Like amethyst, citrine is a variety of quartz, usually colored a shade of lemon—the names of both the fruit and the gemstone are related to the Latin word citrus. Citrine is mined in Spain, Madagascar, and Brazil, which may be how some varieties of the stones came to be called Brazilian topaz. There are also two types of citrine that take their names, if not necessarily their sources, from places in Brazil. Palmeira is orange or amber in...Continue Reading