Meerschaum is found in a handful of places around the world, but the most famous source for the stone is in and around the city of Eskisehir in western Turkey. A porous mineral, meerschaum is soft enough to be carved but hard enough to be polished, revealing the incredible skill of the artisans who began making pipes out of the material in the 18th century. By the late 19th century, an ornately carved meerschaum pipe or cheroot holder was a status symbol for the men who smoked them in their clubs and book-lined studies. But by the end of World War I, fancy meerschaum pipes had been superseded by the clean, geometric look that would become Art Deco.
During its heyday, from roughly the 1870s to the 1920s, pipe makers in Hungary and other Eastern European countries, many of whom were Jews who passed their trade from son to son, transformed blank blocks of white meerschaum into everything from the heads of figures from history and literature to angels in repose and hunters on horseback. Cheroot holders, which have smaller bowls than full pipes, feature some of the most intricate carvings, while cylindrical cigar holders are less detailed due to their small surface area. Some of the most popular subjects of antique meerschaum include depictions of leaders such as Napoleon, knights and noblemen, and sailors, who often appear inebriated, sometimes clutching a bottle as they lean against the pipe's bowl.
Beyond the appeal of their decorations, meerschaum pipes are popular with smokers for the quality of the smoking experience they produce. Unlike pipes made of briar root or cherry, meerschaum does not impart any flavor when smoked (although it must be added that many smokers enjoy the subtle flavors produced when smoking tobacco in a wood pipe). Because meerschaum does not conduct heat well, the bowl is always cool to the touch. And the porosity of meerschaum causes the pipe to change color over time as it used. Thus, the stone, which is carved white, turns a butterscotch brown when transformed into a pipe, filled with tobacco, and smoked, a process that’s frequently hurried along by rubbing a finished pipe with beeswax and sometimes ox blood.
Today meerschaum is not allowed to be exported from Turkey in its raw, block form, which has spurred new generations of carvers there. In many cases, the characters and subjects of contemporary carved meerschaum are positioned between the bowl, which is often left unadorned, and the end of the pipe's stem. Other styles emulate the classical saxophone shape of a large carved bowl attached to a stem that angles up to meet the smoker's mouth. The pipes are considered handsome enough, but in general, the details on contemporary pipes are less ornate and more formulaic than those on their forebears.
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Recent News: Meerschaum Pipes
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First Nighter: "Ken Ludwig's Baskerville," Richard Maxwell's "The Evening"Huffington Post, March 23rd
Be advised that no deerstalker cap or meerschaum pipe appear. They, of course, were accouterments introduced not by Doyle but by William Gillette. Also absent, purists need to know, from this Sherlock (as they mostly are from the Benedict Cumberbatch ...Read more
Ballina: from conservative farming electorate to diverse tourist hotspotABC Online, March 22nd
The electorate also encompasses the small rural villages of Wardell, Pimlico and Meerschaum Vale to the south. Residents of Wardell have listed the upgrade of the Pacific Highway, including a bypass of their village, as an important election issue for...Read more
Antiques & Collectibles: Meerschaum pipe bowl is a special heirloomPress of Atlantic City, March 20th
Answer: The item shown in your photo appears to be an antique Meerschaum - German for sea foam - pipe bowl. Meerschaum, a soft, light, porous mineral mined in Turkey, is naturally white but gradually shades to yellow, amber, then brown or deep red as a ...Read more
Ashes of Aldridge family member to be interred on SaturdayFraser Coast Chronicle, March 20th
Nada and Jack Williams as well as their six children; Vivienne, Ann, John, Ian, Jennifer and Paul moved around Australia where Jack worked as a primary school teacher in places including Port Macquarie, Kyogle and Meerschaum Vale. Nada enjoyed ...Read more
Pages from the Past - March 19The Lake Country Echo, March 19th
Irish custom as F.R. Hughes, who once again strolled into the Lake Region Hotel wearing that green Katy, a green necktie resplendent with embroidered shamrocks and meerschaum pipes, and carryin' Begorrah, that "same old shillelagh...Read more
Cano Ozgener Shares His Art for Pi DayBroadway World, March 9th
Cano's portfolio extends well beyond Pi Synesthesia and contains more than 100 works drawing largely upon his youth in his native Turkey and his love of meerschaum pipes. He is currently planning a sculpture garden next to OZ Arts Nashville...Read more
Eski?ehir to host events celebrating wood in all its formsDaily Sabah, March 3rd
The madrasa of the Kur?unlu Külliyesi houses the Museum of Meerschaum, which is referred to as "lületa??" (white gold), and is a light, porous, white stone shaped into pipes and other objects, which Eski?ehir is famed for. Plans also include opening up...Read more
Inside The World's Only Corn Cob Pipe Factory, Missouri MeerschaumSt. Louis Public Radio, March 26th
The Missouri Meerschaum factory in Washington, Mo., is the only place in the world that manufactures corn cob pipes made famous by such historical figures as Mark Twain and General Douglas MacArthur. Sales at the company have grown over the last two ...Read more