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Original Marble Bottle 1872

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Bottles3868 of 5859Coke bottles===Saratoga Type Bottle===
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Posted 5 years ago


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Codd-neck bottle
In 1872, British soft drink maker Hiram Codd of Camberwell, London, designed and patented a bottle designed specifically for carbonated drinks. The Codd-neck bottle was designed and manufactured to enclose a marble and a rubber washer/gasket in the neck. The bottles were filled upside down, and pressure of the gas in the bottle forced the marble against the washer, sealing in the carbonation. The bottle was pinched into a special shape, as can be seen in the photo to the left, to provide a chamber into which the marble was pushed to open the bottle. This prevented the marble from blocking the neck as the drink was poured.

Early life
Codd was born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England, the son of Edwin Codd, a carpenter, who died when Codd was young. He had two older brothers and an older sister.

On 5 February 1856, at the age of 18, he married Jane Colebrooke. Early in his working life he became a mechanical engineer and at the age of 23, whilst working for the British and Foreign Cork Company, greatly improving the production of corks, he was offered the position of 'traveller for the business'. He recognised a need for better bottle filling machines and a new type of closure to reduce the need for corks.

[edit]Invention of the Codd bottle

In 1862 he brought out a patent for measuring the flow of liquids and in 1870 devised a patented bottling machine.

To understand the mineral water trade better and to prove the worth of his invention he experimented at a small mineral water works in the Caledonian Road, Islington, in London. A letters patent issued to him in November 1870 stated he was a soda water manufacturer living at 6 Park Place, Islington.

Frederick Foster and William Brooke became early backers. In 1872 he was introduced to Richard Barrett, of London, whose two sons owned the Malvern Mineral Water Co. at Grove Lane, Camberwell. Barrett became Codd's partner. This enabled Codd to continue his research into the globe-stopper idea and in particular the tool used to form the groove in the lip of the bottle and in 1873 he perfected his globe-stoppered bottle.


  1. walksoftly walksoftly, 5 years ago
    Great find, read of them never seen one though.
  2. spiritinthesky3 spiritinthesky3, 5 years ago
    Thanks Walksoftly, I'm pretty stoked!
  3. packrat-place packrat-place, 5 years ago
    Great find!
    A little more FYI stuff to add:
    "The bottles were produced by a method that required the use of an applied finish until well into the 20th century which is long after virtually all other bottle types were being mouth-blown with tooled finishes. According to one author the mouth-blown bottles were produced as follows: After being mold blown the bottles were sheared at the neck and allowed to cool. Then a glass marble, made from glass of a hardness twice that of the bottle was dropped into it. The bottle was then re-heated and the neck welded on (finish applied), so containing the marble. Eventually fully automatic bottle machines were adapted to produce Codd bottles. Reportedly, part of the reason for its lack of success in the U.S. was because American kids had a tendency to break the bottles to get at the internal marble for their youthful games."
  4. spiritinthesky3 spiritinthesky3, 5 years ago
    Yes packrat! I believe it was around 1920s they stopped producing them due to the breakage of the kids for the marbles.
    Thanks for the info.

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