The precursor to the modern-day bicycle was the 1817 Draisine, named for its German inventor, Karl von Drais. This two-wheeled machine lacked pedals, so cyclists straddled the bike and pushed it along with their feet. Despite their primitive design, these "swift-walkers," as they were sometimes called, were quite popular in 19th-century Europe and the United States, but as novelties rather than a serious means of transportation.
Around 1863, the wood-and-iron velocipede or "boneshaker" appeared in England and France. This was the first true bicycle, with pedals attached to the front wheel so that riders could propel themselves up hills. Some models had a rear "spoon" brake; most had a bell to keep horses from being spooked.
Because gears for bicycles had not yet been invented, the only way for engineers to increase the speed of a bike was to enlarge its front wheel. This led to the development of high-wheel bicycles in the latter part of the 19th century.
High-wheel bikes (also called penny-farthings) were eye-catching and not as difficult to get onto as they looked, but they were next to impossible to stop once they got going, which often resulted in crashes that would send the rider flying head first over the handlebars. Smart riders learned to ride downhill with their legs draped over the handlebars to mitigate the impact of sudden stops.
Manufacturers tried to solve the "header" problem with models like the Star and the Eagle, which placed the bike’s small wheel in front of the large one to give the rider a slightly better center of gravity. Tricycles with a small wheel in the front, two large wheels in the back, and a seat between them were another solution, favored by women in elaborate Victorian dress as well as professional men, for whom high-wheelers were not an especially dignified mode of transportation.
By the end of the 19th century, the high-wheelers were replaced by so-called "safety" bikes, which resemble the bikes we ride today. The key was a chain to drive the rear wheel.
In addition to steel, wood such as hickory and bamboo was used to construct the frames. Elliott Hickory Cycle Co. of Boston went so far as to tout the wood used in its bikes as "...
Some of these turn-of-the-century bike builders would go on to become prominent manufacturers of automobiles. George Pierce was making bicycles more than a dozen years before his company produced its first Pierce Arrow in 1903. The Pierce bicycle’s "monoshock" suspension was a far cry from the boneshaker bicycles of a half-century before. Similarly, Lozier cut its teeth on its line of Cleveland bicycles before becoming a renowned builder of luxury cars in 1900.
For collectors of antique racing bikes, the bicycles produced at the beginning of the 20th century are of particular interest. Track bikes by companies like Peugeot were designed to be stiff and responsive, with deep-drop handlebars to reduce the rider’s wind resistance. Chainless drives were also tried but quickly discarded. And by the 1930s, John "Pop" Brennan was producing frames that are considered prototypes of the contemporary handmade bicycle-frame industry.
The arrival of the derailleur in 1908 changed everything. Americans were slow to accept the device, and the English thought three gears were quite enough, but the French embraced the device. Consequently, a culture of cycling evolved in France, while bikes in the United States largely fell out of favor.
The vintage balloon-tire cruisers from the 1930s to 1950 brought the bicycle back into fashion in the U.S. In 1941, Colson made the Cruiser and Super Cruiser models for Firestone and the Clipper for Goodyear. Many vintage bikes from this era had fake gas tanks to imitate the ones on motorcycles, and built-in headlights and taillights. Some were gloriously painted two-tone jobs; others showed off their aluminum and chrome.
Murray was another company that had its own line as well producing bikes for third parties. In Murray’s case, it supplied bikes to Sears. Its house brand was the Mercury. Among other collectible brands from the pre-war era are Shelby, which made the gorgeous Speedline Airflow, whose sweeping and curving lines suggested movement even when the bike was standing still.
But it was the Schwinn that really changed the American perception of the bicycle, in particular with the 1933 Aerocycle with its awesome Buck Rogers design. The Auto Cycle followed, as did the heavily fendered and chromed Phantom and Jaguar.
By the middle of the 20th century, Schwinn was, as Schwinn collector Jim Snell puts it, "where bicycles came from for Christmas." In the 1960s and 1970s, if you were the luckiest kid on the block, that meant you spent Christmas morning riding your high-handlebar, banana-boat seat Stingray, Apple Krate, or Grey Ghost, some of which had a black-handle "Stik Shift" attached to the frame. Also collectible are the three-speed Schwinn Paramounts and Travelers from the 1950s and 1960s, and the classic 10-speed Varsity models from the 1960s and 1970s.
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Port Hope festival activities begin FridayHuron Daily Tribune, July 2nd
One can expect to see vintage cars and trucks, antique bicycles, clowns, floats, tractors and wagons, horses and more. The Friends of the Port Hope Depot will be selling pulled pork sandwiches on the parade route prior to the parade. Sandwich sales...Read more
'American Pickers' to film in PennsylvaniaAllentown Morning Call, July 1st
The men are looking for "interesting characters" with unique items that could include vintage bicycles, toys, unusual radios, movie memorabilia, advertising, military items, folk art, vintage musical equipment, vintage automotive items, early...Read more
How to help Conkey Cruisers recover from theftRochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 29th
First, a bicycle collection drive will be held from noon to 8 p.m. Thursday at Conkey Corner Park at the corner of Clifford and Conkey avenues, in the neighborhood where the program is based. Conkey Cruisers founder Theresa Bowick said the program...Read more
Vintage Bicycle Show to benefit hospiceBrantford Expositor, June 26th
Jamie McGregor (right), organizer of the 14th annual Canadian Vintage Bicycle Show, brought two vintage bicycles to the Stedman Community Hospice Hankinson House to show to day wellness co-ordinator Bev Hall (left) and volunteer co-ordinator Cheryl ...Read more
Bone-shaking 500 mile ride on rare antique bicycle for charity fundraiserDaily Echo, June 15th
A SOUTHAMPTON man will be stepping back in time for a gruelling charity bike ride with a difference Stuart Mason-Elliott, from Highfield, is gearing up to ride 500 miles from Paris to the outskirts of the French town of Avignon – on an original...Read more
Model T building, vintage bicycles featured at Stan Hywet's annual Father's ...Stow Sentry, June 12th
This annual Father's Day event showcases 400 classic, antique and collector cars manufactured between 1896 and 1990; the Inner Circle of notable vehicles from 1940-44; and the Fast Lane area of auto aftermarket vendors. In celebration of Stan Hywet's ...Read more
Museum shows off bicycle collectionQuad City Times, June 11th
Harper will provide a guided walking tour of his historical bicycle collection from 5:30 to 6:30 p.m. July 9, at the art center, 1314 Mulberry Ave. Leo Landis, the curator for the State Historical Museum of Iowa, will present a talk titled "Riding...Read more
Take a vintage bicycle for a rideAlexandria Echo Press, June 4th
Have you ever wanted to ride a vintage bicycle? Do you enjoy cycling or simply spending time with friends? Everyone is invited to join a vintage bike ride on Sunday, June 14. The event check-in begins at 1 p.m. at Alexandria Industries parking lot...Read more