The first tractors in the United States were introduced in the middle of the 19th century and were powered by steam. Known as traction engines, the source of the word "tractor," these steam tractors were used for both plowing and threshing. Manufacturers of early steam tractors included Minneapolis Threshing Machine Co., J.I. Case, and Advance-Rumely.
In 1892, an Iowa inventor named John Froelich built the first gasoline-powered tractor, although acceptance of this new technology would not become widespread until the beginning of the 20th century. During that period, many of the most familiar names in the farm-equipment business got into the tractor trade, from International Harvester (1906) to J.I. Case (1912) to Allis-Chalmers (1914) to John Deere, which bought out Froelich in 1918. Even car-maker Henry Ford got into the act when, in 1918, the first Fordson tractors rolled off Ford’s Dearborn assembly line (Ford withdrew from the farm-equipment business in 1927).
Early International Harvester tractors included the Mogul, which ran on kerosene, gasoline, or naptha and had a single, easy-to-repair cylinder. In its first year of production, 1906, the tractor’s engine ranged from 10 to 20 horsepower, and friction drove its wheels. Within a year the friction drive was dumped for gears and the tractor’s power had been increased to 25hp.
In the mid-1910s, the 4-cyclinder Titan appeared, and by the end of the decade, International Harvester came out with the Junior, whose engine was enclosed under a bonnet in a style that defined tractor design for decades to come. Both competed with another International Harvester tractor, the blue-bodied, red-wheeled McCormick-Deering 15-30, which was used by wheat farmers throughout the 1920s and into the 1930s.
One of the most famous International Harvesters was the Farmall, introduced in 1920. This all-around tractor had a wide rear axle so that the wheels could ride between rows during cultivating. The first Farmall was called the Regular, followed by models F-20 and F-30, some of which were configured with a wide axle in the front and high clearances. Other pre-war Farmalls included the Model A Cultivision (designed to cultivate a single row), the 8hp Cub, and the Raymond Loewy-designed Farmall H, all of which were painted a deep, classic red.
The first Case tractors had enormous engines (30 to 60hp), although tractors with smaller engines quickly followed. These three-wheel, "cross-motor" tractors had 4-cylinder engines, but the breakthrough for the company came in 1929 with the release of the Case L and its smaller cousin, the C, whose in-line engine became an industry standard. In the 1930s, Case introduced the D series (painted in Flambeau red and black) and the R series, whose grilles had an Art Deco sunburst design. The unprofitable V made the 1940s a shaky decade for the company, but Case got back on track in the 1950s with the Case 300 and 400, which set a record in 1956 for fuel economy.
In contrast, the first Allis-Chalmers tractors started out small (6 to 12hp). Low, orchard versions of these tractors were produced, as was a model with spiked wheels. By 1922, i...
John Deere’s first years in the tractor business were spent manufacturing bright-green Waterloo Boy tractors, which was the name of the Froelich tractor company it had purchased in 1918. Deere’s first non-Froelich tractor was the model D, whose 2-cylinder horizontal engine remained in production for more than 30 years. The GP followed in 1929, although reviews were not good (it was underpowered, among other problems), the Henry Dreyfuss designed A appeared in 1934, and the first Deere diesel, the 2-cylinder model R, arrived in 1949. Among other landmarks, it was the first John Deere tractor to feature the company’s now famous "leaping deer" logo.
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Riverbend Steam and Gas Association to hold annual antique tractor and steam ...HollandSentinel.com, June 22nd
Numerous antique tractors, some with steel wheels, will bear names including Allis-Chalmers, John Deere, Farmall, Oliver, Ford, Rumely Oil Pull, Case and Minneapolis-Moline. Old garden tractors, vintage walk-behind tractors and antique tools also will...Read more
All roads lead to Rome's antique tractor showTowanda Daily Review, June 21st
"This is my favorite tractor," said Powell, when interviewed by the parade's announcer, when Powell drove his Ford Diesel 6000 in the tractor parade on Saturday in Rome at the Twin Tiers Antique Tractor & Machinery Association's 21st annual show. "I...Read more
Engine, vintage tractor show returns to fairgroundsThe Times (subscription), June 19th
Saturday and Sunday, activities will include pedal tractors for children to ride, kiddie games, tractor-drawn wagon rides around the fairgrounds and food and ice cream. These will be in addition to gas engine displays, antique tractors and trucks, a...Read more
Tractor club holds annual antique tractor and machinery showPike County News Watchman, June 18th
This year's event included tractor “fun” pulls, kiddie tractor pulls, woodcarving, blacksmithing, a variety of vintage tractors and equipment, hit and miss engines, pony rides for the kids, demonstrations, merchandise/craft/flea market vendors, tractor...Read more
Antique Tractor Cruise-In raises money for United Cancer Services of Elkhart ...The Elkhart Truth, June 13th
“Everyone has walks and golf outings, but how many people can say they've been to an antique tractor cruise?” Norton said. “I like this because it's unique and different and it's done in a fun way. I think everyone knows someone who's been affected by...Read more
Antique tractor ride set for Plymouth CountySioux City Journal, June 10th
LE MARS, Iowa | Some 175 antique tractors will be driving on Plymouth County roads Friday and Saturday as part of the KICD Tractor Ride. The annual event, sponsored by Spencer, Iowa, radio station KICD, will begin with driver registration Thursday...Read more
Antique tractor and machinery show wraps up in CantonTowanda Daily Review, June 8th
Review Photo/ERIC HRIN At the Endless Mountains Antique Tractor & Machinery Association's eighth annual show Sunday at the Canton Fireman's Field, the first prize, a 1952 Farmall Cub, was won by Bob Ferguson of Windfall, pictured here with the tractor...Read more
Antique tractor show kicks off Waite Park festivalSt. Cloud Times, June 7th
Jon Ritter's neighbors think he's crazy. That's what the physical education teacher at Kennedy Community School in St. Joseph thinks, anyway, when he drives his tractor around his "little residential lot." "I just love tractors in general," Ritter said...Read more