In 1905, Addis Emmet Hull founded the A. E. Hull Pottery Company in Crooksville, Ohio. Hull soon expanded to include two potteries in 1907, when the company bought the Acme Pottery Company, also in Crooksville. This acquisition brought Hull’s workforce numbers up to an impressive 400 total. Hull Pottery was growing quickly.

The company introduced its first line of art pottery in 1917, and it sold these pieces to florists and gift shops. By the early 1920s, Hull’s business was booming thanks to its diverse product line—in addition to art pottery, the company manufactured florists’ pots, garden ware, stoneware, and semi-porcelain, as well as reasonably priced toilet ware. Its lusterware lines included pieces in a variety of attractive colors, like lavender, slate, emerald, iridescent blue, golden glow, and others.

With the company expanding, Hull built a 310-foot kiln in 1923 for the then-princely sum of $75,000. This investment increased its production capability by more than 3 million pieces per year. Combined with the plant Hull purchased from Acme, the company’s overall production was almost 8 million pieces of pottery annually.

From 1927 to 1929, the company also produced decorative tile, mostly for the William H. Jackson Company. These tiles were made on special order and were fairly expensive. Hull produced two types of tile—plain and faience.

Additionally, the company realized that importing European art pottery for resale was actually substantially cheaper than manufacturing its own. Every year from 1921 to 1929, Hull sent a representative to Europe to buy pottery to bring back to America, as a supplement to its manufacturing.

When the Depression struck in 1929, Hull stopped importing and renewed its emphasis on domestically produced pottery. It continued to produce large quantities of affordable stoneware in order to maintain revenue streams in tough times. The American Clay Products Company, for example, marketed semi-porcelain and stoneware items that Hull produced.

In 1937, Hull took on yet another major project, this time producing about 11 million pieces for New York’s Shulton Company and its Old Spice brand. Hull produced Old Spice shavi...

Hull achieved its first runaway success in 1943 with its release of the Red Riding Hood cookie jar. The item was so popular that well into the 1950s Hull created a full line on this theme. Hull crafted the pieces and then sent them to the Royal China and Novelty Company in Chicago to be decorated. Today, the Red Riding Hood casserole dish is extremely rare and collectible.

During the same period, Hull produced a variety of novelty items, including foot-long piggy banks and elephant and pig liquor bottles. The company also manufactured lamps, which are tough to find today.

After World War II, many companies, Hull among them, ran “Buy American” ad campaigns; these efforts helped insulate Hull and others from international competition. As the 1940s came to a close, Hull began producing the pastel-tinted art pottery pieces that would define the Hull look, with embossed, realistic floral sprays. Vases, baskets, and other pieces came in a variety of colors, including rose, blue, peach, sweet pink, and apricot, and generally sported Hull’s distinctive matte finish. The Rosella line and a few others, however, were high-gloss.

In June 1950, Hull’s plant burned down after a disastrous flood. Yet the company was so popular and trusted that orders came in even while the plant was closed and even though customers knew their orders would have to wait until the new factory opened in 1952.

After 1952, under the leadership of J. B. Hull, pieces were no longer marked with “Hull Art U.S.” or “Hull U.S.A.,” but with the simple “hull.” With this new era, the A. E. Hull Pottery Company changed its name to the Hull Pottery Company, as it resumed production at about 100,000 items per week.

With the new factory came florist ware, kitchenware, and novelty items. From 1957 to 1958, for example, Hull produced about 5,000 piggy banks per day, most of which were bought and distributed by Jim Burns of Chicago.

Hull’s House ’n’ Garden line debuted in 1960. These durable, multicolored serving pieces came in mirror brown, tangerine, green agate, and butterscotch. Naturally, Hull advertised the ware as an attractive “rainbow table” that the consumer could assemble with its products. Hull followed House ’n’ Garden with Crestone in 1965.

In the mid-1970s, Hull’s production was about 75 percent casual serving ware and 25 percent florist ware. By the 1980s, this balance shifted to about 90 percent casual serving ware and 10 percent florist ware.

Faced with mounting international competition and multiple labor strikes, however, Hull closed for good in March 1986, but the company’s legacy was a wide array of patterns and lines, including Woodland, Parchment and Pine, Flora, Tropicana, and Continental.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Gouda Design

Gouda Design

Stuart Lonsdale and Kim Lindley's excellent tribute to and reference on Gouda Dutch Art Pottery and Delftware. The … [read review or visit site]

Cowan Pottery Museum Associates

Cowan Pottery Museum Associates

Dedicated to raising awareness of the ceramic art work of R. Guy Cowan and his Cowan Pottery Studio in northeastern… [read review or visit site]

