As long as human beings have needed to keep their clothing fastened, buttons have been there to do the work. Buttons can be made out of just about anything, from antlers and bone to glass and ceramics to metals and stone. There are "Diminutive" buttons (less than 3/8" across) and "Large" buttons (greater than 1 1/4" wide), "Old" buttons (pre-1918), and "Modern/Vintage" ones (post-1918). Military buttons are in a class by themselves, with categories for flat buttons made of lead or pewter, two-part convex buttons, and buttons produced for officers. But whatever their material, size, age, or lineage, buttons are fascinating little objects, items that are so utilitarian yet so varied, they just about beg to be collected.

Unlike some collectibles, buttons have very few parts. There is the face of the button, of course, which can be painted, embroidered, or carved. Then there’s the back, which is home to the button’s shank. This is the loop that allows you to attach a button to an article of clothing. Some shanks are built into the button—these are called self shanks. Others have shanks made out of small loops of metal, which are attached to the button in any number of ways. Some buttons have no shanks at all—instead, the button is pierced with two, three, or four holes so it can be sewn directly onto a garment.

One of the earliest forms of buttons were the Satsumas, ceramic buttons from Japan. Named for a historic ceramics center on the southernmost island of Japan, Satsumas were first made in the 17th century by Korean potters. These buttons were often painted in extraordinary detail, depicting miniature scenes from Japanese life and the natural world. The buttons didn’t make their way West until the mid-19th century, which is one reason why Satsumas from the 1800s, and even the early 1900s, are highly collectible.

Brass picture buttons from the Victorian era are also collectible. These charming discs were stamped with images taken from everything from operas to children’s books. In fact, if you wanted to tell the world you were a fan of a work of literature, you’d sew buttons featuring scenes from the novel or story on your coat or shirt. Other picture buttons took their cues from nature (flora and fauna), the sciences (stars and moons), or mythology (cupids and fairies).

Black glass buttons from the Victorian era came next. When the Queen’s husband, Prince Albert, died in 1861, the monarch took to wearing black for decades. Much of England mourned with her, prompting a rise in the popularity of black clothing and jewelry. At first, black buttons were made out of jet, a fossilized coal found near Whitby, England. But jet was very expensive, so black glass was used as a replacement.

Some black glass buttons were molded to create reliefs of plants and animals, or even detailed pictorials. Sometimes the buttons appeared to mimic fabrics; other times they were given a silver or iridescent luster to imitate needlework or crochet. Some black glass buttons were faceted while others were painted or enameled.

Another collectible type of glass button hails from Bohemia, which is now part of the Czech Republic. Between the wars, glass artisans made buttons in styles ranging from Art Deco to "realistics," which were buttons shaped like the objects they depicted. After World War II, Bohemian glassblowers produced so-called "moonglow" buttons, which had opaque bases and clear glass faces. Because it was dominated by the Soviets at that time, most of these post-war buttons were produced for export to Russia rather than the West, as evidenced by the button cards bearing Cyrillic script...

From the late 1800s through the 1920s, celluloid buttons were all the rage. Then came the Bakelite buttons, which were common in the United States from the 1920s through the 1940s. Bakelite buttons were sometimes carved and then embellished with a metal escutcheon in the shape of an animal or a plant. Others were decorated with glass sequins or costume jewels. The so-called "cookie" buttons were made out of long sections of laminated Bakelite that were then sliced into wafers, each one of which revealed a cross section of the lamination. Other types of Bakelite buttons were reverse carved and then dyed or painted from the back.

Of course, these types of buttons just begin to scratch the rich surface of this tiny collectible. Some collectors specialize in buttons in the Art Deco style, while others like the more modern look of Lucite. Still others collect based on themes—cats, dragons, Oriental imagery, famous men and women, etc.

Particularly noteworthy are the enamel buttons from the 19th and 20th centuries. Cloisonné buttons were the most difficult to produce because the process demanded that tiny threads of wire be soldered to a base. The resulting cavities were then filled with enamel and the button was fired. Champlevé enamel buttons were no less beautiful but they are generally less expensive to collect because the process of removing material from the button’s surface to create the holes for the enamel was easier to accomplish.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Sewing Machine Collector

Sewing Machine Collector

Geoff and Norma Dickens' reference site on vintage toy sewing machines from the late 1800s. Browse the images alpha… [read review or visit site]

