Few board games can claim the same breadth of history as chess, which spans the globe, transcending borders and languages. It is taught to elementary school students, many of whom simply enjoy the shapes of the pieces, and also played by serious grandmasters, a title some say was first bestowed by Czar Nicholas II of Russia in 1914.
In many ways, the expansion of chess’s popularity has paralleled world events. The game required no common tongue, so when one empire conquered another, this war game was often passed from one army to another.
The game of chess as played in 6th-century India used a die to determine which figure would be moved. The pieces represented the king and his four military divisions: foot soldiers, cavalry, charioteers, and troops atop elephants. When the game later expanded into Persia, a wise man, which would later become what we now know as a queen, was added.
The Persian pastime soon spread to Arab nations, who checkmated the Persians in real battle in the 7th century. With the takeover came the appropriation of culture, including the passing of chess into the Arab world. The Arabs had a great deal of influence on the development of chess because of their strict Muslim beliefs that prohibited them from creating images of living things. Hence, the abstract designs of Arab chess pieces. Today, abstract design versus realistic representation is a major differentiator between collectible chess sets.
Middle Eastern chess pieces were normally carved from ivory, bone, or stone. Though they rarely come up for sale, a few of these 7th- and 8th-century chess sets still surface today. It wasn’t until the 10th century that chess boards were given dark and light squares.
Arab cultures introduced chess to the Western world. By the 16th century, rolling the die was a thing of the past, and the game essentially took the form it has today. Chess pieces from this period came in all shapes and sizes. Many were quite literal, depicting, for example, a king sitting on his throne or a knight riding a horse. Designers added even more variety by intricately carving the pieces from ivory, wood, and even glass.
While chess sets from the 18th century are prized by collectors, some of those from the 19th century are even more sought after. In 1849, Nathaniel Cooke designed the Staunton ch...
Staunton chess sets had semi-abstract pieces, though with ample differentiation between them—in the years leading up to the Staunton set, players often had trouble distinguishing rooks from knights. Capitalizing on Staunton’s fame, these sets quickly became the norm for tournaments, and most modern chess sets are modeled after them.
Jaques produced Staunton sets in both ivory and wood. The pieces came in various sizes, with the most common sets having a 3 ½-inch-tall king. While it is difficult to date many of these early Staunton sets, it isn’t too tough to ensure that a set is indeed a Staunton. The identifying marks are the small crowns stamped on the top of one of the rooks and knights of each color, indicating they are king-side pieces. Some of the kings also have an inscription reading “J. Jaques, London” on their bases.
Although the Staunton is the most famous chess set design (it is still used for tournaments today), it is by no means the only collectible type of set. Because chess is such a widely played game, collectors have a lot of choice. Some prefer ornamental sets, while others like to accumulate sets from a particular region of the world. Some go for sets made of one material, while others enjoy modern sets littered with pop-culture references.
Those who choose to collect by region have many options. You can collect Asian chess sets, which are almost exclusively made of ivory; fancier sets feature gold and silver. Some of the finest carved figures substitute Japanese samurai soldiers for knights and temples for rooks. Then there are the Indian sets, which have figures riding camels and elephants—an homage to the earliest form of the game played by its originators.
In the United Kingdom there have been dozens of memorable designs, such as the stone and ivory Calvert sets made between 1791 and 1840. Calvert sets were known for their pristine, sleek design and can be identified by their “Calvert 189 Fleet Stt” stamp. Another popular British style was St. George’s, which was common throughout the 19th century and featured ovals up and down the shafts of each piece.
Vintage chess sets from Germany, Austria, Poland, and the former Czechoslovakia also have their own styles, as do sets from the Philippines, locales in Africa, and various countries in Central and South America. Modern American and European sets, in contrast, are nearly identical, although there are slight variations—bishops are often jesters in France and runners in Germany.
In the 20th-century, the Cold War tensions between the United States and the USSR were played out on the chess board. Chess was a big deal in Eastern Europe long before the Cold War, and chess masters such as Boris Spassky, Anatoly Karpov, and Garry Kasparov were seen in the West as unassailable powerhouses—until Bobby Fischer appeared on the scene, the United States’ great chess hope. Fischer broke down the wall of Soviet chess dominance once and for all when he became the undisputed world chess champion from 1972 to 1975.
