The first tractors in the United States were introduced in the middle of the 19th century and were powered by steam. Known as traction engines, the source of the word "tractor," these steam tractors were used for both plowing and threshing. Manufacturers of early steam tractors included Minneapolis Threshing Machine Co., J.I. Case, and Advance-Rumely.
In 1892, an Iowa inventor named John Froelich built the first gasoline-powered tractor, although acceptance of this new technology would not become widespread until the beginning of the 20th century. During that period, many of the most familiar names in the farm-equipment business got into the tractor trade, from International Harvester (1906) to J.I. Case (1912) to Allis-Chalmers (1914) to John Deere, which bought out Froelich in 1918. Even car-maker Henry Ford got into the act when, in 1918, the first Fordson tractors rolled off Ford’s Dearborn assembly line (Ford withdrew from the farm-equipment business in 1927).
Early International Harvester tractors included the Mogul, which ran on kerosene, gasoline, or naptha and had a single, easy-to-repair cylinder. In its first year of production, 1906, the tractor’s engine ranged from 10 to 20 horsepower, and friction drove its wheels. Within a year the friction drive was dumped for gears and the tractor’s power had been increased to 25hp.
In the mid-1910s, the 4-cyclinder Titan appeared, and by the end of the decade, International Harvester came out with the Junior, whose engine was enclosed under a bonnet in a style that defined tractor design for decades to come. Both competed with another International Harvester tractor, the blue-bodied, red-wheeled McCormick-Deering 15-30, which was used by wheat farmers throughout the 1920s and into the 1930s.
One of the most famous International Harvesters was the Farmall, introduced in 1920. This all-around tractor had a wide rear axle so that the wheels could ride between rows during cultivating. The first Farmall was called the Regular, followed by models F-20 and F-30, some of which were configured with a wide axle in the front and high clearances. Other pre-war Farmalls included the Model A Cultivision (designed to cultivate a single row), the 8hp Cub, and the Raymond Loewy-designed Farmall H, all of which were painted a deep, classic red.
The first Case tractors had enormous engines (30 to 60hp), although tractors with smaller engines quickly followed. These three-wheel, "cross-motor" tractors had 4-cylinder engines, but the breakthrough for the company came in 1929 with the release of the Case L and its smaller cousin, the C, whose in-line engine became an industry standard. In the 1930s, Case introduced the D series (painted in Flambeau red and black) and the R series, whose grilles had an Art Deco sunburst design. The unprofitable V made the 1940s a shaky decade for the company, but Case got back on track in the 1950s with the Case 300 and 400, which set a record in 1956 for fuel economy.
In contrast, the first Allis-Chalmers tractors started out small (6 to 12hp). Low, orchard versions of these tractors were produced, as was a model with spiked wheels. By 1922, i...
John Deere’s first years in the tractor business were spent manufacturing bright-green Waterloo Boy tractors, which was the name of the Froelich tractor company it had purchased in 1918. Deere’s first non-Froelich tractor was the model D, whose 2-cylinder horizontal engine remained in production for more than 30 years. The GP followed in 1929, although reviews were not good (it was underpowered, among other problems), the Henry Dreyfuss designed A appeared in 1934, and the first Deere diesel, the 2-cylinder model R, arrived in 1949. Among other landmarks, it was the first John Deere tractor to feature the company’s now famous "leaping deer" logo.
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Working their Skowhegan farm works for family, communityPress Herald, February 7th
The Tessiers are members of the Maine Antique Tractor Club, which is one of Kelly's hobbies. She has her own tractor. “It's an old riding lawnmower,” she said. “It was my uncle's, and he and my dad worked on it for about a day and we got it running...Read more
Tractor Community Mourns LossAgWeb (blog), February 5th
Hard to believe tomorrow (February 6, 2016) will be the funeral for Brandon Wilke, a very well known classic tractor collector and seller from Waterloo, Wis. Brandon passed away January 28 th after a battle with cancer. His passing has sent ... His...Read more
Father tells how daughter, 6, was crushed to death by his vintage tractorTelegraph.co.uk, January 28th
Mr David told the inquest that tractor "jerked" as he drove along a country lane in Aberdaron, North Wales - and Teal tumbled off from the footwell. He said: "I put my foot on the clutch to slow and she fell off and hit the concrete. "I stopped and she...Read more
Fire Damages Linn County Antique Tractor ShopKCRG, January 21st
He said he rebuilt antique tractors and tractor pullers in his shop. Heister said some neighbors first noticed the fire. "I was ready to leave and go home. The boys come running down waiving their arms and I thought they wanted to borrow some tools...Read more
Annual Don Layton Memorial Antique Tractor and Engine Show – ShoshoniWyoming Public Media, January 21st
The annual Antique Tractor and Engine Show begins with a tractor drive on Saturday and Sunday in mid-June. Featured during the event are craft vendors, antique sewing machines, a blacksmith, a saw, engines and tractors to view, a full-size Case Steam ...Read more
Tractor Heaven: 240 acre private park showcases vintage engines, tractors and ...Gizmag, January 17th
This week in Fort Meade, Florida, the 1500 members of the Florida Flywheelers Antique Engine Club opened the gates of their unique 240-acre clubhouse to give the public a first hand look at the fruits of this devotion. ... With a mission to "preserve...Read more
Collectors show antique tractors at Pennsylvania Farm ShowReading Eagle, January 13th
Robert Lefever owns one of the oldest tractors on display at the Pennsylvania Farm Show, a rusty, 1927 Hart Parr. A crank is needed to start it. Lefever demonstrated by attaching the crank to a side wheel, bracing his foot against one of the massive...Read more
Antique tractor and toy show bigger than everGreat Falls Tribune, January 12th
More than three decades ago, Bruce Nelson was at the Montana State Fair and saw some toy tractors on display. Being a collector of tractors himself, he asked a few questions about the exhibitor, Gary Larsen. The two men met, and while they were ...Read more