The precursor to the modern-day bicycle was the 1817 Draisine, named for its German inventor, Karl von Drais. This two-wheeled machine lacked pedals, so cyclists straddled the bike and pushed it along with their feet. Despite their primitive design, these "swift-walkers," as they were sometimes called, were quite popular in 19th-century Europe and the United States, but as novelties rather than a serious means of transportation.
Around 1863, the wood-and-iron velocipede or "boneshaker" appeared in England and France. This was the first true bicycle, with pedals attached to the front wheel so that riders could propel themselves up hills. Some models had a rear "spoon" brake; most had a bell to keep horses from being spooked.
Because gears for bicycles had not yet been invented, the only way for engineers to increase the speed of a bike was to enlarge its front wheel. This led to the development of high-wheel bicycles in the latter part of the 19th century.
High-wheel bikes (also called penny-farthings) were eye-catching and not as difficult to get onto as they looked, but they were next to impossible to stop once they got going, which often resulted in crashes that would send the rider flying head first over the handlebars. Smart riders learned to ride downhill with their legs draped over the handlebars to mitigate the impact of sudden stops.
Manufacturers tried to solve the "header" problem with models like the Star and the Eagle, which placed the bike’s small wheel in front of the large one to give the rider a slightly better center of gravity. Tricycles with a small wheel in the front, two large wheels in the back, and a seat between them were another solution, favored by women in elaborate Victorian dress as well as professional men, for whom high-wheelers were not an especially dignified mode of transportation.
By the end of the 19th century, the high-wheelers were replaced by so-called "safety" bikes, which resemble the bikes we ride today. The key was a chain to drive the rear wheel.
In addition to steel, wood such as hickory and bamboo was used to construct the frames. Elliott Hickory Cycle Co. of Boston went so far as to tout the wood used in its bikes as "...
Some of these turn-of-the-century bike builders would go on to become prominent manufacturers of automobiles. George Pierce was making bicycles more than a dozen years before his company produced its first Pierce Arrow in 1903. The Pierce bicycle’s "monoshock" suspension was a far cry from the boneshaker bicycles of a half-century before. Similarly, Lozier cut its teeth on its line of Cleveland bicycles before becoming a renowned builder of luxury cars in 1900.
For collectors of antique racing bikes, the bicycles produced at the beginning of the 20th century are of particular interest. Track bikes by companies like Peugeot were designed to be stiff and responsive, with deep-drop handlebars to reduce the rider’s wind resistance. Chainless drives were also tried but quickly discarded. And by the 1930s, John "Pop" Brennan was producing frames that are considered prototypes of the contemporary handmade bicycle-frame industry.
The arrival of the derailleur in 1908 changed everything. Americans were slow to accept the device, and the English thought three gears were quite enough, but the French embraced the device. Consequently, a culture of cycling evolved in France, while bikes in the United States largely fell out of favor.
The vintage balloon-tire cruisers from the 1930s to 1950 brought the bicycle back into fashion in the U.S. In 1941, Colson made the Cruiser and Super Cruiser models for Firestone and the Clipper for Goodyear. Many vintage bikes from this era had fake gas tanks to imitate the ones on motorcycles, and built-in headlights and taillights. Some were gloriously painted two-tone jobs; others showed off their aluminum and chrome.
Murray was another company that had its own line as well producing bikes for third parties. In Murray’s case, it supplied bikes to Sears. Its house brand was the Mercury. Among other collectible brands from the pre-war era are Shelby, which made the gorgeous Speedline Airflow, whose sweeping and curving lines suggested movement even when the bike was standing still.
But it was the Schwinn that really changed the American perception of the bicycle, in particular with the 1933 Aerocycle with its awesome Buck Rogers design. The Auto Cycle followed, as did the heavily fendered and chromed Phantom and Jaguar.
By the middle of the 20th century, Schwinn was, as Schwinn collector Jim Snell puts it, "where bicycles came from for Christmas." In the 1960s and 1970s, if you were the luckiest kid on the block, that meant you spent Christmas morning riding your high-handlebar, banana-boat seat Stingray, Apple Krate, or Grey Ghost, some of which had a black-handle "Stik Shift" attached to the frame. Also collectible are the three-speed Schwinn Paramounts and Travelers from the 1950s and 1960s, and the classic 10-speed Varsity models from the 1960s and 1970s.
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Beauties from a bygone eraDeccan Herald, November 23rd
Proud owners of vintage cars, bicycles and motorbikes flaunted their mean machines at the Southern Vintage Automobile exhibition on Sunday. The star attraction at the show was the vintage Raleigh bicycle, valued at an estimated Rs one lakh...Read more
Vintage bike stolen outside Ranelagh shop highlights soaring bike theft problemthejournal.ie, November 21st
A historical 1950's vintage bicycle that was stolen outside a clothes shop in Ranelagh last Friday evening is just one example of the spate of bicycle thefts taking place across the city. Bow and Pearl Boutique have had the vintage bike outside their...Read more
Mahekal Beach Resort Opening In Playa Del Carmen After A Multi-Million Dollar ...PR Newswire (press release), November 20th
Additionally, guests order room service with a twist -- staff members deliver orders by riding vintage bicycles with woven rattan baskets. Personal hand deliveries are made to guests lounging by the beach or pool. Mahekal is located on the beach, but...Read more
Arlington: Scout Project Rolls OnVirginia Connection Newspapers, November 19th
Eye-catching homemade signs caught more than eyes. They also caught a large number of donors living in the Nottingham area, thanks to Marcus Ayoub. Marcus organized nine other members of Troop 647, Boy Scouts of America, sponsored by the local ...Read more
Flea and Feed: Exploring Georgetown Flea MarketThe Eagle, November 18th
Go to Wisconsin Ave NW + Tenley Circle NW and board either bus 30N, 30 S or the 96 to Georgetown. Get off at the address above. If taking the bus isn't for you, you can purchase one of the market's many vintage bicycles. firstname.lastname@example.org...Read more
The Bicycle Stand in Long Beach is dedicated to restoring classic bicyclesLong Beach Press Telegram, November 16th
The Bicycle Stand is a vintage bicycle repair shop in Long Beach owned and operated by Evan Whitener and Nicole Maltz. Robert Casillas — Staff photographer. By Courtney Tompkins, email@example.com @ctompkinsPT. Posted: 11/16/14, ...Read more
Solange Knowles Marries Alan FergusonPeople Magazine, November 16th
Around 2 p.m., the pair arrived via white-painted vintage bicycles, and it was all about the details: The bride's basket held flowers! "Beaming. Calm. They looked pretty calm, relaxed on their wedding day," one onlooker tells PEOPLE. "Definitely happy."...Read more
Holiday bicycle collection continuesLakenewsonline.com, November 4th
The Linn Creek Police Department and the Second Chance Bikes, 2CB, are teaming up with local Kiwanis to collect bicycles for children in need around the lake area again this year just in time for the holiday season. email print. Comment ...Read more