Given the nature of perfume, from the confidence it gives its wearer to the indescribable effect it sometimes has on its very targeted audience, it’s not surprising that perfume has long been kept in bottles whose shapes seem to echo the mysterious properties of the fluids inside them. Whether it’s a slender phial, a tiny tear-shaped lachrymatory, or a round, flat-sided ampullae, perfume bottles are designed to contain magic, which is only unleashed when the bottle is opened and a drop or two of the precious liquid is discreetly applied.
Glassblowers in Britain, Bohemia, Germany, and France made perfume bottles throughout the 19th century. U.S. glass manufacturers such as the New England Glass Company and the Boston & Sandwich Glass Company also made perfume bottles during the 1800s. Some of these were hexagonal and opaque (white, blue, and green were common colors), with knobby, pineapple-shaped stoppers. Others were known gemel bottles, in which two flattened oval bottles were joined in the furnace, their necks pointing in opposite directions. Gemel bottles, especially standing ones in bright colors, are especially sought after.
For collectors, a sweet spot for antique perfume bottles is Art Nouveau. Beginning around 1890, artisans and glass factories alike produced elaborate cut or blown glass perfume bottles with ornate caps, some of which had hinged silver stoppers and collars. Purse-sized conical bottles with very short necks and round stoppers were often decorated with gilt flower-and-leaf patterns; manufacturers included Thomas Webb & Sons and Stevens & Williams Glass Company, both from Staffordshire, England.
The same companies also produced perfume bottles in cameo glass. Again, leaves and flowers were popular motifs, in colors that ranged from pink to purple to green, all of which were encased in white. In the United States, Steuben manufactured bulb-shaped perfume bottles using the company’s Verre de Soie technique, with glass threads wrapping the piece and matching the color of its iridescent base. Tiffany’s bottles included short, stumpy crystal cylinders with hob-nail bottoms and ornately engraved silver caps that covered the bottle’s crystal stopper.
In France, René Lalique was a giant when it came to small perfume bottles, which he produced in a series of ever-larger factories outside of Paris for François Coty and other perfume makers. Lalique brought his jeweler’s eye to perfume bottles—he even used a jewelry-casting process called cire perdue, also known as lost wax.
Unlike a lot of his contemporaries, Lalique did not add lead to his crystal. Instead, he preferred a demi-crystal because it was inexpensive, easy to work with, and imbued his perfume bottles with what became his trademark milky opalescence.
During Lalique’s collaboration with Coty, which lasted through the 1930s, he also made perfume bottles for d’Orsay and Roger et Gallet. One such bottle for Roger et Gallet was crowned by an elaborate tiara stopper, one of Lalique’s most copied designs. Another was an opaque green circular bottle with a bird on one side and the words "LE JADE" at the bottom...
Later, as Lalique’s name became as synonymous with perfume bottles as Coty’s, he would make empty vessels so that customers could transfer their perfumes into Lalique’s more elegant containers. Tantot and Amphitrite are just two examples of unfilled Lalique perfume bottles.
During the 1920s and ’30s, glass perfume bottles inspired by the Art Deco movement were all the rage. Natural forms and motifs gave way to geometric shapes and bold, streamlined designs. In Czechoslovakia, perfume bottles from this era are routinely made of blown and meticulously cut crystal. For some of these bottles, the diameters of the stoppers were a great as those of the bottles beneath them, giving these otherwise simple containers the look of a Vegas showgirl wearing an impossibly top-heavy headdress.
But between the wars, Paris was the place for perfume and perfume bottles. Signature shapes for Chanel No. 5 and Shalimar by Guerlain were codified, and beautiful collaborations took place between Baccarat, the legendary maker of fine crystal, and everyone from Guerlain to fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli. For Guerlain, Baccarat created the Japanese-influenced Liu bottle, with its square-sided black body adorned gold labels. For Schiaparelli, Baccarat produced a bottle in the shape of a candle in a candlestick, with a gilt-metal flame for a stopper.
Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)
California Perfume Company
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Historic Glass Bottle Identification
Antique Bottle Collector's Haven
Bottle Cap Index
Old Spice Collectibles
Clubs & Associations
- International Perfume Bottle Association
- Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors
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- Midwest Antique Fruit Jar & Bottle Club
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Weekend break in Washington State offers an eclectic blend of experiencesThe Province, April 23rd
Our first stop was Fred's Rivertown Alehouse in Snohomish, a riverside town of antique shops and restaurants a short jaunt east of the I-5. "Wow, look at all those bottles!" I said, as we sat down at the bar. The bartender presented us with both the...Read more
Cleaning out Mom & Dad's home without a fightMarketWatch, April 21st
Hulstrand: One of the most surprising things we learned in writing our book was that some things that absolutely seem like junk—for example, empty perfume bottles—are actually collector's items. When I asked a curator at a local historical society...Read more
Display your collections proudlyCalgary Sun, April 19th
I have a girlfriend who by default started collecting ceramic frogs years ago, another who collects interesting teapots, another fashion books and vintage perfume bottles. I collect crosses. I just love the design of a cross and, through my many...Read more
How this interior designer adds a touch of sparkle to her favourite roomThe Globe and Mail, April 18th
This antique silver tray is from Cynthia Findlay Antiques in Toronto. I use it to display cut-crystal perfume bottles and inkwells. Accessories like this finish a room. Often, I purchase them without knowing where they will go, but I buy them on...Read more
Estate Sale Roundup: April 18-20: Slow Weekends Often Yield the Best StealsAustin Chronicle, April 18th
In no particular order, you'll find a Space Shuttle pinball machine; sports memorabilia, including a Super Bowl Atlanta 2000 jacket; Dallas Cowboys artifacts; antique perfume flacons; high-quality decorative porcelain; Brunswick slate-top pool table...Read more
#HandbagHero Aqua Manda handbag perfumehandbag.com, April 16th
What is Aqua Manda Purse Spray? Perfumer Christopher Collins' Aqua Manda fragrance first made it's mark on the beauty scene in the 60s and 70s. The vintage fragrance is now back, hurrah, in a handy handbag size bottle...Read more
Something Old: The changing tastes of collectorsFoster's Daily Democrat, April 10th
A: The perfume bottle was designed in 1947 by Marc Lalique for Nina Ricci's fragrance “L'Air du Temps.” The clear glass bottle has fluted sides and a frosted stopper with the fragrance's iconic figural doves in flight. This 9-inch bottle is a “factice...Read more
Buyers have an eye and a nose for scent bottlesazcentral, April 4th
Two books I think might be helpful are "The Antique Trader Perfume Bottle Price Guide," edited by Kyle Husfloen and published by Krause Books, and "The Wonderful World of Collecting Perfume Bottles," by Jane Flanagan and now in its second edition from ...Read more