Given the nature of perfume, from the confidence it gives its wearer to the indescribable effect it sometimes has on its very targeted audience, it’s not surprising that perfume has long been kept in bottles whose shapes seem to echo the mysterious properties of the fluids inside them. Whether it’s a slender phial, a tiny tear-shaped lachrymatory, or a round, flat-sided ampullae, perfume bottles are designed to contain magic, which is only unleashed when the bottle is opened and a drop or two of the precious liquid is discreetly applied.
Glassblowers in Britain, Bohemia, Germany, and France made perfume bottles throughout the 19th century. U.S. glass manufacturers such as the New England Glass Company and the Boston & Sandwich Glass Company also made perfume bottles during the 1800s. Some of these were hexagonal and opaque (white, blue, and green were common colors), with knobby, pineapple-shaped stoppers. Others were known gemel bottles, in which two flattened oval bottles were joined in the furnace, their necks pointing in opposite directions. Gemel bottles, especially standing ones in bright colors, are especially sought after.
For collectors, a sweet spot for antique perfume bottles is Art Nouveau. Beginning around 1890, artisans and glass factories alike produced elaborate cut or blown glass perfume bottles with ornate caps, some of which had hinged silver stoppers and collars. Purse-sized conical bottles with very short necks and round stoppers were often decorated with gilt flower-and-leaf patterns; manufacturers included Thomas Webb & Sons and Stevens & Williams Glass Company, both from Staffordshire, England.
The same companies also produced perfume bottles in cameo glass. Again, leaves and flowers were popular motifs, in colors that ranged from pink to purple to green, all of which were encased in white. In the United States, Steuben manufactured bulb-shaped perfume bottles using the company’s Verre de Soie technique, with glass threads wrapping the piece and matching the color of its iridescent base. Tiffany’s bottles included short, stumpy crystal cylinders with hob-nail bottoms and ornately engraved silver caps that covered the bottle’s crystal stopper.
In France, René Lalique was a giant when it came to small perfume bottles, which he produced in a series of ever-larger factories outside of Paris for François Coty and other perfume makers. Lalique brought his jeweler’s eye to perfume bottles—he even used a jewelry-casting process called cire perdue, also known as lost wax.
Unlike a lot of his contemporaries, Lalique did not add lead to his crystal. Instead, he preferred a demi-crystal because it was inexpensive, easy to work with, and imbued his perfume bottles with what became his trademark milky opalescence.
During Lalique’s collaboration with Coty, which lasted through the 1930s, he also made perfume bottles for d’Orsay and Roger et Gallet. One such bottle for Roger et Gallet was crowned by an elaborate tiara stopper, one of Lalique’s most copied designs. Another was an opaque green circular bottle with a bird on one side and the words "LE JADE" at the bottom...
Later, as Lalique’s name became as synonymous with perfume bottles as Coty’s, he would make empty vessels so that customers could transfer their perfumes into Lalique’s more elegant containers. Tantot and Amphitrite are just two examples of unfilled Lalique perfume bottles.
During the 1920s and ’30s, glass perfume bottles inspired by the Art Deco movement were all the rage. Natural forms and motifs gave way to geometric shapes and bold, streamlined designs. In Czechoslovakia, perfume bottles from this era are routinely made of blown and meticulously cut crystal. For some of these bottles, the diameters of the stoppers were a great as those of the bottles beneath them, giving these otherwise simple containers the look of a Vegas showgirl wearing an impossibly top-heavy headdress.
But between the wars, Paris was the place for perfume and perfume bottles. Signature shapes for Chanel No. 5 and Shalimar by Guerlain were codified, and beautiful collaborations took place between Baccarat, the legendary maker of fine crystal, and everyone from Guerlain to fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli. For Guerlain, Baccarat created the Japanese-influenced Liu bottle, with its square-sided black body adorned gold labels. For Schiaparelli, Baccarat produced a bottle in the shape of a candle in a candlestick, with a gilt-metal flame for a stopper.
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A behind-the-scenes look at the estate sale businessTampabay.com, February 12th
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Jane Seymour's Guide to Romantic Living Hoped to Resurrect Romance in the ...Jezebel, February 8th
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North Dakota Doodle Representative is a Red River StudentMirror Daily, February 6th
The North Dakota Doodle representative is a Red River student. Hannah Quin chose to reinterpret the famous Google logo by cleverly aligning some antique objects such as a gramophone, an old telephone, a bottle of perfume and a pocket watch. The theme ...Read more
Kovels: Teddy bears popular toys since first createdINFORUM, February 4th
Today, a collector can find a vintage Teddy with glass or plastic eyes, and brown, white, tan or even red fur of mohair or polyester. Some are small and hold a perfume bottle, some have eyes that light up and some are more than 5 feet tall. A lucky...Read more
The World's Most Dedicated All-Natural PerfumerNew York Times, February 3rd
That ''stuff'' includes antique ambergris, 100-year-old cassia bark, rose oil from Isparta, vanilla absolute imported from Madagascar via water bottle, iris-root butter, Tahitian gardenia and deer musk, all of which are stored only a few yards away...Read more
Ten Perfect Date Nights in Ten Global CitiesBloomberg, February 1st
Yu Massage on Wuyuan Lu, just off historic Wukang road, has charming wood-lined interiors and antique wallpaper—and you'll get sweet red date tea served to you before and after your treatments. Try the four hands oil massage. 4:00 p.m.: If you're gong...Read more
IPBA offering help on perfume bottle identification, valuationAntique Trader, January 6th
Perfume bottles are one of the most popular chapters of Antique Trader Bottles, 7th Ed. This perennial favorite of bottle collectors of all interests is a good addition to your personal library, and a reference you can turn to with confidence. The...Read more
Perfume Bottle Auction Brings $533724Maine Antique Digest, September 7th
The 27th annual convention of the International Perfume Bottle Association (IPBA) was held in Spartanburg, South Carolina, April 30 to May 3. A highlight of the convention was a perfume bottle auction with Nicholas Dawes, an appraiser with Antiques ...Read more