Just two months into the confederacy, in 1861, the Confederate States of America issued its first bank notes. Like the Continentals that had been issued to fund the Revolutionary War, these Confederate notes were designed to raise money for the fight in the South. There were 72 types of bills and hundreds of sub-types issued over a period of three years. In all, some $2 billion in currency was put into circulation.

Denominations ranged from notes worth one-tenth of a dollar to bills worth $1,000. One $50 bill from Montgomery, Alabama depicts slaves hoeing cotton. Other cotton-themed Confederate notes show the Southern crop being loaded onto a steamboat. The portraits of southern leaders such as Stonewall Jackson predictably made it onto bills, but so did the face of George Washington.

At first the paper money appeared to work as a defacto currency, even though it was never formally declared a legal tender. But as the war effort soured, the currency became less valuable and viable. None other than Mrs. Jefferson Davis, the president of the confederacy’s wife, noted in her diary that turkeys were selling for $60 each, while a single bar of soap cost $50.

The problem, among many, was the vast variety of money that was produced. One respected cataloguer of confederate money, Grover Criswell, estimates that there were roughly 140 different varieties of the 1864 $10 bill alone.

Then there were the counterfeits, much of it printed by northerners, which further undermined the currency. During the Civil War, these counterfeits helped contribute to the devaluation of Confederate currency, but today, in some cases, these same counterfeit notes can be highly collectible.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

American Currency Exhibit

American Currency Exhibit

This collection, from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, covers currency from 1690 through half a dozen era… [read review or visit site]

Bank Note Bank

Bank Note Bank

This world banknote and currency image-sharing database is notable for its breadth of contributors and content (abo… [read review or visit site]

Two Cent Revenue Stamped Paper

Two Cent Revenue Stamped Paper

Everything you'd ever want to know about revenue stamped paper (first authorized in 1862). This site features infor… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

$1.00 1863 Confederate States Of America Note (t-62) Au 55 PmgCivil War Confederate 1862 1 Dollar Bill Pmg Virginia Treasury Note Paper Money$100.00 1863 Confederate States Of America Note (t-56) Ch Unc 64 Pmg1861 $20 Confederate States Of America Note T-18 (choice About Unc 58) Pmg1861 $10 Ten Dollars Csa Confederate States Of America T-26$10.00 1864 Confederate States Of America Note (t-68) Ch Unc 63 Epq Pmg1864 50 Cent Confederate States Of America Note T-72 Choice Uncirculated 63 Pmg$10.00 1862 Confederate States Of America Note (t-46) Vf 30 PmgVintage Csa Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: 1861 $10 T-221861 $50 Confederate States Of America Note T-16 (very Fine 30) PmgConfederate States Of America $1, $10, $20, & $50 Dollar BillsT-41 Pf-7 $100 Confederate Paper Money - 1862 - Pmg Choice Ef 45!!*bright* T-70 1864 $2 Confederate Note, Pmg 63, Free ShippingT-67 Pf-14 $20 Confederate Paper Money 1864 - Pmg Choice Uncirculated 64 Epq!!!Imperfect 1839 $50 Republic Of Texas Obsolete Currency, Houston, Tx1863 Confederate States Of America $1000 Bond Cr#138 19 Coupons Attached Rare!Vintage Csa Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: 1862 $100 T-40Civil War Confederate 1864 50 Cents Note Richmond Virginia Paper Money Csa VtgT-68 Pf-21 $10 Confederate Paper Money 1864 - Pcgs Very Choice New 64 Ppq!!!Usa 1861 Confederate States Of America Five Dollars Paper Money1864 $100 Confederate Note Lucy Pickens 5920-071861 $50 Confederate States Of America Note T-8 (extremely Fine 40) Pmg1861 The Confederate States Of America Twenty Dollars With Stamp 1864 $100 Confederate States Of America,t41 Interesting Bearing Signature.ch UncVintage Csa Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: 1862 $1 T-441864 Confederate $10.00 Note From F.w.mahood Estate. Otey's Battery. Civil War.Confederate Note 1863 Richmond $100 One Hundred Dollar Note W Backstamp UngradedCivil War Confederate 1864 25 Cents Note Pcgs Raleigh North Carolina Paper Money1863 Confederate States Of America $100 Bond Cr#46 30 Coupons Attached Scarce!1861 $5 Confederate States Of America Note T-36 (very Fine 25) PmgConfederate States Of America $1, $10, $20, & $50 Dollar BillsCivil War Confederate 1864 20 Dollar Bill Richmond Virginia Paper Money Csa VtgT-56 Pf-1 $100 1863 Confederate Paper MoneyT-68 Pf-6 $10 Confederate Paper Money 1864 - Pmg Very Fine 30 Epq!!1863 Confederate States Of America $100 Bond Cr#123 7 Coupons Attached Scarce!Civil War Confederate 1862 10 Cents Note Stewartsville Virginia Paper Money1863 Confederate States Of America $500 Bond Cr#62 With 16 Coupons Attached1864 $100 Confederate Note Lucy Pickens 5919-07Vintage Csa Note Collection Dispersal. New To Today's Market: T-64 1864 $5001862-$1 One Dollar Csa Confederate States Of America T-45Vintage Csa Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: 1861 $10 T-29T-68 Pf-21 $10 Confederate Paper Money 1864 - Pmg Choice About Uncirculated 58!Vintage Csa Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: T-39, 1862 $100 Vintage Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: 1862 $100 T-391863 Confederate North Carolina $3 Note XfConfederate States Of America $1, $5, $10, $20, & (2) $100 Dollar Bills1863 $5 Dollar Bill Confederate States Currency Civil War Note Paper Money T-60Civil War Confederate 1862 50 Cents Note Ship Raleigh North Carolina Paper Money1864 $100 Confederate Notes Lucy Pickens 5918-07Lot Of 1864 Confederate Money Csa: $50, $20, $2, And 50 Cent, Fifty Twenty Two New To Today's Market! Vintage Csa Note Collection Dispersal: T-41, 1862 $100 Vintage Csa Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: T-40, 1863 $100 Old-time Collection Dispersal; Cherry-pick Opportunities Sept. 2, 1861 $10 T-28Old-time Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: 1861 $10 T-281863 Confederate North Carolina 75 Cent Note Xf1864 Confederate $5.00 Note From F.w.mahood Estate. Otey's Battery. Civil War.Civil War Confederate 1864 5 Dollar Bill Richmond Virginia Paper Money Csa Vtg NConfederate States Of America $2 Note T-70Confederate $1000 Bond With Seven Coupons Dated 1863. Jefferson DavisVintage Csa Collection Dispersal; Cherry-picking Opportunities: T-46, 1862 $10