Professional baseball in St. Louis, Missouri, began in 1875 with the establishment of the St. Louis Brown Stockings, who took their name from the color of their socks. The team's name was shortened to Browns in 1883, and its name and uniform color was changed to Perfectos and cardinal-red respectively in 1899. The following year, the team was named after its color, and they've been called the Cardinals ever since.
While the team's early years were notable for events that happened off the field (for example, from 1911 to 1916, the team's owner, Helene Britton, was the first and only female owner of a professional sports franchise in the United States), the 1920s were when it came of age on the field. Second baseman and player-manager Rogers Hornsby won two triple crowns, and along with pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander, helped his team with its first World Series in 1926, which ended when Babe Ruth of the New York Yankees was thrown out while attempting to steal second base.
In the 1930s, the Cards were aided by the pitching of Dizzy Dean, who helped the Gashouse Gang, as the team was called in 1934, win that year's World Series over the Detroit Tigers. And in the 1940s, the lefty Stan Musial arrived, anchoring the team from 1941 until 1963. Recently, in honor of Musial's passing, the team had a special harmonica night to commemorate Musial's fondness for the instrument.