When Minton & Company of Staffordshire exhibited a new line of ceramics at The Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, the firm called it Palissy ware. The name came from a 16th-century Frenchman named Bernard Palissy, whose vividly colored, high-relief, lead-glazed plates, platters, and pitchers had inspired Minton’s new, French-born art director, Léon Arnoux.
The word majolica was also used to describe the ware, since it had some commonalities with the tin-glazed 16th-century Spanish and Italian earthenware of the same name. But even though Palissy ware was a more accurate description of Minton’s new line, the work quickly became known as majolica.
Before long there was a majolica renaissance in Europe and the United States. A great deal of it was made in Italy by firms such as Ginori and Cantagalli. In Germany, the Royal Porcelain Manufactory was known for its majolica.
What these companies shared was a vocabulary of images and style that was at once exuberant and uniform. All used bright colors splashed on reliefs of plants and animals. This was fun ware for the common man, and it sold as quickly as Minton and others could produce it.
Naturally Wedgwood and other Staffordshire stalwarts wanted a piece of this action, even though Minton had about a 10-year head start. Predictably, Wedgwood majolica was more formal than Minton’s and used humor with restraint. While some potteries were producing teapots in the shapes of cauliflowers, Wedgwood stuck mostly to basket-weave patterns and relief foliage on the outsides of its standard shapes.
In the United States, a similar fascination with majolica took hold around the same time as the Minton debut. As in England, potteries coated their ware with clear glazes, so that the pieces positively shined. Griffen, Smith & Hill was one prominent Pennsylvania manufacturer, who sometimes marked its pieces with “G.S.H.” or labeled them as “Etruscan Pottery.”
Other American companies known for their majolica in the second half of the 19th century were Morrison & Carr, Chesapeake Pottery, and Edwin Bennett. They produced relish dishes,...
One of the most popular majolica forms was the pitcher, which was sometimes designed to appear as if it had been formed from vertical slices of wide bamboo, with more slender bamboo branches employed for the pitcher’s handle. Other pitchers resembled ears of corn, while syrup containers were routinely festooned with fat sunflowers or clusters of lily leaves and flowers.
There were platters and plates, or course, with leaf-shaped plates being a collectible subcategory all its own (begonia leaves were especially popular). Sardine boxes and cigarette holders were also produced—many were topped by African-American figurals, known then as now as blackamoors. And animals from bulldogs to pigs were deemed the perfect shapes within which to store tobacco.
If there was a dark side to the sunny look of majolica it was the process of making it. In 19th-century America, young girls did much of the painting, usually earning as little as 25 cents for a 12-hour day. This was well before child-labor laws, so the idea that these children were expected to work long hours and handle lead glazes was not seriously questioned until the first part of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, the difficult conditions produced work that was often sloppy, as anyone who has seen a majolica vase with colors radically out of register or running down the side can attest.
By the 1890s, the majolica craze was ending in the United States—the technique looked a bit too baroque compared to the ascendant Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau styles. While majolica persisted in Europe, pieces from the 20th century are generally thinner and feature less dramatic relief than those from the century before, which makes them less interesting to collectors.
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Ceramics Shine in Clars' Initial Offering of Works from Richard Mellon Scaife ...ArtfixDaily, January 27th
On January 17 and 18, 2015, Clars Auction Gallery brought to market the first offering of the expansive collection of Majolica, porcelains, and antique furnishings from the estate of billionaire publisher Richard Mellon Scaife (1932-2014). This initial...Read more
Edgar Parnis's bequest to the National LibraryTimes of Malta, January 26th
The bequest also included items of furniture, amphorae, vases of majolica and porcelain, tablets and inscriptions. The testator wound up his will by appointing and instituting Robert Ganado as his testamentary executor. The Guido Generale di Malta e...Read more
Tee-up in Taormina, SicilyIrish Times, January 25th
Syracuse is a city of catacombs, basilicas, marble, majolica pavements, fountains, statues and baroqued palazzios. The Archaeological Park has an amphitheatre, an aqueduct, the Ear of Dionysius (a 20m high arch carved out of the rock face and named by ...Read more
Lauren Bacall: Behind the Closed Doors of Her $26 Million ApartmentPeople Magazine, January 23rd
On a floor high up in the famous Dakota building in New York City's Upper West Side lived screen legend Lauren Bacall. Surrounded by family and personal treasures, the late actress spent more than 30 years in the exclusive space, decorating it with ...Read more
Candace Morey and Michael WallBerkshire Eagle, January 21st
She carried a rounded, romantic hand tied bouquet of white hydrangea, pink majolica garden spray roses, blush pink and white emily roses, blush pink dahlias, dusty miller, and Queen Anne's lace. The bride is a graduate of Hoosac Valley High School, The ...Read more
An Assortment of HoardersNew York Times, December 31st
15 types, from the Modest-ist (bottlecaps, twine and so forth) to the Containerist (aluminum suitcases, vintage tea canisters), the Zoologist (pom-pom creatures made by Steif, majolica crustaceans) to the Fabulist (swizzle sticks, vintage Lily...Read more
6 best Chester County restaurants to celebrate New Year's EveDaily Local News, December 30th
Make it a double date at Phoenixville's Majolica, which will be showcasing a prepaid, $125 per person New Year's Eve meal for tables of four only. The restaurant, located at 258 Bridge Street, invites you to dine on dishes to include steamed black bass...Read more
Marvellous majolicaTelegraph.co.uk, September 29th
Twenty five years ago, in Britain, majolica was seriously unfashionable. Most ceramic dealers and collectors ignored it, feeling that this flamboyant expression of High Victorian taste was totally out of step with minimalist "modern" aesthetics. Not so...Read more