As long as human beings have needed to keep their clothing fastened, buttons have been there to do the work. Buttons can be made out of just about anything, from antlers and bone to glass and ceramics to metals and stone. There are "Diminutive" buttons (less than 3/8" across) and "Large" buttons (greater than 1 1/4" wide), "Old" buttons (pre-1918), and "Modern/Vintage" ones (post-1918). Military buttons are in a class by themselves, with categories for flat buttons made of lead or pewter, two-part convex buttons, and buttons produced for officers. But whatever their material, size, age, or lineage, buttons are fascinating little objects, items that are so utilitarian yet so varied, they just about beg to be collected.

Unlike some collectibles, buttons have very few parts. There is the face of the button, of course, which can be painted, embroidered, or carved. Then there’s the back, which is home to the button’s shank. This is the loop that allows you to attach a button to an article of clothing. Some shanks are built into the button—these are called self shanks. Others have shanks made out of small loops of metal, which are attached to the button in any number of ways. Some buttons have no shanks at all—instead, the button is pierced with two, three, or four holes so it can be sewn directly onto a garment.

One of the earliest forms of buttons were the Satsumas, ceramic buttons from Japan. Named for a historic ceramics center on the southernmost island of Japan, Satsumas were first made in the 17th century by Korean potters. These buttons were often painted in extraordinary detail, depicting miniature scenes from Japanese life and the natural world. The buttons didn’t make their way West until the mid-19th century, which is one reason why Satsumas from the 1800s, and even the early 1900s, are highly collectible.

Brass picture buttons from the Victorian era are also collectible. These charming discs were stamped with images taken from everything from operas to children’s books. In fact, if you wanted to tell the world you were a fan of a work of literature, you’d sew buttons featuring scenes from the novel or story on your coat or shirt. Other picture buttons took their cues from nature (flora and fauna), the sciences (stars and moons), or mythology (cupids and fairies).

Black glass buttons from the Victorian era came next. When the Queen’s husband, Prince Albert, died in 1861, the monarch took to wearing black for decades. Much of England mourned with her, prompting a rise in the popularity of black clothing and jewelry. At first, black buttons were made out of jet, a fossilized coal found near Whitby, England. But jet was very expensive, so black glass was used as a replacement.

Some black glass buttons were molded to create reliefs of plants and animals, or even detailed pictorials. Sometimes the buttons appeared to mimic fabrics; other times they were given a silver or iridescent luster to imitate needlework or crochet. Some black glass buttons were faceted while others were painted or enameled.

Another collectible type of glass button hails from Bohemia, which is now part of the Czech Republic. Between the wars, glass artisans made buttons in styles ranging from Art Deco to "realistics," which were buttons shaped like the objects they depicted. After World War II, Bohemian glassblowers produced so-called "moonglow" buttons, which had opaque bases and clear glass faces. Because it was dominated by the Soviets at that time, most of these post-war buttons were produced for export to Russia rather than the West, as evidenced by the button cards bearing Cyrillic script...

From the late 1800s through the 1920s, celluloid buttons were all the rage. Then came the Bakelite buttons, which were common in the United States from the 1920s through the 1940s. Bakelite buttons were sometimes carved and then embellished with a metal escutcheon in the shape of an animal or a plant. Others were decorated with glass sequins or costume jewels. The so-called "cookie" buttons were made out of long sections of laminated Bakelite that were then sliced into wafers, each one of which revealed a cross section of the lamination. Other types of Bakelite buttons were reverse carved and then dyed or painted from the back.

Of course, these types of buttons just begin to scratch the rich surface of this tiny collectible. Some collectors specialize in buttons in the Art Deco style, while others like the more modern look of Lucite. Still others collect based on themes—cats, dragons, Oriental imagery, famous men and women, etc.

Particularly noteworthy are the enamel buttons from the 19th and 20th centuries. Cloisonné buttons were the most difficult to produce because the process demanded that tiny threads of wire be soldered to a base. The resulting cavities were then filled with enamel and the button was fired. Champlevé enamel buttons were no less beautiful but they are generally less expensive to collect because the process of removing material from the button’s surface to create the holes for the enamel was easier to accomplish.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Sewing Machine Collector

Sewing Machine Collector

Geoff and Norma Dickens' reference site on vintage toy sewing machines from the late 1800s. Browse the images alpha… [read review or visit site]

