Few board games can claim the same breadth of history as chess, which spans the globe, transcending borders and languages. It is taught to elementary school students, many of whom simply enjoy the shapes of the pieces, and also played by serious grandmasters, a title some say was first bestowed by Czar Nicholas II of Russia in 1914.
In many ways, the expansion of chess’s popularity has paralleled world events. The game required no common tongue, so when one empire conquered another, this war game was often passed from one army to another.
The game of chess as played in 6th-century India used a die to determine which figure would be moved. The pieces represented the king and his four military divisions: foot soldiers, cavalry, charioteers, and troops atop elephants. When the game later expanded into Persia, a wise man, which would later become what we now know as a queen, was added.
The Persian pastime soon spread to Arab nations, who checkmated the Persians in real battle in the 7th century. With the takeover came the appropriation of culture, including the passing of chess into the Arab world. The Arabs had a great deal of influence on the development of chess because of their strict Muslim beliefs that prohibited them from creating images of living things. Hence, the abstract designs of Arab chess pieces. Today, abstract design versus realistic representation is a major differentiator between collectible chess sets.
Middle Eastern chess pieces were normally carved from ivory, bone, or stone. Though they rarely come up for sale, a few of these 7th- and 8th-century chess sets still surface today. It wasn’t until the 10th century that chess boards were given dark and light squares.
Arab cultures introduced chess to the Western world. By the 16th century, rolling the die was a thing of the past, and the game essentially took the form it has today. Chess pieces from this period came in all shapes and sizes. Many were quite literal, depicting, for example, a king sitting on his throne or a knight riding a horse. Designers added even more variety by intricately carving the pieces from ivory, wood, and even glass.
While chess sets from the 18th century are prized by collectors, some of those from the 19th century are even more sought after. In 1849, Nathaniel Cooke designed the Staunton ch...
Staunton chess sets had semi-abstract pieces, though with ample differentiation between them—in the years leading up to the Staunton set, players often had trouble distinguishing rooks from knights. Capitalizing on Staunton’s fame, these sets quickly became the norm for tournaments, and most modern chess sets are modeled after them.
Jaques produced Staunton sets in both ivory and wood. The pieces came in various sizes, with the most common sets having a 3 ½-inch-tall king. While it is difficult to date many of these early Staunton sets, it isn’t too tough to ensure that a set is indeed a Staunton. The identifying marks are the small crowns stamped on the top of one of the rooks and knights of each color, indicating they are king-side pieces. Some of the kings also have an inscription reading “J. Jaques, London” on their bases.
Although the Staunton is the most famous chess set design (it is still used for tournaments today), it is by no means the only collectible type of set. Because chess is such a widely played game, collectors have a lot of choice. Some prefer ornamental sets, while others like to accumulate sets from a particular region of the world. Some go for sets made of one material, while others enjoy modern sets littered with pop-culture references.
Those who choose to collect by region have many options. You can collect Asian chess sets, which are almost exclusively made of ivory; fancier sets feature gold and silver. Some of the finest carved figures substitute Japanese samurai soldiers for knights and temples for rooks. Then there are the Indian sets, which have figures riding camels and elephants—an homage to the earliest form of the game played by its originators.
In the United Kingdom there have been dozens of memorable designs, such as the stone and ivory Calvert sets made between 1791 and 1840. Calvert sets were known for their pristine, sleek design and can be identified by their “Calvert 189 Fleet Stt” stamp. Another popular British style was St. George’s, which was common throughout the 19th century and featured ovals up and down the shafts of each piece.
Vintage chess sets from Germany, Austria, Poland, and the former Czechoslovakia also have their own styles, as do sets from the Philippines, locales in Africa, and various countries in Central and South America. Modern American and European sets, in contrast, are nearly identical, although there are slight variations—bishops are often jesters in France and runners in Germany.
In the 20th-century, the Cold War tensions between the United States and the USSR were played out on the chess board. Chess was a big deal in Eastern Europe long before the Cold War, and chess masters such as Boris Spassky, Anatoly Karpov, and Garry Kasparov were seen in the West as unassailable powerhouses—until Bobby Fischer appeared on the scene, the United States’ great chess hope. Fischer broke down the wall of Soviet chess dominance once and for all when he became the undisputed world chess champion from 1972 to 1975.