The Pottery Studio

The Pottery Studio

This 7,000-plus page site lives up to its self-billing as a 'knowledge base' with examples of work from all major a… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Rare Hull Pottery Wildflower Blue Pitcher Beautiful Condition! 14" Tall Vintage Hull Pottery Bow Knot Basket Foil Sticker Vintage Hull Art Pottery Bow Knot Pink Colorful Basket Rare--b-12 -- 10 1/2"Rare Hull Pottery Brown Mirror Brown Drip Bud Vase Or GobletVintage 1940's Hull Art Pottery Hand Fan Vase Rose Camellia No. 126 8-1/2 Hull Art Pottery Small Jardinere Vase ?numbers ? Flowers Pink,blue,greenHull Art Pottery Brown Drip Glaze Gingerbread Man Cookie Serving Plate Dish Tray Super Hull Iris BasketVintage Hull Art Pottery B-13 13" Double Cornucopia Stunning Colors! No ResVintage Hull Pottery Wall Pocket W 13 7 1/2" Excellent ConditionAntique Hull Little Red Riding Hood Collection, Cookie Jar, With S & P SetsGorgeous Vintage Mid Century Modern Era Hull Pottery Pine Cone Vase #55 6 1/2"Hull Art Usa L-5-6-1/2" Handled Vase UrnHull Pottery Tall VaseIris Rose Bowl By Hull4 Hull Oven Proof Snack Trays With Dipping Bowls Cups Vintage Hull Pottery Stoneware 8" Vase # 32 & Bonus Hull Bowl # 521-7" NrVery Old Pink Flamingo Stork Vase By "hull" - 9" Tall No ReservePair Of Wildflower CornucopiasVintage Rare Hull Continental Evergreen Green Open Footed Flower Pot Usa 69Vintage 1950's Deco Mid-century Modern Hull Pottery Clown Planter Mint MintyVintage 6 1/2" Hull Pottery Green Bunny Rabbit Cotton Ball Holder Marked Usa 968 Hull Pottery Red Replacement Cork For Corky Piggy Bank 1 1/4" Diameter X 1"Hull Pottery Wild Flower Ewer Number Series 63-7 1/4Hull Pottery Serenade Pitcher - Birds Flowers Yellow Gold Trim S21 1957Vintage Hull Pottery New Old Stock Vase Excellent ConditionHull Pottery Open Rose Jardiniere Bowl Planter #113-7, Ram's Head Handles. 3-1/2Vintage Hull Pottery Brown Drip Glaze Piggy Bank 196 W/cork StopperBeautiful Hull Pottery Serenade Covered Candy BowlVintage Hull Art Pottery Large Apple Cookie Jar Has "l" MarkVintage Hull Pheasant Planter Signed Beautiful Detail, Color, And Condition!!Hull Pottery Woodland Pitcher/ewerHull Sueno Tulip Jardinaire LargeVintage Hull Pottery Rare Blue Custard Cup Virgina Weaver Hull Watt Crooksville Yellowstone Art Vase Pottery Green Hull Pottery Turkey VintageWildflower Vase By HullHull Art Pottery Wildflower Vase 1946-47 W-6-7-1/2" Crooksville Oh UsaVintage Hull Magnolia Flower Vase Usa 78 Pottery Tall Bird Flamingo Stork EgretStunning Vintage Hull Woodland Gloss Cornucopia W - 10 11" Perfect!Vtg Hull Pottery Brown Drip 4 Coffee Mugs / Cups & 4 Saucers Oven Proof UsaVtg Hull ? Parrot Planter Pulling A CartVintage Hull Foam Green Double Swan Planter,#81 **the Color Will Blow You Away**Vintage Hull Pottery Pitcher White With Raised Flower DecorBob's Pottery Flower Pot Antiques & Heirloom Blue Yellow Florals Land & Wise CoHull 1950's White Swan Ashtray/trinket DishHull Vase Royal Woodland Vase (pink)Hull Pottery Two Tone Woodland Gloss Finish W8 7 1/2" Vase Green Vintage UsaHull Pottery Brown Drip 6pcRare Vintage Hull Pottery Vase H32 Art 1920's Yellow Mauve/red Navy On TurquoiseHull Tea Pot~rare One~magnolia Matte Teapot! Excellent Condition!Pair Hull Pottery Glossy Woodland Fingered Candle Holders W-30 Vintage Hull Art Pottery 12-6 1/2 Magnolia Matte VaseVintage Hull Art Pottery Table Basket Vase Bowl Woodland W22-10-1/2" Retro OldVintage 1940s Hull Art Pottery Vase Flamingo With Sunglow Glaze PinkVintage Hull Pottery Usa "white" F-69 10" Duck PlanterVintage Hull Pottery # F 30 Large Green Vase/ Urn W/ Pearl Pattern Border Mint !~vintage Hull Pottery~capri~leaves & Berries Basket~pink/green~Vintage Hull Art Pottery Vase Wildflower W-9-8 1/2 Leaf Winged Pink With Blue