Known for its clever kitsch, as well as more sober examples of dinnerware, vases, and garden planters, McCoy pottery has been popular with collectors for a century. Whether you are drawn to tankards resembling pigs, monk-shaped cookie jars with the ominous inscription "Thou Shalt Not Steal" on their sides, or elegant Art Deco flower vases decorated with geometric designs in pastel hues, chances are your eye has alighted on a piece of McCoy.
One of the hallmarks of McCoy pottery is its functionality. A cartoonish sailor figurine, for example, striding along in bell-bottom trousers with a pack slung over his shoulder, has a slot for coins — he’s also a bank. Similarly, a woman peeking out from under a red brimmed hat appears to carry a basket in her arms, but the object she cradles is designed to hold topsoil and tulips—in other words, a planter.
When the Nelson McCoy Sanitary Stoneware Company opened in 1910 in Roseville, Ohio near a good supply of local clay, functionality routinely trumped style as McCoy focused on serviceable food-storage jugs. Decorative touches to the stoneware were simple, using mostly salt- and slip-glaze techniques, but in 1925, when McCoy built the area's first tunnel kiln, expansion into a new world of whimsy became possible.
McCoy began producing the artware for which it became famous in 1926. Fired in the bright glazes popular in the mid-20s was everything from planters in the shapes of rhinoceroses and pineapples to umbrella stands.
In the market for a cuspidor? McCoy’s were green, with bunches of grapes in high relief on their sides. Designers at the company created green cider sets with mugs shaped like barrels rather than basic beer cups, and instead of giving plants a plain home, McCoy bulb bowls featured parading elephants loping around their circumferences.
In the kitchen, McCoy introduced advances in decoration as well as functionality. For example, its mixing bowls of the 1920s were glazed in green rather than the standard yellow, and embossed with flowers and line motifs — more detail than home cooks had previously enjoyed. McCoy's mixing bowls also nested, so several could be stored in the space of one, a handy trick Homer Laughlin later employed in its famous Fiesta line.
In 1933, in the midst of the Great Depression, the company changed its name to McCoy Pottery Company — the term "sanitary" had fallen out of vogue. Because cash-strapped families...
Returning to its roots, McCoy’s first stoneware containers for baked goods were adorned with understated floral designs, but Duncan Curtiss, a savvy McCoy sales agent from New York, thought his company would do better if it had a little fun with these kitchen staples. Accordingly, McCoy started manufacturing novelty cookie jars, beginning in 1939 with “Mammy with Cauliflower,” whose billowy apron called up warm thoughts of buttery, home-baked goodness.
World War II slowed production (the company made ceramic land-mine casings), but by the end of the 1940s, McCoy’s cookie-jar and jardinière lines were in full swing again.
Most cookie jars from these postwar years are readily available because they were mass-produced, but collectors should be on the lookout for lost glaze and color. Grubby hands reaching for gingerbread snaps and chocolate pinwheels made this pottery form more susceptible to daily wear than other ceramics collectibles.
Despite their use, it's still possible to find well-preserved cookie jars in the shapes of kangaroos, Indians, clowns, Chinese lanterns, turkeys, grandfather clocks, and bananas, to name but a few of McCoy’s styles.
By the 1950s and ’60s, McCoy was producing some of its most sought-after cookie jars, as well as TV lamps, which exploded in popularity during this time. In the '70s and '80s, corporations routinely commissioned McCoy to produce advertising jars trumpeting their brands, Coca-Cola, Harley Davidson, and Quaker Oats among them.
Less likely to be damaged through use were McCoy vases and figurines. Today, collectors can score prime examples of Grecian-esque urns with slim looping handles, or yellow gnome statuettes. Other vases were swan-shaped or triangular, some resembled cornucopias, and still more were embossed with flowers in every shade of the pastel rainbow.
McCoy’s production reached its peak in the '50s, when the company employed almost 500 workers, but the times they were a-changing. By the 1970s, the company was cranking out barbecue sets with Old West themes and punch bowls with matching cups that dangled from the sides.
Earth-toned Lazy Susans held chips and dip at cocktail parties while Woodsy Owl was among the characters to grace the sides of McCoy cookie jars. These were old-looking styles in a youth-obsessed nation, and by 1990, after several ownership and management changes, the factory finally closed its doors.
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The It List: Five things to do in Berkeley this weekendBerkeleyside, July 11th
Sunday's event, Well, Being Collaboration Event with the Ecology Center runs from 3:30-4:15pm, and takes place not at Kala but at Jered's Pottery, at 2720 San Pablo Ave. From Kala: Join Swell and the Ecology Center for a visualization of a vibrant...Read more
Top things to do this weekend, July 11-13Columbus Dispatch, July 10th
Geppetto's journey into fatherhood is the focus as the New Albany Arts Council presents the Disney musical, My Son Pinocchio, Jr., Friday through Sunday at the McCoy Center. Details: 614-469-0939, ... Artwork and pottery also will be for sale. Contact: ...Read more
Get a glimpse into first pod at Ohr-O'KeefeSunHerald.com, July 8th
AMANDA McCOY/SUN HERALD The Ohr-O'Keefe Museum of Art will celebrate the opening of its first pod on Saturday. The pod will house the permanent collection of George Ohr pottery. AMANDA MCCOY — SUN HERALD |Buy Photo ...Read more
Your Weekend - Friday, July 4Scottsbluff Star Herald, July 3rd
Happy Fourth of July! Get out and enjoy the weekend, be safe, keep bug spray handy and wear sunscreen, as temperatures are expected to be around 100 degrees. Kicking off the weekend is art, history and a rockin' schoolhouse. It's not the America's Cup, ...Read more
A Sweeping Exhibit On Detroit Art Opens This Week In 2 New York GalleriesDeadline Detroit, June 29th
McCoy / Michael McCoy / Allie McGhee / Charles McGee / Julie Mehretu/ Julius Garibaldi Melchers / Metroplex / Ann Mikolowski / Carl Milles / Wallace MacMahon Mitchell / Gordon Newton / Michele Oka Doner / Max Ortiz / Ellen Phelan / Pewabic Pottery ...Read more
Walking the thin line between collecting and hoardingCW39 NewsFix, June 26th
More than a thousand pieces of McCoy pottery line the walls of most rooms in the house, puzzles cover the ceilings, and every type of toy rabbit you can imagine is on display in the bathroom. Then there are the boxes of arrowheads, fossils, Texas-made ...Read more
Downsizing to a waterfront cottageBoston Globe, June 20th
When the owner moved into this upscale Hingham cottage, she took many things from the old house with her. The old house? A mansion up the road. Making her extensive art collection and formal furniture work in her new home was going to be a challenge...Read more
Shinola's Daniel Caudill on American-Made ProductsWall Street Journal, June 20th
Old paintings of landscapes and horses always catch my eye, and I love old dishes and pottery, like Bauer or McCoy pottery. The films I've seen the most are: "The Color Purple," "The Hunger" and "Billy Elliot." The album I listen to most is: probably...Read more