Mapmaking dates to at least the late 15th century, just a few decades after Gutenberg’s introduction of the first moveable type printing press. By the time of Queen Elizabeth’s reign during the second half of the 16th century, people were already collecting these documents, which were usually bound in books, making them important additions to any self-respecting library.
Some of the most desirable early maps are the colorful engravings from the 1500s, which were quick to integrate, as best they could, the intelligence gleaned from voyages by such explorers as Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Giovanni Caboto, an Italian whose name is frequently shortened to Cabot. The first of these was Johann Ruysch’s 1507 map showing the New World, which was produced more than a decade before Ferdinand Magellan’s crew completed their late-captain’s circumnavigation of the world.
Gerard Mercator’s “Orbis Terrae Compendiosa Descriptio,” which was reproduced by his son Rumold in 1587 and published in numerous books and atlases after his death in 1594, gave viewers an equatorial azimuthal equidistant projection (in other words, the equator is the only non-curving latitude in the map) of the world divided into two hemispheres, depicting what we now call North and South America on the left and Africa, Europe, and Asia on the right.
By 1627, the famous London cartographer John Speed produced a decorative, double-hemisphere map of his own, which is notable for showing the state of California as an island. More than 100 years later, in 1750, Emanuel Bowen’s Mercator projection world map, in which all the latitudes and longitudes are parallel, got Baja California correct, but left the northwest corner of North America empty and unmapped.
If the geography depicted on world maps was occasionally a bit fuzzy, cartographers did a better job capturing more familiar places such as cities and towns. Sebastian Munster’s 1552 map of London used the woodblock printing technique to show streets to scale, outsize ships in the Thames, and noblemen and women in the foreground as a decorative touch. By comparison, John Rocque’s 1746 map of the same city almost looks like a satellite photograph—visitors to the city today could probably use it and not get too lost.
Some of the earliest regional maps of North America and the United States were produced by Europeans. Henry Hondius of The Hague created a map of Virginia in 1633 based on an original provided by Captain John Smith, who settled Jamestown. Amsterdam-based cartographer Jan Jansson created definitive maps of the northeast in 1666, and Francis Lamb engraved a decorative map of the Carolina coastline for Londoner John Speed in 1676.
As with Rocque’s 1746 map of London, Robert Sayer and John Bennett’s 1776 map of Florida looks surprisingly contemporary. And Joseph Colton’s large 1854 wall map of the United States is extremely accurate, with states, territories, and topographical features captured in loving detail.
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Investment banker donates antique map collection to Fukuyama museumAsahi Shimbun, February 27th
FUKUYAMA, Hiroshima Prefecture--A collector has donated 848 items--including hundreds of antique maps--to the Hiroshima Prefectural Museum of History in this city. Hisashi Moriya, a 72-year-old Fukuyama native and former chairman of Merrill Lynch ...Read more
Hungary's Interior Minister Returns Antique Maps Stolen From FranceXpatLoop.com, February 25th
Hungary's Interior Minister Returns Antique Maps Stolen From France. Hungary's interior minister on Tuesday presented to the French ambassador 110 maps printed in the 16-18th centuries, which had been stolen in France and then recovered in Hungary...Read more
Europol - Antique map thieves arrested in Hungarian and French police operationDeHavilland (press release) (subscription), February 25th
After a lengthy two-year investigation,* a common action day has led to the arrests of 11 criminal group members (7 in Hungary; 4 in France) and the seizure of more than 400 stolen antique maps in Hungary. Today, 110 valuable maps of French origin...Read more
Map collector to give talk on MondayBillings Gazette, February 18th
Billings map collector Bill Cole will be giving a talk about his Montana map collection at Montana State University Billings on Monday in the Liberal Arts building, Room 205. The free talk will start at 7 p.m. Cole will cover the mapping of the...Read more
Antique maps of the Dorset area to be auctionedChristian Davies Antiques (blog), February 16th
A series of old maps covering the Dorset region was placed at auction this week in Dorchester. The collection of more than 150 maps ranged from rare specimens to more affordable cartographic charts. The piece that was expected to attract the most...Read more
Map collection goes for three times its estimate a at Dukes of Dorchester auctionWestern Gazette, February 14th
Map collection goes for three times its estimate a at Dukes of Dorchester auction. By Western Gazette - Yeovil | Posted: February 22, 2014. map (2). Comments (0). Mooted pre-sale as one of the 'most thorough collections of Dorset county maps ever to...Read more
Map collection going under auctioneer's the hammer at Dukes of DorchesterWestern Gazette, February 14th
Map collection going under auctioneer's the hammer at Dukes of Dorchester. By Western Gazette - Yeovil | Posted: February 15, 2014. map. Comments (0). DUKES Auctioneers of Dorchester is selling a collection of antique maps at its upcoming auction...Read more
Antique map collection to go on sale in DorchesterDorset Echo, February 10th
A COLLECTION of antique maps of Dorset is going under the hammer in Dorchester this week. Poole resident Edward Gillis collected over 150 maps of the county over a 40-year period from the earliest know printed map of Dorset, created by Christopher ...Read more