Mapmaking dates to at least the late 15th century, just a few decades after Gutenberg’s introduction of the first moveable type printing press. By the time of Queen Elizabeth’s reign during the second half of the 16th century, people were already collecting these documents, which were usually bound in books, making them important additions to any self-respecting library.

Some of the most desirable early maps are the colorful engravings from the 1500s, which were quick to integrate, as best they could, the intelligence gleaned from voyages by such explorers as Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Giovanni Caboto, an Italian whose name is frequently shortened to Cabot. The first of these was Johann Ruysch’s 1507 map showing the New World, which was produced more than a decade before Ferdinand Magellan’s crew completed their late-captain’s circumnavigation of the world.

Gerard Mercator’s “Orbis Terrae Compendiosa Descriptio,” which was reproduced by his son Rumold in 1587 and published in numerous books and atlases after his death in 1594, gave viewers an equatorial azimuthal equidistant projection (in other words, the equator is the only non-curving latitude in the map) of the world divided into two hemispheres, depicting what we now call North and South America on the left and Africa, Europe, and Asia on the right.

By 1627, the famous London cartographer John Speed produced a decorative, double-hemisphere map of his own, which is notable for showing the state of California as an island. More than 100 years later, in 1750, Emanuel Bowen’s Mercator projection world map, in which all the latitudes and longitudes are parallel, got Baja California correct, but left the northwest corner of North America empty and unmapped.

If the geography depicted on world maps was occasionally a bit fuzzy, cartographers did a better job capturing more familiar places such as cities and towns. Sebastian Munster’s 1552 map of London used the woodblock printing technique to show streets to scale, outsize ships in the Thames, and noblemen and women in the foreground as a decorative touch. By comparison, John Rocque’s 1746 map of the same city almost looks like a satellite photograph—visitors to the city today could probably use it and not get too lost.

Some of the earliest regional maps of North America and the United States were produced by Europeans. Henry Hondius of The Hague created a map of Virginia in 1633 based on an original provided by Captain John Smith, who settled Jamestown. Amsterdam-based cartographer Jan Jansson created definitive maps of the northeast in 1666, and Francis Lamb engraved a decorative map of the Carolina coastline for Londoner John Speed in 1676.

As with Rocque’s 1746 map of London, Robert Sayer and John Bennett’s 1776 map of Florida looks surprisingly contemporary. And Joseph Colton’s large 1854 wall map of the United States is extremely accurate, with states, territories, and topographical features captured in loving detail.


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Recent News: Maps

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Learn the history of the Jersey Shore
The West Milford Messenger, February 9th

Author, photographer, and lecturer Kevin Woyce will present a slide show that includes original photography of a Jersey Shore lighthouse, amusement parks, boardwalks, and hotels, plus vintage maps and images of historic people, places, and events...Read more

The Proust Book Club: The View From Age 38
The Millions, February 9th

I can hope for certain things that I consider beautiful to have made an impression: the yellow walls in his room; the wall quilts that my mother made; our framed, antique map of Maine; our tall bookshelves, and our neighborhood walks to Valentino Pier...Read more

Books for People Who Love Poring Over Maps
Wall Street Journal, February 9th

Styles range from vintage-map-inspired watercolors to graphic works that use both drafting tools and satellite photography to represent cities, regions and hot zones. There are maps of ski trails and the ocean floor, hurricane destruction surveys, maps...Read more

Restaurant Review: In Saltaire, Port Chester Lands A Great Catch
Westchester Magazine, February 8th

For a quieter experience—should you actually want to hear your dining companion—opt for the more sedate wood-paneled dining room, with its high, buttressed ceiling; skylight; massive, round, black-metal chandeliers; and wall of antique maps...Read more

Casa Del Mar Gets a Designer Upgrade
Haute Living, February 8th

Additional unique touches include an etched and hand-silvered mirror, a selection of thoughtfully chosen novels, and whimsical artifacts reflective of the property's beach location, such as coral and vintage maps of downtown Santa Monica, inspired by...Read more

Antique Maps, Old maps, Vintage Maps, Antique Atlases, Old Atlas
The Observer Star, February 7th

List of common misconceptions From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This incomplete list is not intended to be exhaustive. This list corrects erroneous beliefs that are presently widely held about notable topics. Each misconception and the...Read more

Antique Maps of Africa, Online Auction Running Jan. 21-28
Fine Books & Collections Magazine, January 14th

AntiquarianAuctions.com is an online auction site dedicated to the sale of rare and out-of print books, maps & prints, documents, letters, ephemera and vintage photography. All pricing is done in US$. No buyer's premium is charged. Please find below a ...Read more

British Library digitizes George III's massive map collection
Engadget, December 31st

King George III was quite the map collector, and his massive catalog of cartographic relics is being digitized by the British Library. In total, the collection encompasses over 50,000 maps, including the Klencke Atlas which is the second largest atlas...Read more