Mission-style furniture grew out the turn-of-the-century Arts and Crafts movement, which like Art Nouveau was a response to industrialization. During the Victorian Era, elaborate Rococo and Neoclassical furniture was churned out by factories. Artists, designers, scholars, and other thinkers of the day began to express disdain for both the frilly, ornate aesthetic of Victorian decor, as well as the low quality of machine-made items.
The lead thinkers of the Arts and Crafts movement, such as art critic John Ruskin and designer William Morris, both from England, called for a return to high-quality, hand-made furniture, crafted by artisans. They promoted a simpler, more natural, and more functional look, with clean lines and solid, heavy frames made of wood. They believed that furniture design should lack clutter and highlight the craftsmanship of the construction and the natural beauty of the materials.
In 1900, furniture designer Gustav Stickley, publisher of the influential magazine, “The Craftsman,” popularized this movement in the United States, launching his own Mission or Craftsman-style of furniture. Said to be based on the spartan furnishings of California’s Franciscan missions, the earthy, rectilinear style was characterized by thick lines of oak, with exposed mortise-and-tenon joints and little in the way of decorative carving.
The best examples of antique Mission-style furnishings, from chairs to tables to cabinets, often feature rows of narrow wooden spindles that create eye-pleasing parallel lines. The wood is varnished but never painted, and the upholstery is always of a natural, unembellished material such as dyed leather or canvas.
The great irony of Mission-style furniture is that even though the Arts and Crafts movement supposedly rejected mechanization, Stickley would used steam-powered or electric woodworking machines to get the wood ready for his pieces, which would then be hand-finished by his artisans. Eventually, the Mission style was mass-produced just like its predecessors had been, and low-quality, slipshod items were soon found everywhere.
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MAINE TWO-DAY ESTATES AUCTIONMaine Antique Digest, August 8th
FURNITURE: Choice Boston 18th c. mahg. & string inlaid grad. 4 dwr. slant lid desk w/ogee bracket base, 18th c. ...... CLOCKS: Brass Ansonia crystal regulator w/jeweled porc. dial & pend., Oak Gilbert regulator, Mission oak shelf clock, Marble crystal...Read more
Alan Nathanson's Midtown HomeMemphis Magazine, August 4th
Founded near Syracuse, New York, in 1900, the L. & J.G. Stickley Furniture Company is very much alive and well. It was and still is famed for its mission oak designs (known also as Arts and Craft style or American Craftsman), its use of high-quality...Read more
Stickley dealers honor company's ownersFurniture Today, July 25th
“The sales of Mission oak by Stickley dealers over this time period have exceeded $1 billion and the collection must be among the best-selling and certainly longest-lasting of all high-end furniture collections in history,” Price said. In other...Read more