From the tail end of the 19th century through the first few decades of the 20th, the Roycrofters of East Aurora, New York produced beautiful examples of Mission-style furniture, handmade books, and a variety of hand-hammered copper vases, lamps, candleholders, humidors, and bowls.
Founded by writer and soap entrepreneur Elbert Hubbard in 1897, the Roycroft community was inspired by the work of English Arts and Crafts proponents William Morris and John Ruskin.
According to Roycroft metalwork collector David Kornacki, the late 1800s were a time of artistic upheaval in the United States as artists rebelled against the social and aesthetic strictures of the waning Victorian Era. Artists were even less thrilled about a future in which objects once created by craftsmen and artisans were increasingly mass-produced.
Sharing these concerns, Elbert Hubbard decided to develop the Roycroft Campus in 1897. A blacksmith shop came first in 1899, and it was here that the earliest examples of Roycroft wrought-iron fixtures, andirons, and hinges were made.
A copper shop followed in 1902, constructed of local stone with a half-timbered and stucco exterior. Artisans at the copper shop produced the hardware for the doors, furniture, and light fixtures around the growing campus.
By 1906, Roycroft offered a limited inventory of copper items (pen trays, letter openers, etc.) for sale. Production increased slowly at first, which means there are relatively few Roycroft pieces from 1906 to 1911 available on the market today.
Concurrently, the Roycroft press started printing small, handmade books, with hand-tooled, gold-inlaid leather covers designed by Dard Hunter and binding by the master of his day, Lewis Kinder. They sold beyond anyone’s expectations and, along with the copper pieces, furniture, and leather items, put Roycroft on the Arts-and-Crafts map...
Hunter left Roycroft in 1910 to pursue a career in papermaking, but not before collaborating with fellow Roycrofter Karl Kipp on a number of copper designs influenced by the early Vienna Secessionist Movement. These pieces were less organic than the typical Arts and Crafts style, with geometric patterns, intricate cutouts, and silver overlays. These so-called “silver square” pieces remain some of the most collectible Roycrofts available.
Kipp, too, would leave Roycroft to found his own business in 1912. His Tookay Shop, also in East Aurora, produced copper pieces that are almost indistinguishable from Roycrofts, save the mark on their base. That same year, another prominent Roycroft designer, Walter U. Jennings, joined Kipp at Tookay. Roycroft may have lost Kipp and Jennings in 1912, but they gained Victor Toothaker, who, it is believed, designed the famous American Beauty vase.
Both men returned to the fold in 1915 after Elbert Hubbard and his wife, Alice, were killed when the RMS Lusitania was sunk by a German U-boat — that act of aggression prompted the U.S. entry into World War I. The Hubbard’s son, Bert, took over management of the Roycroft copper shop, while Kipp and Jennings designed Roycroft classics like the “bullet” vase. It all paved the way for Roycroft’s most glorious decade, the 1920s.
By now, Roycroft was using Steuben glass in its lamps. The copper shop produced vases, bowls, lamps, cigar boxes, and ashtrays, to name but a few of the items in its catalog. Almost every major department store in the country, including Lord and Taylor, sold Roycroft pieces to its well-heeled customers.
The Depression put an end to most of that, but it wasn’t just the economy that killed Roycroft. Hammered metalwork was beginning to appear tired and dated compared to up-and-coming movements of Bauhaus and Art Deco. Roycroft actually tried to change with the times, but customers were not completely convinced. Neither are collectors. As Kornacki puts it, “People collecting Roycroft copper today generally want brown metalwork with hammer marks on it, they don’t want smooth surfaces with bright shiny angles.”
Roycroft closed its doors in 1938, but the Roycroft Campus is now a National Historic Landmark that’s slowly being restored. It is open to the public.
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Five things in area to do thisweekendOttumwacourier, March 7th
The Roycroft Piano Trio, featuring Eugene Gaub, piano, Nancy McFarland, violin, and Peter Szczepanyk, cello, will perform two great pieces as part of their Sondheim Chamber Music Spotlight program at 3 p.m. Sunday. Tickets are available at the...Read more
WNY Refresh covered a lot of territory during its first yearBuffalo News, February 28th
more about Community Supported Agriculture and one of its leading Western New York proponents, Arden Farm owner Dan Roelofs, who works his organic fields outside East Aurora and is the great-grandson of Roycroft movement founder Elbert Hubbard...Read more
Nazareth College Department of Music presents SOLO CELLO FROM BACH TO ...ReadMedia (press release), February 27th
She was a founding member of the Cello Divas and Quartos and has appeared in the Aspen, Banff, Norfolk, Roycroft, Skaneateles, and Yellow Barn festivals. Ms. Hwang is currently a The Department of Music at Nazareth College integrates intensive...Read more
My House Beautiful: Metal art collection at home in Highlands heritage ...Edmonton Journal, February 27th
On top of the mantel are a dozen metal art pieces. Scavenging at garage sales, online and at antique shops, Locky has collected dozens of the artisanal period pieces. Many are stamped 'Roycroft' and 'Stickley.' I count more than 12 ashtrays on shelves ...Read more
Rago's 20th/21st-Century Design AuctionMaine Antique Digest, February 11th
$7000/10,000). There was a small selection of Arts and Crafts furniture that brought reasonable prices for good forms. Finish or minor wear kept the prices down. Rare forms were not overlooked. A Roycroft piano bench sold for $4687.50 (est. $2200/2800)...Read more