Mapmaking dates to at least the late 15th century, just a few decades after Gutenberg’s introduction of the first moveable type printing press. By the time of Queen Elizabeth’s reign during the second half of the 16th century, people were already collecting these documents, which were usually bound in books, making them important additions to any self-respecting library.
Some of the most desirable early maps are the colorful engravings from the 1500s, which were quick to integrate, as best they could, the intelligence gleaned from voyages by such explorers as Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Giovanni Caboto, an Italian whose name is frequently shortened to Cabot. The first of these was Johann Ruysch’s 1507 map showing the New World, which was produced more than a decade before Ferdinand Magellan’s crew completed their late-captain’s circumnavigation of the world.
Gerard Mercator’s “Orbis Terrae Compendiosa Descriptio,” which was reproduced by his son Rumold in 1587 and published in numerous books and atlases after his death in 1594, gave viewers an equatorial azimuthal equidistant projection (in other words, the equator is the only non-curving latitude in the map) of the world divided into two hemispheres, depicting what we now call North and South America on the left and Africa, Europe, and Asia on the right.
By 1627, the famous London cartographer John Speed produced a decorative, double-hemisphere map of his own, which is notable for showing the state of California as an island. More than 100 years later, in 1750, Emanuel Bowen’s Mercator projection world map, in which all the latitudes and longitudes are parallel, got Baja California correct, but left the northwest corner of North America empty and unmapped.
If the geography depicted on world maps was occasionally a bit fuzzy, cartographers did a better job capturing more familiar places such as cities and towns. Sebastian Munster’s 1552 map of London used the woodblock printing technique to show streets to scale, outsize ships in the Thames, and noblemen and women in the foreground as a decorative touch. By comparison, John Rocque’s 1746 map of the same city almost looks like a satellite photograph—visitors to the city today could probably use it and not get too lost.
Some of the earliest regional maps of North America and the United States were produced by Europeans. Henry Hondius of The Hague created a map of Virginia in 1633 based on an original provided by Captain John Smith, who settled Jamestown. Amsterdam-based cartographer Jan Jansson created definitive maps of the northeast in 1666, and Francis Lamb engraved a decorative map of the Carolina coastline for Londoner John Speed in 1676.
As with Rocque’s 1746 map of London, Robert Sayer and John Bennett’s 1776 map of Florida looks surprisingly contemporary. And Joseph Colton’s large 1854 wall map of the United States is extremely accurate, with states, territories, and topographical features captured in loving detail.
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David Rumsey Map Collection
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Maps: Finding Our Place in the World
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Recent News: Maps
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House Calls: Charm Central in Charm CityWashington Post, September 17th
Accessories: “Vintage Baltimore at Dusk” print by Flo Karp ($97 for 22.5-by-30-inch print) and “Antique Map of Baltimore Maryland by Samuel Augustus Mitchell-1863” print by Blue Monocle ($34 for 20-by-17-inch art print), both from www.fineartamerica...Read more
Bishop's Stortford runners debut in Belgian marathonHerts and Essex Observer, September 17th
On Sunday, John Haynes took part in the 60th running of the Lake District Mountain Trial. This is a navigation event where competitors start at two-minute intervals, run an initial half-mile to the map collection point and then visit control points in...Read more
Cardiff Contemporary hopes to put capital on visual arts mapWalesOnline, September 16th
For example Network Rail is working with us to safely install Erwin Wurm's work on the railway terminal building; the guardians of the city's antique maps have given their time to allow us to inspect the ancient documents to uncover networks of hidden...Read more
Designs of the times: IDSwest Design Show will have plenty of design ideas ...The Province, September 15th
Now the company boasts a line of products emblazoned with vintage maps and images of East Vancouver, Stanley Park, Gastown and the North Vancouver shipyards. The T-shirts retail for $28 and the tea towels go for $20. "I think people really connect with ...Read more
Sullivan County Department of Archives celebrates 10 yearsTriCities.com, September 14th
The archives contain a manuscript collection, map collection and a vertical file selection that is one of the best in the U.S., according to Hunt. The selection contains items related to surnames where family group sheets, pedigree charts, obituaries...Read more
MBTA Gifts Range From Flip Flops to $800 Vintage SignsBoston.com, September 13th
“They're probably what we get the most inquiries about. People are excited to see those authentic items.” Beaucher and his brother co-own Ward Maps LLC. Originally an antique map seller, the independent company won a public bid for proposals to operate ...Read more
Historic Texas map going for $8000mySanAntonio.com, September 11th
A 19th century Texas map housed at an Oklahoma State University is valued at $8,000, according to the director of the library's map archive. John Phillips — director of the Oklahoma Digital Map Collection, which digitizes historic maps of historic...Read more
Artist Creates Work Using Digital Map Collection of New York Public LibraryPSFK, August 19th
Electric Objects brings visual objects from the Internet into our homes, a project that received overwhelming support and enthusiasm during a month long Kickstarter campaign. The unique platform displays virtually anything from a web browser onto a...Read more