Sensibility Vintage Images

Sensibility Vintage Images

An extensive collection of photos and ephemera illustrating changing fashion styles from 1795 to 1959. Includes por… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Rare Antique 800 Fine Silver Hunting Hunt Button Set Of EightAntique Modern Vintage Button Lot Over 1000 Old Buttons Picture Glass Metals QqAntique Saphiret Button Sewing Collectible5 Antique Enamel Buttons / RosesLot Of Three Boxes Of Vintage Sewing Buttons Various Shapes Sizes And StylesAntique Victorian Brass & Celluloid Picture Button Girl With Goats 1 1/2" Dia.Magnificent Large Antique 19th C Gilt Enamel Button W/ Hand Cut Azure Crystal35 Small Antique & Vintage Shell And Metal ButtonsAntique/vintage Bakelite/plastic Large Lot Of Buttons13 Vintage Bakelite Cookie ButtonsButtons Great Mix Of Vintage & New~glass Metal Rhinestones & More M2213 Antique & Vintage Glass Rose Buttons / 4 PaperweightsOval Antique Gay 90s Button Mottled & Amethyst Glass Jewels In Gorgeous Brass12 Antique Carved Victorian Mop In Metal Cut Steel Buttons Etched TintedFine Old Antique Pawn Sterling Silver Hopi Indian Overlay Concho Jacket Buttons 10 Lb Vintage Sewing Button Lot Military, Glass, Metal Flower, Bakelite, Etc.1 Antique/vintage Brass Metal Uniform Button - New Hampshire - Alberts Book Nh6Antique Buttons ~ 48 Victorian Era Metals Antique Button Over 5 Lbs Of Black Glass Some Vintage But Most Antique Vtg Antique Japanese Satsuma "two Women Playing Drums?" Button1+lbs Tiny Antique Vintage Button Lot/800+sm Buttons-huge Variety-colors-stylesWonderful Antique~ Vtg 1800's China Calico Button Black & White Flower Pattern Vtg Antique Japanese Satsuma "cat On Rug" Button11 Antique & Vintage Metal Picture Buttons / Castles & Scenes21 Vintage Bakelite Buttons / Chunkies , Gears & Toggles7 Antique Porcelain Satsuma Buttons / Pagoda Scene Flowers BirdsFablous Antique Orig Collector 37 Pc Card Lot Of Enamel Buttons (30 Exc) # 16Antique Button 2lbs Gold Lustered Black Glass Medium And SmallAntique Button ~ Large Intricately Carved Bone Rooster HeadButtons Lot Of Beautiful Vintage & New Glass Metal Rhinestones Pink & Green M15Antique Brass And Enamel, Cut Steel Rivets Cross Fancy Design Large ButtonLot Antique/vintage Buttons: Celluloid, Plastic, Bakelite, Glass, Metal, Etc.Fun Lot Of 70+ Antique~ Vtg Buttons Unique Buffed Celluloid Bakelite X Large+++134 Buttons, Vintage Czech, Czech Glass, Rhinestone Type, Modern, Some Plastic39 Antique Vtg Diminutive Tiny Glass Buttons - Colorful Pretty Designs - Old LotAntique Button 1.4lbs Silver Lustered Black Glass Medium And SmallLg Sz Hand Carved Vegetable Ivory Button Detailed Dimensional Bat DesignBig Book Of Buttons 1991 Elizabeth Hughes And Marion Lester 2nd Printing3+ Lbs Vintage Metal Plastic Celluloid Buttons All Sizes From EstateVintage Orig Collector 43 Pc Card Lot Of Goofies Realistic Plastic Buttons #14Stunning Large Antique~ Vtg Victorian Metal & Celluloid Button W/ Glass PastesVtg Antique Japanese Satsuma Swan On The Water Button Vtg Antique Japanese Satsuma "cat W/ Fan And Hat" ButtonAmazing Antique 19th C Gilt Metal Enamel Perfume Button W/ Woven Hair & LiliesButtons Victorian Mix Of Vintage & New~glass Metal Rhinestones M9Antique Button Group Goodyear Hard Rubber Small Averaging 15mm7 Antique Victorian Jewel Buttons / Lrg.Stunning Lot Of Antique Enamel Pink Rose Buttons - French? Original Gar Grand Army Of The Republic Button Group Of 147 Vintage Celluloid Realistic Flower ButtonsEstate Lot Of Assorted Buttons Some On Cards Unsearched(2) Vtg Antique Japanese Satsuma "volcano Landscape? And Lady" ButtonsWonderful Old Celluloid Realistic Goofy Cigarette Button G3Most Exquisite Antique True Lacy Glass Button Ornate Floral Design W/ LusterAntique & Vintage Estate Buttons Lot, Glass, Bakelite,mirror,mop, Many More 10lbHuge 11 1/2 Pound Lb. Lot Of Mixed Vintage Mixed Materials Sewing Craft Buttons2 Antique/vintage Brass Metal Uniform Buttons - Mass Volunteer MilitiaAntique/vintage Button Lot Celluloid, Bakelite, Mother Of Pearl, Glass, TaguaBox Of Children's Colored Victorian Era Shoe Buttons! Superb Antique Button The Florentine Fleur De Lis