When Minton & Company of Staffordshire exhibited a new line of ceramics at The Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, the firm called it Palissy ware. The name came from a 16th-century Frenchman named Bernard Palissy, whose vividly colored, high-relief, lead-glazed plates, platters, and pitchers had inspired Minton’s new, French-born art director, Léon Arnoux.
The word majolica was also used to describe the ware, since it had some commonalities with the tin-glazed 16th-century Spanish and Italian earthenware of the same name. But even though Palissy ware was a more accurate description of Minton’s new line, the work quickly became known as majolica.
Before long there was a majolica renaissance in Europe and the United States. A great deal of it was made in Italy by firms such as Ginori and Cantagalli. In Germany, the Royal Porcelain Manufactory was known for its majolica.
What these companies shared was a vocabulary of images and style that was at once exuberant and uniform. All used bright colors splashed on reliefs of plants and animals. This was fun ware for the common man, and it sold as quickly as Minton and others could produce it.
Naturally Wedgwood and other Staffordshire stalwarts wanted a piece of this action, even though Minton had about a 10-year head start. Predictably, Wedgwood majolica was more formal than Minton’s and used humor with restraint. While some potteries were producing teapots in the shapes of cauliflowers, Wedgwood stuck mostly to basket-weave patterns and relief foliage on the outsides of its standard shapes.
In the United States, a similar fascination with majolica took hold around the same time as the Minton debut. As in England, potteries coated their ware with clear glazes, so that the pieces positively shined. Griffen, Smith & Hill was one prominent Pennsylvania manufacturer, who sometimes marked its pieces with “G.S.H.” or labeled them as “Etruscan Pottery.”
Other American companies known for their majolica in the second half of the 19th century were Morrison & Carr, Chesapeake Pottery, and Edwin Bennett. They produced relish dishes,...
One of the most popular majolica forms was the pitcher, which was sometimes designed to appear as if it had been formed from vertical slices of wide bamboo, with more slender bamboo branches employed for the pitcher’s handle. Other pitchers resembled ears of corn, while syrup containers were routinely festooned with fat sunflowers or clusters of lily leaves and flowers.
There were platters and plates, or course, with leaf-shaped plates being a collectible subcategory all its own (begonia leaves were especially popular). Sardine boxes and cigarette holders were also produced—many were topped by African-American figurals, known then as now as blackamoors. And animals from bulldogs to pigs were deemed the perfect shapes within which to store tobacco.
If there was a dark side to the sunny look of majolica it was the process of making it. In 19th-century America, young girls did much of the painting, usually earning as little as 25 cents for a 12-hour day. This was well before child-labor laws, so the idea that these children were expected to work long hours and handle lead glazes was not seriously questioned until the first part of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, the difficult conditions produced work that was often sloppy, as anyone who has seen a majolica vase with colors radically out of register or running down the side can attest.
By the 1890s, the majolica craze was ending in the United States—the technique looked a bit too baroque compared to the ascendant Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau styles. While majolica persisted in Europe, pieces from the 20th century are generally thinner and feature less dramatic relief than those from the century before, which makes them less interesting to collectors.
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Recent News: Majolica
Source: Google News
Traditional art of tiling endures – with a contemporary twistFinancial Times, October 17th
Werner uses Majolica clay, Europe's response to Chinese porcelain, sourced from the Tiber's banks in Italy. Caroline Egleston also works with Majolica. Her workshop is named after Cipriano Piccolpasso, a Renaissance courtier who wrote about Majolica ...Read more
The Canberra Arts DiaryThe Canberra Times, October 16th
Ceramic bird sculptures and original majolica art ceramics, including platters, cups, bowls and other tableware. Until October 31. Open Wednesday to Saturday, 10.30am-5.30pm. 63 Wilkins Street, Mawson. Ph:61612177. Visit:mawsongallery.com...Read more
Beauty brands need more than just a pretty face for social mediaMarketing Interactive, October 12th
Grace Lau, marketing manager at Shiseido's Masstige Business Division who works on cosmetics brand Majolica Majorca, shares her take on social media marketing in the beauty industry today. “Content marketing has experienced enormous changes in the ...Read more
Bonhams Auction House to Sell Estate of Tony Winner Lauren BacallPlaybill.com, October 10th
Also included in the estate auction are contemporary prints, modern and contemporary art, English and French 18th and 19th-century furniture, English Majolica, tribal works of art, jewelry, couture and Louis Vuitton and Goyard luggage. Bacall acquired...Read more
Coastal CoutureCharlotte Observer, October 6th
What's unique about Erin Grey Couture? The entire collection is comprised of separates, so not only can you get exactly the look you dream of (no more, 'I wish it had this top' or 'I like this bottom better'), but you can change it up during the event...Read more
Puma's famed King boot goes modern with latest releaseSB Nation, October 3rd
The boot comes in what Puma are calling a Majolica Blue / White / Lime Punch colorway and it certainly makes an impression. Like many other manufacturers, Puma have moved away from K-Leather for this boot but still promise a super-soft premium leather ...Read more
Marvellous majolicaTelegraph.co.uk, September 29th
Twenty five years ago, in Britain, majolica was seriously unfashionable. Most ceramic dealers and collectors ignored it, feeling that this flamboyant expression of High Victorian taste was totally out of step with minimalist "modern" aesthetics. Not so...Read more
What's It Worth: Majolica vase, desk-bookcaseRichmond Times-Dispatch, September 17th
ANSWER: It is majolica, a generic term for pottery glazed with opaque tin enamel. Majolica was made in Europe as early as the 14th century, but most pieces seen today are from the Victorian period. Most of it is unmarked. Majolica was and still is...Read more