Sensibility Vintage Images

Sensibility Vintage Images

An extensive collection of photos and ephemera illustrating changing fashion styles from 1795 to 1959. Includes por… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Antique Solid 925 Sterling Silver Unusual Ogre? Troll Face Buttons Boxed 22gRare Large Japanese Satsuma Big Fish Child Gold Button Brooch Yabu Meizan No Rsv10.5 Lbs. Pounds Vintage Estate Button Lot Rhinestone Mop Glass Bakelite CameoSet 6 Antique / Vintage Dog Picture Buttons Stud Terrier Collie Bassett LabradorAnother Great 18th C. Button - Copper Rim -1 1/2"Beautiful Cameo Button With A Enamel Border And Steel Cuts - 1 1/4"Antique Vintage Lot Of Buttons- Estate Sale Find- Victorian Metal Glass Mop MoreLot Of 160+ Antique/ Vtg Buttons Collected From 1800's+ Metal Mop Glass EnamelFine Set 6 Art Nouveau Edwardian Silver Buttons. Original Box. Hallmarked 19044 Antique Georgian Sewing Gold Gilt Turquoise Rose Vitreous Enamel Buttons C1810Japanese Meiji C.1900 Satsuma Large Geisha Woman Button Gold Sterling Silver Nr4 Antique Georgian Sewing Gold Gilt Turquoise Rose Vitreous Enamel Buttons C1810Vintage 10 Piece Set Chanel Gold 3/4'' 31 Rue Cambon Cc Logo Buttons For Jacket 25 Vintage Celluloid Buttons / Black & CreamVintage Antique Set 7 Victorian Art Nouveau E M Paris French Enamelled Buttons*unknown 1800s Xv 15th Regiment ?? Military Livery Civilian Uniform Gilt Button*Japanese Satsuma C.1900 Meiji Geisha Ladies Painted Gold Button No Reserve LookHuge Vintage Button Lot Craft Sew 14 PoundsSet Of 6 Great Buttons - All Around 1/2"Beaituful Painting Button - 1 3/8"3 Antique Vintage Metal Buttons Victorian Large Old Celluloid Brass Old Wafer Large Estate Lot 17 Pounds Vintage Antique Buttons In Lg Glass JarVintage Mixed Lot Of Buttons In Old Tin W/blue Willow DesignAntique Victorian Horn Picture Button - Horned Devil Running W Pitch Fork13 Vintage Realistic Bakelite ButtonsDelightful Large Antique~ Vtg Realistic Carved Bakelite Button Turtle, Rare Find3 Antique Vintage Metal Buttons Victorian Large Brass Cut Steel Tinsel Etched War Of 1812 Lewis & Tomes Navy Coat Button W/ Eagle Vintage 10 Piece Set Chanel Pearl Black Gold Cc Logo Loose Buttons For JacketWow! Remarkable Large Antique~ Vtg Victorian Carved Mop Shell Button W/ OpenworkAntique China Stencil Doll Size Buttons Lot Of 42 7 Sets Of 6*loracwin* Awesome Button 45th Line Infantry French Army, Napoleonic Wars, 22mmAntique Sterling Silver Handled Sewing Button Hole Ruler Measure Vintage 1920sAntique Victorian Cut Steel Enamel Button Lot Of 6 Brass MetalAuthentic Chanel Black And Gold Buttons @ 5/8 Inch Total 7 Pieces7 Vintage Realistic Gods Of Fortune Head Buttons Toshikane Porcelain25 Small Vintage Red & Yellow Bakelite Buttons / Chunkie Cubes Gears3 Vintage Picture Buttons / Teddy Roosevelt & 2 Teddy BearsVintage Bakelite Button Carved Black Cat Head Shaped17 Vintage Rhinestone Set In Metal ButtonsButtons Victorian Vintage & New~glass Metal Rhinestone Shades Of Blue M57Antique Meiji Satsuma Button Cobalt Border Flower Design Lots Of Gold Dots!Antique Button "mischievous Puppies" 2 Dogs In Parlor Setting W/rabbit In MouthLot Of 29 Old Antique Vtg 1800's China Calico Buttons15 Antique China Buttons Purple Colored Calico Designs 6 Vintage Carhartt Work Uniform Buttons Heart And Train DesignsHuge Vintage Button Lot Estate Antique Sets Glass Bakelite Metal Celluloid 4 Pound Lot Of Mop Buttons - Carved - Smokey - Much More - 4 Pounds!!25+ Antique Ringer Pie Crust 3 Hole Whistle Calico Stencil China Buttons Lot33 Antique Vintage Victorian Metal Buttons Black Glass Pictorial Tinted Floral*loracwin* Fantastic Lot 20 Bronze Buttons With Varied Decoration, 17th Cent.Old French Metal Button Pierced Image Of Little Bo Peep & Sheep Large Size"time Flies" Realistic Hour-glass Wings~1940's Vintage Antique Picture ButtonLewis & Tomes 1812 Artillery Coat Button W/ Eagle25 Antique China Buttons/ 2 Metal Rimmed / 21 Calico / 2 WhistlesHuge Lot 20 Pieces Vintage Crystal Czech Rhinestone Buttons Nice GlassArt Nouveau "girls Play Croquet"~1940s Pewter~vintage Antique Picture Button7 Antique Victorian Celluloid & Metal ButtonsC1800s Sporting Designs Running Greyhound Lurcher Sporting Hunt Button DetectingAntique Picture Button - Kitty Cat Sits Looking At Moon Silhouette