The precursor to the modern-day bicycle was the 1817 Draisine, named for its German inventor, Karl von Drais. This two-wheeled machine lacked pedals, so cyclists straddled the bike and pushed it along with their feet. Despite their primitive design, these "swift-walkers," as they were sometimes called, were quite popular in 19th-century Europe and the United States, but as novelties rather than a serious means of transportation.
Around 1863, the wood-and-iron velocipede or "boneshaker" appeared in England and France. This was the first true bicycle, with pedals attached to the front wheel so that riders could propel themselves up hills. Some models had a rear "spoon" brake; most had a bell to keep horses from being spooked.
Because gears for bicycles had not yet been invented, the only way for engineers to increase the speed of a bike was to enlarge its front wheel. This led to the development of high-wheel bicycles in the latter part of the 19th century.
High-wheel bikes (also called penny-farthings) were eye-catching and not as difficult to get onto as they looked, but they were next to impossible to stop once they got going, which often resulted in crashes that would send the rider flying head first over the handlebars. Smart riders learned to ride downhill with their legs draped over the handlebars to mitigate the impact of sudden stops.
Manufacturers tried to solve the "header" problem with models like the Star and the Eagle, which placed the bike’s small wheel in front of the large one to give the rider a slightly better center of gravity. Tricycles with a small wheel in the front, two large wheels in the back, and a seat between them were another solution, favored by women in elaborate Victorian dress as well as professional men, for whom high-wheelers were not an especially dignified mode of transportation.
By the end of the 19th century, the high-wheelers were replaced by so-called "safety" bikes, which resemble the bikes we ride today. The key was a chain to drive the rear wheel.
In addition to steel, wood such as hickory and bamboo was used to construct the frames. Elliott Hickory Cycle Co. of Boston went so far as to tout the wood used in its bikes as "...
Some of these turn-of-the-century bike builders would go on to become prominent manufacturers of automobiles. George Pierce was making bicycles more than a dozen years before his company produced its first Pierce Arrow in 1903. The Pierce bicycle’s "monoshock" suspension was a far cry from the boneshaker bicycles of a half-century before. Similarly, Lozier cut its teeth on its line of Cleveland bicycles before becoming a renowned builder of luxury cars in 1900.
For collectors of antique racing bikes, the bicycles produced at the beginning of the 20th century are of particular interest. Track bikes by companies like Peugeot were designed to be stiff and responsive, with deep-drop handlebars to reduce the rider’s wind resistance. Chainless drives were also tried but quickly discarded. And by the 1930s, John "Pop" Brennan was producing frames that are considered prototypes of the contemporary handmade bicycle-frame industry.
The arrival of the derailleur in 1908 changed everything. Americans were slow to accept the device, and the English thought three gears were quite enough, but the French embraced the device. Consequently, a culture of cycling evolved in France, while bikes in the United States largely fell out of favor.
The vintage balloon-tire cruisers from the 1930s to 1950 brought the bicycle back into fashion in the U.S. In 1941, Colson made the Cruiser and Super Cruiser models for Firestone and the Clipper for Goodyear. Many vintage bikes from this era had fake gas tanks to imitate the ones on motorcycles, and built-in headlights and taillights. Some were gloriously painted two-tone jobs; others showed off their aluminum and chrome.
Murray was another company that had its own line as well producing bikes for third parties. In Murray’s case, it supplied bikes to Sears. Its house brand was the Mercury. Among other collectible brands from the pre-war era are Shelby, which made the gorgeous Speedline Airflow, whose sweeping and curving lines suggested movement even when the bike was standing still.
But it was the Schwinn that really changed the American perception of the bicycle, in particular with the 1933 Aerocycle with its awesome Buck Rogers design. The Auto Cycle followed, as did the heavily fendered and chromed Phantom and Jaguar.
By the middle of the 20th century, Schwinn was, as Schwinn collector Jim Snell puts it, "where bicycles came from for Christmas." In the 1960s and 1970s, if you were the luckiest kid on the block, that meant you spent Christmas morning riding your high-handlebar, banana-boat seat Stingray, Apple Krate, or Grey Ghost, some of which had a black-handle "Stik Shift" attached to the frame. Also collectible are the three-speed Schwinn Paramounts and Travelers from the 1950s and 1960s, and the classic 10-speed Varsity models from the 1960s and 1970s.
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Tiny town revivalThe Garden City Telegram, April 17th
The feel of the building is that of a trading post, complete with an American Indian statue out front next to an antique bicycle and motorcycle. She's confident traffic will pick up in the tourist season. The pop culture reference name of the store can...Read more
'American Pickers' riding into townGreen Bay Press Gazette, April 17th
Some of what they are looking for are: vintage bicycles, toys, unusual radios, movie memorabilia, advertising and signs, military items, folk art, vintage musical equipment, vintage automotive items, early firefighting equipment, vintage clothing and...Read more
Latest Bygones out now featuring story of how the plague affected Louth and ...Grimsby Telegraph, April 17th
DID you know that Louth was "severely visited" by the plague on many occasions during the 1500s? But the worst of its ravages took place in 1631 when whole families were wiped out. You can read all about it, and other interesting historical items about...Read more
Weekend Events: Earth Day Celebration, Southern Women's Show, Smokin ...wtvr.com, April 16th
Enjoy tours of Bloemendaal House and music on the lawn, see vintage bicycles and more. Included in Garden admission, $12 adults, $11 seniors, $8 children ages 3 to 12, free to members. Also, the return of Butterflies Live in the Conservatory. The...Read more
Bicycles and blooms at Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden's Heritage WeekendFredericksburg.com, April 15th
It's a part of our history that's very interesting and probably a lot of people don't know about.” The Lakeside Wheel Club was founded in 1895 by Lewis Ginter for bicyclists, and is highlighted during the Heritage Weekend. Antique bicycles will be on...Read more
First annual California Eroica vintage bicycle festival 'a real success'Paso Robles Daily News, April 15th
The Eroica vintage bicycle festival commenced this weekend in Paso Robles. Over 500 cyclists participated in the event. “I think that the response was really fabulous,” said Eroica representative Mark Riedy. Riedy explained that the event this year...Read more
Fairfax County community calendar, April 16-23, 2015Washington Post, April 15th
Used bicycle collection To benefit Bikes for the World, sponsored by the Potomac School of McLean. 10 a.m.-1 p.m. Trinity United Methodist Church, 1205 Dolley Madison Blvd., McLean. 703-740-7856. www.bikesfortheworld.org. email@example.com...Read more
Collecting vintage bicycles and motorbikes is John Stansbury's passionKansas City Star, April 10th
John Stansbury said his 40 or more vintage bicycles and motorbikes are “like my kids,” but none is dearer than his unrestored 1901 Steffey motorbike. Stansbury, 65, of Overland Park, beams as he talks about his stable of bikes, motorbikes and riding toys...Read more