Mission-style furniture grew out the turn-of-the-century Arts and Crafts movement, which like Art Nouveau was a response to industrialization. During the Victorian Era, elaborate Rococo and Neoclassical furniture was churned out by factories. Artists, designers, scholars, and other thinkers of the day began to express disdain for both the frilly, ornate aesthetic of Victorian decor, as well as the low quality of machine-made items.
The lead thinkers of the Arts and Crafts movement, such as art critic John Ruskin and designer William Morris, both from England, called for a return to high-quality, hand-made furniture, crafted by artisans. They promoted a simpler, more natural, and more functional look, with clean lines and solid, heavy frames made of wood. They believed that furniture design should lack clutter and highlight the craftsmanship of the construction and the natural beauty of the materials.
In 1900, furniture designer Gustav Stickley, publisher of the influential magazine, “The Craftsman,” popularized this movement in the United States, launching his own Mission or Craftsman-style of furniture. Said to be based on the spartan furnishings of California’s Franciscan missions, the earthy, rectilinear style was characterized by thick lines of oak, with exposed mortise-and-tenon joints and little in the way of decorative carving...
The best examples of antique Mission-style furnishings, from chairs to tables to cabinets, often feature rows of narrow wooden spindles that create eye-pleasing parallel lines. The wood is varnished but never painted, and the upholstery is always of a natural, unembellished material such as dyed leather or canvas.
The great irony of Mission-style furniture is that even though the Arts and Crafts movement supposedly rejected mechanization, Stickley would used steam-powered or electric woodworking machines to get the wood ready for his pieces, which would then be hand-finished by his artisans. Eventually, the Mission style was mass-produced just like its predecessors had been, and low-quality, slipshod items were soon found everywhere.
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Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)
Buffalo Architecture and History
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Other Great Reference Sites: Furniture
- The Victoria and Albert Furniture Collection
- Architecture and Design of the Prairie School
- Learn About Style: Arts and Crafts
- U.S. State Department Diplomatic Receptions Rooms
- Cheltenham Art Gallery: Arts and Crafts
- Wadsworth Atheneum
- Craftsman Perspective
- The Arts and Crafts Society
- Roycroft Campus Corporation
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Recent News: Mission Style Furniture
Source: Google News
Mother, daughter sell antiques, collectibles, jewelry and moreStarNewsOnline.com, May 7th
At Chartruese, formerly called Brunswick Antiques, hand-blown glass bottles and distressed-wood wardrobes meet mission oak desks and low-country linens. Walls and I acquire things like the funky crocodile jewelry and do the distressed furniture. We...Read more