Dr. Seuss’s 1971 children's book “The Lorax” describes a mass-produced garment called a Thneed: “A Thneed's a Fine-Something-That-All-People-Need! It's a shirt. It's a sock. It's a glove. It's a hat. But it has OTHER uses. Yes, far beyond that.” While "Lorax" was a screed against factory owners destroying the environment to pump out useless products, the Thneed has something in common with homemade vintage aprons: these pieces of fabric were remarkably versatile, used as coverings, bags, towels, and general kitchen tools.

Vintage apron connoisseurs like to say the first aprons appeared with the first humans. When Adam and Eve took a bite of fruit from the Tree of Life and became aware of their own nakedness, they fashioned fig-leaf aprons. And while we think of aprons as feminine and motherly things, aprons have a long history of use outside the home, starting as early as the 10th century, particularly in manly professions like blacksmithing, glass working, welding, carpentry, and butchery. These craftsmen wore aprons made of heavy canvas or leather to protect their bodies from scalding heat and sharp tools. Today, even newer professions like X-ray technicians and chemists require similarly protective aprons.

In the kitchen, cook’s aprons were made of lighter materials. In the 18th century, most people owned two or three pairs of clothes at most, as fabric and textiles were expensive. For example, a woman might only have one or two dresses. An apron, usually made out of scraps, was smaller and easier to wash than a dress, and served to protect clothes from ingredients spilling and splattering. Fabric aprons also became a standard part of maid’s clothing, to keep the grime of cleaning off their uniforms.

For pioneer women managing the household chores on farms, aprons were much more than simply outer garments; they were tools. They would be used as carry-alls, to bring in fruits and vegetables from the garden, eggs from the henhouse, and logs from the woodpile. In the kitchen, the apron was also a potholder, to protect her hands when she removed pans from the oven or stove top.

An apron was also an all-purpose towel, to pat a brow that was sweaty from standing over a wood-burning stove, to wipe hands clean of flour and cooking mess, to dry a crying child’s tears, to wash dirty faces, and to dust household furniture. The apron could also be used as a flag to signal to the men working the fields that dinner was ready. Little girls following in their mother’s footsteps, would have pinafores over their dresses, which allowed them to help with the chores in a similar manner. Shy little kids could hide behind mom’s apron when company arrived.

And so, before the 20th century, aprons were more about functionality than fashion. Plain and white, they usually went down to a woman’s ankles. They were often made out of flour and feedsacks—in fact, in the 1930s and 1940s, apron patterns were often printed on bags of flour or feed.

In the 1920s, though, women began to give their aprons personal touches, crafting full-length aprons out of more attractive fabrics, with printed, dyed, or embroidered patterns. Suddenly, aprons had a bit of fashion. Still, aprons in the 1940s were solidly practical devices meant to protect clothing—valuable in an age of rationing—and were usually made of cotton in the style of full-length cobbler’s bibs...

The prosperous '50s was the decade when frilly, girlie aprons flourished. The availability of fabrics, particularly new, synthetic ones, as well as the use of appliances like washing machines and dryers that made household chores easier, allowed aprons to join the ranks of frivolous fashion.

The basic style became a pocketed piece of cloth that tied around the waist and only covered the lap. Housewives would use a practical apron in the kitchen, and then, before dinner guests arrived, replace it with a delicate chiffon or organdy apron that might be a little transparent and strangely sexy, meant purely for show.

Television shows introduced the world to a parade of idealized housewives and mothers like Donna Reed and June Cleaver. These shows had a tremendous influence on apron fashions, and the kind of apron patterns women bought. Others sewed a whole variety of aprons in patterns and colors embellished with ribbons, ruffles, or embroidery. During the '60s, aprons had bright colors and polka dots to reflect cheerful Mid-century Modern kitchens.

By the 1970s, however, aprons were seen in some quarters as a symbol of women’s oppression, and so they fell out of fashion. In the post women’s-lib era, stores began to offer unisex aprons with slogans about barbecuing or phrases like “Kiss the Cook.” Souvenir aprons were printed with state maps that could be collected as one traveled the country.

It’s only recently that haute-couture designers like Betsey Johnson and Pierre Cardin have started to offer patterns for aprons, and vintage aprons are becoming collectible. While they aren’t too hard to find, you can imagine that a good percentage of all vintage aprons were just cut up and used as rags.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Flickr Vintage Aprons

Flickr Vintage Aprons

This Flickr photo pool, moderated by Amy Karol, showcases over 1000 vintage aprons from various personal collection… [read review or visit site]

Feeding America

Feeding America

This archive of 76 influential American cookbooks from the late 1700s to early 1900s, assembled by the Michigan St… [read review or visit site]

Sewing Machine Collector

Sewing Machine Collector

Geoff and Norma Dickens' reference site on vintage toy sewing machines from the late 1800s. Browse the images alpha… [read review or visit site]

Sensibility Vintage Images

Sensibility Vintage Images

An extensive collection of photos and ephemera illustrating changing fashion styles from 1795 to 1959. Includes por… [read review or visit site]

