The practice of selling beer by the can coincided with the end of Prohibition in 1933. Anticipating, perhaps, a change in the political climate, American Can Company had a flat-topped steel beer can ready to go, but it had to offer to install its canning line for free before a Newark, New Jersey, brewer named Krueger would agree to package its beer in cans. In fact, Krueger was so worried its customers would reject beer in cans that it didn’t launch its new product until 1935, and chose Richmond, Virginia, as its test market. Richmond was deemed far enough away from headquarters not to hurt the brewer’s reputation if the cans were crushed by the bottled competition.

Canned beer, though, was an immediate hit, prompting National Can and Continental Can to tool up that same year. National’s first customer was Northampton, which canned its Tru-Blu brands in flat-top cans. National canned beer for numerous other small brewers, too, from Red Top in Cincinnati to King’s Brewing in Brooklyn. American Can landed big national accounts like Anheuser-Busch (maker of Budweiser), Pabst, and Ballantine. Continental was famous for the cone-topped cans it produced for Schlitz.

Cone-top cans appealed to customers because they were easy to pour, and they were popular with brewers because the cans could be slotted into existing bottling lines. There were low-profile cone tops and high-profiles ones, as well as mid-profile J-spout cans, all of which were assembled from three pieces of metal. The exception to this rule was the Crowntainer, whose concave base anchored that can’s one-piece body.

Flat tops were simpler to make and cheaper to ship than cone tops—in the end, that won the day. Because flat-top cans were ubiquitous compared to cone-top cans, which had all but disappeared by the end of the 1950s, cone tops are generally more sought after by collectors.

Another subset of beer-can collecting focuses on cans made during World War II. All beer sent to the military, which was supposed to account for 15 percent of each brewer’s output, had less alcohol in it than beer brewed for domestic consumption (3.2 percent versus 4-to-7 percent). That’s one differentiator to look for when trying to date a potential war-era can, which should also have a statement on it that reads, "Withdrawn Free of Internal Revenue Tax for Exportation." By 1944, the domestic labels used for canned military-bound beer were replaced with olive-drab packaging, which makes these cans even easier to identify.

In the postwar years, all flat-top cans had to be opened manually with a church key. In 1960, Burger Brewing of Cincinnati introduced a steel can with an aluminum lid to make this task easier for consumers. But the major change in beer cans occurred in 1962, when Pittsburgh’s Iron City Brewing canned its beer in Alcoa-made zip-top cans. Over the next two years, numerous different types of zip-top cans would be introduced, some with no instructions on the can’s tops, others with sharp edges on the tab itself, and a few that left an opening in the top of the can that collectors refer to as a dogbone for its shape. Schiltz called its zip tops "pop tops." Call them what you like, but these small, sharp strips of metal littered beaches and parks until 1975, when they were replaced by stay tabs.

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Recent News: Beer Cans

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Doc Bresler's Cavity Busters: A Tribute
Philadelphia Magazine (blog), March 27th

(Per the Inquirer obit, he also "had an extensive collection of beer memorabilia, 'which is ironic since he never had a beer in his life,' his family said.") And I knew Doc Bresler despite never seeing him, and that's because of his infomercial. I don...Read more

Featured Bar of the Week: Prince's Tavern
Sioux City Journal, March 26th

Atmosphere: Walls are adorned with a hodge podge of beer memorabilia including an antique vintage Budweiser Clydesdales Carousel Light hanging on a chain above the bar. Autographed jerseys hang on the walls, including one from former West High ...Read more

David A. Bresler, 61, 'the kids' dentist, March 25th

He also had an extensive collection of beer memorabilia, "which is ironic since he never had a beer in his life," his family said. Besides his son, Dr. Bresler is survived by his wife, Sherry Fletcher; another son, Jason; daughters Rachel Bresler...Read more

How good are Trader Joe's beers? Let's peek behind the label, March 25th

Unibroue also produces an annual vintage beer for TJ's, so be on the lookout. Trader Joe's ciders are quite decent. Henry Hotspur's Hard Pressed For Cider is back-sweetened with apple juice, as its clearly juice-like flavor reveals. The Newton's Folly...Read more

Beer Calendar: Colorado Craft Beer Week Continues at Denver Beer Co ...
Westword, March 25th

"Guests can bring in their vintage beer items for appraisals, buy and sell, and browse through the club's collection of classic beer cans and brewery swag." The third annual Hops + Handrails Beer Fest & Rail Jam, hosted by Left Hand Brewing in Longmont...Read more

Diamonds in the rough
The Daily News of Newburyport, March 23rd

The prizes were trophies made with empty, antique beer cans and old license plates that were decades removed from their original vehicles. One person was even carried on a throne by event participants after judges determined a porcelain squirrel she ...Read more

Antiques column: Breweriana
Pocklington Post, March 19th

You don't have to be a collector to buy breweriana as a single item can be a focal point in a room but be warned, whereas one stone-glazed antique beer bottle may be an attractive ornament and acceptable to your other half, one from every brewery in...Read more

Vintage Beer? Aficionados Say Some Brews Taste Better With Age
NPR (blog), January 9th

In the late 1970s, a young Southern California beer enthusiast named Bill Sysak began doing something quite novel at the time. He bought cases of beer and stashed the bottles in his basement to age like wine. Over several years, Sysak discovered that ...Read more