Antique and Vintage Stereoview Photographs
The idea for stereoview photographs (also known as stereoscopic photographs, stereographs, or, simply, views) was hatched long before their invention, and even well prior to the first photographs. In the early 17th century, three separate men, Giovanni Battista della Porta, Jacopo Chimenti da Empoli, and Francois d’Aguillion, made drawings, or allusions to, what would eventually become the stereoscope or stereo viewer.
What these men envisioned essentially became a reality when the stereoscope was finally introduced in the early 19th century. Stereoscopes use two nearly-identical images, each taken a few inches to the side of the other. When viewed through two lenses set 2.5 inches apart, approximately the space between the eyes, the result is the illusion of a three-dimensional picture. In fact, stereoscopes are seen as the precursors to 3D entertainment. Much of the three-dimensional technology of today is based on the simple principles that allow the stereoscope to function.
Sir David Brewster often gets the credit for inventing stereoscopes, but he first designed the box-shaped viewer. The first stereoscope was actually introduced in 1833 by Sir Charles Wheatstone in Great Britain. At that time, photographs did not exist, so drawings were used instead. By the 1850s, photography was possible so stereoscopes began featuring this new technology.
Because the stereoscope preceded the publication of photographs in newspapers and magazines, stereo viewers were seen as forms of entertainment. People would pass around the stereoscope and see all sorts of beautiful scenes that they otherwise might never have been introduced to.
In 1859 Oliver Wendell Holmes (yes, that Oliver Wendell Holmes) invented a handheld stereograph viewer which was later manufactured by Joseph L. Bates in Massachusetts. These antique stereographs are highly sought-after today.
Before stereoviews caught on in the United States, however, they were popular in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe. Roger Fenton was an early stereoview photographer, as was Jules Duboscq, who made daguerreotype stereographs popular. At the same time tintype and albumen photographs were being used in stereoscopes.
In fact, the vintage photographs that were placed inside stereoscopes are even more collectible than the devices themselves. The list of themes for these pictures is limitless, a...
One of the most popular genres was railroad photos. Rail transportation was developing alongside photographic innovation, so many people that never rode the rails could at least see them through a stereoscope. One of the leading railroad and Western stereoview photographers was Carleton Watkins. Other views included mines, landscapes, automobiles, and, of course, nudes. In the United States, stereoviews allowed people living on the East Coast to see the West Coast, and vice versa.
By the latter half of the 19th century, many towns had their own resident stereoview photographer, which means there were plenty of local subjects available for people with stereoscopes to go with the images of far-off lands. Several companies emerged as publishers and distributors of stereoviews on every imaginable subject, the biggest and most successful in the United States being the Keystone View Company of Meadville, Pennsylvania.
The most prolific maker of views, however, was probably the London Stereoscope Company, founded in the early 1850s. It produced hundreds of thousands of views, as well as some portraits. Its peak was the 1850s, which was the height of the stereoscope craze in the United Kingdom. The company remained strong through the next few decades before fizzling in the 1920s. It has since reopened, with its new owners making an attempt to reintroduce the popularity of stereoscopes into today’s digital world.
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VFX Coder Proposes MOX, a Crowdfunded Open-Source Movie File FormatStudio Daily, October 24th
The MOX format will allow for multiple channels, so that alpha, Z-depth, and 3D-stereo views can be included. File-wide and frame-specific metadata will also be incorporated. The library and plug-ins will be coded in C++ and hosted on GitHub with a ...Read more
The Lush Landscaping of Alexander Mitchell's Conservatory, 1880surbanmilwaukee, October 22nd
Beginning around 1880 and over a period of several years, the noted photographer H. H. Bennett, of Kilbourn City (now Wisconsin Dells), would create over 200 stereoviews of Milwaukee. A good number were of the newer fine homes in the city. Three of the ...Read more
Fredericksburg area Civil War scenes viewed in 3-DKansas City Star, October 18th
Wartime photographers recorded most of their images in stereo, hence the visitors' 3-D spectacles. Printed on mass-produced cards and seen through a handheld viewer, the stereoviews are sharp and vivid — and were a wildly popular 19th-century medium...Read more
Alexander Mitchell's Conservatory, Mid-1870surbanmilwaukee, October 15th
But perhaps the most interesting part of the home was the two-story conservatory. This W.H. Sherman stereo view photo from the mid-1870s shows the interior of the conservatory, a lush jungle of tropical palms. Note the lovely arced windows and the use...Read more
A Double Dose of Luck for the Park ServiceGovExec.com (blog), October 14th
On Oct. 9, park rangers at the onetime home of the Custis and Lee families overlooking Arlington Cemetery unveiled for reporters a striking Civil War-era stereo-view photograph of the enslaved Lee family housekeeper Selina Gray. It's the second known ...Read more
Visitors view Fredericksburg area's Civil War scenes, in 3-DThe Free Lance-Star, October 13th
Wartime photographers recorded most of their images in stereo, hence the visitors' 3-D spectacles. Printed on mass-produced cards and seen through a handheld viewer, the stereoviews are sharp and vivid—and were a wildly popular 19th-century medium...Read more
'Priceless' Civil War Photo of Slave Selina Gray Found on eBayNBCNews.com, October 10th
A National Park Service volunteer browsing on eBay has made an astonishing discovery: a long-lost photo that park officials have described as a "priceless" piece of Civil War history. The stereo view image depicts Selina Gray (at right, above), an...Read more
Exterior of Alexander Mitchell's Mansion, Mid-1870surbanmilwaukee, October 7th
The brick is now painted and much of the architectural detailing on the mansard roofs has been removed. Still, this is one of the finest structures of this period remaining in Milwaukee. Jeff Beutner is a collector of photographs, postcards and...Read more