Mid-century Modern describes an era of style and design that began roughly in the mid-1940s and continued into the mid-1960s. It is an organic offshoot of Modern design that’s often associated with the casual furnishings and carefree look of Eichler tract homes in suburban California during the 1950s.
In addition, the Mid-century Modern era is noted for the mass-production of household objects, from furniture to clocks to lamps to radios, because many of its chief designers (Charles and Ray Eames foremost among them) made it a requirement that their work be affordable to the average homeowner rather than the wealthy elite.
The United States, Britain, Japan, and Scandinavia were centers for the Mid Century Modern aesthetic. In the U.S., Herman Miller produced plywood, fiberglass, and wire-mesh chairs for Charles and Ray Eames (the metal chairs with covers designed by Alexander Girard are highly collectible), as well as the famous Marshmallow sofas for George Nelson. Knoll made insect-like wire chairs for Harry Bertoia and cool, white-and-red fiberglass-and-aluminum Tulip chairs for Eero Saarinen.
In England, Ernest Race produced handsome sideboards and economical folding deck chairs in the Mid-century Modern style. Fellow Brit Robin Day worked with Hille Ltd. to create everything from convertible beds to tables and chairs. He is also credited with designing the first polypropylene stacking chair.
Japanese designer and sculptor Isamu Noguchi, a giant of Mid-century Modern, designed for both Knoll and Herman Miller. His three-piece wood and glass table from 1948 has been a mainstay of the Miller catalog for more than half a century, while the bases on his tables for Knoll used metal rods in a way that was very similar to some of the Eames’s chairs. Japanese-American George Nakashima, who was interred during World War II, designed for Knoll but also brought a woodworker’s sensibility to his furniture, often using the natural and even deformed shapes of his raw materials to lead him.
And then there were the Scandinavians. Børge Mogensen designed chairs of elegant simplicity that harmonized form with functionality, while his Sleigh Chair was as whimsical as its name suggests. Arne Jacobsen’s Swan chair held its users in a palm-like embrace. Finn Juhl took a more sculptural approach for his wood-frame seats — even a Juhl coffee table looks like a work of art. As for Hans Wegner, he made a chair that was so highly regarded it was used by Nixon and Kennedy in a 1960 presidential debate and has since become known simply as The Chair.
Furniture was not the only product of note to come out of the Mid-century Modern movement. For some reason, clocks, especially wall clocks, became a design force to be reckoned with. When George Nelson wasn’t designing furniture for Herman Miller, he was working with the Howard Miller Clock Co. on a series of marvelous modern wall clocks. He made clocks whose hands pointed to colored balls on the ends of slender shafts; clocks that resembled sunbursts, sunflowers, and asterisks; and even a clock that suggested a human eye...
Nelson and Miller were also responsible for the Bubble Lamps, which were made of steel and translucent plastic and were designed to hang from the ceilings of Mid-century Modern homes, either as individual globes, ellipses, and cylinders or in clusters. Other lamps popular during this period, and produced by a wide range of designers and manufacturers, were the pole-tension lamps that lit up corners of livings rooms and the "atomic" boomerang lamp shades designed for table lamps.
Nothing escaped Mid-century Modern, from transistor radios to lava lamps, which had yet to be associated with the psychedelic 1960s still a few years a way. It was perhaps the last time that design drove the look and feel of popular culture. Soon, the roles would be irrevocably reversed.
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Recent News: Mid-Century Modern
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A midcentury love-hate relationship?Washington Post, November 25th
[Washington's mid-century modern neighborhoods]. MacArthur said she was careful to design modest additions to the 1953 home in Holmes Run Acres owned by college administrator Adrienne Sullivan and environmental consultant Neil Sullivan...Read more
Clawson consignment shop all about mid-century modernThe Detroit News, November 23rd
On Friday, Weiner officially opens ModMart, a 3,000-square-foot resale and consignment shop on 14 Mile in Clawson that sells exclusively mid-century modern furniture, lighting and accents. A grand opening for the store, which also includes a workshop...Read more
Weekend review: 'Like living in a piece of art,' says owner of mid-century ...MLive.com, November 23rd
EAST GRAND RAPIDS, MI – Living in the Freeman House, a mid-century modern home designed by famed architect Gunnar Birkerts, is "like living in a piece of art," owner Dean Van Dis says. "It's completely magical." Latvian-born Birkerts, who taught at the ...Read more
hammer architects renovate mid-century modern pool pavilionDesignboom, November 20th
renovated by cambridge-based hammer architects, this pool pavilion was designed by mid-century modern architects nathaniel saltonstall and oliver morton. the building was constructed as a pool house and art studio on a large estate in the chestnut hill ...Read more
The Potted Desert Garden: Using Mid-Century Modern Design in Your GardenCoachella Valley Independent, November 17th
When it comes to boosting the curb appeal of your midcentury modern home, the rule of “less is more” is key. Of course, Palm Springs has one of the greatest concentrations of midcentury homes around. These homes lend themselves beautifully to...Read more
Hot Property: Mid-Century Modern Home in North Oak CliffD Magazine, November 10th
As you sift through photos of 626 Rainbow Drive, a sophisticated, modern home on East Kessler's largest residential lot, it may be hard to keep your cool. Those cabinets! That closet! The exposed brick! We get it. There's a lot to take in. We actually...Read more
Mid-century modern furniture hobby brings success and profitsLos Angeles Times, November 8th
They took a weekend hobby of collecting and building mid-century modern furniture and turned it into Casara Modern, a furniture business that now counts celebrities as its clients and is in the midst of nearly doubling its Huntington Beach...Read more
This Renovated Mid-Century Modern in Altadena Has an Art-Filled HistoryRealtor.com News, October 30th
However, “Before science, the city was all about art,” real estate agent Henry Plascencia says. And he has the listing to prove it. A Mid-Century Modern compound with a main house and a guesthouse listed for $1,088,000 is already under contract after...Read more