The practice of selling beer by the can coincided with the end of Prohibition in 1933. Anticipating, perhaps, a change in the political climate, American Can Company had a flat-topped steel beer can ready to go, but it had to offer to install its canning line for free before a Newark, New Jersey, brewer named Krueger would agree to package its beer in cans. In fact, Krueger was so worried its customers would reject beer in cans that it didn’t launch its new product until 1935, and chose Richmond, Virginia, as its test market. Richmond was deemed far enough away from headquarters not to hurt the brewer’s reputation if the cans were crushed by the bottled competition.

Canned beer, though, was an immediate hit, prompting National Can and Continental Can to tool up that same year. National’s first customer was Northampton, which canned its Tru-Blu brands in flat-top cans. National canned beer for numerous other small brewers, too, from Red Top in Cincinnati to King’s Brewing in Brooklyn. American Can landed big national accounts like Anheuser-Busch (maker of Budweiser), Pabst, and Ballantine. Continental was famous for the cone-topped cans it produced for Schlitz.

Cone-top cans appealed to customers because they were easy to pour, and they were popular with brewers because the cans could be slotted into existing bottling lines. There were low-profile cone tops and high-profiles ones, as well as mid-profile J-spout cans, all of which were assembled from three pieces of metal. The exception to this rule was the Crowntainer, whose concave base anchored that can’s one-piece body.

Flat tops were simpler to make and cheaper to ship than cone tops—in the end, that won the day. Because flat-top cans were ubiquitous compared to cone-top cans, which had all but disappeared by the end of the 1950s, cone tops are generally more sought after by collectors.

Another subset of beer-can collecting focuses on cans made during World War II. All beer sent to the military, which was supposed to account for 15 percent of each brewer’s output, had less alcohol in it than beer brewed for domestic consumption (3.2 percent versus 4-to-7 percent). That’s one differentiator to look for when trying to date a potential war-era can, which should also have a statement on it that reads, "Withdrawn Free of Internal Revenue Tax for Exportation." By 1944, the domestic labels used for canned military-bound beer were replaced with olive-drab packaging, which makes these cans even easier to identify.

In the postwar years, all flat-top cans had to be opened manually with a church key. In 1960, Burger Brewing of Cincinnati introduced a steel can with an aluminum lid to make this task easier for consumers. But the major change in beer cans occurred in 1962, when Pittsburgh’s Iron City Brewing canned its beer in Alcoa-made zip-top cans. Over the next two years, numerous different types of zip-top cans would be introduced, some with no instructions on the can’s tops, others with sharp edges on the tab itself, and a few that left an opening in the top of the can that collectors refer to as a dogbone for its shape. Schiltz called its zip tops "pop tops." Call them what you like, but these small, sharp strips of metal littered beaches and parks until 1975, when they were replaced by stay tabs.


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Recent News: Beer Cans

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Girls' Night Out, Western Reserve Historical Society's Somewhere in Time ...
cleveland.com, December 18th

Silent auction includes specialty and barrel-aged beers, gift cards, beer memorabilia and verticals of rare beers. Benefits Malachi House of Hope, a Cleveland-based hospice-oriented organization that serves the terminally ill and receives no government ...Read more

Portland restaurant and bar events -- Week of 12/17 - 12/23
OregonLive.com, December 17th

Vintage Beer Program and Holiday Fundraiser at Saraveza: Saraveza Bottle Shop & Pasty Tavern will be launching a vintage beer program selling barrel-aged beer from all over the world. Starting Dec. 1, Saraveza will also begin their vintage beer holiday ...Read more

Bill Meck, LEX18 Chief Meteorologist
LEX18 Lexington KY News, December 17th

The chances are good that your child or one you know has had a visit from LEX18 18 Storm Tracker Chief Meteorologist Bill Meck. Since arriving in Lexington way back in 1999 Bill has seen over 50,000 Kentucky kids with his Bill's Weather 101 presentations...Read more

Saraveza launches Vintage Beer Program and Holiday Fundraiser
The Daily Meal, November 26th

saraveza-logo Portland favorite beer bar Saraveza Bottle Shop & Pasty Tavern is launching a vintage beer program selling barrel aged beer from all over the world, and starting December 1, Saraveza will begin their vintage beer holiday fundraiser...Read more

Watch Mike Nichols' Vintage Beer Ads
AdAge.com, November 22nd

Hollywood icon Mike Nichols died this week at the age of 83. A prodigious director and performer, Mr. Nichols directed roughly two dozen movies, including "The Graduate," "Catch-22" and "The Birdcage." Along the way, he won an Oscar, four Emmys, nine ...Read more

Breweriana enthusiasts come to Topeka to check out cans
Topeka Capital Journal, September 28th

Breweriana: Any collectible related to brewing or beer, including labels, signs, trays, openers and stationery. Cone top: A type of can topped with a spout produced from 1935 until about 1960, but most common in the 1930s and 1940s. It quickly was...Read more

15 Awesome Vintage Beer Cans
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'Breweriana' show features old beer cans, trays, signs, Cleveland history
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BCAA has been in existence 44 years and has evolved from an organization that once focused solely on trading cans to a group that promotes all things breweriana, valuing the history of openers, trays, bottles, clocks, coasters – really anything...Read more