Posted 1 year ago
Through the years, many collectors believe an American glass company called Phoenix Art Glass produced a number of cased pitchers with various Splatter decorations. Many of these examples were published in a book back in 2004 covering Phoenix production. The Phoenix Art Glass book was published well before the latest, "From Neuwelt to the Whole World: 300 Years of Harrach Glass" book, released in 2013.
Fig. 1 is a beautiful pitcher with matching tumblers newly identified as Harrach. In the Phoenix book on pages 54 & 55, there is various examples of this shape. The author notes the decor was produced with "mottled effects" and "mottled effects with encased mica."
Fig. 2 is a Harrach line drawing revealing factory documentation of the pitcher shape.
Fig. 3 is a Montgomery Ward advertisement from a Fall 1891 / Spring 1892 sowing the pitcher shape.
Fig. 4 is from the latest Harrach book verifying the decor with hand painted decoration. I believe the difference is the "Missouri Rosa" decor has mica inclusions and the "Marmor Violett" decor does not.
There are a few errors with Phoenix attributions, and certain methods of empirical research simply do not add up. From what I understand the Phoenix research is based on very little factory documentation and some of the research material was created by using descriptions of glass literature from published glass journals or trade advertisements during the late 1880's. I personally stumbled on this error from my own research, and started asking questions. With the help and awesome collaboration of others, we finally have the answers needed to understand the Harrach connection.
During the 1890's Harrach produced and exported many examples of hot shaped glass to America. The Harrach decor name "Missouri" would suggest this to be true. From what I found in this pitcher shape there are three different decor types. The first is a "mottled" decor that has a solid translucent colour and is mixed with opal white splatter. The second would be as shown in this posting, a mix of opal white splatter on a colouress ground with combining a solid translucent swirling colour. Both the first and second splatter descriptions came with or with out mica inclusions. The third example is blown with a Coindot decor pattern on a solid translucent colour that has a mix of opal white splatter through out.
Additional Information as of 6/10/2020: If anyone has the Nuewelt/Harrach book, please go to page 258. In so many words, Mergl adds, with descriptions of various marbled glass, there is unidentified variants in written sources and the additional types of glass are Murano, Loretto, Paris, Twilight and COLIBRI. I am wondering if this is a series of Pitcher sets? The reason why I am asking, Colibri is described in the Montgomery Wards ad, as shown in this posting.
Referring to the Harrach book again. On page 281, it is noted Harrach's newly types of glass were developed 2 yrs leading to the Paris exhibition. Thanks, to striking colour variants & glossy look of vases with embedded aluminum flakes from the series, Brocat, Florentiner, Austria and Missouri. Of these decors, it will be nice to follow up with photos to explain more in detail and show what these decors look like exactly so other collectors will have a better understanding.
(comment #16 has links with more information with another pitcher shape that has the same hand painted floral design as shown in the "Colbri" pitcher from fig. 1)
Thank you, for looking and please note, all photos are used for research purposes only.