There are few things as American as a John Deere tractor. “Nothing runs like a Deere” is one of the most recognizable marketing slogans out there; Deere is the subject of country music songs (on a recent album, Jason Aldean sings "I’ll take you for a ride on my big green tractor…”); and Deere & Company stands alone as the last of the original U.S. tractor companies still in business.
The roots of the company date to 1837, when John Deere, a Vermont blacksmith, used a steel saw blade to make a plow that efficiently cut through tough soil. The invention was necessitated by Deere’s move that year to Rock River, Illinois, where the soil was stickier than back home in New England.
Deere soon began making steel plows for sale, hawking his creation to farmers along the Mississippi River. Deere acquired business partner after business partner, but each alliance ended in failure until he joined forces with his son Charles, a trained accountant. In 1857, Charles Deere, who would later be responsible for the rapid spread of the company’s popularity after his father’s death, was named vice president.
The Deere plows remained reliant on draft horses, but Charles Deere could see that new types of horse power would be Deere's future. Accordingly, he led the company's drive to appropriate technologies from other firms. By 1889, after the death of John Deere, the company was finally able to advertise its New Deal six-gang plow, which was powered by a steam engine. Advertisements claimed it could plow 20 acres a day at 50 cents an acre.
Steam would be an interim step for Deere, which was setting its sights on the possibilities of internal-combustion engines. What had caught Charles Deere's eye was an 1882 machine resembling a modern-day tractor. That machine was the brainchild of John Froelich, who had found a way to use a gasoline engine to pull a plow.
Froelich’s business, the Waterloo Gasoline Traction Engine Company, was not the only competitor Deere faced. In fact, the early parts of the 20th century saw many battles between Deere and its toughest competitor, International Harvester, which, like Deere, had been formed in part by acquiring other firms. It was a rivalry that would linger long after Charles Deere’s death in 1907.
In 1906, International Harvester had produced an actual tractor, which gave it a competitive edge over Deere. It took Deere until 1911 to advertise a tractor of its own, and even...
Finally, on March 14, 1918, Deere purchased Froelich’s Waterloo for $2,350,000 to get into the tractor business. Still, Deere struggled to design profitable tractors shortly after the acquisition—it wasn't until the early 1920s that Deere found success with the two-cylinder Waterloo Boys. However, because it was a one-model company, Deere was susceptible to market shifts. Rival Henry Ford was producing the Fordson tractor, which he was able to manufacture at a loss because he could offset losses with gains from his automobile line. Deere did not have that luxury.
By the middle of the decade, Deere unveiled the two-cylinder Model D Johnny Popper. Subsequent Deere models were also called Johnny Poppers or Poppin’ Johnnies, and even though Ford and International Harvester had gone to four cylinders, Deere stuck to two. The first Model Ds in 1923 and 1924 had a 26-inch spoked flywheel, which was subsequently changed to a thicker 24-inch wheel, and the steering wheel was moved to the left side of the tractor and connected to the front axle.
In 1926, Deere introduced the Model C. This unique three-row cultivator differentiated itself from rivals like International Harvester’s Farmall, which came in two- or four-row models. The tractor also used power from the engine to power the cultivator. The machine was a success and by 1927, Deere was exporting tractors around the world.
Next up for Deere was the General Purpose (GP) tractor and the GP Wide Tread tractor, released in 1928 and 1929 respectively. In 1934, the Model A was introduced—this two-plow tractor featured an adjustable tread width and burned almost any fuel. A year later, the single-plow Model B appeared—it was almost identical to the Model A, but smaller.
Deere continued to produce different tractor models to adjust to the changes in the market and technological advances. There was the Model G, a three-plow tractor released in 1938; the rare 1936 Model Y (also called the 62, only about 100 were produced), which was later converted to the three-speed Model L; and the 10-horsepower LA, introduced in 1941.
The L and LA models were made until 1946. In the decades that followed, Deere & Company moved into other areas of farm machinery, as well as the manufacture of lawn equipment. But one thing never changed—the company's signature green-and-yellow colors date to Deere's 1905 catalog.
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Vintage John Deere Tractors Bring More than MoneyFarms.com, October 1st
There were few things that could hold back collectors from a John Deere auction held recently in Highgate, Ontario. Bidders came from all areas, including as far away as Texas to take part in the vintage tractor auction. Mike Shackelton, auctioneer for...Read more
Ongoing & Upcoming Attractions: Week of Oct. 1-7, 2014The Rock River Times, September 30th
John Deere Historic Site – 8334 S. Clinton St., Grand Detour. Opens for the season May 2. See a recreation of the original .... Vintage Wings & Wheels Museum – 5151 Orth Road, Poplar Grove. Open Mon.-Fri., 10 a.m.-3 p.m. $5 adults, $4 seniors, $3 ages ...Read more
Storm blew over hangar at FM airportFort Morgan Times, September 30th
When the gust hit and blew it down, the hangar had quite a few things inside, including four restored antique John Deere tractors, a restored 1964 Mercedes Benz, a motorcycle and a Cessna 180 airplane. Polli said the tractors and motorcycle were OK...Read more
Paxton rolls out red carpet for 'picker' Frank FritzRantoul Press, September 30th
Wearing tinted shades and a black Workshop Hero T-shirt, Fritz stood for a moment on the street in front of Robin McNish's antique shops. But Fritz didn't have time yet to mingle much with the eagerly awaiting contingent. A group of security guards and...Read more
Antique cars, trucks roll down South StreetCedarrepublican, September 30th
Tractors: First place, Justin McIntyre, 1947 Oliver 60; second, Ethan McKeehan, 1936 John Deere A; and third, Dirk Jennings, 1947 Farmall H. Thank you for reading 10 free articles on our site. You can come back at the end of your 30-day period for...Read more
68th ANNUAL LOS ALAMOS OLD DAYS PARADE WINNERS ANNOUNCEDSanta Barbara Independent, September 29th
Automobile—Antique: Lompoc Valley Historical Society Model T Racing Roadster driven by Brian Donelson. 7. Automobile—Classic: 1949 Plymouth Special Deluxe driven by Paul Taylor. 8. Tractor—Antique: 1928 John Deere Model D driven by Barry ...Read more
Homemade ice cream made with John Deere engineThe Hillsdale Daily News, September 28th
However, David Cutchall of Moscow uses a gas-powered John Deere engine that was made in 1932 to make his ice cream. Cutchall is a member of the Hillsdale County Historical Society, a full-time farmer and a collector of antique John Deere tractors. He's...Read more
Antique John Deere Tractors To Be Revealed at QCA Heritage Tractor EventMachineFinder, September 3rd
When describing the event in prior years, Kristen Veto, assistant manager of the John Deere Pavilion said, “East West Riverfest is a 10-day celebration of the arts, culture and heritage of the Quad Cities and we want to celebrate our heritage by...Read more