The precursor to the modern-day bicycle was the 1817 Draisine, named for its German inventor, Karl von Drais. This two-wheeled machine lacked pedals, so cyclists straddled the bike and pushed it along with their feet. Despite their primitive design, these "swift-walkers," as they were sometimes called, were quite popular in 19th-century Europe and the United States, but as novelties rather than a serious means of transportation.
Around 1863, the wood-and-iron velocipede or "boneshaker" appeared in England and France. This was the first true bicycle, with pedals attached to the front wheel so that riders could propel themselves up hills. Some models had a rear "spoon" brake; most had a bell to keep horses from being spooked.
Because gears for bicycles had not yet been invented, the only way for engineers to increase the speed of a bike was to enlarge its front wheel. This led to the development of high-wheel bicycles in the latter part of the 19th century.
High-wheel bikes (also called penny-farthings) were eye-catching and not as difficult to get onto as they looked, but they were next to impossible to stop once they got going, which often resulted in crashes that would send the rider flying head first over the handlebars. Smart riders learned to ride downhill with their legs draped over the handlebars to mitigate the impact of sudden stops.
Manufacturers tried to solve the "header" problem with models like the Star and the Eagle, which placed the bike’s small wheel in front of the large one to give the rider a slightly better center of gravity. Tricycles with a small wheel in the front, two large wheels in the back, and a seat between them were another solution, favored by women in elaborate Victorian dress as well as professional men, for whom high-wheelers were not an especially dignified mode of transportation.
By the end of the 19th century, the high-wheelers were replaced by so-called "safety" bikes, which resemble the bikes we ride today. The key was a chain to drive the rear wheel.
In addition to steel, wood such as hickory and bamboo was used to construct the frames. Elliott Hickory Cycle Co. of Boston went so far as to tout the wood used in its bikes as "...
Some of these turn-of-the-century bike builders would go on to become prominent manufacturers of automobiles. George Pierce was making bicycles more than a dozen years before his company produced its first Pierce Arrow in 1903. The Pierce bicycle’s "monoshock" suspension was a far cry from the boneshaker bicycles of a half-century before. Similarly, Lozier cut its teeth on its line of Cleveland bicycles before becoming a renowned builder of luxury cars in 1900.
For collectors of antique racing bikes, the bicycles produced at the beginning of the 20th century are of particular interest. Track bikes by companies like Peugeot were designed to be stiff and responsive, with deep-drop handlebars to reduce the rider’s wind resistance. Chainless drives were also tried but quickly discarded. And by the 1930s, John "Pop" Brennan was producing frames that are considered prototypes of the contemporary handmade bicycle-frame industry.
The arrival of the derailleur in 1908 changed everything. Americans were slow to accept the device, and the English thought three gears were quite enough, but the French embraced the device. Consequently, a culture of cycling evolved in France, while bikes in the United States largely fell out of favor.
The vintage balloon-tire cruisers from the 1930s to 1950 brought the bicycle back into fashion in the U.S. In 1941, Colson made the Cruiser and Super Cruiser models for Firestone and the Clipper for Goodyear. Many vintage bikes from this era had fake gas tanks to imitate the ones on motorcycles, and built-in headlights and taillights. Some were gloriously painted two-tone jobs; others showed off their aluminum and chrome.
Murray was another company that had its own line as well producing bikes for third parties. In Murray’s case, it supplied bikes to Sears. Its house brand was the Mercury. Among other collectible brands from the pre-war era are Shelby, which made the gorgeous Speedline Airflow, whose sweeping and curving lines suggested movement even when the bike was standing still.
But it was the Schwinn that really changed the American perception of the bicycle, in particular with the 1933 Aerocycle with its awesome Buck Rogers design. The Auto Cycle followed, as did the heavily fendered and chromed Phantom and Jaguar.
By the middle of the 20th century, Schwinn was, as Schwinn collector Jim Snell puts it, "where bicycles came from for Christmas." In the 1960s and 1970s, if you were the luckiest kid on the block, that meant you spent Christmas morning riding your high-handlebar, banana-boat seat Stingray, Apple Krate, or Grey Ghost, some of which had a black-handle "Stik Shift" attached to the frame. Also collectible are the three-speed Schwinn Paramounts and Travelers from the 1950s and 1960s, and the classic 10-speed Varsity models from the 1960s and 1970s.
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Historic bikes ride through time in RamseyITV News, September 5th
Riders across Ramsey will roll into town on a series of vintage bikes this weekend. The 59th National Veteran Cycle Rally will see hundreds of people in costume turn back the clocks to a bygone era, riding on a number of vintage bicycles. The event...Read more
Scout coordinates bicycle collection projectChicago Tribune, September 4th
Alex Kobus, an eighth-grader at Boone Grove Middle School, is helping Knights of Columbus Council 7473 provide bicycles for the needy — adults and children alike. Alex Kobus, an eighth-grader at Boone Grove Middle School, is helping Knights of ...Read more
A weekend of history and rededication in BarnoldswickPendle Today, September 4th
With the Tour of Britain passing through Barnoldswick on Monday, there is a cycling twist with a bike related stand and vintage bicycles on display in town centre shop windows, courtesy of David Harries, and Glory Glory Vintage are behind a 1940s kitchen...Read more
Annual Mississippi Mayhem event a real 'blast from the past'La Crosse Tribune, September 3rd
Non-car-related activities include a swap meet, midway games, a pinup pageant, a retro market, a dance contest and a vintage bicycle relay race. “We even added valve cover racing this year,” Brown said. The idea is to take the valve covers off of V-6...Read more
Bisbee Bloomers host 14th annual Garden TourSierra Vista Herald, September 3rd
materials and treasured finds like cleverly used vintage bicycles and salvaged plumbing as trellises for wisteria, hyacinth, grape and honeysuckle vines and stone walkways and a stone compass built with stone collected from the Sulphur Springs Valley...Read more
Robin Williams' widow to meet with kids over bicycle collection3News NZ, August 29th
Late funnyman Robin Williams' widow and his kids have agreed to meet next week to discuss what is to become of the Oscar winner's huge bicycle collection. The two parties have been warring over Williams' possessions ever since he committed suicide last ...Read more
Attorney: Robin Williams' bicycle collection an issue in estate fightSanta Rosa Press Democrat, August 28th
SAN FRANCISCO — A legal fight over late actor Robin Williams' possessions includes his large bicycle collection, artwork, books and other items worth millions of dollars, an attorney for his widow said Friday. Robin Williams was an avid biker who was ...Read more
Knoxville Public Library to Hold Hot Rods & Vintage Bicycles EventKNIA / KRLS Radio, August 12th
A Hot Rods and Vintage Bicycles show will take place at the Knoxville Public Library Thursday during Nationals. Library Director Roslin Thompson says the event will be in front of the library and feature special guest Holly Welch, the daughter of the...Read more