Under the leadership of Cyrus McCormick and Charles Deering, the International Harvester Company was born from a merger between the McCormick Harvesting Machinery Company, Deering Harvester, and a few other companies in August 1902. In the coming decades, International Harvester began to compete with the Ford Motor Company in the tractor market.
In the 1910s and early ’20s, Bert Benjamin—one of International Harvester’s designers—began sizing up the competition and evaluating the weaknesses of Ford’s Fordson tractor. For one, the Fordson was too low to the ground, which prevented farmers from using it with corn and cotton after the crops were planted. Ford’s tractor was also difficult to maneuver.
With these flaws in mind, Benjamin designed International Harvester’s Farmall tractor, which was authorized for production in February 1924. The Farmall was a small, general-purpose tractor—the first of its kind to be successful.
Unlike Ford’s models, it had a high axle clearance. In an innovative twist, the Farmall had a tricycle-like design—two big wheels in the back and two small wheels right next to each other in the front. The Farmall also had automatic brakes on both back wheels, which could be operated separately. This feature, combined with the tricycle design, made the Farmall extremely maneuverable.
The Farmall also had a four-cylinder engine, with nine to 18 horsepower at 12000 rpm; the transmission had three speeds forward and one speed backward. The Farmall’s relatively small size made it effective for farmers with smaller farms. And from a stylistic standpoint, the Farmall was the first tractor to be produced in red, leading the transition away from what collectors today call the gray “unstyled tractors” of previous years.
To promote its product, International Harvester held competitions between the Farmall and the Fordson, which Farmall almost always won. In 1928, Ford threw in the towel and left International Harvester to dominate the tractor business.
Over the next several years, International Harvester released more models in its Farmall line. The original Farmall became the Farmall Regular, and the F-30 and F-20 were release...
Even as the Farmall line expanded, International Harvester produced accessories that were cross-compatible with all the Farmall models. One particularly handy accessory that helped the line gain and maintain popularity was the Quick Attach, a rapid-mounting system that allowed the farmer to quickly and easily adapt his tractor for a variety of purposes, like mowing a golf course.
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Recent News: Farmall Tractors
Source: Google News
Ellenton man finalist for state Young Farmer awardMoultrie Observer, August 3rd
The national finalists will each receive a Case IH Farmall tractor courtesy of Case IH, $2,500 in cash and $500 in STIHL merchandise courtesy of STIHL. Founded in 1937, Georgia Farm Bureau is the state's largest general farm organization and has 158 ...Read more
County deputies investigate thefts, handle callsHouston Herald, August 3rd
2 to report that a Farmall tractor valued at $1,500 had been stolen from his Shepard Drive property and he had located it at a recycling business near Licking. After an investigation, a probable cause statement was sent to the county prosecutor seeking...Read more
Cambria celebrates Park DaysPortage Daily Register, August 2nd
Before he led the parade with the American Legion color guard, Dewey Katsma took one last look at his restored 1947 Farmall M tractor, which pulled a wagon carrying veterans, their supporters and the two Miss Poppy titleholders. Chuck Dykstra was...Read more
For some, Tractor Pull is a family traditionCarroll County Times, August 1st
For those caught in the appeal of the tractor pull, a love of the farming vehicle can be a lifelong passion. Tyler Harmon, a 19-year-old Taneytown resident who entered his Farmall tractor for the first time this year, said tractor pulling is something...Read more
Modified tractor churns out ice creamLebanon Express, July 31st
“I fitted it to my tractor by my own design.” The 9-horsepower motor on Bontrager's Farmall is perfect. The process is simple, and he says it never misses. The motor generates the power to run the machine and Bontrager feeds it ice and rock salt. Once...Read more
First and lasts: Rock County 4-H'ers share thoughts on trips earned to ...Worthington Daily Globe, July 30th
He earned a trip with the 1954 Farmall Super M-TA — a tractor once owned by his grandfather — that he restored this summer. Mueller could most likely find his way around the state fairgrounds with his eyes closed, but for Flanagan, it will be an eye...Read more
It's a parade of red and purple and pinkAgri News, July 15th
The 30 International and Farmall tractors that he and his family restored are lined up along Highway 3 starting with the smallest, a Farmall Cub, and ending with the biggest, a 5288 International. A red iron are a purple tractor and a pink tractor...Read more
Yesteryear Machinery Club's tractor show highlights International Harvester ...Ashland Times Gazette (subscription), July 11th
This year, the 24th annual Ashland County Yesteryear Machinery Club tractor show highlighted International Harvester equipment, including McCormick-Deering Farmall row-crop tractors and Cub Cadet garden tractors. But models from John Deere, Oliver ...Read more