There is a wide variety of Russian and Soviet chess sets, often depending on the particular region where the set was made. In some sets, rooks are replaced by boats, while Russian sets in general are known for their spire tops. The Soviets were also pioneers in the use of plastic to make their chess pieces.
Today, most chess sets are plastic- and machine-made, but collectors look for sets whose pieces are made of porcelain, glass, stone, ivory, wood, and metal. In some cases, sets are hand-painted as well as hand-carved, making each piece a small work of art. In other cases, the relief on a piece is more functional, such as in sets that include Braille for unsighted players.
Another trend in contemporary chess sets is to use the game as a branding opportunity for entertainment franchises. There are wizarding chess sets based on images and events from the “Harry Potter” books and movies, as well as three-dimensional “Star Trek” chess sets.
If you love chess but aren’t in a position to collect chess sets, you can still marvel at their beautiful artistry. Various museums around the world that have numerous fine chess sets on display. These include the British Museum in London, The International Museum of Chess in Château de Clairvaux France, the Royal Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh, the L.A. Mayer Museum of Islamic Art in Jersusalem, and the Cleveland Public Library.
Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)
Museum of Talking Boards
Elliot Avedon Games Museum
Other Great Reference Sites
Most watched eBay auctions
Recent News: Chess Sets
Source: Google News
Hassan's Tale | Part 1 – The Mountain is a MuslimMuslimMatters, April 15th
He was also an avid pottery collector who travelled all over the world collecting antique pieces. And he was the man who had helped Hassan set ... The large, Spanish-style house was stunningly decorated with some of the antique vases and urns that Dr...Read more
Library CornerContra Costa Times, April 15th
Teen Chess and Board Games: 3-5 p.m. Fridays. Students 12-17 can get instruction and participate in ... Discussion will be on the book, "In An Antique Land: History in the Guise of a Traveler's Tale," by Amitav Ghosh. It will be held at the Pleasant...Read more
In Montclair, Poor Richard's treasures from the pastNorthJersey.com, April 15th
Tom Amann, Rick's on-staff craftsman who spent 72 hours meticulously restoring an antique chess table, discovered that he and the owner were related distantly through ancestors who came over on the Mayflower. That board has become a connection...Read more
The elephant in the room: Musician not pleased with US ivory banThe Globe and Mail, April 14th
Antique bows were often made with a small piece of ivory that clamps the bow hairs onto the wood. Mr. Korris's, which dates back to the 1950s, ... Given its vintage, the bow would be exempt from the ban, as the ban does not apply to instruments...Read more
What's On: Published April 15, 2014Maple Ridge Times, April 14th
Dilly the Clown, crafts, antique cars, face painting, and an Easter egg hunt are all part of the festivities. Register by April 15 to qualify ..... Ridge Meadows Chess Club meets on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 1 to 5 p.m. at The ACT. Info: Chris at 604...Read more
See Rare Vintage Photos of Cuba Before the RevolutionReporter-Times, April 14th
Ernesto "Che" Guevara playing chess with his escort and fellow sugar cane harvesters with his 1959 Chevrolet in the background. Central Morón, Camagüey, 1964. 5 of 9. Cuba Then/The Monacelli Press. Celia Cruz wearing a dress by Cuban-born designer ...Read more
Chess Candidates round 9: Vintage Anand beats TopalovFirstpost, March 23rd
Round eight report: Five-time world champion Viswanathan Anand gave jitters to his fans before signing an early draw with top seed Levon Aronian of Armenia in the eighth round of Candidates chess tournament. File photo of Viswanathan Anand. AFP...Read more
Limits on Ivory Sales, Meant to Protect Elephants, Set Off Wide ConcernsNew York Times, March 20th
Floyd Sarisohn, a lawyer from Commack, N.Y., said he will be blocked from auctioning any of the hundreds of chess sets with antique ivory pieces he has spent decades collecting. Mike Clark, owner of Collectors Firearms in Houston, said he fears he...Read more