When Minton & Company of Staffordshire exhibited a new line of ceramics at The Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, the firm called it Palissy ware. The name came from a 16th-century Frenchman named Bernard Palissy, whose vividly colored, high-relief, lead-glazed plates, platters, and pitchers had inspired Minton’s new, French-born art director, Léon Arnoux.
The word majolica was also used to describe the ware, since it had some commonalities with the tin-glazed 16th-century Spanish and Italian earthenware of the same name. But even though Palissy ware was a more accurate description of Minton’s new line, the work quickly became known as majolica.
Before long there was a majolica renaissance in Europe and the United States. A great deal of it was made in Italy by firms such as Ginori and Cantagalli. In Germany, the Royal P...
What these companies shared was a vocabulary of images and style that was at once exuberant and uniform. All used bright colors splashed on reliefs of plants and animals. This was fun ware for the common man, and it sold as quickly as Minton and others could produce it.
Naturally Wedgwood and other Staffordshire stalwarts wanted a piece of this action, even though Minton had about a 10-year head start. Predictably, Wedgwood majolica was more formal than Minton’s and used humor with restraint. While some potteries were producing teapots in the shapes of cauliflowers, Wedgwood stuck mostly to basket-weave patterns and relief foliage on the outsides of its standard shapes.
In the United States, a similar fascination with majolica took hold around the same time as the Minton debut. As in England, potteries coated their ware with clear glazes, so that the pieces positively shined. Griffen, Smith & Hill was one prominent Pennsylvania manufacturer, who sometimes marked its pieces with “G.S.H.” or labeled them as “Etruscan Pottery.”
Other American companies known for their majolica in the second half of the 19th century were Morrison & Carr, Chesapeake Pottery, and Edwin Bennett. They produced relish dishes, ice cream platters shaped like straw hats decorated with ribbons, and teapots in the shapes of cabbages.
One of the most popular majolica forms was the pitcher, which was sometimes designed to appear as if it had been formed from vertical slices of wide bamboo, with more slender bamboo branches employed for the pitcher’s handle. Other pitchers resembled ears of corn, while syrup containers were routinely festooned with fat sunflowers or clusters of lily leaves and flowers.
There were platters and plates, or course, with leaf-shaped plates being a collectible subcategory all its own (begonia leaves were especially popular). Sardine boxes and cigarette holders were also produced—many were topped by African-American figurals, known then as now as blackamoors. And animals from bulldogs to pigs were deemed the perfect shapes within which to store tobacco.
If there was a dark side to the sunny look of majolica it was the process of making it. In 19th-century America, young girls did much of the painting, usually earning as little as 25 cents for a 12-hour day. This was well before child-labor laws, so the idea that these children were expected to work long hours and handle lead glazes was not seriously questioned until the first part of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, the difficult conditions produced work that was often sloppy, as anyone who has seen a majolica vase with colors radically out of register or running down the side can attest.
By the 1890s, the majolica craze was ending in the United States—the technique looked a bit too baroque compared to the ascendant Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau styles. While majolica persisted in Europe, pieces from the 20th century are generally thinner and feature less dramatic relief than those from the century before, which makes them less interesting to collectors.
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Recent News: Majolica
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Workshops & Programs: June 15Journal Times, June 14th
“Ceramics: Majolica,” 9:30 a.m.-noon Saturdays, June 15-Aug. 3. Fee: $120 (includes some clay, glazes, equipment and extra studio time). • “Individualized Studio” (drawing or painting), 6:30-9:30 p.m. Tuesdays, June 18-Aug. 6, or 9 a.m.-noon Wednesdays...Read more
Hidden Treasures in Naples' Santa ChiaraOye! Times, June 11th
Everything is lined with majolica tile benches and columns in bright yellows and blues. An exquisite motif of green vines and yellow lemons, oranges, and sun bursts stand out against a deep blue background. Panels in the low benches and shaded walkways ...Read more
Six ingredients for an instant partyReading Eagle, June 8th
Top a white dinner plate with a majolica salad plate shaped like a leaf. Or sandwich a white salad plate between a blue-and-white transferware dinner plate and bread plate. 5. Goblets take dinner drinks to the next level "Presentation over preparation...Read more
Ask Lonely Planet: A south Italian adventureNew Zealand Herald, June 6th
See the frescoes inside Chiesa del Gesu Nuovo, the majolica-tiled cloisters of Basilica di Santa Chiara, and the sculptures within the Cappella Sansevero. Take the funicular up to Vomero and the Certosa di San Martino; visit the Museo Archeologico ...Read more
A conversation with Amelia EarhartBoone County Journal, June 5th
Handmade Majolica pearls in their original sky blue, satin-lined box. As I held the necklace, I recalled a picture of Amelia Earhart posing on the wing of her Lockheed Electra 10-E. She was wearing a tan flight suit and her trademark string of white...Read more
NewsStyle update: MAJOLICA MAJORCA?????????9 (?????????????????) (?????), May 25th
????????????????????? ??? 2 ????????????????? Majolica Majorca Spring Collection ?????????????????????????????????? ??????????????? Majolica Majorca Expander Edge Meister ?? BK999 ??????????????????????! ????????????????????????? ??????????? Majolica Majorca ...Read more
Antiques | French urns fetch a high priceThe Courier-Journal, May 25th
Pepsi-Cola fountain pen, celluloid, metal bottle-shaped clip, red, white and blue stripes, box, c. 1930, 47?8 inches, $100. • Staffordshire teapot, cover, Isle of Man sailor, rope, majolica, Wm. Brownfield, 9 inches, $120. Write to Kovel at King...Read more
How to get Rui En's lookAsiaOne, May 23rd
My Paper recommends: Get the L'Oreal Paris Color Riche Les Ombres in Beige Trench ($22.90) and L'Oreal Paris Superliner Waterproof Gel Liner ($21.90) at Watsons, Guardian and major supermarkets. Get Majolica Majorca Lash Bone Black Fiber Bone In ...Read more