Antique and Vintage Stereoview Photographs
The idea for stereoview photographs (also known as stereoscopic photographs, stereographs, or, simply, views) was hatched long before their invention, and even well prior to the first photographs. In the early 17th century, three separate men, Giovanni Battista della Porta, Jacopo Chimenti da Empoli, and Francois d’Aguillion, made drawings, or allusions to, what would eventually become the stereoscope or stereo viewer.
What these men envisioned essentially became a reality when the stereoscope was finally introduced in the early 19th century. Stereoscopes use two nearly-identical images, each taken a few inches to the side of the other. When viewed through two lenses set 2.5 inches apart, approximately the space between the eyes, the result is the illusion of a three-dimensional picture. In fact, stereoscopes are seen as the precursors to 3D entertainment. Much of the three-dimensional technology of today is based on the simple principles that allow the stereoscope to function.
Sir David Brewster often gets the credit for inventing stereoscopes, but he first designed the box-shaped viewer. The first stereoscope was actually introduced in 1833 by Sir Charles Wheatstone in Great Britain. At that time, photographs did not exist, so drawings were used instead. By the 1850s, photography was possible so stereoscopes began featuring this new technology.
Because the stereoscope preceded the publication of photographs in newspapers and magazines, stereo viewers were seen as forms of entertainment. People would pass around the stereoscope and see all sorts of beautiful scenes that they otherwise might never have been introduced to.
In 1859 Oliver Wendell Holmes (yes, that Oliver Wendell Holmes) invented a handheld stereograph viewer which was later manufactured by Joseph L. Bates in Massachusetts. These antique stereographs are highly sought-after today.
Before stereoviews caught on in the United States, however, they were popular in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe. Roger Fenton was an early stereoview photographer, as was Jules Duboscq, who made daguerreotype stereographs popular. At the same time tintype and albumen photographs were being used in stereoscopes.
In fact, the vintage photographs that were placed inside stereoscopes are even more collectible than the devices themselves. The list of themes for these pictures is limitless, a...
One of the most popular genres was railroad photos. Rail transportation was developing alongside photographic innovation, so many people that never rode the rails could at least see them through a stereoscope. One of the leading railroad and Western stereoview photographers was Carleton Watkins. Other views included mines, landscapes, automobiles, and, of course, nudes. In the United States, stereoviews allowed people living on the East Coast to see the West Coast, and vice versa.
By the latter half of the 19th century, many towns had their own resident stereoview photographer, which means there were plenty of local subjects available for people with stereoscopes to go with the images of far-off lands. Several companies emerged as publishers and distributors of stereoviews on every imaginable subject, the biggest and most successful in the United States being the Keystone View Company of Meadville, Pennsylvania.
The most prolific maker of views, however, was probably the London Stereoscope Company, founded in the early 1850s. It produced hundreds of thousands of views, as well as some portraits. Its peak was the 1850s, which was the height of the stereoscope craze in the United Kingdom. The company remained strong through the next few decades before fizzling in the 1920s. It has since reopened, with its new owners making an attempt to reintroduce the popularity of stereoscopes into today’s digital world.
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Recent News: Stereoview Photographs
Source: Google News
Column: Somebody is missing out on a great bet for making moneyWorthington Daily Globe, February 5th
There is a precious and remarkable collection of stereoview pictures that were made of Yellowstone by the earliest visiting photographers. One part of this collection features stereoviews from the Buchan Gallery of Worthington. You can see Yellowstone...Read more
NEW WAVE BEAT!! at The Museum of Interesting Things Secret SpeakeasyCity Guide Magazine, January 27th
The Museum has a show featuring ?Original Rare short 16mm films from the ?1940's, 1950's and 1960's ??Early 1900's and some 1800's ?Stereoviews and Mutoscope cards! The Loft at Prince Street 177 Prince Street? $20 to help the museum and artists:)?...Read more
What is a Solid Muldoon?The Park Record, January 26th
Lots of fun, and almost no profit, said Bill Coleman of the venture. Pictured left to right are Alamo Dave, Richard Miller, Jack Snake Layton, and Coleman, inside Solid Muldoon s Saloon, ca.1971. (Park City Historical Society and Museum, 70s Group...Read more
A day in the life: 'Stereoview' image captures lower Pierre Street on July 23 ...The Capital Journal, November 4th
“This stereoview was once part of someone's family entertainment and was viewed through a hand-held device called a Stereoscope. Most stereoview were aimed at tourists. This is probably why this particular view came from California,” McQuay said in a ...Read more
The Sale of Wes and Shelley Cowan's StereoviewsMaine Antique Digest, July 1st
To look at just the monetary results of the sale of Wes and Shelley Cowan's stereoview collection, sold by Cowan's Auctions in Cincinnati on March 30, is to understand only half the picture—like gazing into a stereoviewer and finding the image can be...Read more
Mars Stereo View from 'John Klein' to Mount Sharp -- RawNASA, April 23rd
Mars Stereo View from 'John Klein' to Mount Sharp -- Raw. Left and right eyes of the Navigation Camera (Navcam) in NASA's Curiosity Mars rover took the dozens of images combined into this stereo scene of the rover and its surroundings. The component ...Read more
Opportunity Overlooking Endeavour Crater, Stereo ViewNASA, April 16th
This stereo view from the navigation camera on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows a vista across Endeavour Crater, with the rover's own shadow in the foreground. The view spans 216 compass degrees, from north at the left to ...Read more
Seeing double: Jeffrey Kraus of New Paltz is world's leading dealer of stereoviewsAlmanac Weekly, May 23rd
The collection eventually grew to encompass not just thousands of stereoviews, but also cartes de visite (visiting cards printed with the holder's photograph, introduced in the 1850s), daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, tintypes and larger photographic prints...Read more