The publication of folio-size sheets of American popular music dates to the late 18th century, but the practice didn't pick up steam until the 1830s, '40s, and '50s. That's when upright pianos first began to find their way into the parlors and salons of U.S. homes. Artists who produced sheet music covers early in their careers before going on to acclaim for their oil paintings include Fitz Henry Lane, Winslow Homer, and James Abbott McNeill Whistler.
The Civil War was a productive period for popular music compositions and also for beautifully lithographed title pages, most of them published in the North. There are also many Confederate music publications to collect—the war-based and illustrated pieces are generally of most interest. Though paper quality in the South was generally poor, all Southern sheet music is hard to find and desirable.
But the truly widespread popularity of sheet music in the United States in the late-19th and early-20th centuries coincided with the proliferation of domestically produced pianos after the Civil War. Up to that point, piano-making had been a labor-intensive craft practiced only by highly skilled workers. Instituting mass-production techniques, U.S. manufacturers transformed this artisan enterprise into a business. By the end of the 19th century, hundreds of thousands of pianos a year were produced, and every single one of them required many more times its number in printed sheet music.
The hub of sheet-music publishing was in New York City on West 28th Street between 5th Avenue and Broadway, a stretch that became known as Tin Pan Alley. For a while, the publishers grouped there were essentially printing money—one 1892 hit, “After the Ball” sold two-million copies in its first year alone. “Sidewalks of New York” was published in 1894, “The Band Played on” in 1895, and “Hello! Ma Baby” in 1899.
Vintage sheet music is fascinating to collectors not only for its range of subjects, but for its entertaining cover graphics, featuring everything from pastoral landscapes to city street scenes. As such, they are snapshots, albeit romanticized ones, of life at the turn of the 20th century.
Other people collect sheet music less for the imagery on their covers as the songwriters associated with a particular tune. Scott Joplin compositions such as “Maple Leaf Rag” are popular, as are those by George M. Cohan (“Give My Regards To Broadway”), Irving Berlin (“Alexander’s Ragtime Band”), and George Gershwin (“Swanee”).
Then, just as the piano had created a demand for sheet music, two inventions, followed by the Depression, brought the glory years of the medium to an end. The first was the introduction of the phonograph, especially the Victrola, which was all the rage in the early 1920s. By the end of that decade, though, radios meant people could get their entertainment without lifting a finger, let alone having to gather around the family piano to sing along to sheet music.
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How singing Happy Birthday can cost you a small fortune: Ruthless greed and a ...Daily Mail, August 2nd
In 1893, they published their sheet music in a book called Song Stories For The Kindergarten. One number, a greeting ... The kindergarten children loved its simplicity but music historians agree it would have withered away if it had not acquired a...Read more
Harris has art, jewelry at B.A.M.Republican Journal, July 31st
of paintings on salvaged sheet music, lively pastel still lifes of farmer's market veggies, beach treasure fine silver pendants and earrings and vintage beaded jewelry. Courier Publications' A&E Editor Dagney C. Ernest can be reached at (207) 594...Read more
Woog's World: A Westporter discovers ragtime rootsWestport News, July 31st
Around 1968 — when most people his age were listening to “Sgt. Pepper,” the Doors and Janis Joplin — Kaufman began performing “old school music” in Fairfield County. His group (Four on the Floor) sang a cappella doo wop tunes at ... music of Mel...Read more
The Great Lakes: Trip of a LifetimeTelegraph.co.uk, July 30th
Ringed by thousands of lagoons, they were formed about 20,000 years ago when the last continental ice sheet retreated; the same process led to the formation of the escarpment over which the Niagara Falls tumble. Great weather systems form over this...Read more
Entrepreneur's magazine collection illustrates the pastPhilly.com, July 28th
Fran DiBacco (right) created a nostalgia and pop-culture exhibit in Paulsboro out of his collection of vintage magazines and ads, with help from Kamal Kishore (left). "I turned a hobby into a business," he says. DAVID MAIALETTI / Staff ... The visual...Read more
The Billboard Sales Chart is 75 Years Old TodayVVN Music, July 27th
Called the "National List of Best Selling Retail Records", the chart was topped by Frank Sinatra's first major hit, I'll Never Smile Again, which was attributed to Tommy Dorsey. It was followed by Jimmy Dorsey's The Breeze and I, Glenn Miller's...Read more
The Divorce of the Century: Ferrari Will Be On Its OwnThe Cheat Sheet, July 25th
It's the divorce of the century, and one where potential suitors are already eagerly lining up in hopes of getting in on the rebound. After 46 years together, Fiat and Ferrari are calling it quits, and the world's most famous sports car manufacturer is...Read more
Al Gomez Family Band says goodbyeSan Antonio Express-News (subscription), July 21st
So was his weathered 1950s vintage bandstand, which had the handwritten sheet music for his theme song (“Blue Star” from the '50s TV series “Medic”) and bore the old logo — Al Gomez and His Band. He'd last played professionally at a holiday dance in ...Read more