Under the leadership of Cyrus McCormick and Charles Deering, the International Harvester Company was born from a merger between the McCormick Harvesting Machinery Company, Deering Harvester, and a few other companies in August 1902. In the coming decades, International Harvester began to compete with the Ford Motor Company in the tractor market.
In the 1910s and early ’20s, Bert Benjamin—one of International Harvester’s designers—began sizing up the competition and evaluating the weaknesses of Ford’s Fordson tractor. For one, the Fordson was too low to the ground, which prevented farmers from using it with corn and cotton after the crops were planted. Ford’s tractor was also difficult to maneuver.
With these flaws in mind, Benjamin designed International Harvester’s Farmall tractor, which was authorized for production in February 1924. The Farmall was a small, general-purpose tractor—the first of its kind to be successful.
Unlike Ford’s models, it had a high axle clearance. In an innovative twist, the Farmall had a tricycle-like design—two big wheels in the back and two small wheels right next to each other in the front. The Farmall also had automatic brakes on both back wheels, which could be operated separately. This feature, combined with the tricycle design, made the Farmall extremely maneuverable.
The Farmall also had a four-cylinder engine, with nine to 18 horsepower at 12000 rpm; the transmission had three speeds forward and one speed backward. The Farmall’s relatively small size made it effective for farmers with smaller farms. And from a stylistic standpoint, the Farmall was the first tractor to be produced in red, leading the transition away from what collectors today call the gray “unstyled tractors” of previous years.
To promote its product, International Harvester held competitions between the Farmall and the Fordson, which Farmall almost always won. In 1928, Ford threw in the towel and left International Harvester to dominate the tractor business.
Over the next several years, International Harvester released more models in its Farmall line. The original Farmall became the Farmall Regular, and the F-30 and F-20 were release...
Even as the Farmall line expanded, International Harvester produced accessories that were cross-compatible with all the Farmall models. One particularly handy accessory that helped the line gain and maintain popularity was the Quick Attach, a rapid-mounting system that allowed the farmer to quickly and easily adapt his tractor for a variety of purposes, like mowing a golf course.
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Restoring Past GloryJournal Review, September 3rd
Drake Davis, a senior at Southmont High School, is preparing to compete for the third time in the 2015 Chevron Delo Tractor Restoration Contest. Davis just finished restoring an old, rusty, 1935 Farmall F12. Steve Campbell, the previous owner of the...Read more
Car show Sunday benefits charitiesJamestown Press, September 2nd
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Ag exhibitors galore descend on RantoulRantoul Press, September 1st
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A 1957 Farmall 230 tractor sits idle, its opened engine block covered like a patient laid out on an operating table inside Charles Parmley's shop. Parmley, 71, a retired Tyler ISD vocational agriculture teacher of 38 years, plans to restore the nearly...Read more
Tractor drive hits new highHastings Tribune, August 15th
Dick and his wife, JoAnn, organized the tractor drive to the antique show eight years ago when they lived in the Pauline area. Four years ago, they moved to Claremore, Okla. They decided to return this year because Farmall tractors were being showcased ...Read more
Where was the Farmall plant?Quad City Times, August 9th
I recently received an email from a woman living in Wisconsin who comes from a family of self-described “tractor nuts.” “My brothers are tractor nuts, my dad was a tractor nut, my husband is a tractor nut,” Mary Guslick, of north of Milwaukee, wrote...Read more