Given the nature of perfume, from the confidence it gives its wearer to the indescribable effect it sometimes has on its very targeted audience, it’s not surprising that perfume has long been kept in bottles whose shapes seem to echo the mysterious properties of the fluids inside them. Whether it’s a slender phial, a tiny tear-shaped lachrymatory, or a round, flat-sided ampullae, perfume bottles are designed to contain magic, which is only unleashed when the bottle is opened and a drop or two of the precious liquid is discreetly applied.
Glassblowers in Britain, Bohemia, Germany, and France made perfume bottles throughout the 19th century. U.S. glass manufacturers such as the New England Glass Company and the Boston & Sandwich Glass Company also made perfume bottles during the 1800s. Some of these were hexagonal and opaque (white, blue, and green were common colors), with knobby, pineapple-shaped stoppers. Others were known gemel bottles, in which two flattened oval bottles were joined in the furnace, their necks pointing in opposite directions. Gemel bottles, especially standing ones in bright colors, are especially sought after.
For collectors, a sweet spot for antique perfume bottles is Art Nouveau. Beginning around 1890, artisans and glass factories alike produced elaborate cut or blown glass perfume bottles with ornate caps, some of which had hinged silver stoppers and collars. Purse-sized conical bottles with very short necks and round stoppers were often decorated with gilt flower-and-leaf patterns; manufacturers included Thomas Webb & Sons and Stevens & Williams Glass Company, both from Staffordshire, England.
The same companies also produced perfume bottles in cameo glass. Again, leaves and flowers were popular motifs, in colors that ranged from pink to purple to green, all of which were encased in white. In the United States, Steuben manufactured bulb-shaped perfume bottles using the company’s Verre de Soie technique, with glass threads wrapping the piece and matching the color of its iridescent base. Tiffany’s bottles included short, stumpy crystal cylinders with hob-nail bottoms and ornately engraved silver caps that covered the bottle’s crystal stopper.
In France, René Lalique was a giant when it came to small perfume bottles, which he produced in a series of ever-larger factories outside of Paris for François Coty and other perfume makers. Lalique brought his jeweler’s eye to perfume bottles—he even used a jewelry-casting process called cire perdue, also known as lost wax.
Unlike a lot of his contemporaries, Lalique did not add lead to his crystal. Instead, he preferred a demi-crystal because it was inexpensive, easy to work with, and imbued his perfume bottles with what became his trademark milky opalescence.
During Lalique’s collaboration with Coty, which lasted through the 1930s, he also made perfume bottles for d’Orsay and Roger et Gallet. One such bottle for Roger et Gallet was crowned by an elaborate tiara stopper, one of Lalique’s most copied designs. Another was an opaque green circular bottle with a bird on one side and the words "LE JADE" at the bottom...
Later, as Lalique’s name became as synonymous with perfume bottles as Coty’s, he would make empty vessels so that customers could transfer their perfumes into Lalique’s more elegant containers. Tantot and Amphitrite are just two examples of unfilled Lalique perfume bottles.
During the 1920s and ’30s, glass perfume bottles inspired by the Art Deco movement were all the rage. Natural forms and motifs gave way to geometric shapes and bold, streamlined designs. In Czechoslovakia, perfume bottles from this era are routinely made of blown and meticulously cut crystal. For some of these bottles, the diameters of the stoppers were a great as those of the bottles beneath them, giving these otherwise simple containers the look of a Vegas showgirl wearing an impossibly top-heavy headdress.
But between the wars, Paris was the place for perfume and perfume bottles. Signature shapes for Chanel No. 5 and Shalimar by Guerlain were codified, and beautiful collaborations took place between Baccarat, the legendary maker of fine crystal, and everyone from Guerlain to fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli. For Guerlain, Baccarat created the Japanese-influenced Liu bottle, with its square-sided black body adorned gold labels. For Schiaparelli, Baccarat produced a bottle in the shape of a candle in a candlestick, with a gilt-metal flame for a stopper.
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Lakeside Antique Show hosts those from all aroundFremont News Messenger, August 23rd
They always gave me a beautiful small piece of jewelry, a little perfume bottle, a little Vienna bronze animal," Kao said. "Other kids sleep with teddy bears; I slept with Vienna bronze cockatoo and frogs." Kao, who specializes in fine jewelry and...Read more
The collector's eye of Ashley MedowskiMartha's Vineyard Times, August 19th
Two small, antique bottles — one for perfume and the other Bayer Aspirin — are lovingly mounted in backgrounds of microbeads and framed with salvaged wood. Ms. Medowski makes all her own frames. Look closely into the bottles, and you will discover ...Read more
PICTURED: Take a look at Epsom's new-look Café RougeYour Local Guardian, August 18th
The entrance now features ornate coaching lanterns and Yew trees while inside a wall is decorated with a perfume mural and an impressive vintage perfume bottle display. A family-friendly area has been created, and a children's menu introduced, while ...Read more
Why Is The Panther Cartier's Pet Animal? Thank Jeanne ToussaintQuill & Pad, August 4th
Cartier is well-known for its Art Deco pieces and love of exploring the aesthetics of wild beasts, however that still doesn't fully explain why the century-old Panthère collection became as iconic as it is today. However, every brilliant thing has a...Read more
Great leaps forward in ice cream historyThe Daily Star, August 3rd
By combining snow with saltpeter (potassium nitrate, which was manufactured in bulk as an explosive for military use) in a bucket, he managed to make a mixture that was cold enough that a sealed bottle of water submerged in it would turn to ice. It...Read more
Vintage view: perfume bottlesIrish Examiner, June 13th
Beyond looks, the most arousing element of a woman's physical arsenal is her scent. Where the mysterious work of natural pheromones end, the subtle addition of a man-made elixir of love takes over. Since ancient times, perfume of quality has always...Read more
Perfume bottle collectors praise Southern hospitalitySpartanburg Herald Journal, May 3rd
Her collection contains many pristine examples of perfume bottles and other vanity items from the Victorian period. Her love of antiques began she when was 7 years old, when she bought a German silver purse for 10 cents. "It was my first antique...Read more
Perfume bottle collectors ready for convention in SpartanburgSpartanburg Herald Journal, April 29th
Jay Kaplan shows off some of his collection of perfume bottles on display at the Spartanburg Art Museum in the Chapman Cultural Center. The display is in conjunction with the International Perfume Bottle Association holding its 27th annual convention...Read more