From the tail end of the 19th century through the first few decades of the 20th, the Roycrofters of East Aurora, New York produced beautiful examples of Mission-style furniture, handmade books, and a variety of hand-hammered copper vases, lamps, candleholders, humidors, and bowls.

Founded by writer and soap entrepreneur Elbert Hubbard in 1897, the Roycroft community was inspired by the work of English Arts and Crafts proponents William Morris and John Ruskin.

According to Roycroft metalwork collector David Kornacki, the late 1800s were a time of artistic upheaval in the United States as artists rebelled against the social and aesthetic strictures of the waning Victorian Era. Artists were even less thrilled about a future in which objects once created by craftsmen and artisans were increasingly mass-produced.

Sharing these concerns, Elbert Hubbard decided to develop the Roycroft Campus in 1897. A blacksmith shop came first in 1899, and it was here that the earliest examples of Roycroft wrought-iron fixtures, andirons, and hinges were made.

A copper shop followed in 1902, constructed of local stone with a half-timbered and stucco exterior. Artisans at the copper shop produced the hardware for the doors, furniture, and light fixtures around the growing campus.

By 1906, Roycroft offered a limited inventory of copper items (pen trays, letter openers, etc.) for sale. Production increased slowly at first, which means there are relatively few Roycroft pieces from 1906 to 1911 available on the market today.

Concurrently, the Roycroft press started printing small, handmade books, with hand-tooled, gold-inlaid leather covers designed by Dard Hunter and binding by the master of his day, Lewis Kinder. They sold beyond anyone’s expectations and, along with the copper pieces, furniture, and leather items, put Roycroft on the Arts-and-Crafts map...

Hunter left Roycroft in 1910 to pursue a career in papermaking, but not before collaborating with fellow Roycrofter Karl Kipp on a number of copper designs influenced by the early Vienna Secessionist Movement. These pieces were less organic than the typical Arts and Crafts style, with geometric patterns, intricate cutouts, and silver overlays. These so-called “silver square” pieces remain some of the most collectible Roycrofts available.

Kipp, too, would leave Roycroft to found his own business in 1912. His Tookay Shop, also in East Aurora, produced copper pieces that are almost indistinguishable from Roycrofts, save the mark on their base. That same year, another prominent Roycroft designer, Walter U. Jennings, joined Kipp at Tookay. Roycroft may have lost Kipp and Jennings in 1912, but they gained Victor Toothaker, who, it is believed, designed the famous American Beauty vase.

Both men returned to the fold in 1915 after Elbert Hubbard and his wife, Alice, were killed when the RMS Lusitania was sunk by a German U-boat — that act of aggression prompted the U.S. entry into World War I. The Hubbard’s son, Bert, took over management of the Roycroft copper shop, while Kipp and Jennings designed Roycroft classics like the “bullet” vase. It all paved the way for Roycroft’s most glorious decade, the 1920s.

By now, Roycroft was using Steuben glass in its lamps. The copper shop produced vases, bowls, lamps, cigar boxes, and ashtrays, to name but a few of the items in its catalog. Almost every major department store in the country, including Lord and Taylor, sold Roycroft pieces to its well-heeled customers.

The Depression put an end to most of that, but it wasn’t just the economy that killed Roycroft. Hammered metalwork was beginning to appear tired and dated compared to up-and-coming movements of Bauhaus and Art Deco. Roycroft actually tried to change with the times, but customers were not completely convinced. Neither are collectors. As Kornacki puts it, “People collecting Roycroft copper today generally want brown metalwork with hammer marks on it, they don’t want smooth surfaces with bright shiny angles.”

