The publication of folio-size sheets of American popular music dates to the late 18th century, but the practice didn't pick up steam until the 1830s, '40s, and '50s. That's when upright pianos first began to find their way into the parlors and salons of U.S. homes. Artists who produced sheet music covers early in their careers before going on to acclaim for their oil paintings include Fitz Henry Lane, Winslow Homer, and James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

The Civil War was a productive period for popular music compositions and also for beautifully lithographed title pages, most of them published in the North. There are also many Confederate music publications to collect—the war-based and illustrated pieces are generally of most interest. Though paper quality in the South was generally poor, all Southern sheet music is hard to find and desirable.

But the truly widespread popularity of sheet music in the United States in the late-19th and early-20th centuries coincided with the proliferation of domestically produced pianos after the Civil War. Up to that point, piano-making had been a labor-intensive craft practiced only by highly skilled workers. Instituting mass-production techniques, U.S. manufacturers transformed this artisan enterprise into a business. By the end of the 19th century, hundreds of thousands of pianos a year were produced, and every single one of them required many more times its number in printed sheet music.

The hub of sheet-music publishing was in New York City on West 28th Street between 5th Avenue and Broadway, a stretch that became known as Tin Pan Alley. For a while, the publishers grouped there were essentially printing money—one 1892 hit, “After the Ball” sold two-million copies in its first year alone. “Sidewalks of New York” was published in 1894, “The Band Played on” in 1895, and “Hello! Ma Baby” in 1899.

Vintage sheet music is fascinating to collectors not only for its range of subjects, but for its entertaining cover graphics, featuring everything from pastoral landscapes to city street scenes. As such, they are snapshots, albeit romanticized ones, of life at the turn of the 20th century.

Other people collect sheet music less for the imagery on their covers as the songwriters associated with a particular tune. Scott Joplin compositions such as “Maple Leaf Rag” are popular, as are those by George M. Cohan (“Give My Regards To Broadway”), Irving Berlin (“Alexander’s Ragtime Band”), and George Gershwin (“Swanee”).

Then, just as the piano had created a demand for sheet music, two inventions, followed by the Depression, brought the glory years of the medium to an end. The first was the introduction of the phonograph, especially the Victrola, which was all the rage in the early 1920s. By the end of that decade, though, radios meant people could get their entertainment without lifting a finger, let alone having to gather around the family piano to sing along to sheet music.

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Recent News: Sheet Music

Source: Google News

On Record Store Day, longtime Allendale collector celebrates forever vinyl, April 17th

Iuliucci's collection includes more than 11,000 rare, out-of-print and signed records, sheet music, guitars, CDs, DVDs, laser discs, posters and memorabilia collected over the past 50 years. His basement, which houses most of the items, could double as...Read more

Extra things to do Saturday, April 18
Statesmen News, April 17th

Lone Star Round Up. This weekend celebration options a vintage car show, art exhibits, live music, a giant swap meet and tons of vendors. Saturday and Sunday. Weekend wristbands, $15 children 12 and younger, cost-free. Travis County Expo Center, 7311 ...Read more

Throwback radio, pocket squares, and some Pete And Pete tunes
A.V. Club Austin, April 17th

it storm by waving a sheet of aluminum. Ironically, the advent of today's technology means that this decades-old art form is now more accessible than ever before. For my daily commute, I'm a big fan of this Old Time Radio Player app for my Android...Read more

Things to do in and around Greenwich
Greenwich Time, April 16th

Strickland Avenue in Cos Cob, Stefanie and Bill Kies, Bea Crumbine, Peggi De La Cruz, Dan Swartz and John Goldschmid will give an encore performance of 1914-1918 readings, songs and a PowerPoint presentation of vintage sheet music illustrating the ...Read more

Museum & Gallery Listings for April 17-22
New York Times, April 16th

The result is something of a shambles, but at least the music videos — projected on a large screen with surround sound — confirm the visual side of Björk's complex sensibility and achievement. ... This show tracks his six-decade career with 150...Read more

Bridgewater College meets Downton Abbey in exhibition to start April 17
Augusta Free Press, April 10th

Artifacts on display include a set of regional calling cards and trade cards, a stoneware jug from the early Bridgewater College dining hall, Edwardian era china used in Bridgewater, vintage clothing, popular World War I sheet music and items carried...Read more

Museum & Gallery Listings for April 10-16
New York Times, April 9th

The result is something of a shambles, but at least the music videos — projected on a large screen with surround sound — confirm the visual side of Björk's complex sensibility and achievement. ... This show tracks his six-decade career with 150...Read more

Civil War, RR, Incunabulum Coming up at National Book Auctions April 12
Fine Books & Collections Magazine, April 6th

Ephemera offerings include early maps & cartography, signatures of literary & historical figures, railroad-related, antique magazines, chromolithographs, sheet music, stamps, travel, original antique correspondence, antique photographs, and other genres...Read more