The precursor to the modern-day bicycle was the 1817 Draisine, named for its German inventor, Karl von Drais. This two-wheeled machine lacked pedals, so cyclists straddled the bike and pushed it along with their feet. Despite their primitive design, these "swift-walkers," as they were sometimes called, were quite popular in 19th-century Europe and the United States, but as novelties rather than a serious means of transportation.
Around 1863, the wood-and-iron velocipede or "boneshaker" appeared in England and France. This was the first true bicycle, with pedals attached to the front wheel so that riders could propel themselves up hills. Some models had a rear "spoon" brake; most had a bell to keep horses from being spooked.
Because gears for bicycles had not yet been invented, the only way for engineers to increase the speed of a bike was to enlarge its front wheel. This led to the development of hi...
High-wheel bikes (also called penny-farthings) were eye-catching and not as difficult to get onto as they looked, but they were next to impossible to stop once they got going, which often resulted in crashes that would send the rider flying head first over the handlebars. Smart riders learned to ride downhill with their legs draped over the handlebars to mitigate the impact of sudden stops.
Manufacturers tried to solve the "header" problem with models like the Star and the Eagle, which placed the bike’s small wheel in front of the large one to give the rider a slightly better center of gravity. Tricycles with a small wheel in the front, two large wheels in the back, and a seat between them were another solution, favored by women in elaborate Victorian dress as well as professional men, for whom high-wheelers were not an especially dignified mode of transportation.
By the end of the 19th century, the high-wheelers were replaced by so-called "safety" bikes, which resemble the bikes we ride today. The key was a chain to drive the rear wheel.
In addition to steel, wood such as hickory and bamboo was used to construct the frames. Elliott Hickory Cycle Co. of Boston went so far as to tout the wood used in its bikes as "healthier" and more "hygienic" for its riders than steel. Other manufacturers such as Columbia produced roadsters with kerosene lamps in front of the handlebars, chain guards to protect women’s dresses from grease, and shock-absorbing, spring-mounted seats.
Some of these turn-of-the-century bike builders would go on to become prominent manufacturers of automobiles. George Pierce was making bicycles more than a dozen years before his company produced its first Pierce Arrow in 1903. The Pierce bicycle’s "monoshock" suspension was a far cry from the boneshaker bicycles of a half-century before. Similarly, Lozier cut its teeth on its line of Cleveland bicycles before becoming a renowned builder of luxury cars in 1900.
For collectors of antique racing bikes, the bicycles produced at the beginning of the 20th century are of particular interest. Track bikes by companies like Peugeot were designed to be stiff and responsive, with deep-drop handlebars to reduce the rider’s wind resistance. Chainless drives were also tried but quickly discarded. And by the 1930s, John "Pop" Brennan was producing frames that are considered prototypes of the contemporary handmade bicycle-frame industry.
The arrival of the derailleur in 1908 changed everything. Americans were slow to accept the device, and the English thought three gears were quite enough, but the French embraced the device. Consequently, a culture of cycling evolved in France, while bikes in the United States largely fell out of favor.
The vintage balloon-tire cruisers from the 1930s to 1950 brought the bicycle back into fashion in the U.S. In 1941, Colson made the Cruiser and Super Cruiser models for Firestone and the Clipper for Goodyear. Many vintage bikes from this era had fake gas tanks to imitate the ones on motorcycles, and built-in headlights and taillights. Some were gloriously painted two-tone jobs; others showed off their aluminum and chrome.
Murray was another company that had its own line as well producing bikes for third parties. In Murray’s case, it supplied bikes to Sears. Its house brand was the Mercury. Among other collectible brands from the pre-war era are Shelby, which made the gorgeous Speedline Airflow, whose sweeping and curving lines suggested movement even when the bike was standing still.
But it was the Schwinn that really changed the American perception of the bicycle, in particular with the 1933 Aerocycle with its awesome Buck Rogers design. The Auto Cycle followed, as did the heavily fendered and chromed Phantom and Jaguar.
By the middle of the 20th century, Schwinn was, as Schwinn collector Jim Snell puts it, "where bicycles came from for Christmas." In the 1960s and 1970s, if you were the luckiest kid on the block, that meant you spent Christmas morning riding your high-handlebar, banana-boat seat Stingray, Apple Krate, or Grey Ghost, some of which had a black-handle "Stik Shift" attached to the frame. Also collectible are the three-speed Schwinn Paramounts and Travelers from the 1950s and 1960s, and the classic 10-speed Varsity models from the 1960s and 1970s.
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Butler Twp PoliceButler Eagle (subscription), June 18th
At the other home, an antique bicycle lawn ornament was damaged. Police did not say if they have any suspects. 3:23 p.m. Friday — No one was injured in a three-vehicle, chain-reaction accident in the northbound construction zone of Interstate 79 in...Read more
New again: World War II bicycle completely restoredThe Gazette: Eastern Iowa Breaking News and Headlines, June 17th
Berger, who has extensive knowledge of military vehicles and more than 25 years of experience in bicycle mechanics and maintenance, regularly supplies restored vintage bicycles to public and private entities, including the movie “The Monuments Men,” ...Read more
Vintage bicycle exhibit and parade rides into New Albany next weekendEvening News and Tribune, June 16th
Some big wheels will roll into town next weekend, as the public is invited to attend the Vintage Bicycle Exhibit and Parade to celebrate New Albany's rich history and revisit some favorite childhood memories. The Vintage Bicycle Exhibit and Parade is a...Read more
Precious memories fill homeDanville Commercial News, June 15th
And that's not all. There's the Hoover-era Chevrolet truck, the porch pillar from my great-grandfather's house, the Danville streetcar sign, the 800-pound printing press, the bicycle collection, the books, the work table, the vise, the camping gear...Read more
UUAC First Parish in Sherborn staging bicycle collectionWicked Local, June 12th
The Unitarian Universalist Area Church, 11 Washington St. (Route 16) in Sherborn is staging a bike collection for Bikes Not Bombs on Saturday, June 15, from 10 a.m.-3 p.m.. Bicycles of any size and type are welcome, along with bicycle parts, tools, ...Read more
Bicycle collection makes progress in So. BrunswickNorth Brunswick Sentinel, June 11th
Bicycle collection makes progress in So. Brunswick. By KATHY CHANG. Staff Writer. Carol Kling (l-r), Devon Smith, Bhairav Valera, Steven Schiff, Sue Berkey, Debbie Miller and Conor Carr stand in front of bicycles collected during the annual Pedals for ...Read more
Vintage bicycle exhibit and parade June 23Newsandtribune, June 2nd
The Vintage Bicycle Exhibit and Parade is a free event and will be held at New Albany's new Bicentennial Park, located at the corner of Spring and Pearl streets. Starting at 11:30 a.m. there will be between 50 to 75 vintage bicycles from the years 1870...Read more
Tour de South Brunswick, bicycle collection set for June 1North Brunswick Sentinel, May 28th
The 15th annual Pedals for Progress — Bicycle & Sewing Machine Collection has partnered with the third annual Education Foundation's Tour de South Brunswick — Bike Ride & Fun Walk. For this year's Pedals for Progress, “We are holding both events on ...Read more