There is a wide variety of Russian and Soviet chess sets, often depending on the particular region where the set was made. In some sets, rooks are replaced by boats, while Russian sets in general are known for their spire tops. The Soviets were also pioneers in the use of plastic to make their chess pieces.
Today, most chess sets are plastic- and machine-made, but collectors look for sets whose pieces are made of porcelain, glass, stone, ivory, wood, and metal. In some cases, sets are hand-painted as well as hand-carved, making each piece a small work of art. In other cases, the relief on a piece is more functional, such as in sets that include Braille for unsighted players.
Another trend in contemporary chess sets is to use the game as a branding opportunity for entertainment franchises. There are wizarding chess sets based on images and events from the “Harry Potter” books and movies, as well as three-dimensional “Star Trek” chess sets.
If you love chess but aren’t in a position to collect chess sets, you can still marvel at their beautiful artistry. Various museums around the world that have numerous fine chess sets on display. These include the British Museum in London, The International Museum of Chess in Château de Clairvaux France, the Royal Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh, the L.A. Mayer Museum of Islamic Art in Jersusalem, and the Cleveland Public Library.
Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)
Museum of Talking Boards
Elliot Avedon Games Museum
Other Great Reference Sites
Most watched eBay auctions
Recent News: Chess Sets
Source: Google News
Season of giftingTitusville Herald, November 22nd
in Titusville, when the former Bryan's On the Corner housed a holiday display in the second-floor space. Many fun, collectible holiday-themed gifts can be found in the shop, including vintage ornaments, fiber optic dolls and small trees, Christmas...Read more
KC gift guide: things sweet, soft, transcendent, silly, sensualKansas City Star, November 21st
Cardboard chess set. A lot of chess sets have pieces made of something heavy, like marble. But not this compact, take-anywhere set fashioned from, of all things, cardboard. There's something throwback about the feel of the light-as-air, 3-D pieces in...Read more
The Dark Horse: Maori lives caught up in chess and violenceThe Australian, November 21st
The action opens with Gen, draped in a patchwork shawl, walking beatifically through traffic and the rain (except we learn it isn't raining) and into an antique store, where he plays with an old chess set. A social worker arrives, then the police, and...Read more
REDLANDS DAILY FACTS CALENDARRedlands Daily Facts, November 20th
Chess club: Redlands Chess Club meets 2 to 5 p.m. every Friday at Redlands Community Senior Center, 111 W. Lugonia Ave. Players of all ages are welcome, from beginners to experts. Chess boards and pieces are provided. Information: 909-798-7572...Read more
How the Wu-Tang Clan Overcame Bad Blood on Comeback LP 'A Better ...RollingStone.com, November 20th
In early 2013, RZA began work on new Wu-Tang songs, doubling down on his organic approach to production: Instead of sampling old R&B songs, as he had on early Wu-Tang records, he would make his own vintage-flavored tracks from scratch. RZA worked in L...Read more
Cold War Puck: The Beauties of Russian HockeyThe New Yorker, November 19th
He integrated elements from ballet, chess, and bandy, and put players through rigorous and unorthodox training rituals. (Vintage footage dug up by Gabe Polsky, the film's director, who played hockey at Yale, suggests that the key to graceful hockey is...Read more
Chess Candidates round 9: Vintage Anand beats TopalovFirstpost, March 23rd
We are past the half-way stage of the FIDE Candidates and Viswanathan Anand is now tied with Levon Aronian with 5 points out of 8, half a point clear of Vladimir Kramnik. Anand has four games with white of the six remaining, including this one, giving...Read more
How Computer Chess Was Shot With a Vintage Sony Tube Video CameraGizmodo, July 19th
Andrew Bujalski's latest film, Computer Chess, is a black-and-white dive into a the world of programming, and specifically, the quest to teach a computer to play chess better than a human. Throughout Computer Chess, you get to see some classic...Read more