Under the leadership of Cyrus McCormick and Charles Deering, the International Harvester Company was born from a merger between the McCormick Harvesting Machinery Company, Deering Harvester, and a few other companies in August 1902. In the coming decades, International Harvester began to compete with the Ford Motor Company in the tractor market.
In the 1910s and early ’20s, Bert Benjamin—one of International Harvester’s designers—began sizing up the competition and evaluating the weaknesses of Ford’s Fordson tractor. For one, the Fordson was too low to the ground, which prevented farmers from using it with corn and cotton after the crops were planted. Ford’s tractor was also difficult to maneuver.
With these flaws in mind, Benjamin designed International Harvester’s Farmall tractor, which was authorized for production in February 1924. The Farmall was a small, general-purpose tractor—the first of its kind to be successful.
Unlike Ford’s models, it had a high axle clearance. In an innovative twist, the Farmall had a tricycle-like design—two big wheels in the back and two small wheels right next to each other in the front. The Farmall also had automatic brakes on both back wheels, which could be operated separately. This feature, combined with the tricycle design, made the Farmall extremely maneuverable.
The Farmall also had a four-cylinder engine, with nine to 18 horsepower at 12000 rpm; the transmission had three speeds forward and one speed backward. The Farmall’s relatively small size made it effective for farmers with smaller farms. And from a stylistic standpoint, the Farmall was the first tractor to be produced in red, leading the transition away from what collectors today call the gray “unstyled tractors” of previous years.
To promote its product, International Harvester held competitions between the Farmall and the Fordson, which Farmall almost always won. In 1928, Ford threw in the towel and left International Harvester to dominate the tractor business.
Over the next several years, International Harvester released more models in its Farmall line. The original Farmall became the Farmall Regular, and the F-30 and F-20 were release...
Even as the Farmall line expanded, International Harvester produced accessories that were cross-compatible with all the Farmall models. One particularly handy accessory that helped the line gain and maintain popularity was the Quick Attach, a rapid-mounting system that allowed the farmer to quickly and easily adapt his tractor for a variety of purposes, like mowing a golf course.
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NOW HEAR THIS: Christmastime reflections & recollectionsMineral Wells Index, December 20th
We would mount it in a stand that my father made from a broken steering wheel off his F-14 Farmall tractor. Shortly after he bought it in 1939, he turned it over backward when he became stuck in deep sand. He kept hollering “whoa” but the tractor kept...Read more
Introducing the new Case IH Farmall A at LAMMA 2015Stackyard, December 19th
Farmall 85A and 95A tractors incorporate a 12 forward/12 reverse mechanical shuttle transmission, while Farmall 105A and 115A tractors have hydraulic powershuttle as standard and include electro-hydraulic engagement of four-wheel-drive...Read more
Floyd County business gives out free tractorWDBJ7, December 16th
The old tractor was a 1952 Farmall. Vandergrift said it this old beast had seen better days. (vandergrist again) "So I'd have i running for a couple of weeks and doing good and then something would fall off." This Yanmar tractor is worth about 30...Read more
Adam and Amy Thomas win Excellence in Agriculture AwardHigh Plains Journal, December 16th
There they will compete for the national prize of a new 2015 Chevrolet or GMC truck, and the three finalists each receive prizes of a Case IH Farmall tractor, $500 in Stihl farm merchandise and $2,500 cash. The Excellence in Agriculture Award is...Read more
North Dakota grandpa sets colorful Santa Claus display with 1947 Farmall tractorDaily Journal, December 13th
In North Dakota, Santa Claus uses a tractor. Or at least that's what a Minot grandpa believes. Marlin Schiele has decorated a 1947 Farmall tractor and set it in his front yard. Santa sits in the driver's seat and the tractor has lights all over...Read more
1965 Honda 305 Dream | A 208K-Mile Farm SurvivorUltimateMotorcycling.com (blog), November 30th
The imaginative approach he takes to machines and the skill he possesses in working with them is evident in some of his other creations, which include a snowmobile with a Honda CB450 engine in it and a 1948 McCormick Farmall H tractor that is...Read more
Luncheon caps Farm-City Week festivitiesRichmond County Daily Journal, November 24th
John Deere, Allis-Chalmers and McCormick Farmall tractors made up the bulk of the parade, interspersed with entries from several local fire departments, church groups and scout troops. Classic cars, modern motorcycles and Shriners also rolled along the ...Read more
Case IH introduces Farmall tractor lineupDairy Herd Management, October 17th
Farmall U Series (90 to 98 power takeoff (PTO) hp) heavy-duty, premium utility tractors with high-capacity hydraulics to handle any application. Farmall C Series (65 to 98 PTO hp) and Farmall Compact C Series (32 to 47 gross hp) is a new line of Tier 4 ...Read more