The practice of selling beer by the can coincided with the end of Prohibition in 1933. Anticipating, perhaps, a change in the political climate, American Can Company had a flat-topped steel beer can ready to go, but it had to offer to install its canning line for free before a Newark, New Jersey, brewer named Krueger would agree to package its beer in cans. In fact, Krueger was so worried its customers would reject beer in cans that it didn’t launch its new product until 1935, and chose Richmond, Virginia, as its test market. Richmond was deemed far enough away from headquarters not to hurt the brewer’s reputation if the cans were crushed by the bottled competition.

Canned beer, though, was an immediate hit, prompting National Can and Continental Can to tool up that same year. National’s first customer was Northampton, which canned its Tru-Blu brands in flat-top cans. National canned beer for numerous other small brewers, too, from Red Top in Cincinnati to King’s Brewing in Brooklyn. American Can landed big national accounts like Anheuser-Busch (maker of Budweiser), Pabst, and Ballantine. Continental was famous for the cone-topped cans it produced for Schlitz.

Cone-top cans appealed to customers because they were easy to pour, and they were popular with brewers because the cans could be slotted into existing bottling lines. There were low-profile cone tops and high-profiles ones, as well as mid-profile J-spout cans, all of which were assembled from three pieces of metal. The exception to this rule was the Crowntainer, whose concave base anchored that can’s one-piece body.

Flat tops were simpler to make and cheaper to ship than cone tops—in the end, that won the day. Because flat-top cans were ubiquitous compared to cone-top cans, which had all but disappeared by the end of the 1950s, cone tops are generally more sought after by collectors.

Another subset of beer-can collecting focuses on cans made during World War II. All beer sent to the military, which was supposed to account for 15 percent of each brewer’s output, had less alcohol in it than beer brewed for domestic consumption (3.2 percent versus 4-to-7 percent). That’s one differentiator to look for when trying to date a potential war-era can, which should also have a statement on it that reads, "Withdrawn Free of Internal Revenue Tax for Exportation." By 1944, the domestic labels used for canned military-bound beer were replaced with olive-drab packaging, which makes these cans even easier to identify.

In the postwar years, all flat-top cans had to be opened manually with a church key. In 1960, Burger Brewing of Cincinnati introduced a steel can with an aluminum lid to make this task easier for consumers. But the major change in beer cans occurred in 1962, when Pittsburgh’s Iron City Brewing canned its beer in Alcoa-made zip-top cans. Over the next two years, numerous different types of zip-top cans would be introduced, some with no instructions on the can’s tops, others with sharp edges on the tab itself, and a few that left an opening in the top of the can that collectors refer to as a dogbone for its shape. Schiltz called its zip tops "pop tops." Call them what you like, but these small, sharp strips of metal littered beaches and parks until 1975, when they were replaced by stay tabs.

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Recent News: Beer Cans

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Portland restaurant and bar events -- Week of 10/29 - 11/4
The Oregonian -, October 29th

Saraveza's Vintage Beer Program Cantillon Night: Hosted by Tyler Treadwell, Saraveza's in-house vintage beer guru, on Nov. 2 from 4 - 6 p.m., the event will celebrate the kick-off of Saraveza's vintage beer program with tastings of five prized vintage...Read more

2014 Holiday Ale Festival Beer List & Tickets
The Daily Meal, October 28th

The festival works with every brewery involved to make sure they send a beer that has either been made or blended specifically for the event, or is a rare or vintage beer that isn't commonly tapped in the state, underscoring the event's reputation as...Read more

Portland's 100 best bars: Bar Tab 2014
The Oregonian -, October 28th

Kask (1215 S.W. Alder St., 503-241-7163, Old kitchen scales and vintage beer cans decorate the intimate space, but the cocktails are anything but dusty antiques. Kask freshens up the classics for modern ..... living room for many...Read more

The Seasoned Collector: November shows for collectors of all stripes
San Jose Mercury News, October 28th

The 31st annual Beer Can and Breweriana Show goes on Nov. 7 at the Santa Cruz County Fairgrounds in Watsonville, 2601 E. Lake Ave. Nearly 60 booths will sell signs, bottles, cans, coasters, advertising pieces, tap knobs, plus more. Hours: 8 a.m.-1 p.m. ...Read more

Portland restaurant and bar events -- Week of 10/22 - 10/28
The Oregonian -, October 22nd

Saraveza's Vintage Beer Program Cantillon Night: Hosted by Tyler Treadwell, Saraveza's in-house vintage beer guru, on Nov. 2 from 4 - 6 p.m., the event will celebrate the kick-off of Saraveza's vintage beer program with tastings of five prized vintage...Read more

Raise a glass to Hohenadel beer at brewer's historic mansion in East Falls, October 15th

The party features a pop-up museum of regional artifacts and breweriana, period-appropriate furniture staging, live entertainment by the Big Band-era's Harry Prime, a cocktail menu, wine, cider and complimentary glasses of Coughlin's reproduction...Read more

Beer Town: Hotoberfest is gone but other beer festivals live on
Atlanta Journal Constitution (blog), October 8th

The Wing Cafe in Marietta is putting its own spin on Hotoberfest with its First Annual Rare & Vintage Beer Brunch and Festival. Expect passed apps and small bites during the tasting, which takes place around the patio and tiki bar. Among the goodies on...Read more

Brewing history goes under the hammer at Camra's national breweriana auction
Burton Mail, September 30th

MORE than 160 items of brewing history went under the hammer at the national breweriana auction. The annual event, organised by the Campaign for Real Ale, sells off a range of brewery-related items and advertising material from companies such as ...Read more