From the tail end of the 19th century through the first few decades of the 20th, the Roycrofters of East Aurora, New York produced beautiful examples of Mission-style furniture, handmade books, and a variety of hand-hammered copper vases, lamps, candleholders, humidors, and bowls.
Founded by writer and soap entrepreneur Elbert Hubbard in 1897, the Roycroft community was inspired by the work of English Arts and Crafts proponents William Morris and John Ruskin.
According to Roycroft metalwork collector David Kornacki, the late 1800s were a time of artistic upheaval in the United States as artists rebelled against the social and aesthetic strictures of the waning Victorian Era. Artists were even less thrilled about a future in which objects once created by craftsmen and artisans were increasingly mass-produced.
Sharing these concerns, Elbert Hubbard decided to develop the Roycroft Campus in 1897. A blacksmith shop came first in 1899, and it was here that the earliest examples of Roycroft wrought-iron fixtures, andirons, and hinges were made.
A copper shop followed in 1902, constructed of local stone with a half-timbered and stucco exterior. Artisans at the copper shop produced the hardware for the doors, furniture, and light fixtures around the growing campus.
By 1906, Roycroft offered a limited inventory of copper items (pen trays, letter openers, etc.) for sale. Production increased slowly at first, which means there are relatively few Roycroft pieces from 1906 to 1911 available on the market today.
Concurrently, the Roycroft press started printing small, handmade books, with hand-tooled, gold-inlaid leather covers designed by Dard Hunter and binding by the master of his day, Lewis Kinder. They sold beyond anyone’s expectations and, along with the copper pieces, furniture, and leather items, put Roycroft on the Arts-and-Crafts map...
Hunter left Roycroft in 1910 to pursue a career in papermaking, but not before collaborating with fellow Roycrofter Karl Kipp on a number of copper designs influenced by the early Vienna Secessionist Movement. These pieces were less organic than the typical Arts and Crafts style, with geometric patterns, intricate cutouts, and silver overlays. These so-called “silver square” pieces remain some of the most collectible Roycrofts available.
Kipp, too, would leave Roycroft to found his own business in 1912. His Tookay Shop, also in East Aurora, produced copper pieces that are almost indistinguishable from Roycrofts, save the mark on their base. That same year, another prominent Roycroft designer, Walter U. Jennings, joined Kipp at Tookay. Roycroft may have lost Kipp and Jennings in 1912, but they gained Victor Toothaker, who, it is believed, designed the famous American Beauty vase.
Both men returned to the fold in 1915 after Elbert Hubbard and his wife, Alice, were killed when the RMS Lusitania was sunk by a German U-boat — that act of aggression prompted the U.S. entry into World War I. The Hubbard’s son, Bert, took over management of the Roycroft copper shop, while Kipp and Jennings designed Roycroft classics like the “bullet” vase. It all paved the way for Roycroft’s most glorious decade, the 1920s.
By now, Roycroft was using Steuben glass in its lamps. The copper shop produced vases, bowls, lamps, cigar boxes, and ashtrays, to name but a few of the items in its catalog. Almost every major department store in the country, including Lord and Taylor, sold Roycroft pieces to its well-heeled customers.
The Depression put an end to most of that, but it wasn’t just the economy that killed Roycroft. Hammered metalwork was beginning to appear tired and dated compared to up-and-coming movements of Bauhaus and Art Deco. Roycroft actually tried to change with the times, but customers were not completely convinced. Neither are collectors. As Kornacki puts it, “People collecting Roycroft copper today generally want brown metalwork with hammer marks on it, they don’t want smooth surfaces with bright shiny angles.”
Roycroft closed its doors in 1938, but the Roycroft Campus is now a National Historic Landmark that’s slowly being restored. It is open to the public.
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Special EventsWest Seneca Bee, February 9th
The Arts and Craftsmen Guild — President Jim Cordes and Marie Gniazdowski will continue teaching and discussing the history of the Roycroft Campus and Elbert Hubbard, and Cordes will also bring in an early original piece of Roycroft furniture, 6 p.m. ...Read more
Restoration of historic East Side house unites art, career trainingGusto, February 9th
The project, called the Society for the Advancement of Construction-Related Arts or SACRA, is the result of a collaboration between Buffalo artist and architect Dennis Maher and the Albright-Knox Art Gallery's newly founded Innovation Lab. Its specific...Read more
Take Five: Buffalo is Edgier Than You ThinkPaste Magazine, February 5th
Mighty talents have left their mark on the city, including Frank Lloyd Wright, his mentor Louis Sullivan, H.H. Richardson, Louis Comfort Tiffany (Shea's Theater interiors) and John Wade (Buffalo City Hall, an Art Deco masterpiece). Of course, that's...Read more
Work by Paul Evans, George Nakashima, Phil Powell, Tiffany Studios, Pierre ...ArtfixDaily, February 3rd
Furniture by Gustav Stickley, Charles Rohlfs, Limbert, Roycroft, Josef Hoffmann, Adolf Loos, Emile Gallé, and Louis Majorelle. Lighting by Tiffany Studios, Gustav Stickley, Handel, Dirk Van Erp, Suess, and Roycroft. Superb glass by Tiffany Studios...Read more
Recently in Bright Young Librarians CategoryFine Books & Collections Magazine (blog), January 27th
A secret codebook published in 1641, Mercury is full of unique charts and figures describing how the reader can master the art of secret communication. I first encountered Mercury in a textual studies and methods course which was held in Special...Read more
Bright Young Librarians: Sarah HorowitzFine Books & Collections Magazine (blog), January 20th
This started as a working collection, because I was writing on how these illustrators changed the meaning of the novels they were working with through their illustrations, but I now enjoy expanding my collection. I also have a small collection of...Read more
Hell served as inspiration for Krista's hot saucesBuffalo News, January 15th
At the Roycroft in the summertime I'm on the Peristyle, they call it – the porch. In the wintertime I'm in the library. They want to give back to ... Auburn Watson (Culinary Arts Center in Depew) is hands-on. It's a beautiful facility. They have four...Read more
Roycroft campus gives artists second chanceWKBW-TV, August 22nd
EAST AURORA, N.Y. (WKBW) - The weather during the annual June Roycroft Arts and Crafts Fair in East Aurora was so bad, many artists who paid to attend the show didn't show up. Torrential downpours made it impossible for artists to showcase fine art ...Read more