thanks all. I do feel lucky!
  10. fledermaus fledermaus, 3 years ago
    Wow, this is one of my favorites! Inspirational to my works.
  11. cogito cogito, 3 years ago
    Thanks, Fledermaus. To your credit, it was your work that came to mind when I first saw this piece.
  12. jensen jensen, 3 years ago
    As a 'drip glaze buff' (if such a things exists), I just love the glaze on this vase!
  13. cogito cogito, 3 years ago
    I'd have to agree, jensen. I go for glaze effects too, but with Dalpayrat (as with Lachenal) for me it is the surface characteristics that I find irresistible. Dalpayrat's matte type surfaces beg to be touched.
  14. paris1925 paris1925, 3 years ago
    hi jeff,
    i just found yours in different colours in the petit palais collection-)

    http://a80-musees.apps.paris.fr/Typo3/index.php?id=19
  15. cogito cogito, 3 years ago
    Wonderful! Thank you, Paris1925. It is also helpful to learn of the example's signature with a 1898 date. This indicates that this form, which has a creature identical to one in the famed 1893 George Petit Gallery show, was retained for additional production by Dalpayrat for at least 5 more years and 4 years after Voisin-Delacroix's untimely death.

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