The prototype for the first skateboard was a bright red, metal toy from the 1930s called the Scooter Skate. When its handle was removed, a child could ride the three-wheeled contraption like a skateboard, except it had steel wheels and lacked the ability to turn. A four-wheeled Skeeter Skate appeared in the 1940s. It was only marginally better.
The first true skateboards were made in the 1950s. Initially, these were handmade affairs, constructed by kids out of cannibalized roller skates that were nailed to the bottoms of wooden boards. Sensing a market for these new skateboards, one company offered a Scoot Kit, which saved customers the trouble of destroying a perfectly good pair of roller skates.
In the 1960s, skate maker Roller Derby got into the act with its own Skate Board Kit, which came with clay wheels mounted on trucks that could be screwed through metal plates and mounted to a board. It didn’t take long for Roller Derby to figure out that it could sell more skateboards if they were fully assembled, which is what it did with the #10 Skate Board, which had a bright red deck and bone-rattling steel wheels...
The list of 1960s companies from Southern California to Ontario, Canada that made skateboards is very long. There was the Official Skee-Skate Air Master, whose brown deck featured a white box in which the owner could write his or her name. The narrow (4 inches) Zipees Sidewalk Surfboard played on the notion that skateboarding was really just surfing on concrete.
Many of the design precedents for contemporary skateboards were established in the 1960s. Putting logos on the board’s deck was one such standard—in the case of Genuine Skateboard of Canada, that meant a little graphic of a maple leaf. Sokol Surf Skate was one of the first boards to feature letters that were burned into the wood. It also had a rounded, surfboard shape. The decks of Nash Sidewalk Surfers sported a trio of stylized footprints; Bauer, the Canadian hockey-skate company, decorated its boards with a bold white arrow.
Super Skate, also from Canada, was one of the first companies to try to improve upon standard steel wheels by offering its customers wider clay ones. In fact, the clay was really a composite made out of walnut shells. Sincor of Venice Beach also went with clay, but added touches like tapered rails (edges) on its skateboard decks in a manner that was reminiscent of surfboards.
Color started to be a big deal, too. Roller Derby came out with the Mustang (yellow on aqua, with yellow wheels to match). Zipees’ Lahana M-444 had green clay wheels and a pair of brown-and-white stripes on the deck that deliberately recalled a surfboard design.
By the mid-1960s, Makaha of Santa Monica had hired surfer Phil Edwards to pitch its skateboards. Even more significant was the arrival of fiberglass and composite decks. Super Surfer’s fiberglass board, with its textured deck to ensure a good grip, was the hit of the 1965 World Skateboarding Championships in Anaheim, California.
The next major breakthrough came in 1972, when Frank Nasworthy invented urethane skateboard wheels. He called his company Cadillac Wheels, and his invention fostered a ton of new interest in the sport, as well as scores of imitators.
The Hang Ten, for example, was an aluminum skateboard with urethane wheels. Hobie diversified from surfboards to offer the Weaver Woody, which had Power Paw wheels and precision bearings to improve performance.
Skateboards were becoming increasingly sophisticated by the mid-1970s. Logan Earth Ski specialized in high-quality wooden decks, some with diamond tails, bulbous mid-sections, and delicately tapered rails. Bruce Logan, Torger Johnson, and Brad Logan all had signature models. Even Tony Alva of the famous Zephyr team from Dogtown (the area between Venice Beach and Santa Monica) rode a Logan.
In northern California, Santa Cruz Skate Boards was building skateboards with high-quality Bennett trucks and cream-of-the-crop Sims Pure Juice Bowl Rider wheels. Speed Springs trucks were also desirable—the Ed Nadalin Pro Model ran with those. Canadian company Wee Willie Winkels used X-Caliber trucks and Kahuna Tar wheels.
Rounding out the list of 1970s skateboard makers is G&S (Gordon & Smith), whose Fibreflex boards, with Bennett trucks and Power Paw wheels, were state-of-the-art wood-and-fiberglass laminates. G&S made a Stacey Peralta Warp Tail model—with Bahne trucks and Road Rider wheels—that was actually designed with empty swimming pools in mind. Alva Skates was another prominent company, as were the Pipecleaner and Moose skateboards produced by GNC.
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Second alert at scene of tragic skater dad's death in LlanelliThis is South Wales, May 23rd
The half-pipe shrine situated at Llanelli's skate park has been adorned with flowers, his trademark beanie hats and his broken skateboard decks. Messages of condolence have been written all over the ramp, showing the impact that Mr Williams had on his...Read more
Partner's tribute after Llanelli man's multi-storey car park deathThis is South Wales, May 22nd
The half pipe at Llanelli skatepark has now been covered in written tributes to Mike and has been adorned with flowers, his trademark beanie hats and his broken skateboard decks. "They were like a family to him," Charlotte said. "They were the closest...Read more
Recycling is not architectureSmartPlanet.com (blog), May 22nd
Returning from a tour of the International Contemporary Furniture Fair (ICFF) held in New York this week, I'm a bit disappointed by the persistence of ideas to the contrary. One example is a company that collects skateboard decks, chops them into...Read more
Pedro Barros three-peats in Skateboard ParkESPN, May 19th
In McClain's second X Games appearance, the 22-year-old Powell Peralta rider came into the final widely considered the event's dark horse, drawing new lines with each run and mixing tricks from different generations of skateboarding. Fifteen-year-old...Read more
Day 1 of Deck Art Draws Big Crowds to Downtown RochesterPatch.com, May 17th
If the crowds in downtown Rochester on Thursday were any indication, one needn't know how to ollie or grind a rail to appreciate some skateboard deck art. Deck Art 2013, which kicked off Thursday and resumes from 5-9 p.m. today, features more than 250...Read more
Class inspires creativity in first-time artists at Los Banos HighLos Banos Enterprise, May 17th
Permanent marker and a skateboard deck were enough to inspire 17-year-old David Melendez. "It's all freehand," the 11th-grader said. "I can add more arrows as I go along, but, generally, I just start off with a base amount of arrows and just go from...Read more
Japanese artist Haroshi makes skull out of skateboard decks for fundraiser ...The Japan Daily Press, May 7th
Probably one of the most exciting pieces of the annual On Deck skateboard fundraiser will – sadly for all the prospective buyers out there – not be for sale. Japan's very own Haroshi, a self-taught artist who has a fondness for making art out of used...Read more
Faceplant Boardriders Redesigned Skateboard Deck The “Kingspin” Has Been ...PR Web (press release), April 26th
The are now pressing out the skateboard deck even more to give the board bigger kicks, natural wheelwells for added wheel clearance, and a solid concave throughout the deck to help keep the riders feet locked in. The tips are still blunted to help the...Read more