Tupper Diva

Tupper Diva

Kristian McManus’ fresh, airtight collection of Tupperware catalogs and related ephemera from the 1950s and 6… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

German White Apron Dirndl Dress Outfit Vintage 1979 Masonic York Rite Royal Arch High Priest Apron Jewel Chain Collar Cae Vtg Vintage Dr. Pepper Ventors ApronVintage 1967 Masonic Past Master Apron Blue Border Silver Embroidery Ca Named Lot Of 6 Vintage Ladies Half Aprons Cotton Prints Stripe PlaidVintage Bluegrass Belknap Hardware Hammer Nail Apron Louisville, Kentucky1991 Masonic York Rite Past Illustrious Master Officer's Apron Masons Purple VtgVtg French Indigo Blue Cotton Work Chore Apron""kittens With Candy Canes"" - Vintage Christmas ApronVintage Full Bib Smock Apron Red & Lavender Floral Cotton FabricVintage Laundry Clothes Pin Bag Apron Hand Embroidered Clothespin Holder CuteLot Of 8 Vintage ApronsVintage Apron Cutter Lot 28 Bibs Halfs Feedsack Mid Century 70s Florals AntiquesVintage Sanrio Hello Kitty 1976 Apron With Pocket Vintage 1950's- 60's Christmas Santa Claus Apron Vintage Full Bib Smock Apron Pink & Red Button Print Cotton FabricVintage Embroidered Clothes Pin Apron ~ Adorable Birds Hanging Laundry ~must HavVtg.scraps Of Santa Christmas Fabric From 1950's Apron,crafts,sewing,Vtg. Light Cotton Polka-dot Half Apron/68" Tie-to-tie & 19" LongVintage Black- White Rick-rack Edge Flirty Sheer Cotton Ladies Half Apron. MintVintage Masonic Freemasonry ApronVintage Shampoo Cape And Vinyl Apron Vintage 1920s Embroidered Bib Apron With Fancy EdgingVintage Bib Apron Blue Yellow Trim Full Apron SweetVintage Bib Apron Retro 50's Cotton Calico Flower Pink Green PrintGorgeous Vtg Shabby Cottage Cotton Chintz Apron~mauve Pink/blue Ice~flowers Vintage Look "sur La Table" Cotton Bib Apron Green/turq Floral Ricrac Newtags!Vintage 1930s Crocheted Bib ApronVtg. Off Whiet Cotton Hand Embroidered Bib Apron/36" Tie-to-tie & 25" LongVintage 1950's Kitchen Apron Cute!Lot Of 14 Vintage Bib Aprons Cotton Prints Floral Embroidery Ladies ChildVintage Lot Of Handmade ApronsGirls Vintage German Austrian 3 Pc. Dirndl Dress + Apron 5-6 Years HeidiHandmde Bib Apron-plus Sz-fall Harvest Thanksgiving Turkey Pumpkin-retro-vintageNational Bohemian Beer - Vintage Mr. Boh Pocket Apron - Baltimore, Md - 1970'sVintage Spear Lumber Co.(provo,utah-cheyenne, Wyo.) Cloth Nail Apron/$3 To ShipLot Of 4 - Vintage Woman's Aprons - Kitchen 1950's - Fall - HolidayUnique Vintage Calico Pastel Country Kitchen ApronVintage Masonic Freemason Master Apron Regalia, Blue Gold Lodge Cwg Grq, CaseHandmade Bib Apron-plus Sz-khaki W Sky Blue Roses-checks & Ruffles-retro-vintageHandmade Bib Apron-plus Sz-debbie Mumm Farm Geese Blue Chck Ruffle-retro-vintage4 Vintage Hostess Aprons Sheer Fabric Lavender Blue White Handmade Half Aprons Large Lot 17 Vintage Cutter Aprons Full Half Long Short Vintage Black Taffeta Waitress Apron - Slash Pockets Back And FrontVintage Fancy White Dinner Apron-lace Pocket & Edge Halloween Or Evening ReducedVintage Half Apron Poodles PocketApron Bib Burnt Orange Flower Cotton Print Now Designs San Fransisco CaVintage Lot Plaid 5 Bib Aprons Vintage Dyetopia FloralVintage Apron Lot Of 5 Gingham Half Aprons Chicken Scratch Embroidery C1910 Rppc~madwoman In Apron Polishes Studio Mirror~vintage Real Photo PostcardVintage Apron Lot Of 6 Half Aprons Sheer Floral Lace Rick Rack Apron Lot3pcs/lot Ladies Vintage Design Flower Printing Cotton ApronVtg 1950s 60's Half Apron Sheer With Polka Dot PrintVintage Cotton Mommy And Me Baking Set 2 Aprons 2 Oven Mitts 2 Pot Holders TVtg. Off Whiet Light Cotton Bib Apron/34" Tie-to-tie & 33" LongVtg. Floral Print Cotton Bib Apron/64" Tie-to-tie & 33" LongVintage Toddler 3 To 6 Month Apron Style Dress Gray With Embroidered FrontVintage Barbie Blue Pak Apron Mint