From the tail end of the 19th century through the first few decades of the 20th, the Roycrofters of East Aurora, New York produced beautiful examples of Mission-style furniture, handmade books, and a variety of hand-hammered copper vases, lamps, candleholders, humidors, and bowls.
Founded by writer and soap entrepreneur Elbert Hubbard in 1897, the Roycroft community was inspired by the work of English Arts and Crafts proponents William Morris and John Ruskin.
According to Roycroft metalwork collector David Kornacki, the late 1800s were a time of artistic upheaval in the United States as artists rebelled against the social and aesthetic strictures of the waning Victorian Era. Artists were even less thrilled about a future in which objects once created by craftsmen and artisans were increasingly mass-produced.
Sharing these concerns, Elbert Hubbard decided to develop the Roycroft Campus in 1897. A blacksmith shop came first in 1899, and it was here that the earliest examples of Roycroft wrought-iron fixtures, andirons, and hinges were made.
A copper shop followed in 1902, constructed of local stone with a half-timbered and stucco exterior. Artisans at the copper shop produced the hardware for the doors, furniture, and light fixtures around the growing campus.
By 1906, Roycroft offered a limited inventory of copper items (pen trays, letter openers, etc.) for sale. Production increased slowly at first, which means there are relatively few Roycroft pieces from 1906 to 1911 available on the market today.
Concurrently, the Roycroft press started printing small, handmade books, with hand-tooled, gold-inlaid leather covers designed by Dard Hunter and binding by the master of his day, Lewis Kinder. They sold beyond anyone’s expectations and, along with the copper pieces, furniture, and leather items, put Roycroft on the Arts-and-Crafts map...
Hunter left Roycroft in 1910 to pursue a career in papermaking, but not before collaborating with fellow Roycrofter Karl Kipp on a number of copper designs influenced by the early Vienna Secessionist Movement. These pieces were less organic than the typical Arts and Crafts style, with geometric patterns, intricate cutouts, and silver overlays. These so-called “silver square” pieces remain some of the most collectible Roycrofts available.
Kipp, too, would leave Roycroft to found his own business in 1912. His Tookay Shop, also in East Aurora, produced copper pieces that are almost indistinguishable from Roycrofts, save the mark on their base. That same year, another prominent Roycroft designer, Walter U. Jennings, joined Kipp at Tookay. Roycroft may have lost Kipp and Jennings in 1912, but they gained Victor Toothaker, who, it is believed, designed the famous American Beauty vase.
Both men returned to the fold in 1915 after Elbert Hubbard and his wife, Alice, were killed when the RMS Lusitania was sunk by a German U-boat — that act of aggression prompted the U.S. entry into World War I. The Hubbard’s son, Bert, took over management of the Roycroft copper shop, while Kipp and Jennings designed Roycroft classics like the “bullet” vase. It all paved the way for Roycroft’s most glorious decade, the 1920s.
By now, Roycroft was using Steuben glass in its lamps. The copper shop produced vases, bowls, lamps, cigar boxes, and ashtrays, to name but a few of the items in its catalog. Almost every major department store in the country, including Lord and Taylor, sold Roycroft pieces to its well-heeled customers.
The Depression put an end to most of that, but it wasn’t just the economy that killed Roycroft. Hammered metalwork was beginning to appear tired and dated compared to up-and-coming movements of Bauhaus and Art Deco. Roycroft actually tried to change with the times, but customers were not completely convinced. Neither are collectors. As Kornacki puts it, “People collecting Roycroft copper today generally want brown metalwork with hammer marks on it, they don’t want smooth surfaces with bright shiny angles.”
Roycroft closed its doors in 1938, but the Roycroft Campus is now a National Historic Landmark that’s slowly being restored. It is open to the public.
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Local artist hosting solo showNiagara Gazette, August 29th
Though he's not much for the art festival scene locally, Rusin said he does make a point to partake in the Lewiston Art Festival each year. Additionally, he participates in the Easton Waterfowl Festival in Maryland as well as the Roycroft Christmas Show...Read more
Walking ToursWest Seneca Bee, August 25th
Roycroft Campus Basic Tour — Will give an introduction to the arts and crafts movement, Elbert Hubbard, and the Roycroft Campus during this one-hour tour, 10:30 a.m., 12:30 and 2:30 p.m. Saturday, Aug. 29; 12:30 and 2:30 p.m. Sunday, Aug. 30; and 12...Read more
Rare Book collection full of hidden treasuresWest Seneca Bee, August 25th
“[Hubbard's book] is rather important to the arts and crafts collectors out there, and our copy actually traveled a few years ago and was exhibited with a few Roycroft press items,” she said. The general room is available for those wishing to research...Read more
Roycroft campus gives artists second chanceWKBW-TV, August 22nd
EAST AURORA, N.Y. (WKBW) - The weather during the annual June Roycroft Arts and Crafts Fair in East Aurora was so bad, many artists who paid for the show didn't show up. Torrential downpours made it impossible for artists to showcase fine art such as ...Read more
Artist brings designs in glass to Quaker Arts FestivalBee news.com, August 19th
Stoklosa, an Elma resident, and an artist in residence at the Roycroft Campus, has worked with the stained infused glass for 20 years. Working as an interior designer prior to receiving her master's degree in architecture, Stoklosa said that when her...Read more
Early 20th-Century Decorative Arts and Some Mid-century ModernMaine Antique Digest, August 17th
The trade stocked up on Arts and Crafts furniture, buying for stock and for clients. There were some good deals. A Roycroft blanket chest sold for $12,500 (est. $12,500/16,500). A rare Harvey Ellis fall-front desk, made at the Stickley factory in 1904...Read more
Bridget O'Connor and Andrew Cho are wed in Letchworth State ParkBuffalo News, August 1st
Guests gathered for a reception at Roycroft Inn, East Aurora. Aaron Cho, the groom's ... He earned a bachelor's degree in fine arts from the University of Florida and also earned a master's degree in fine arts from Georgia State University. He is an...Read more
Finding his place on the family farmBuffalo News, July 31st
He expanded his palate, grew a healthy appreciation for food and found his place in the world on a family farm started a century ago by his great-grandfather, Elbert Hubbard, founder of the Roycroft Community arts and crafts movement in East Aurora...Read more