The first tractors in the United States were introduced in the middle of the 19th century and were powered by steam. Known as traction engines, the source of the word "tractor," these steam tractors were used for both plowing and threshing. Manufacturers of early steam tractors included Minneapolis Threshing Machine Co., J.I. Case, and Advance-Rumely.
In 1892, an Iowa inventor named John Froelich built the first gasoline-powered tractor, although acceptance of this new technology would not become widespread until the beginning of the 20th century. During that period, many of the most familiar names in the farm-equipment business got into the tractor trade, from International Harvester (1906) to J.I. Case (1912) to Allis-Chalmers (1914) to John Deere, which bought out Froelich in 1918. Even car-maker Henry Ford got into the act when, in 1918, the first Fordson tractors rolled off Ford’s Dearborn assembly line (Ford withdrew from the farm-equipment business in 1927).
Early International Harvester tractors included the Mogul, which ran on kerosene, gasoline, or naptha and had a single, easy-to-repair cylinder. In its first year of production, 1906, the tractor’s engine ranged from 10 to 20 horsepower, and friction drove its wheels. Within a year the friction drive was dumped for gears and the tractor’s power had been increased to 25hp.
In the mid-1910s, the 4-cyclinder Titan appeared, and by the end of the decade, International Harvester came out with the Junior, whose engine was enclosed under a bonnet in a style that defined tractor design for decades to come. Both competed with another International Harvester tractor, the blue-bodied, red-wheeled McCormick-Deering 15-30, which was used by wheat farmers throughout the 1920s and into the 1930s.
One of the most famous International Harvesters was the Farmall, introduced in 1920. This all-around tractor had a wide rear axle so that the wheels could ride between rows during cultivating. The first Farmall was called the Regular, followed by models F-20 and F-30, some of which were configured with a wide axle in the front and high clearances. Other pre-war Farmalls included the Model A Cultivision (designed to cultivate a single row), the 8hp Cub, and the Raymond Loewy-designed Farmall H, all of which were painted a deep, classic red.
The first Case tractors had enormous engines (30 to 60hp), although tractors with smaller engines quickly followed. These three-wheel, "cross-motor" tractors had 4-cylinder engines, but the breakthrough for the company came in 1929 with the release of the Case L and its smaller cousin, the C, whose in-line engine became an industry standard. In the 1930s, Case introduced the D series (painted in Flambeau red and black) and the R series, whose grilles had an Art Deco sunburst design. The unprofitable V made the 1940s a shaky decade for the company, but Case got back on track in the 1950s with the Case 300 and 400, which set a record in 1956 for fuel economy.
In contrast, the first Allis-Chalmers tractors started out small (6 to 12hp). Low, orchard versions of these tractors were produced, as was a model with spiked wheels. By 1922, i...
John Deere’s first years in the tractor business were spent manufacturing bright-green Waterloo Boy tractors, which was the name of the Froelich tractor company it had purchased in 1918. Deere’s first non-Froelich tractor was the model D, whose 2-cylinder horizontal engine remained in production for more than 30 years. The GP followed in 1929, although reviews were not good (it was underpowered, among other problems), the Henry Dreyfuss designed A appeared in 1934, and the first Deere diesel, the 2-cylinder model R, arrived in 1949. Among other landmarks, it was the first John Deere tractor to feature the company’s now famous "leaping deer" logo.
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Recent News: Tractors
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Southwick to host tractor rally SaturdayMassLive.com, April 24th
The commission hopes to make the rally an annual event and has invited local and area tractor owners to exhibit their tractor, from antique to present day equipment. Local 4-H members will be on hand with several animals to pet and local ventrs will...Read more
Nor-Cal Antique Tractor & Engine Club gearing up Spring Gas-upRed Bluff Daily News, April 23rd
Nor-Cal Antique Tractor & Engine Club gearing up Spring Gas-up. Courtesy photo Ray Crawford of Red Bluff participates in the 2014 Spring Gas Up tractor pull aboard his Case tractor. Also pictured are Loyd and Dawson Spencer of Los Molinos on the pull ...Read more
Vintage tractors sold at auctionPratt Tribune, April 21st
Other farm equipment including several plows, oneways and old windmills were also on the auction block. But Sterneker is now 77 years old and he has seen the value of antique tractors drop. It's also more difficult to start the old tractors than it...Read more
Vintage tractor days coming in MayAppeal-Democrat, April 17th
Vintage tractors return to the Yuba County foothills May 2-3, highlighting the annual fundraiser for the Alcouffe Community Center in Oregon House. The 11th annual Vintage Tractor Days starts at 9 a.m. both days at 9185 Marysville Road, with tractor...Read more
Antique tractor show expected to pull in big crowds FridayLongview News-Journal, April 16th
Tractor fans of all ages are invited, Reynolds added. Show events include small engine displays, corn-grinding, horse-drawn equipment, tractor games, sawmill demo, rope-making, hay baling, antique tools, tractor race, tractor parade and a tractor pull...Read more
Reno County farmer to auction off antique tractor collectionKWCH, April 15th
Don and his wife, Sharon, used to live on a small farm in Reno County along with more than a dozen tractors that were built as far back as the 1930's. "Some of 'em was almost a basket case I guess you'd say," Don said. "But we disassembled a lot of 'em...Read more
Agricultural burn near Longmont spreads, destroys antique tractor, barn built ...FOX31 Denver, April 11th
The fire destroyed a barn built in the 1930's and a restored antique tractor that had been stored inside the barn, according to the Boulder County Sheriff. Additionally, the Sheriff's office said the Boulder Roubaix bicycle race was delayed briefly...Read more
Antique Tractor & Engine Show starts today in White SpringsBranford News, April 2nd
Numerous exhibits will include collections of flywheels, hit and miss engines, water pumps, vintage pedal tractors, antique cars and farm equipment. There will be competitions for adults that include tractor pulls, barrel races and a blind race...Read more