From the tail end of the 19th century through the first few decades of the 20th, the Roycrofters of East Aurora, New York produced beautiful examples of Mission-style furniture, handmade books, and a variety of hand-hammered copper vases, lamps, candleholders, humidors, and bowls.
Founded by writer and soap entrepreneur Elbert Hubbard in 1897, the Roycroft community was inspired by the work of English Arts and Crafts proponents William Morris and John Ruskin.
According to Roycroft metalwork collector David Kornacki, the late 1800s were a time of artistic upheaval in the United States as artists rebelled against the social and aesthetic strictures of the waning Victorian Era. Artists were even less thrilled about a future in which objects once created by craftsmen and artisans were increasingly mass-produced.
Sharing these concerns, Elbert Hubbard decided to develop the Roycroft Campus in 1897. A blacksmith shop came first in 1899, and it was here that the earliest examples of Roycroft wrought-iron fixtures, andirons, and hinges were made.
A copper shop followed in 1902, constructed of local stone with a half-timbered and stucco exterior. Artisans at the copper shop produced the hardware for the doors, furniture, and light fixtures around the growing campus.
By 1906, Roycroft offered a limited inventory of copper items (pen trays, letter openers, etc.) for sale. Production increased slowly at first, which means there are relatively few Roycroft pieces from 1906 to 1911 available on the market today.
Concurrently, the Roycroft press started printing small, handmade books, with hand-tooled, gold-inlaid leather covers designed by Dard Hunter and binding by the master of his day, Lewis Kinder. They sold beyond anyone’s expectations and, along with the copper pieces, furniture, and leather items, put Roycroft on the Arts-and-Crafts map...
Hunter left Roycroft in 1910 to pursue a career in papermaking, but not before collaborating with fellow Roycrofter Karl Kipp on a number of copper designs influenced by the early Vienna Secessionist Movement. These pieces were less organic than the typical Arts and Crafts style, with geometric patterns, intricate cutouts, and silver overlays. These so-called “silver square” pieces remain some of the most collectible Roycrofts available.
Kipp, too, would leave Roycroft to found his own business in 1912. His Tookay Shop, also in East Aurora, produced copper pieces that are almost indistinguishable from Roycrofts, save the mark on their base. That same year, another prominent Roycroft designer, Walter U. Jennings, joined Kipp at Tookay. Roycroft may have lost Kipp and Jennings in 1912, but they gained Victor Toothaker, who, it is believed, designed the famous American Beauty vase.
Both men returned to the fold in 1915 after Elbert Hubbard and his wife, Alice, were killed when the RMS Lusitania was sunk by a German U-boat — that act of aggression prompted the U.S. entry into World War I. The Hubbard’s son, Bert, took over management of the Roycroft copper shop, while Kipp and Jennings designed Roycroft classics like the “bullet” vase. It all paved the way for Roycroft’s most glorious decade, the 1920s.
By now, Roycroft was using Steuben glass in its lamps. The copper shop produced vases, bowls, lamps, cigar boxes, and ashtrays, to name but a few of the items in its catalog. Almost every major department store in the country, including Lord and Taylor, sold Roycroft pieces to its well-heeled customers.
The Depression put an end to most of that, but it wasn’t just the economy that killed Roycroft. Hammered metalwork was beginning to appear tired and dated compared to up-and-coming movements of Bauhaus and Art Deco. Roycroft actually tried to change with the times, but customers were not completely convinced. Neither are collectors. As Kornacki puts it, “People collecting Roycroft copper today generally want brown metalwork with hammer marks on it, they don’t want smooth surfaces with bright shiny angles.”
Roycroft closed its doors in 1938, but the Roycroft Campus is now a National Historic Landmark that’s slowly being restored. It is open to the public.
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The Gomez Mill HouseAlmanac Weekly, May 21st
Hunter got his start as a professional craftsman through taking classes at the Roycroft school started by Elbert Hubbard (the campus still exists today as an arts center, with its original structures preserved). According to biographer Cathleen Baker...Read more
On The Boards Theater ListingsArtvoice, May 20th
Roycroft Pavilion, South Grove St. and Prospect Ave., East Aurora (687-6727). ONGOING. LOVE, LOSS AND WHAT I WORE, by Nora ... Niagara Arts and Culture Center, 1201 Pine Ave, Niagara Falls (297 5910). A MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM, comedy by ...Read more
Als ik Kan: Relics of an American Utopia in BerkeleyKQED, May 20th
Today in Berkeley, California Historical Design is an outstanding source for original antique furniture and objects made during the American Arts and Crafts movement. ... Roycroft oak frame with original images of Carlyle, Shakespeare and Ruskin...Read more
Walking ToursLancaster Bee, May 19th
Roycroft Campus Basic Tour — Will give an introduction to the arts and crafts movement, Elbert Hubbard, and the Roycroft Campus during this one-hour tour, 10:30 a.m., 12:30 and 2:30 p.m. Saturday, May 23; 12:30 and 2:30 p.m. Sunday, May 24; and 12:30 ...Read more
Learn about NY's pivotal role in Arts & Crafts MovementAlmanac Weekly, May 19th
Gustav and L. & L. G. Stickley in Syracuse, Roycroft in East Aurora, Charles Stickley in Binghamton, Frederick Walrath and Harvey Ellis in Buffalo and the Byrdcliffe Arts Colony in Woodstock all produced superb Arts and Crafts objects. This slide...Read more
Kenan Center to present 45th annual 100 American Craftsmen showNiagara Frontier Publications, May 14th
One of the region's longest-running juried craft shows that remains devoted exclusively to fine, contemporary craft art, 100 American Craftsmen traditionally features a mix of veteran and new artisans in clay, metal, wood, leather, glass, paper...Read more
Lusitania's sinking to be commemorated in East AuroraBuffalo News, May 6th
Fans, like Henry Ford, made the trip to East Aurora to meet him. The Roycroft community Hubbard founded emphasized finding happiness through diligent work. He employed hundreds in the manufacture of arts and crafts furniture, magazines and books sold ...Read more
PFOP: Lusitania sinking claimed life of famed local Elbert HubbardBloomington Pantagraph, May 3rd
It wasn't long before Roycroft Press developed into an Arts and Crafts-inspired artist colony and Hubbard, as a self-styled free-spirit philosopher, became known as “The Sage of East Aurora.” Hubbard was heading to Europe as the “general inspector of...Read more