When Minton & Company of Staffordshire exhibited a new line of ceramics at The Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, the firm called it Palissy ware. The name came from a 16th-century Frenchman named Bernard Palissy, whose vividly colored, high-relief, lead-glazed plates, platters, and pitchers had inspired Minton’s new, French-born art director, Léon Arnoux.
The word majolica was also used to describe the ware, since it had some commonalities with the tin-glazed 16th-century Spanish and Italian earthenware of the same name. But even though Palissy ware was a more accurate description of Minton’s new line, the work quickly became known as majolica.
Before long there was a majolica renaissance in Europe and the United States. A great deal of it was made in Italy by firms such as Ginori and Cantagalli. In Germany, the Royal Porcelain Manufactory was known for its majolica.
What these companies shared was a vocabulary of images and style that was at once exuberant and uniform. All used bright colors splashed on reliefs of plants and animals. This was fun ware for the common man, and it sold as quickly as Minton and others could produce it.
Naturally Wedgwood and other Staffordshire stalwarts wanted a piece of this action, even though Minton had about a 10-year head start. Predictably, Wedgwood majolica was more formal than Minton’s and used humor with restraint. While some potteries were producing teapots in the shapes of cauliflowers, Wedgwood stuck mostly to basket-weave patterns and relief foliage on the outsides of its standard shapes.
In the United States, a similar fascination with majolica took hold around the same time as the Minton debut. As in England, potteries coated their ware with clear glazes, so that the pieces positively shined. Griffen, Smith & Hill was one prominent Pennsylvania manufacturer, who sometimes marked its pieces with “G.S.H.” or labeled them as “Etruscan Pottery.”
Other American companies known for their majolica in the second half of the 19th century were Morrison & Carr, Chesapeake Pottery, and Edwin Bennett. They produced relish dishes,...
One of the most popular majolica forms was the pitcher, which was sometimes designed to appear as if it had been formed from vertical slices of wide bamboo, with more slender bamboo branches employed for the pitcher’s handle. Other pitchers resembled ears of corn, while syrup containers were routinely festooned with fat sunflowers or clusters of lily leaves and flowers.
There were platters and plates, or course, with leaf-shaped plates being a collectible subcategory all its own (begonia leaves were especially popular). Sardine boxes and cigarette holders were also produced—many were topped by African-American figurals, known then as now as blackamoors. And animals from bulldogs to pigs were deemed the perfect shapes within which to store tobacco.
If there was a dark side to the sunny look of majolica it was the process of making it. In 19th-century America, young girls did much of the painting, usually earning as little as 25 cents for a 12-hour day. This was well before child-labor laws, so the idea that these children were expected to work long hours and handle lead glazes was not seriously questioned until the first part of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, the difficult conditions produced work that was often sloppy, as anyone who has seen a majolica vase with colors radically out of register or running down the side can attest.
By the 1890s, the majolica craze was ending in the United States—the technique looked a bit too baroque compared to the ascendant Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau styles. While majolica persisted in Europe, pieces from the 20th century are generally thinner and feature less dramatic relief than those from the century before, which makes them less interesting to collectors.
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Asian lots top Sheppard's bill againIrish Times, July 3rd
Among items consigned from Glenmalire House, Co Laois, a Minton majolica ewer and stand, believed to have originally been in Castletown House, Co Kildare, made €5,500 (€1,500-€2,500) and a George III silver kettle, stand and lamp made by John Carter ...Read more
Three Brands Join Forces for III Luxury Collective; Jimmy Choo's New KicksLos Angeles Confidential, July 2nd
Dolce & Gabbana is debuting the eye-popping Majolica collection, accessories inspired by the blues of the Mediterranean. The collection includes footwear and iconic bags, like the Sicily, and is even seen throughout ready-to-wear pieces like chiffon ...Read more
Does the Vatican Practice What it Preaches When it Comes to Sustainability?waste360, July 2nd
The farm has greenhouses, a herd of 25 pampered dairy cattle who have their own lavender milking room, and chickens that live in coops adorned with majolica tiles. There is even an official papal bee-keeper who, because of the organic nature of the...Read more
Christie's auction of Scaife's estate nets nearly $4 millionPittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 1st
The mahogany breakfronts and Majolica platters, the painted chairs, the Tole lamps, the Staffordshire and Chinese export porcelain all speak to a certain sensibility that could be found in the home of any American captain of industry — or his heirs...Read more
Blotter: Police cite two with traffic violation, drug offensesSalisbury Post, June 30th
Brittany Dawn Thomas, 29, was charged on Friday with being a fugitive from justice while at the magistrate's office. • Christopher Alvin Shaver, 41, was charged on Friday with misdemeanor possession of drug paraphernalia in the 300 block of Majolica Road...Read more
'Small but enjoyable' art show focuses on nature at Fabius gallery (Review)Syracuse.com, June 24th
Her all-over decorative style is at times reminiscent of MacKenzie-Childs' majolica ware; but McCall's colors are more intense and her patterns are comprised of forms derived from nature such as flowers and thistles versus the former's largely...Read more
Treasure: Colorful jardinieres popular in Victorian eraThe Detroit News, June 18th
Bob DuMouchelle of DuMouchelles art gallery and auction house downtown identified her large and colorful “jardinière” as an example of American majolica. Merriam-Webster defines a jardinière as “an ornamental stand for plants or flowers,” or “a large, ...Read more
Police: Man charged in March Majolica Road motorcycle crashSalisbury Post, June 5th
Police officials say a Salisbury man was issued a criminal summons earlier this week, charging him in the death of a motorcyclist killed in a Majolica Road wreck in March. Emergency officials responded to the two-vehicle crash, March 8, after a Nissan ...Read more