From the tail end of the 19th century through the first few decades of the 20th, the Roycrofters of East Aurora, New York produced beautiful examples of Mission-style furniture, handmade books, and a variety of hand-hammered copper vases, lamps, candleholders, humidors, and bowls.
Founded by writer and soap entrepreneur Elbert Hubbard in 1897, the Roycroft community was inspired by the work of English Arts and Crafts proponents William Morris and John Ruskin.
According to Roycroft metalwork collector David Kornacki, the late 1800s were a time of artistic upheaval in the United States as artists rebelled against the social and aesthetic strictures of the waning Victorian Era. Artists were even less thrilled about a future in which objects once created by craftsmen and artisans were increasingly mass-produced.
Sharing these concerns, Elbert Hubbard decided to develop the Roycroft Campus in 1897. A blacksmith shop came first in 1899, and it was here that the earliest examples of Roycroft wrought-iron fixtures, andirons, and hinges were made.
A copper shop followed in 1902, constructed of local stone with a half-timbered and stucco exterior. Artisans at the copper shop produced the hardware for the doors, furniture, and light fixtures around the growing campus.
By 1906, Roycroft offered a limited inventory of copper items (pen trays, letter openers, etc.) for sale. Production increased slowly at first, which means there are relatively few Roycroft pieces from 1906 to 1911 available on the market today.
Concurrently, the Roycroft press started printing small, handmade books, with hand-tooled, gold-inlaid leather covers designed by Dard Hunter and binding by the master of his day, Lewis Kinder. They sold beyond anyone’s expectations and, along with the copper pieces, furniture, and leather items, put Roycroft on the Arts-and-Crafts map...
Hunter left Roycroft in 1910 to pursue a career in papermaking, but not before collaborating with fellow Roycrofter Karl Kipp on a number of copper designs influenced by the early Vienna Secessionist Movement. These pieces were less organic than the typical Arts and Crafts style, with geometric patterns, intricate cutouts, and silver overlays. These so-called “silver square” pieces remain some of the most collectible Roycrofts available.
Kipp, too, would leave Roycroft to found his own business in 1912. His Tookay Shop, also in East Aurora, produced copper pieces that are almost indistinguishable from Roycrofts, save the mark on their base. That same year, another prominent Roycroft designer, Walter U. Jennings, joined Kipp at Tookay. Roycroft may have lost Kipp and Jennings in 1912, but they gained Victor Toothaker, who, it is believed, designed the famous American Beauty vase.
Both men returned to the fold in 1915 after Elbert Hubbard and his wife, Alice, were killed when the RMS Lusitania was sunk by a German U-boat — that act of aggression prompted the U.S. entry into World War I. The Hubbard’s son, Bert, took over management of the Roycroft copper shop, while Kipp and Jennings designed Roycroft classics like the “bullet” vase. It all paved the way for Roycroft’s most glorious decade, the 1920s.
By now, Roycroft was using Steuben glass in its lamps. The copper shop produced vases, bowls, lamps, cigar boxes, and ashtrays, to name but a few of the items in its catalog. Almost every major department store in the country, including Lord and Taylor, sold Roycroft pieces to its well-heeled customers.
The Depression put an end to most of that, but it wasn’t just the economy that killed Roycroft. Hammered metalwork was beginning to appear tired and dated compared to up-and-coming movements of Bauhaus and Art Deco. Roycroft actually tried to change with the times, but customers were not completely convinced. Neither are collectors. As Kornacki puts it, “People collecting Roycroft copper today generally want brown metalwork with hammer marks on it, they don’t want smooth surfaces with bright shiny angles.”
Roycroft closed its doors in 1938, but the Roycroft Campus is now a National Historic Landmark that’s slowly being restored. It is open to the public.
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Katharine Maltwood's legacy illuminated at Legacy DowntownUVic The Ring, October 8th
This October, two exhibitions open at the Legacy Art Gallery Downtown—Magna Mater: Katharine Maltwood and the Arts and Crafts (curated by Caroline Riedel, Legacy Art Galleries) and its companion, Beauty for All: The Arts and Crafts in Europe and North...Read more
Roycroft Campus schedules annual conferenceBee news.com, October 1st
“The Photopictorialists of the Campus” will examine the emergence of the camera arts at the turn of the 19th into the 20th century and how the Roycroft played a significant role in that process. Robert Rust will explore “The Roycrofters time in the...Read more
Work by Paul Evans, George Nakashima, Tommi Parzinger, Greene & Greene ...ArtfixDaily, September 23rd
“Our upcoming Arts and Crafts session features several important lots of 20th century design,” said David Rago, “including a unique Greene & Greene lamp from the Blacker House, an Argyle Street coat stand by Charles Mackintosh, and a large Marblehead ...Read more
Walking ToursAmherst Bee, September 15th
Roycroft Campus Basic Tour — Will give an introduction to the arts and crafts movement, Elbert Hubbard, and the Roycroft Campus during this one-hour tour, 10:30 a.m., 12:30 and 2:30 p.m. Saturday, Sept. 19; 12:30 and 2:30 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 20; and 12...Read more
Fighting Bear finds fine antiquesJackson Hole News&Guide, September 9th
Winchell is a lecturer on Western design and Native American arts. He has written two books, “Thomas Molesworth, The Pioneer of Western Design” and “Living with American Indian Art, the Hirschfield Collection,” published by Gibbs Smith. Those books are ...Read more
Roycroft campus gives artists second chanceWKBW-TV, August 22nd
EAST AURORA, N.Y. (WKBW) - The weather during the annual June Roycroft Arts and Crafts Fair in East Aurora was so bad, many artists who paid to attend the show didn't show up. Torrential downpours made it impossible for artists to showcase fine art ...Read more
Roycroft campus to host art show this weekendBuffalo News, August 18th
The Roycroft campus will host an art show this weekend with demonstrations of things like glass blowing from some of the 35 artisans who will be selling their work. People will be selling furniture, jewelry, clothing and other objets d'art around the...Read more
The 2nd Annual Art Lottery BenefitBuffalo Rising, May 4th
Buffalo Center for Arts and Technology (BCAT) and the Roycroft Campus Corporation (RCC) are in the midst of collaborating on an event that aims to promote the arts in all corners of Western New York. Each year the art lottery is held at one of two...Read more