Roycroft closed its doors in 1938, but the Roycroft Campus is now a National Historic Landmark that’s slowly being restored. It is open to the public.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Roycroftcopper.com

Roycroftcopper.com

David Kornacki's visually stunning guide to the copper shop products of the Roycrofters craft community in East Aur… [read review or visit site]

1910 Metal

1910 Metal

A detailed tribute to the lesser-known artistic metalwork craftsmen of the Arts and Crafts movement. In addition t… [read review or visit site]

Modernism

Modernism

An overview by the Minneapolis Institute of Arts of the design movements between 1880 and 1940 that comprised Moder… [read review or visit site]

Chicago Silver

Chicago Silver

Paul Somerson's incredible reference on handwrought metalwork from the American Arts and Crafts movement of the ear… [read review or visit site]



Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Roycroft Grove Park Inn Dining Chair Antique Arts And Crafts Mission StickleyRoycroft Hammered Copper Lamp Base Signed With Orb & CrossArts & Crafts Era Hammered Copper Desk Set Stickley Roycroft Era MarkedRoycroft Hammered Copper Bud Vase - Early Mark - Great PatinaAntique 1909 "roycroft" Large Riveted Copper Jardiniere PotKarl Kipp Hand Wrought East Aurora N.y. Elbert Hubbard Iii 1921 Roycroft ( Ws )Ye Buffalo Pottery Roycroft Campus East Aurora Ny China Coffee Mug Arts & CraftsRoycroft? Arts And Crafts Hammered Copper Candle Sticks Roycroft Hammered Copper Bookends Owls Arts And CraftsRoycroft Marked Copper Vase - Large Size Rolled Rim - Aurora Brown - ExcellentRoycroft? Arts And Crafts Hammered Copper Book EndsAntique 1908 Elbert Hubbard Good Men And Great Vintage Roycroft Assembled BookElbert Hubbard / Fra Elbertus Essay On Silence Book Arts & Crafts Roycroft Crimes Against Criminals By Robert G. Ingersoll The Roycrofters 1905 Suede Bound1911 An American Bible Arts & Crafts Book Alice Elbert Hubbard Roycroft LeatherHealth & Wealth By Elbert Hubbard The Roycrofters Suede Bound 1908 Roycroft Marked Book Ends - Excellent ConditionRoycroft Stoneware Little Brown Jug 1915 - 1920 MarkedWill O' The Mill By Robert Louis Stevenson *1901* 1st Ed. Leatherbound RoycroftAmerican Roycroft Stoneware Pottery Jug W/unusual Script New YorkRoycroft Pottery Little Brown JugVintage Roycroft "little Brown Jug" East Aurora ,nyThe Roycroft Shops Stoneware Brown Jug East Aurora New York The Magazine Antiques October 1983 €

Recent News: Roycroft

Source: Google News

Historic Asheville inn welcomes visitors for more than 100 years
Banks News TODAY, April 16th

focused on handmade, well-designed, affordable, everyday objects. Home to one of the world's largest Arts & Crafts collections, the Inn boasts more than 400 oak chairs, corner servers, sideboards, writing tables, and lighting fixtures created by...Read more

The Bohemian Brownes of the Arroyo Seco
KCET, April 10th

Roycroft, meaning King's craft, was a variant of the Arts and Crafts Movement, founded by Elbert Hubbard in 1895. Inspired by English printer William Morriss' Kelmscott Press, Hubbard built his own private press to beautifully print his own manuscripts...Read more

The mettle of a metal
Ottawa Citizen, March 31st

Pieces from the iconic Roycroft Campus, an Arts and Crafts community in East Aurora, N.Y., for example, are still highly sought after by collectors - an unadorned, hammered-copper pot can fetch several thousand dollars at auction. Artist Todd Conover's...Read more

Jessica L. Baumler and Clay Dolatowski are wed in East Aurora
Buffalo News, March 29th

Jessica L. Baumler and Clay Dolatowski were married at 5 p.m. Sept. 28, 2013, in the Roycroft Inn in East Aurora, where a reception was held following the ceremony. The Rev. Carmen Panaro, of Truth & Love In Christ Church in Williamsville, heard the ...Read more