When Minton & Company of Staffordshire exhibited a new line of ceramics at The Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, the firm called it Palissy ware. The name came from a 16th-century Frenchman named Bernard Palissy, whose vividly colored, high-relief, lead-glazed plates, platters, and pitchers had inspired Minton’s new, French-born art director, Léon Arnoux.
The word majolica was also used to describe the ware, since it had some commonalities with the tin-glazed 16th-century Spanish and Italian earthenware of the same name. But even though Palissy ware was a more accurate description of Minton’s new line, the work quickly became known as majolica.
Before long there was a majolica renaissance in Europe and the United States. A great deal of it was made in Italy by firms such as Ginori and Cantagalli. In Germany, the Royal Porcelain Manufactory was known for its majolica.
What these companies shared was a vocabulary of images and style that was at once exuberant and uniform. All used bright colors splashed on reliefs of plants and animals. This was fun ware for the common man, and it sold as quickly as Minton and others could produce it.
Naturally Wedgwood and other Staffordshire stalwarts wanted a piece of this action, even though Minton had about a 10-year head start. Predictably, Wedgwood majolica was more formal than Minton’s and used humor with restraint. While some potteries were producing teapots in the shapes of cauliflowers, Wedgwood stuck mostly to basket-weave patterns and relief foliage on the outsides of its standard shapes.
In the United States, a similar fascination with majolica took hold around the same time as the Minton debut. As in England, potteries coated their ware with clear glazes, so that the pieces positively shined. Griffen, Smith & Hill was one prominent Pennsylvania manufacturer, who sometimes marked its pieces with “G.S.H.” or labeled them as “Etruscan Pottery.”
Other American companies known for their majolica in the second half of the 19th century were Morrison & Carr, Chesapeake Pottery, and Edwin Bennett. They produced relish dishes,...
One of the most popular majolica forms was the pitcher, which was sometimes designed to appear as if it had been formed from vertical slices of wide bamboo, with more slender bamboo branches employed for the pitcher’s handle. Other pitchers resembled ears of corn, while syrup containers were routinely festooned with fat sunflowers or clusters of lily leaves and flowers.
There were platters and plates, or course, with leaf-shaped plates being a collectible subcategory all its own (begonia leaves were especially popular). Sardine boxes and cigarette holders were also produced—many were topped by African-American figurals, known then as now as blackamoors. And animals from bulldogs to pigs were deemed the perfect shapes within which to store tobacco.
If there was a dark side to the sunny look of majolica it was the process of making it. In 19th-century America, young girls did much of the painting, usually earning as little as 25 cents for a 12-hour day. This was well before child-labor laws, so the idea that these children were expected to work long hours and handle lead glazes was not seriously questioned until the first part of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, the difficult conditions produced work that was often sloppy, as anyone who has seen a majolica vase with colors radically out of register or running down the side can attest.
By the 1890s, the majolica craze was ending in the United States—the technique looked a bit too baroque compared to the ascendant Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau styles. While majolica persisted in Europe, pieces from the 20th century are generally thinner and feature less dramatic relief than those from the century before, which makes them less interesting to collectors.
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Recent News: Majolica
Source: Google News
Pope FrancisPontiff to open Vatican farm to publicPulse Nigeria, December 17th
The farm will be open to the public to see the farm's free-range hens housed in a majolica-decorated chicken coop, the ostriches, turkeys, rabbits and 80 cows that feed Francis and his staff at the Santa Marta hotel. "We wait for the order from Santa...Read more
Vatican aims to open up papal farm to visitorsKorea JoongAng Daily, December 16th
Soon, the public will be able to see the free-range hens housed in a majolica-decorated chicken coop, the ostriches, turkeys, rabbits and 80 cows that feed Francis and his staff at the Santa Marta hotel. “We wait for the order from Santa Marta,'' said...Read more
Man drops marijuana from pocket at local bar, arrestedSalisbury Post, December 9th
A Salisbury man was charged with simple possession of marijuana this weekend after a small bag of marijuana fell from his pocket while at a local bar. The incident occurred Saturday around 1:30 a.m., a report said. Salisbury Police charged Jerique...Read more
Artistry and artifice are on display in new tilesTribune-Review, December 7th
Tile has a rich and varied history in decor, from Roman floor mosaics to majolica to Delft ceramics to Mexican terracotta. These styles and more continue to inspire artistry. Many of the newest collections of ceramic and porcelain tile were on display...Read more
Crowds step out for Genoa's Holiday Open HousePress Publications Inc., December 1st
Down the block, customers streamed into Packer Creek Pottery to check out the handmade Majolica creations crafted in holiday themes including hot cocoa mugs, snow men earrings and candy cane tree ornaments. Standing nearly shoulder to shoulder, ...Read more
Pottery at Long Lane Farm is popular stop on Covered Bridge Artisans 2014 ...NJ.com, November 30th
DELAWARE TWP. — A popular stop on this year's Covered Bridge Artisans 20th Annual Holiday Tour was Phoebe Wiley's Pottery at Long Lane Farm. According to the CBA's website, "Phoebe Wiley makes majolica and stoneware pottery as well as paintings ...Read more
Marvellous majolicaTelegraph.co.uk, September 29th
Twenty five years ago, in Britain, majolica was seriously unfashionable. Most ceramic dealers and collectors ignored it, feeling that this flamboyant expression of High Victorian taste was totally out of step with minimalist "modern" aesthetics. Not so...Read more
What's It Worth: Majolica vase, desk-bookcaseRichmond Times-Dispatch, September 17th
QUESTION: Please tell me about my vase that sits on a matching stand that I recently inherited from a deceased relative. I have been told that it is majolica, but that's about all I know about it. — B.J.. ANSWER: It is majolica, a generic term for...Read more