The first tractors in the United States were introduced in the middle of the 19th century and were powered by steam. Known as traction engines, the source of the word "tractor," these steam tractors were used for both plowing and threshing. Manufacturers of early steam tractors included Minneapolis Threshing Machine Co., J.I. Case, and Advance-Rumely.
In 1892, an Iowa inventor named John Froelich built the first gasoline-powered tractor, although acceptance of this new technology would not become widespread until the beginning of the 20th century. During that period, many of the most familiar names in the farm-equipment business got into the tractor trade, from International Harvester (1906) to J.I. Case (1912) to Allis-Chalmers (1914) to John Deere, which bought out Froelich in 1918. Even car-maker Henry Ford got into the act when, in 1918, the first Fordson tractors rolled off Ford’s Dearborn assembly line (Ford withdrew from the farm-equipment business in 1927).
Early International Harvester tractors included the Mogul, which ran on kerosene, gasoline, or naptha and had a single, easy-to-repair cylinder. In its first year of production, 1906, the tractor’s engine ranged from 10 to 20 horsepower, and friction drove its wheels. Within a year the friction drive was dumped for gears and the tractor’s power had been increased to 25hp.
In the mid-1910s, the 4-cyclinder Titan appeared, and by the end of the decade, International Harvester came out with the Junior, whose engine was enclosed under a bonnet in a style that defined tractor design for decades to come. Both competed with another International Harvester tractor, the blue-bodied, red-wheeled McCormick-Deering 15-30, which was used by wheat farmers throughout the 1920s and into the 1930s.
One of the most famous International Harvesters was the Farmall, introduced in 1920. This all-around tractor had a wide rear axle so that the wheels could ride between rows during cultivating. The first Farmall was called the Regular, followed by models F-20 and F-30, some of which were configured with a wide axle in the front and high clearances. Other pre-war Farmalls included the Model A Cultivision (designed to cultivate a single row), the 8hp Cub, and the Raymond Loewy-designed Farmall H, all of which were painted a deep, classic red.
The first Case tractors had enormous engines (30 to 60hp), although tractors with smaller engines quickly followed. These three-wheel, "cross-motor" tractors had 4-cylinder engines, but the breakthrough for the company came in 1929 with the release of the Case L and its smaller cousin, the C, whose in-line engine became an industry standard. In the 1930s, Case introduced the D series (painted in Flambeau red and black) and the R series, whose grilles had an Art Deco sunburst design. The unprofitable V made the 1940s a shaky decade for the company, but Case got back on track in the 1950s with the Case 300 and 400, which set a record in 1956 for fuel economy.
In contrast, the first Allis-Chalmers tractors started out small (6 to 12hp). Low, orchard versions of these tractors were produced, as was a model with spiked wheels. By 1922, i...
John Deere’s first years in the tractor business were spent manufacturing bright-green Waterloo Boy tractors, which was the name of the Froelich tractor company it had purchased in 1918. Deere’s first non-Froelich tractor was the model D, whose 2-cylinder horizontal engine remained in production for more than 30 years. The GP followed in 1929, although reviews were not good (it was underpowered, among other problems), the Henry Dreyfuss designed A appeared in 1934, and the first Deere diesel, the 2-cylinder model R, arrived in 1949. Among other landmarks, it was the first John Deere tractor to feature the company’s now famous "leaping deer" logo.
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Antique tractor run heldJournal Pioneer, September 15th
It's a tradition owners of antique tractors have been carrying out for several years. This year close to 60 riders hopped onto trailers to accompany them on the full ride which took them from Carleton to Milo, to O'Leary and Duvar and back to the...Read more
Antique Tractor and Engine ShowThe Marshall Democrat-News, September 15th
The Mid-Missouri Antique Power and Collectibles Association will hold its annual Antique Tractor and Engine Show Friday, Sept. 26, and Saturday, Sept. 27, at Saline County Fairground in Marshall. The event is held in conjunction with the Missouri State ...Read more
CNY Antique Tractor Club show at Bernhards BayThe Post-Standard - syracuse.com, September 12th
By Gary Walts | email@example.com The Post-Standard Follow. Clarence Cobb, Canastota, inspects his 1957 Ford Model 961 tractor at the antique tractor show at Taft Bay Park in Bernhards Bay. Friday September 12, 2014 Gary Walts | gwalts@syracuse...Read more
Tractors roll into town this weekendOttawaherald.com, September 10th
This weekend marks 20 years for the Power of the Past Antique Engine and Tractor Show. Bob Stevanus, Power of the Past Antique Engine and Tractor Association president, has seen the local show grow from humble beginnings, he said. “This will be our ...Read more
Antique engine, tractor show this weekend in OttawaTopeka Capital Journal, September 9th
The 20th annual Power of the Past Antique Engine and Tractor Show, which runs Friday through Sunday in Ottawa, will feature John Deere tractors and engines. The event features a drawing for this restored John Deere tractor...Read more
Tractor parade in South Haven kicks off this weekend's Antique Engine and ...Mlive Kalamazoo, September 5th
SOUTH HAVEN, MI — Some 75 antique tractors took to South Haven's streets Thursday afternoon, lugging family-filled wagons and kicking off the Michigan Flywheelers Museum's annual Antique Engine and Tractor Show. According to Michigan Flywheelers ...Read more
S.C.R.A.P. celebrates antique tractors, enginesFremont News Messenger, August 31st
GIBSONBURG – George Miller Jr. took his family's 1941 McCormick Farmall tractor out for a spin Sunday, as he and several other competitors brought their antique tractors and engines to the annual Sandusky County Restorers of Antique Power's show at ...Read more
An antique tractor show in NebraskaHutchinson News, August 27th
So a trip to an antique tractor show near Hastings, Nebraska, reconfirmed this event fits each of the above-mentioned categories and more. The 31st Annual Platte Valley Antique Tractor Show held at Crystal Lake 10 miles south of Hastings proved that...Read more