Meerschaum is found in a handful of places around the world, but the most famous source for the stone is in and around the city of Eskisehir in western Turkey. A porous mineral, meerschaum is soft enough to be carved but hard enough to be polished, revealing the incredible skill of the artisans who began making pipes out of the material in the 18th century. By the late 19th century, an ornately carved meerschaum pipe or cheroot holder was a status symbol for the men who smoked them in their clubs and book-lined studies. But by the end of World War I, fancy meerschaum pipes had been superseded by the clean, geometric look that would become Art Deco.

During its heyday, from roughly the 1870s to the 1920s, pipe makers in Hungary and other Eastern European countries, many of whom were Jews who passed their trade from son to son, transformed blank blocks of white meerschaum into everything from the heads of figures from history and literature to angels in repose and hunters on horseback. Cheroot holders, which have smaller bowls than full pipes, feature some of the most intricate carvings, while cylindrical cigar holders are less detailed due to their small surface area. Some of the most popular subjects of antique meerschaum include depictions of leaders such as Napoleon, knights and noblemen, and sailors, who often appear inebriated, sometimes clutching a bottle as they lean against the pipe's bowl.

Beyond the appeal of their decorations, meerschaum pipes are popular with smokers for the quality of the smoking experience they produce. Unlike pipes made of briar root or cherry, meerschaum does not impart any flavor when smoked (although it must be added that many smokers enjoy the subtle flavors produced when smoking tobacco in a wood pipe). Because meerschaum does not conduct heat well, the bowl is always cool to the touch. And the porosity of meerschaum causes the pipe to change color over time as it used. Thus, the stone, which is carved white, turns a butterscotch brown when transformed into a pipe, filled with tobacco, and smoked, a process that’s frequently hurried along by rubbing a finished pipe with beeswax and sometimes ox blood.

Today meerschaum is not allowed to be exported from Turkey in its raw, block form, which has spurred new generations of carvers there. In many cases, the characters and subjects of contemporary carved meerschaum are positioned between the bowl, which is often left unadorned, and the end of the pipe's stem. Other styles emulate the classical saxophone shape of a large carved bowl attached to a stem that angles up to meet the smoker's mouth. The pipes are considered handsome enough, but in general, the details on contemporary pipes are less ornate and more formulaic than those on their forebears.

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Recent News: Meerschaum Pipes

Source: Google News

OHIM erred in finding low degree of similarity between Class 24 goods and ...
World Trademark Review (subscription), November 19th

goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother of pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all of these materials, or of plastics; textiles and textile goods, not included in...Read more

Terry 'T.A.' Olivier: Private Eye: No. 4: Rolling Rocked out cold, November 18th

Books knocked down, canned biscuits lying on the floor. And a terrible, terrible swishing sound. As Rice's hammock rolled into view, I saw him slumped in it, stiff and alabaster, the hammock swollen and hanging. A blood balloon. His meerschaum pipe of...Read more

Forgotten soldiers of a forgotten war
Albuquerque Journal, November 9th

I now have that watch and his old meerschaum pipe. He used to smoke that pipe on special occasions, like when I visited him and he told me stories about the war, and showed me the shrapnel still in his leg. My grandfather smelled of tobacco and his...Read more

Shed Of The Week: Mazda MX-6, November 6th

Of course, that's most probably all rubbish, but even with his Meerschaum pipe firmly replaced in its mantelpiece holder Shed still thinks this is a loved car and a genuinely reluctant sale. Don't go crying to him if it isn't, though. Alright, back to...Read more

2014 Sport-Touring Final SmackDown + Video, November 6th

The BMW we really wanted to take along for our epic sport tour to Yosemite back in July was the company's new R1200RT, but a batch of faulty rear shock shafts on the ESA models put the kibosh on that, so we wound up taking the K1600GT instead. The big ...Read more

Guilty Pleasures
The Advisor, November 3rd

After a rather invasive but not unpleasant Ebola screening at Pochentong, I hauled my souvenir meerschaum collection and vintage Minke harness through Customs to see The Hubster's beam light up the arrivals breezeway. At first I thought he might be ...Read more

Inside The World's Only Corn Cob Pipe Factory, Missouri Meerschaum
St. Louis Public Radio, March 26th

The Missouri Meerschaum factory in Washington, Mo., is the only place in the world that manufactures corn cob pipes made famous by such historical figures as Mark Twain and General Douglas MacArthur. Sales at the company have grown over the last two ...Read more

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Today's Zaman, April 16th

For those who missed the first two installments of this series, Kaleiçi is a district in the original walled city of Antalya. Its narrow, stone-paved streets, often no more than lanes, meander with no apparent design. With twists and turns they lead...Read more