Mapmaking dates to at least the late 15th century, just a few decades after Gutenberg’s introduction of the first moveable type printing press. By the time of Queen Elizabeth’s reign during the second half of the 16th century, people were already collecting these documents, which were usually bound in books, making them important additions to any self-respecting library.

Some of the most desirable early maps are the colorful engravings from the 1500s, which were quick to integrate, as best they could, the intelligence gleaned from voyages by such explorers as Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Giovanni Caboto, an Italian whose name is frequently shortened to Cabot. The first of these was Johann Ruysch’s 1507 map showing the New World, which was produced more than a decade before Ferdinand Magellan’s crew completed their late-captain’s circumnavigation of the world.

Gerard Mercator’s “Orbis Terrae Compendiosa Descriptio,” which was reproduced by his son Rumold in 1587 and published in numerous books and atlases after his death in 1594, gave viewers an equatorial azimuthal equidistant projection (in other words, the equator is the only non-curving latitude in the map) of the world divided into two hemispheres, depicting what we now call North and South America on the left and Africa, Europe, and Asia on the right.

By 1627, the famous London cartographer John Speed produced a decorative, double-hemisphere map of his own, which is notable for showing the state of California as an island. More than 100 years later, in 1750, Emanuel Bowen’s Mercator projection world map, in which all the latitudes and longitudes are parallel, got Baja California correct, but left the northwest corner of North America empty and unmapped.

If the geography depicted on world maps was occasionally a bit fuzzy, cartographers did a better job capturing more familiar places such as cities and towns. Sebastian Munster’s 1552 map of London used the woodblock printing technique to show streets to scale, outsize ships in the Thames, and noblemen and women in the foreground as a decorative touch. By comparison, John Rocque’s 1746 map of the same city almost looks like a satellite photograph—visitors to the city today could probably use it and not get too lost.

Some of the earliest regional maps of North America and the United States were produced by Europeans. Henry Hondius of The Hague created a map of Virginia in 1633 based on an original provided by Captain John Smith, who settled Jamestown. Amsterdam-based cartographer Jan Jansson created definitive maps of the northeast in 1666, and Francis Lamb engraved a decorative map of the Carolina coastline for Londoner John Speed in 1676.

As with Rocque’s 1746 map of London, Robert Sayer and John Bennett’s 1776 map of Florida looks surprisingly contemporary. And Joseph Colton’s large 1854 wall map of the United States is extremely accurate, with states, territories, and topographical features captured in loving detail.


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Recent News: Maps

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MiVT: Hand-drawn vintage map prints
WCAX, October 20th

Suwachi hand draws state birds and fish, and then fills them in with vintage maps from each state for her business Wooden Pencil. Reporter Gina Bullard: There are a lot of details. Suwachi: A lot of detail but once you get the detail; it becomes a...Read more

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Phoenix New Times (blog), October 20th

Bragg's is pure Arizona goodness, from the vintage maps, knickknacks, and state postcards that adorn the walls to the subtle Southwestern influence on the food. The diner features unpretentious (but delicious) food that even the carnivores in your...Read more

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Delmarva Daily Times, October 19th

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Check out these beautiful antique maps - some are worth more than houses!
London Loves Business, October 14th

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Map collectors share anecdotes
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Antique map of Leicestershire to be auctioned
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The early 18th Century map by publisher Robert Morden is expected to sell for between £30 and £50 when it goes on sale at Lockdales' in Ipswich, Suffolk, on October 16. Chris Elmy of Lockdales' said: “Antique maps are highly collectable. “We expect...Read more

Get Lost in New York Public Library's Massive Map Collection
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The New York Public Library is well known for its extensive collection of books, but the colossal institution also houses nearly 500,000 maps. The massive cartographic collection spans across 500 years, including items such as hand-drawn maps by Maj. Gen...Read more

Mapping out the past — Flower Walker map collection going on display for ...
Morning Times, September 26th

Mapping out the past — Flower Walker map collection going on display for first time. Matt Hicks/Morning Times | Posted: Friday, September 26, 2014 11:57 pm. Professional land surveyor Todd Babcock examines a map that Tioga Point Museum officials ...Read more