The first tractors in the United States were introduced in the middle of the 19th century and were powered by steam. Known as traction engines, the source of the word "tractor," these steam tractors were used for both plowing and threshing. Manufacturers of early steam tractors included Minneapolis Threshing Machine Co., J.I. Case, and Advance-Rumely.
In 1892, an Iowa inventor named John Froelich built the first gasoline-powered tractor, although acceptance of this new technology would not become widespread until the beginning of the 20th century. During that period, many of the most familiar names in the farm-equipment business got into the tractor trade, from International Harvester (1906) to J.I. Case (1912) to Allis-Chalmers (1914) to John Deere, which bought out Froelich in 1918. Even car-maker Henry Ford got into the act when, in 1918, the first Fordson tractors rolled off Ford’s Dearborn assembly line (Ford withdrew from the farm-equipment business in 1927).
Early International Harvester tractors included the Mogul, which ran on kerosene, gasoline, or naptha and had a single, easy-to-repair cylinder. In its first year of production, 1906, the tractor’s engine ranged from 10 to 20 horsepower, and friction drove its wheels. Within a year the friction drive was dumped for gears and the tractor’s power had been increased to 25hp.
In the mid-1910s, the 4-cyclinder Titan appeared, and by the end of the decade, International Harvester came out with the Junior, whose engine was enclosed under a bonnet in a style that defined tractor design for decades to come. Both competed with another International Harvester tractor, the blue-bodied, red-wheeled McCormick-Deering 15-30, which was used by wheat farmers throughout the 1920s and into the 1930s.
One of the most famous International Harvesters was the Farmall, introduced in 1920. This all-around tractor had a wide rear axle so that the wheels could ride between rows during cultivating. The first Farmall was called the Regular, followed by models F-20 and F-30, some of which were configured with a wide axle in the front and high clearances. Other pre-war Farmalls included the Model A Cultivision (designed to cultivate a single row), the 8hp Cub, and the Raymond Loewy-designed Farmall H, all of which were painted a deep, classic red.
The first Case tractors had enormous engines (30 to 60hp), although tractors with smaller engines quickly followed. These three-wheel, "cross-motor" tractors had 4-cylinder engines, but the breakthrough for the company came in 1929 with the release of the Case L and its smaller cousin, the C, whose in-line engine became an industry standard. In the 1930s, Case introduced the D series (painted in Flambeau red and black) and the R series, whose grilles had an Art Deco sunburst design. The unprofitable V made the 1940s a shaky decade for the company, but Case got back on track in the 1950s with the Case 300 and 400, which set a record in 1956 for fuel economy.
In contrast, the first Allis-Chalmers tractors started out small (6 to 12hp). Low, orchard versions of these tractors were produced, as was a model with spiked wheels. By 1922, i...
John Deere’s first years in the tractor business were spent manufacturing bright-green Waterloo Boy tractors, which was the name of the Froelich tractor company it had purchased in 1918. Deere’s first non-Froelich tractor was the model D, whose 2-cylinder horizontal engine remained in production for more than 30 years. The GP followed in 1929, although reviews were not good (it was underpowered, among other problems), the Henry Dreyfuss designed A appeared in 1934, and the first Deere diesel, the 2-cylinder model R, arrived in 1949. Among other landmarks, it was the first John Deere tractor to feature the company’s now famous "leaping deer" logo.
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Bringing in the sheep! Cedar City's unique parade returns on SaturdaySuindependent, October 22nd
The 2014 event features cowboy music and poetry, a Dutch oven cooking contest, draft horse pull, antique tractor pull, stock dog demo, sheep camp display, quilt show, vintage auto display, ranch rodeo, Friday Night Jam featuring Brenn Hill and Trinity...Read more
Antique tractors get their day in the sunAnniston Star, October 18th
The fourth annual Old-Fashioned Plow Day was hosted by Howle Farm, a United States Department of Agriculture Century Farm, and organized by the West Georgia Two-Cylinder Club based in Carrollton, Ga., and the East Alabama Antique Tractor Club ...Read more
Steady rains cause temporary road closures; Columbus Days antique tractor ...Joplin Globe, October 10th
Steady rains that saturated the area Thursday night into Friday caused flash flooding that prompted road closures in Neosho in Newton County, and Southeast Kansas, where 3 feet of water was flowing over Highway 7 in Cherokee County. A 24-hour report ...Read more
Old and the new: Enid Antique Power Gas Engine and Tractor Show has little of ...Enid News & Eagle, October 4th
Not all were antiques at Saturday's 2014 Enid Antique Power Gas Engine and Tractor Show at the Garfield County Fairgrounds. The newest item on display was a motorcycle hand-made by Tuttle resident Tom Guinn, who said his 2014 Mototom is modeled ...Read more
Tractor show a hit in DaytonTribune-Review, September 25th
The vintage agricultural equipment on display included 77 antique farm tractors, 46 lawn tractors, 26 large trucks and one horse-drawn fire hose cart built in 1865. “It was awesome,” said Kevin Bish, club member and owner of Dayton Tractor Parts. “We...Read more
Third annual antique tractor ride SaturdayThe Daily Progress, September 25th
All antique tractor lovers are invited to gather at Mountain Run Lake Park on Saturday, Sept. 27, at 9 a.m., to participate in the third annual Culpeper Antique Tractor Ride. Tractors must be 40 years old or older and able to maintain a 10 mile per...Read more
Les Cockrell: Tractor revivalists to show antique implementsDenton Record Chronicle, September 21st
The Denton County Antique Tractor, Farm Equipment and Primitives Club will have its annual fall meeting and picnic from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturday. The location will be 640 E. Jernigan Road in Copper Canyon (southeast corner of East Jernigan and...Read more
Brush Valley club members promote interest in antique tractorsTribune-Review, September 21st
An intermittent morning rain marked the start of the Brush Valley Antique Iron and Power Club's first annual show at Brush Valley Park. But club members and attendees experienced no dampening of enthusiasm for the roughly 20 vintage farm tractors ...Read more