Meerschaum is found in a handful of places around the world, but the most famous source for the stone is in and around the city of Eskisehir in western Turkey. A porous mineral, meerschaum is soft enough to be carved but hard enough to be polished, revealing the incredible skill of the artisans who began making pipes out of the material in the 18th century. By the late 19th century, an ornately carved meerschaum pipe or cheroot holder was a status symbol for the men who smoked them in their clubs and book-lined studies. But by the end of World War I, fancy meerschaum pipes had been superseded by the clean, geometric look that would become Art Deco.

During its heyday, from roughly the 1870s to the 1920s, pipe makers in Hungary and other Eastern European countries, many of whom were Jews who passed their trade from son to son, transformed blank blocks of white meerschaum into everything from the heads of figures from history and literature to angels in repose and hunters on horseback. Cheroot holders, which have smaller bowls than full pipes, feature some of the most intricate carvings, while cylindrical cigar holders are less detailed due to their small surface area. Some of the most popular subjects of antique meerschaum include depictions of leaders such as Napoleon, knights and noblemen, and sailors, who often appear inebriated, sometimes clutching a bottle as they lean against the pipe's bowl.

Beyond the appeal of their decorations, meerschaum pipes are popular with smokers for the quality of the smoking experience they produce. Unlike pipes made of briar root or cherry, meerschaum does not impart any flavor when smoked (although it must be added that many smokers enjoy the subtle flavors produced when smoking tobacco in a wood pipe). Because meerschaum does not conduct heat well, the bowl is always cool to the touch. And the porosity of meerschaum causes the pipe to change color over time as it used. Thus, the stone, which is carved white, turns a butterscotch brown when transformed into a pipe, filled with tobacco, and smoked, a process that’s frequently hurried along by rubbing a finished pipe with beeswax and sometimes ox blood.

Today meerschaum is not allowed to be exported from Turkey in its raw, block form, which has spurred new generations of carvers there. In many cases, the characters and subjects of contemporary carved meerschaum are positioned between the bowl, which is often left unadorned, and the end of the pipe's stem. Other styles emulate the classical saxophone shape of a large carved bowl attached to a stem that angles up to meet the smoker's mouth. The pipes are considered handsome enough, but in general, the details on contemporary pipes are less ornate and more formulaic than those on their forebears.


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Recent News: Meerschaum Pipes

Source: Google News

TALLAHASSEE — Marijuana legalization advocates might have another reason ...
Naples Daily News, August 29th

Rouson, who has been open about his past struggles with drug addiction, carved out an exception for what he called “grandpa's pipe” — anything made from “briar, meerschaum, clay, or corn cob.” Gov. Rick Scott signed the bill (HB 49) into law and it...Read more

Tanz unter der Erntekrone
Märkische Oderzeitung, August 24th

Bischoff hatte diese Pfeifen dem Museum geschenkt. Darunter sind auch begehrte Objekte aus Meerschaum, einem Magnesiumsilikat, das sehr geschmacksneutral ist und dem Pfeiferaucher den ganzen Genuss des Tabaks lässt. Die schöne Atmosphäre auf ...Read more

Marijuana amendment would cancel Florida 'bong ban,' advocate says
TBO.com, August 24th

Rouson, who has been open about his past struggles with drug addiction, carved out an exception for what he called “grandpa's pipe” — anything made from “briar, meerschaum, clay, or corn cob.” Gov. Rick Scott signed the bill (HB 49) into law and it...Read more

Auditions set for Sherlock Homes mystery August 18 & 19
Connectcut Plus, August 16th

Sherlock. Much like one-name celebrities Cher, Beyonce or Madonna, say Sherlock to anyone almost anywhere in the world, and there's immediate recognition. Say the name Sherlock and they'll immediately think of the meerschaum pipe-smoking fictional ...Read more

3 Questions for Hampton Sides, Author of In the Kingdom of Ice
Everyday ebook, August 12th

Hampton Sides's work as a magazine editor and reporter has sent him all over the world; his books, including the best-seller Ghost Soliders, set during World War II, have taken him across the twentieth century. But for his latest epic, In the Kingdom...Read more

Dan Hunter: Case worthy of a certain detective
New Zealand Herald, August 4th

Holmes lit his meerschaum, and exhaled noisily towards the ceiling. "I vaguely recall the author. A hack." "Well, that's as may be. This lawyer cove said that 50 of your so-called hack's stories had fallen into the public domain, which apparently means...Read more