Given the nature of perfume, from the confidence it gives its wearer to the indescribable effect it sometimes has on its very targeted audience, it’s not surprising that perfume has long been kept in bottles whose shapes seem to echo the mysterious properties of the fluids inside them. Whether it’s a slender phial, a tiny tear-shaped lachrymatory, or a round, flat-sided ampullae, perfume bottles are designed to contain magic, which is only unleashed when the bottle is opened and a drop or two of the precious liquid is discreetly applied.
Glassblowers in Britain, Bohemia, Germany, and France made perfume bottles throughout the 19th century. U.S. glass manufacturers such as the New England Glass Company and the Boston & Sandwich Glass Company also made perfume bottles during the 1800s. Some of these were hexagonal and opaque (white, blue, and green were common colors), with knobby, pineapple-shaped stoppers. Others were known gemel bottles, in which two flattened oval bottles were joined in the furnace, their necks pointing in opposite directions. Gemel bottles, especially standing ones in bright colors, are especially sought after.
For collectors, a sweet spot for antique perfume bottles is Art Nouveau. Beginning around 1890, artisans and glass factories alike produced elaborate cut or blown glass perfume bottles with ornate caps, some of which had hinged silver stoppers and collars. Purse-sized conical bottles with very short necks and round stoppers were often decorated with gilt flower-and-leaf patterns; manufacturers included Thomas Webb & Sons and Stevens & Williams Glass Company, both from Staffordshire, England.
The same companies also produced perfume bottles in cameo glass. Again, leaves and flowers were popular motifs, in colors that ranged from pink to purple to green, all of which were encased in white. In the United States, Steuben manufactured bulb-shaped perfume bottles using the company’s Verre de Soie technique, with glass threads wrapping the piece and matching the color of its iridescent base. Tiffany’s bottles included short, stumpy crystal cylinders with hob-nail bottoms and ornately engraved silver caps that covered the bottle’s crystal stopper.
In France, René Lalique was a giant when it came to small perfume bottles, which he produced in a series of ever-larger factories outside of Paris for François Coty and other perfume makers. Lalique brought his jeweler’s eye to perfume bottles—he even used a jewelry-casting process called cire perdue, also known as lost wax.
Unlike a lot of his contemporaries, Lalique did not add lead to his crystal. Instead, he preferred a demi-crystal because it was inexpensive, easy to work with, and imbued his perfume bottles with what became his trademark milky opalescence.
During Lalique’s collaboration with Coty, which lasted through the 1930s, he also made perfume bottles for d’Orsay and Roger et Gallet. One such bottle for Roger et Gallet was crowned by an elaborate tiara stopper, one of Lalique’s most copied designs. Another was an opaque green circular bottle with a bird on one side and the words "LE JADE" at the bottom...
Later, as Lalique’s name became as synonymous with perfume bottles as Coty’s, he would make empty vessels so that customers could transfer their perfumes into Lalique’s more elegant containers. Tantot and Amphitrite are just two examples of unfilled Lalique perfume bottles.
During the 1920s and ’30s, glass perfume bottles inspired by the Art Deco movement were all the rage. Natural forms and motifs gave way to geometric shapes and bold, streamlined designs. In Czechoslovakia, perfume bottles from this era are routinely made of blown and meticulously cut crystal. For some of these bottles, the diameters of the stoppers were a great as those of the bottles beneath them, giving these otherwise simple containers the look of a Vegas showgirl wearing an impossibly top-heavy headdress.
But between the wars, Paris was the place for perfume and perfume bottles. Signature shapes for Chanel No. 5 and Shalimar by Guerlain were codified, and beautiful collaborations took place between Baccarat, the legendary maker of fine crystal, and everyone from Guerlain to fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli. For Guerlain, Baccarat created the Japanese-influenced Liu bottle, with its square-sided black body adorned gold labels. For Schiaparelli, Baccarat produced a bottle in the shape of a candle in a candlestick, with a gilt-metal flame for a stopper.
Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)
Museu Del Perfum
Historic Glass Bottle Identification
Antique Bottle Collector's Haven
Bottle Cap Index
Old Spice Collectibles
Clubs & Associations
- International Perfume Bottle Association
- Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors
- Little Rhody Bottle Club
- Midwest Antique Fruit Jar & Bottle Club
- Findlay Antique Bottle Club
Other Great Reference Sites
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Recent News: Perfume Bottles
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Perfume for my fatherThe Christian Century, July 3rd
Of all the presents I've ever given my father—the lavish art books, the magnificent antique easel we bought together for his studio, the cashmere, and the classical music—it was the small bottle of fragrant bath essence I gave him last Christmas that...Read more
Kovels on Antiques and Collectibles July 2015 Newsletter AvailableBenzinga, July 2nd
The just-released July 2015 Kovels on Antiques and Collectibles newsletter features music boxes, perfume bottles, insulators, garden furniture and vintage bicycles, all with photos and prices. (PRWEB) July 02, 2015. Antique music boxes auctioned in...Read more
Famous Faces Hit the Fragrance Foundation AwardsYahoo News, June 18th
I love an antique looking bottle – something that looks like it's been around forever. Emma Willis: Not a lot. I think I have three on rotation. I've got kids at home, so I don't fragrance too much. What is your favorite scent for the opposite sex...Read more
Unearthing secrets of school WW2 air raid trenchABC Local, June 16th
Using hand tools, locals have unearthed all manner of odds and ends, such as antique buttons, perfume bottles, threepences and a decades-old cordial bottle from once-famous local soft drink company Shambrooks. Kirra Hill Heritage Group's Sue Burnett ...Read more
Purses are her bag: 1 tiny gift started AC woman's impressive antique collectionTriValley Central, June 15th
AC resident Mary Nunn has a passion for antique purses. Her collection features purses in all shapes and sizes including this tiny dance purse which holds a comb, mirror, lipstick, powder, powder puff, perfume bottle, erasable celluloid pad and pencil...Read more
Top tips for lovers of yard salesThe Daily Freeman, June 11th
That's right, the high-priced auction and Internet markets for art, antiques and collectibles use yard sales as a major source for inventory. And, many of the major auction houses and smaller estate auction houses regularly send out people known as...Read more
Art & Antiques: Expert tips for becoming yard-sale savvyCentre Daily Times, June 6th
These buyers know what you've got, what it is really worth and where to sell it for top dollar, and they are not in the game to tell you that you just made a big mistake putting out that Eastlake table or vintage Guerlain perfume bottle on the front...Read more
Perfume bottle collectors ready for convention in SpartanburgSpartanburg Herald Journal, April 29th
Jay Kaplan shows off some of his collection of perfume bottles on display at the Spartanburg Art Museum in the Chapman Cultural Center. The display is in conjunction with the International Perfume Bottle Association holding its 27th annual convention...Read more