Mid-century Modern describes an era of style and design that began roughly in the mid-1940s and continued into the mid-1960s. It is an organic offshoot of Modern design that’s often associated with the casual furnishings and carefree look of Eichler tract homes in suburban California during the 1950s.
In addition, the Mid-century Modern era is noted for the mass-production of household objects, from furniture to clocks to lamps to radios, because many of its chief designers (Charles and Ray Eames foremost among them) made it a requirement that their work be affordable to the average homeowner rather than the wealthy elite.
The United States, Britain, Japan, and Scandinavia were centers for the Mid Century Modern aesthetic. In the U.S., Herman Miller produced plywood, fiberglass, and wire-mesh chairs for Charles and Ray Eames (the metal chairs with covers designed by Alexander Girard are highly collectible), as well as the famous Marshmallow sofas for George Nelson. Knoll made insect-like wire chairs for Harry Bertoia and cool, white-and-red fiberglass-and-aluminum Tulip chairs for Eero Saarinen.
In England, Ernest Race produced handsome sideboards and economical folding deck chairs in the Mid-century Modern style. Fellow Brit Robin Day worked with Hille Ltd. to create everything from convertible beds to tables and chairs. He is also credited with designing the first polypropylene stacking chair.
Japanese designer and sculptor Isamu Noguchi, a giant of Mid-century Modern, designed for both Knoll and Herman Miller. His three-piece wood and glass table from 1948 has been a mainstay of the Miller catalog for more than half a century, while the bases on his tables for Knoll used metal rods in a way that was very similar to some of the Eames’s chairs. Japanese-American George Nakashima, who was interred during World War II, designed for Knoll but also brought a woodworker’s sensibility to his furniture, often using the natural and even deformed shapes of his raw materials to lead him.
And then there were the Scandinavians. Børge Mogensen designed chairs of elegant simplicity that harmonized form with functionality, while his Sleigh Chair was as whimsical as its name suggests. Arne Jacobsen’s Swan chair held its users in a palm-like embrace. Finn Juhl took a more sculptural approach for his wood-frame seats — even a Juhl coffee table looks like a work of art. As for Hans Wegner, he made a chair that was so highly regarded it was used by Nixon and Kennedy in a 1960 presidential debate and has since become known simply as The Chair.
Furniture was not the only product of note to come out of the Mid-century Modern movement. For some reason, clocks, especially wall clocks, became a design force to be reckoned with. When George Nelson wasn’t designing furniture for Herman Miller, he was working with the Howard Miller Clock Co. on a series of marvelous modern wall clocks. He made clocks whose hands pointed to colored balls on the ends of slender shafts; clocks that resembled sunbursts, sunflowers, and asterisks; and even a clock that suggested a human eye...
Nelson and Miller were also responsible for the Bubble Lamps, which were made of steel and translucent plastic and were designed to hang from the ceilings of Mid-century Modern homes, either as individual globes, ellipses, and cylinders or in clusters. Other lamps popular during this period, and produced by a wide range of designers and manufacturers, were the pole-tension lamps that lit up corners of livings rooms and the "atomic" boomerang lamp shades designed for table lamps.
Nothing escaped Mid-century Modern, from transistor radios to lava lamps, which had yet to be associated with the psychedelic 1960s still a few years a way. It was perhaps the last time that design drove the look and feel of popular culture. Soon, the roles would be irrevocably reversed.
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Recent News: Mid-Century Modern
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Ellen DeGeneres Buys Back Newly Designed Mid-Century Modern Los Angeles ...Design & Trend, December 19th
Ellen DeGeneres does it again - the celebrity is one hell of a real estate flipper and has recently repurchased a home she once owned in 2007. The Los Angeles pad has undergone a complete renovation resulting in a mid-century modern house designed by ...Read more
The Six-Figure Sofa: Mid-Century Modern Goes on the BlockNew York Observer, December 16th
It wasn't so long ago that six-figure furniture was either by Thomas Chippendale and a few of his relatives, or made by a small handful of Art Deco master craftsman, usually French. But in recent years mid-century modern furniture has gone from fad to...Read more
Improved Mid-Century Modern rocking chairBoing Boing, December 10th
chair-opener My book Maker Dad has instructions for making this Mid-Century Modern rocking chair. The design is based on a chair that was built around 1950 by Alexey Brodovitch, a designer who was the art director at Harper's Bazaar from 1934 to 1958...Read more
The beauty (and staying power) of Mid-Century ModernLancasterOnline, December 8th
The lyrics from Nat King Cole's 1951 hit “Destination Moon,” penned years before Sputnik and lunar landings, could very well have set the tone for the furniture known as “Mid-Century Modern,” a look you think would be dated but has never lost its cool...Read more
Brownstone Pop-Up Selling Vintage Wares Opens for the Holidays in Bed-StuyDNAinfo, December 3rd
I Like Mike's, which specializes in restored, mid-century modern pieces, opened a pop-up shop in a Bedford-Stuyvesant brownstone on Decatur Street. View Full Caption. Mike Kollman. BEDFORD-STUYVESANT — A Brooklyn couple is opening their home to ...Read more
Thomas Pedersen's 21st-Century Take on Mid-Century Modern SeatingCore77.com (blog), December 3rd
ID History caps on: Is that the work of the Eameses? Arne Jacobsen? Eero Saarinen? Nope, these chairs are all by modern-day designer Thomas Pedersen, whose quest to create comfortable, multi-positional seating has led him towards the flowing lines ...Read more
PHOTOS: A Glimpse At Johnson County's Mid-Century Modern ArchitectureKCUR, December 1st
Up to Date host Steve Kraske talks with Anne Jones of the Johnson County Museum and Scott Lane of KC Modern about Modernist architecture in Johnson County, Kan. A new exhibition at the Johnson County Museum in Shawnee, Kan., attempts to answer ...Read more
Home Tour: The Zimmers mid-century modern treasure in Amberley VillageWCPO, November 28th
The Zimmers – who have two adult sons, Cody and Zack – became the second owners of one of the region's mid-century modern treasures and its incredibly private two-acre lot in August 2004. The match has lasted more than 10 years. The 4,000-square-foot ...Read more