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WWI Siamese and Brazilian Victory Medals

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Military Medals115 of 373Sacchini Made WWI Italian Victory Medal Planchet with Wrapper.US Army of Occupation of Germany Medal for post-WWI
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    Posted 7 years ago

    Chrisnp
    (310 items)

    At the end of WWI, the victorious nations created a common medal, known as the victory medal. The ribbon for each nation was the same - a double rainbow, juxtaposed with red at the center, moving out to violet at the edges. The face of each medal was to have a winged figure of victory, the reverse to have the words “The Great War for Civilization”. Of all the countries on the allied side, the rarest versions are from Siam and Brazil.
    I have original medals from all the other countries but these two. After years I have finally settled on buying copies. For now. One day I hope to have originals of these too, but at least this way I can display a whole set.

    Siam (Thailand) joined the war on the allied side in July 1917. Its official reason was to respond to Germany’s policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. The real goal was to gain European recognition of Siam’s sovereignty in its internal and international affairs. It sent a force of about 1,200 troops to Europe. All the officers and soldiers of the task force, sailors that transported them and the royalty and staff officers that sent them were all given this medal. Total production of the medal was about 1,500.

    Since Siamese culture didn’t have the traditional Western figure of victory, they used the image of a deity based on Vishnu riding the mythical bird Garuda. Its four hands hold a club, a disk, a conch shell and a lotus flower. The back of the medal translates as “The Great War for Civilization.”

    Brazil also entered the war over Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare. Brazil had a sizable merchant fleet and had lost a number of ships to German submarines when it finally threw in with the allies in October 1917. The nation’s contribution to the war was two cruisers and two destroyers with their crews placed under command of the British Admiralty. Brazilian aviators were trained in England and used to patrol the coast. The Brazilians also sent a medical mission to Europe plus soldiers to protect it that set up several field medical stations and a 300 bed hospital near Paris. Approximately 2,500 of these medals were produced for award to these sailors, soldiers and medical personnel.

    The Brazilian winged Victory looks angel-like. The reverse has “The great war for civilization” in Portuguese over the shields of the allied countries.

    The other medals in this series are:

    Belgium:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/35886-the-wwi-victory-medal-series-belgium?in=1197

    Cuba:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/35393-the-wwi-victory-medal-series--cuba

    Czechoslovakia:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/35465-the-wwi-victory-medal-series--czechoslo?in=1197

    France:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/36149-the-wwi-victory-medal-series-france?in=1197

    The British Empire:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/36311-the-wwi-victory-medal-series-british?in=1197

    Greece:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/35687-the-wwi-victory-medal-series-greece?in=1197

    Italy:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/36067-the-wwi-victory-medal-series-italy?in=1197

    Japan:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/35984-the-wwi-victory-medal-series-japan?in=1197

    Portugal:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/35592-the-wwi-victory-medal-series--portugal?in=1197

    Rumania:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/35784-the-wwi-victory-medal-series-rumania?in=1197

    United States:
    http://www.collectorsweekly.com/stories/36233-the-wwi-victory-medal-series-united?in=1197

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    Comments

    1. fortapache fortapache, 7 years ago
      An interesting history lesson thank you.
    2. racer4four racer4four, 7 years ago
      Great post Chris.
    3. elanski elanski, 7 years ago
      Interesting. I had no idea the Siamese medal featured Vishnu. I thought they all looked pretty much the same. I hope you find an original one some time. I like the American medals because they had the campaign clasps which adds another dimension to collecting them.
    4. Chrisnp Chrisnp, 7 years ago
      A deity based on Vishnu - there is some disagreement on the specifics. Both the Siamese and Japanese chose imagery from their own culture. Actually Westerners tended to add their own cultural twists as well. For example, the American winged victory was modeled on the Stature of Liberty.

      I also like the campaign clasps on the American medals, but am fascinated by the name engraving on the British medals. I have collected the British Victories with an eye toward representing the entire empire. I have these medals awarded to Brits, Canadians, Australians, Africans, Sikhs, Muslims, Burmese, Gurkhas, etc.

      Chris
    5. Chrisnp Chrisnp, 7 years ago
      Thanks for the love officialfuel, Militarist, elanski, blunder, vetraio50, racer4four and fortapache.
    6. changnoi changnoi, 2 years ago
      On a trip to Thailand I visited a number of coin and antiue shops and eventually found one. Cant see how to upload a photo though so heres the link on facebook
      https://www.facebook.com/groups/medalcollectors/permalink/4199797130049573/?comment_id=4199873296708623

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