The first tractors in the United States were introduced in the middle of the 19th century and were powered by steam. Known as traction engines, the source of the word "tractor," these steam tractors were used for both plowing and threshing. Manufacturers of early steam tractors included Minneapolis Threshing Machine Co., J.I. Case, and Advance-Rumely.
In 1892, an Iowa inventor named John Froelich built the first gasoline-powered tractor, although acceptance of this new technology would not become widespread until the beginning of the 20th century. During that period, many of the most familiar names in the farm-equipment business got into the tractor trade, from International Harvester (1906) to J.I. Case (1912) to Allis-Chalmers (1914) to John Deere, which bought out Froelich in 1918. Even car-maker Henry Ford got into the act when, in 1918, the first Fordson tractors rolled off Ford’s Dearborn assembly line (Ford withdrew from the farm-equipment business in 1927).
Early International Harvester tractors included the Mogul, which ran on kerosene, gasoline, or naptha and had a single, easy-to-repair cylinder. In its first year of production, 1906, the tractor’s engine ranged from 10 to 20 horsepower, and friction drove its wheels. Within a year the friction drive was dumped for gears and the tractor’s power had been increased to 25hp.
In the mid-1910s, the 4-cyclinder Titan appeared, and by the end of the decade, International Harvester came out with the Junior, whose engine was enclosed under a bonnet in a style that defined tractor design for decades to come. Both competed with another International Harvester tractor, the blue-bodied, red-wheeled McCormick-Deering 15-30, which was used by wheat farmers throughout the 1920s and into the 1930s.
One of the most famous International Harvesters was the Farmall, introduced in 1920. This all-around tractor had a wide rear axle so that the wheels could ride between rows during cultivating. The first Farmall was called the Regular, followed by models F-20 and F-30, some of which were configured with a wide axle in the front and high clearances. Other pre-war Farmalls included the Model A Cultivision (designed to cultivate a single row), the 8hp Cub, and the Raymond Loewy-designed Farmall H, all of which were painted a deep, classic red.
The first Case tractors had enormous engines (30 to 60hp), although tractors with smaller engines quickly followed. These three-wheel, "cross-motor" tractors had 4-cylinder engines, but the breakthrough for the company came in 1929 with the release of the Case L and its smaller cousin, the C, whose in-line engine became an industry standard. In the 1930s, Case introduced the D series (painted in Flambeau red and black) and the R series, whose grilles had an Art Deco sunburst design. The unprofitable V made the 1940s a shaky decade for the company, but Case got back on track in the 1950s with the Case 300 and 400, which set a record in 1956 for fuel economy.
In contrast, the first Allis-Chalmers tractors started out small (6 to 12hp). Low, orchard versions of these tractors were produced, as was a model with spiked wheels. By 1922, i...
John Deere’s first years in the tractor business were spent manufacturing bright-green Waterloo Boy tractors, which was the name of the Froelich tractor company it had purchased in 1918. Deere’s first non-Froelich tractor was the model D, whose 2-cylinder horizontal engine remained in production for more than 30 years. The GP followed in 1929, although reviews were not good (it was underpowered, among other problems), the Henry Dreyfuss designed A appeared in 1934, and the first Deere diesel, the 2-cylinder model R, arrived in 1949. Among other landmarks, it was the first John Deere tractor to feature the company’s now famous "leaping deer" logo.
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75-Year-Old Man's Stolen Tractor Tracked DownNBC4 Washington, December 5th
Just two days after an antique tractor was stolen from a Maryland yard, a News4 viewer helped police track it down. In 1957, Bob Fowler was 18 years old, and purchased his very own John Deere tractor. It was in his family until last month, when someone ...Read more
International Harvester Club parade to feature antique tractors and trucksFrederick News Post (subscription), December 4th
Maryland International Harvester Club Chapter 39 invites you to its third annual parade and sixth Harvester Program from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturday at H B Duvall Inc., 901 E. Patrick St., Frederick. Last year's event attracted more than 50 antique...Read more
75-Year-Old Maryland Man Seeking Tractor ThiefNBC4 Washington, December 2nd
A John Deere, to be specific, and that tractor stayed with Fowler far longer than the Dodge did. It was in his family until last month, when someone stole the antique tractor that he had maintained for five and a half decades out of Fowler's front yard...Read more
1000 attend auction of antique tractorsDenver Post, November 30th
GREELEY — As each antique tractor came up for bid Saturday, Howard Axelson jumped into the seat, started the engine and told the crowd about how long each tractor had been in his family and how it had been used. Then the bids began. Auctioneer Terry ...Read more
Antique tractor auction expected to draw big crowd SaturdayThe Denver Channel, November 28th
GREELEY, Colo. - The casual passerby would likely never know the treasures sitting inside Howard Axelson's old steel quonset hut northeast of Greeley. "For my dad it was always the thrill of getting the next one," said Axelson of the nearly 40 antique...Read more
26 rare antique tractors to be auctioned in ColoradoTriValley Central, November 27th
Howard Axelson stands by one of his 26 antique tractors Nov. 12 outside of Greeley, Colo. Axelson's father gathered the collection over the years and while Axelson still has some sentimentality over the collection he believes that it is time for the...Read more
Rare auction of 26 antique tractors in GreeleyAurora Sentinel, November 20th
"We've never heard of an antique tractor auction quite like this anywhere in the area ... not this big, and not in the 30 years we've been in business," said Bob Kreps. "There's often one or two antique tractors sold here and there at regular auctions...Read more
Rare auction marks end of Greeley family's antique tractor collectingGreeley Tribune, November 12th
Howard Axelson stands by one of the 26 antique tractors Tuesday afternoon off of County Road 43 outside of Greeley. Axelson and his father gathered the collection over the years and while Axelson still has some sentimentality over the collection he...Read more