Mapmaking dates to at least the late 15th century, just a few decades after Gutenberg’s introduction of the first moveable type printing press. By the time of Queen Elizabeth’s reign during the second half of the 16th century, people were already collecting these documents, which were usually bound in books, making them important additions to any self-respecting library.

Some of the most desirable early maps are the colorful engravings from the 1500s, which were quick to integrate, as best they could, the intelligence gleaned from voyages by such explorers as Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Giovanni Caboto, an Italian whose name is frequently shortened to Cabot. The first of these was Johann Ruysch’s 1507 map showing the New World, which was produced more than a decade before Ferdinand Magellan’s crew completed their late-captain’s circumnavigation of the world.

Gerard Mercator’s “Orbis Terrae Compendiosa Descriptio,” which was reproduced by his son Rumold in 1587 and published in numerous books and atlases after his death in 1594, gave viewers an equatorial azimuthal equidistant projection (in other words, the equator is the only non-curving latitude in the map) of the world divided into two hemispheres, depicting what we now call North and South America on the left and Africa, Europe, and Asia on the right.

By 1627, the famous London cartographer John Speed produced a decorative, double-hemisphere map of his own, which is notable for showing the state of California as an island. More than 100 years later, in 1750, Emanuel Bowen’s Mercator projection world map, in which all the latitudes and longitudes are parallel, got Baja California correct, but left the northwest corner of North America empty and unmapped.

If the geography depicted on world maps was occasionally a bit fuzzy, cartographers did a better job capturing more familiar places such as cities and towns. Sebastian Munster’s 1552 map of London used the woodblock printing technique to show streets to scale, outsize ships in the Thames, and noblemen and women in the foreground as a decorative touch. By comparison, John Rocque’s 1746 map of the same city almost looks like a satellite photograph—visitors to the city today could probably use it and not get too lost.

Some of the earliest regional maps of North America and the United States were produced by Europeans. Henry Hondius of The Hague created a map of Virginia in 1633 based on an original provided by Captain John Smith, who settled Jamestown. Amsterdam-based cartographer Jan Jansson created definitive maps of the northeast in 1666, and Francis Lamb engraved a decorative map of the Carolina coastline for Londoner John Speed in 1676.

As with Rocque’s 1746 map of London, Robert Sayer and John Bennett’s 1776 map of Florida looks surprisingly contemporary. And Joseph Colton’s large 1854 wall map of the United States is extremely accurate, with states, territories, and topographical features captured in loving detail.


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Recent News: Maps

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'After Hours' at the Bruce
Westfair Online, February 28th

Jack A. Somer, owner and collector of the antique maps currently on display; Tara Contractor, the museum's Samuel K. Kress interpretative fellow and an expert on the Hohenbuchau Collection paintings; and Daniel Ksepka, the museum's curator of science...Read more

Did you know, Omaha's downtown library has a historical map collection?
Omaha World-Herald, February 27th

Each month, this space will be dedicated to a library resource or service available free with your Omaha Public Library card. The 10th annual Restore Omaha Conference will take place today at Metropolitan Community College's South Omaha Campus...Read more

Things to do in and around Greenwich
Greenwich Time, February 27th

Community Answers fashion show fundraiser set for 11:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. March 8 at the Greenwich Hyatt Regency; clothing from top designers, local models. Tickets visit www.communityanswers.org or call 203-622-7979. Photo: Contributed Photo...Read more

Victor Watson, 'Monopoly Man', 1928-2015
Financial Times, February 27th

Aladdin Boots and the singularly low-budget Robin Hood and his Merry Man. Watson enjoyed walking in the rolling hills of Yorkshire and the main extravagance of this most modest yet globally conscious businessman was a collection of antique maps...Read more

Maps at McClung Museum offer glimpse into history
Knoxville News Sentinel, February 23rd

Professor Henri Grissino-Mayer examines the hand-drawn details in an antique map of Spain on Friday, Feb. 20, 2015, at the University of Tennessee Burchfiel Geography Building. Dating from 1740, it is one of almost 200 rare maps recently given to UT's ...Read more

Armstrong Map Collection on display
Georgia College News, February 16th

Pieces of the Armstrong Map Collection will be on display outside of Special Collections. Donated by former faculty, Dr. Tom Armstrong and his wife, Dr. Janice Fennell Armstrong, 40 maps in total now reside in Special Collections. The eight maps...Read more

Vintage map of the mound complex near Lake Minnetonka
Minneapolis Star Tribune (blog), February 16th

My Sunday column described the disturbance of an Indian mound at the east end of Lake Minnetonka, despite the area having been mapped as an archaeological site as early as 1883. Below is a map of the so-called Shaver Mounds included in a 1911 book, ...Read more

Map collector to give presentation
Hiawatha World, February 13th

Brown County map collector, Wesley Miller has a well preserved antique collection of Brown and Nemaha County Plat maps. They will be the topic of his presentation, at the 7 p.m. meeting on Thursday, Feb. 19 at the Brown County Genealogical Society, 116 ...Read more