Just two months into the confederacy, in 1861, the Confederate States of America issued its first bank notes. Like the Continentals that had been issued to fund the Revolutionary War, these Confederate notes were designed to raise money for the fight in the South. There were 72 types of bills and hundreds of sub-types issued over a period of three years. In all, some $2 billion in currency was put into circulation.

Denominations ranged from notes worth one-tenth of a dollar to bills worth $1,000. One $50 bill from Montgomery, Alabama depicts slaves hoeing cotton. Other cotton-themed Confederate notes show the Southern crop being loaded onto a steamboat. The portraits of southern leaders such as Stonewall Jackson predictably made it onto bills, but so did the face of George Washington.

At first the paper money appeared to work as a defacto currency, even though it was never formally declared a legal tender. But as the war effort soured, the currency became less valuable and viable. None other than Mrs. Jefferson Davis, the president of the confederacy’s wife, noted in her diary that turkeys were selling for $60 each, while a single bar of soap cost $50.

The problem, among many, was the vast variety of money that was produced. One respected cataloguer of confederate money, Grover Criswell, estimates that there were roughly 140 different varieties of the 1864 $10 bill alone.

Then there were the counterfeits, much of it printed by northerners, which further undermined the currency. During the Civil War, these counterfeits helped contribute to the devaluation of Confederate currency, but today, in some cases, these same counterfeit notes can be highly collectible.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

American Currency Exhibit

American Currency Exhibit

This collection, from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, covers currency from 1690 through half a dozen era… [read review or visit site]

Bank Note Bank

Bank Note Bank

This world banknote and currency image-sharing database is notable for its breadth of contributors and content (abo… [read review or visit site]

Two Cent Revenue Stamped Paper

Two Cent Revenue Stamped Paper

Everything you'd ever want to know about revenue stamped paper (first authorized in 1862). This site features infor… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

17 Consecutive Sequential Uncirculated 1929 Chicago $100 Bills Us Currency, Nr$100 "slaves Hoeing" "rare" (confederate Note) $100(rare)"slaves Hoeing" Crispy1861 Confederate Currency (t-26) $10 Red "x"s-bold Print-solid Colors-rarity+Confederate Civil War Money - 20 Dollars Csa Currency T-20 1861 #97531$500 (confederate Note) 1800's" $500 "actual Autographs"$500 (confederate Note)1862 $100 Confederate Note T-41 Item K45Confederate States Of America, 1864, $100 Note T65 F/vf! (torn Corner) Lot#107Confederate States Of America, 1864, $500 Note T64 Vf! Richmond, Va Lot#109$100 (confederate) 1800's" $100 "actual Autographs"$100 (confederate) "rare" !! Confederate 1862 Virginia One Dollar $1 Civil War Era Phelps Hughes Note Confederate States Receipt For Purchase Of $100.00 Bond Richmond 1864 Civil War1864 $50 Confederate States Currency K-51 $2.00 "slayer Note" (confederate) ( Slayer Note) 1800's Rare ! ($2.00 Slayer)1863 T-41 $100 Confederate States Currency K-52Confederate States Of America, $100 Note, Richmond Va T13 Xf! 1864 Lot#113$10 (confederate Note) 1800's" $10" Autographs"$10 (confederate Note) Rare!!Framed Confederate 1000 Dollar War Bond Issued 02/17/1864 W/45 Coupons Certified1863 $1 Confederate States Of America Note1864 $2 Confederate States Of America Note 1864 $10 Confederate States Of America Note (t-68) Choice Very Fine 35 Pmg Oswego And Indiana Plank Road Company $5 + 3 Other Northern Obsolete BanknotesScarce Confederate 1862 Richmond One Dollar $1 Currency Civil War Era Note Nr1862 $100 Confederate Note1923 $1 Dollar Silver Certificate Note & 1864 $10 Confederate Currency Note Csa1852 $10 Washington, Nc Obsolete Bank Note North Carolina Paper MoneyConfederate Currency 10 Dollars 18611864 T68 Bogus Back Confederate $10 Ten Dollar Banknote, Csa Xf ! (653)1864 T67 Bogus Back Confederate $20 Twenty Dollar Banknote, Csa Xf ! (171)1861 (t-24 Rarity) $10 Confederate Note-graded Vf-25/pcgs-great Details & Colors1862 $10 Confederate States Currency Civil War Note T-46 Pf-21864 T67 Bogus Back Confederate $20 Twenty Dollar Banknote, Csa Xf ! (678)$100 1862 Confederate States Of America - T-41 - S/n 55590Confederate State America Paper Money Currency ( Old Play Money)T-41 Pf-21 $100 Confederate Paper Money 1862 - Pmg About Uncirculated 53 - Plus!Nc-35a Cr-120 $20.00 North Carolina Paper Money 1863 -pmg Ex Fine 40 Epq WhatmanAuthentic 1862 One Dollar BillT-71 $1 1864 Confederate States Of America Extremely Fine Red Nc-33 Cr-123 $5.00 North Carolina Paper Money 1863 - Pmg About Uncirculated 50Confederate $0.50 Through $100 Denomination Set - No ReserveT-69 Pf-9 $5 Confederate Paper Money 1864 - Pmg Uncirculated 62!!!Antique Confederate States Currency Ten Dollar 1862 $10.00 Banknote - "bb"T-68 Pf-39 $10 Confederate Paper Money 1864 - Pmg Choice Unc 64 Epq - Red,plus!!T-68 Pf-21 $10 Confederate Paper Money 1864 - Pcgs Choice About New 58!! Nc-30 Cr-133 $1.00 North Carolina Paper Money 1863 - Pmg Choice Unc 63!!T-69 1864 $5. Capital At Richmond Consecutive Pair Nice Unc. NrT-41 Pf-12 $100 Confederate Paper Money 1862Noblespirit No Reserve {3970} Scarce 1861 Civil War Confederate States $500 Bond1864 Confederate States Of America $50 Fr Cs-66 Very Good Free Us ShipCivil War Confederate 1861 20 Dollar Bill Richmond Virginia Paper Money Currency1861 Confederate $20 Twenty Dollar Note - Richmond , Virginia1864 $10 Confederate States Of America Epq 58 Choice About Unc No Reser (inv#70)1862 Confederate States Of America $5 .... Pcgs Fine 15 ..... No ReserveHgr 1863 $1 Confederate ((state Of Alabama)) Appears Choice Uncirculated1830's $20 Apalachicola Fl Obsolete Bank Note Florida Paper MoneyT-67 Pf-3 $20 Confederate Paper Money 1864 - Pmg Extremely Fine 40 - Plus!! 1864 $10 Confederate States Of America T-68 (vf25) Pmg$10(confederate Note) 1800's" $10" Autographs"$10 (confederate Note) Rare!!Confederate States Of America, $100 Note, T13 Xf! Richomnd Va, 1861 Lot#1061862 Confederate $100 One Hundred Dollar Note - Stamps On Back - Richmond, Va1864 $20 Confederate States Of America Note # 5984 Feb 17th 1864