There are few things as American as a John Deere tractor. “Nothing runs like a Deere” is one of the most recognizable marketing slogans out there; Deere is the subject of country music songs (on a recent album, Jason Aldean sings "I’ll take you for a ride on my big green tractor…”); and Deere & Company stands alone as the last of the original U.S. tractor companies still in business.
The roots of the company date to 1837, when John Deere, a Vermont blacksmith, used a steel saw blade to make a plow that efficiently cut through tough soil. The invention was necessitated by Deere’s move that year to Rock River, Illinois, where the soil was stickier than back home in New England.
Deere soon began making steel plows for sale, hawking his creation to farmers along the Mississippi River. Deere acquired business partner after business partner, but each alliance ended in failure until he joined forces with his son Charles, a trained accountant. In 1857, Charles Deere, who would later be responsible for the rapid spread of the company’s popularity after his father’s death, was named vice president.
The Deere plows remained reliant on draft horses, but Charles Deere could see that new types of horse power would be Deere's future. Accordingly, he led the company's drive to appropriate technologies from other firms. By 1889, after the death of John Deere, the company was finally able to advertise its New Deal six-gang plow, which was powered by a steam engine. Advertisements claimed it could plow 20 acres a day at 50 cents an acre.
Steam would be an interim step for Deere, which was setting its sights on the possibilities of internal-combustion engines. What had caught Charles Deere's eye was an 1882 machine resembling a modern-day tractor. That machine was the brainchild of John Froelich, who had found a way to use a gasoline engine to pull a plow.
Froelich’s business, the Waterloo Gasoline Traction Engine Company, was not the only competitor Deere faced. In fact, the early parts of the 20th century saw many battles between Deere and its toughest competitor, International Harvester, which, like Deere, had been formed in part by acquiring other firms. It was a rivalry that would linger long after Charles Deere’s death in 1907.
In 1906, International Harvester had produced an actual tractor, which gave it a competitive edge over Deere. It took Deere until 1911 to advertise a tractor of its own, and even...
Finally, on March 14, 1918, Deere purchased Froelich’s Waterloo for $2,350,000 to get into the tractor business. Still, Deere struggled to design profitable tractors shortly after the acquisition—it wasn't until the early 1920s that Deere found success with the two-cylinder Waterloo Boys. However, because it was a one-model company, Deere was susceptible to market shifts. Rival Henry Ford was producing the Fordson tractor, which he was able to manufacture at a loss because he could offset losses with gains from his automobile line. Deere did not have that luxury.
By the middle of the decade, Deere unveiled the two-cylinder Model D Johnny Popper. Subsequent Deere models were also called Johnny Poppers or Poppin’ Johnnies, and even though Ford and International Harvester had gone to four cylinders, Deere stuck to two. The first Model Ds in 1923 and 1924 had a 26-inch spoked flywheel, which was subsequently changed to a thicker 24-inch wheel, and the steering wheel was moved to the left side of the tractor and connected to the front axle.
In 1926, Deere introduced the Model C. This unique three-row cultivator differentiated itself from rivals like International Harvester’s Farmall, which came in two- or four-row models. The tractor also used power from the engine to power the cultivator. The machine was a success and by 1927, Deere was exporting tractors around the world.
Next up for Deere was the General Purpose (GP) tractor and the GP Wide Tread tractor, released in 1928 and 1929 respectively. In 1934, the Model A was introduced—this two-plow tractor featured an adjustable tread width and burned almost any fuel. A year later, the single-plow Model B appeared—it was almost identical to the Model A, but smaller.
Deere continued to produce different tractor models to adjust to the changes in the market and technological advances. There was the Model G, a three-plow tractor released in 1938; the rare 1936 Model Y (also called the 62, only about 100 were produced), which was later converted to the three-speed Model L; and the 10-horsepower LA, introduced in 1941.
The L and LA models were made until 1946. In the decades that followed, Deere & Company moved into other areas of farm machinery, as well as the manufacture of lawn equipment. But one thing never changed—the company's signature green-and-yellow colors date to Deere's 1905 catalog.
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Family Fun calendarHeraldNet, August 29th
Seed drills, drag saws, potato diggers, gas pumps, vintage John Deere tractors, and more showcase the history of Snohomish County. Open 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Wednesdays through Saturdays and noon to 5 p.m. Sunday on the east side of the Evergreen State ...Read more
Vintage snowmachine show offers more than old sledsCasper Star-Tribune Online, August 28th
Lonny, 51, died earlier this year after a battle with cancer, leaving behind an unfinished 1984 John Deere Sprintfire he always wanted to see restored. Custer plans to finish the machine by this weekend, just in time to show the public. ... The first...Read more
Throwback ThursdayCreston News Advertiser, August 28th
Ann Wenzig of Creston won first place in the antique tractor pull at the Iowa State Fair. It took her 22 years. She won with a 1937 A John Deere called “Ann's Big Crank.” University of Nebraska head baseball coach Mike Anderson came to speak to Creston ...Read more
Much to see at the ThreshereeJanesville Gazette, August 28th
EDGERTON—The Rock River Thresheree Reunion returns this Labor Day weekend for the 58th time, and with it comes a slew of antique machines for hobbyists to fawn over. Rock River Thresheree Inc. focuses on the “preservation and exhibition of...Read more
Expo in New Boston features antique tractors, family funcabinet.com/cp/merrimackjournal, August 21st
Antique John Deere farm tractors will be showcased to herald the machinery whose earliest ancestor was a polished-steel plow designed in 1837 by John Deere, an inventor and blacksmith from Illinois. Food, vendors, games for kids, exhibits, a scavenger...Read more
New England John Deere Expo Featuring Antique TractorsMachineFinder, August 5th
The Northeast Two-Cylinder Club recently announced that they would be co-sponsoring the John Deere Expo, August 22-24, 2014 at the fairgrounds in New Boston, New Hampshire, with The Hillsborough Country Youth Center Foundation, giving tractor ...Read more
Christmas tree farm owner wills vintage John Deere to Durham FairMiddletown Press, July 31st
Sagan, according to family, often visited the farm museum at the fair and intended to donate his vintage 1930 John Deere GP, however never finalized his plans prior to his death. His daughter, Karen Young, and son, Allen Sagan, helped fulfill his wish...Read more
New England John Deere Tractor Expo features antique tractors, family fun, in ...Cabinet.com, July 31st
A pig roast, spaghetti supper and chicken barbecue entail a modest donation. The New England John Deere Expo, whose major sponsors are Nashua Outdoor Power & Equipment, Inc., of Nashua, and D & L Vintage Tractors, of Haverhill, opens Friday, Aug...Read more