Shoe Collector Jonathan Walford on Why Footwear Is So Seductive

February 5th, 2010

Jonathan Walford is the author of “The Seductive Shoe” and several other fashion titles. A curator and a collector, Walford owns about 700 pairs of shoes dating from the 17th century to the present, with a focus on women’s shoes from the 1920s to the 1970s. To learn more about Walford, visit

I moved to Toronto in the early 1980s because I wanted to work at the Royal Ontario Museum, which had a costume and textiles department. A job came up at the Bata Shoe Museum, so I ended up working there as the assistant curator and then as curator. Shoes were thrust upon me; they were not something I initially chose.

These vinyl go-go boots from 1966 sport a Mondrian-like design.

These vinyl go-go boots from 1966 sport a Mondrian-like design.

At Bata, I had 11 years of experience working with shoes on a daily basis. What I like about shoes, first of all, is that they’re small, so you can collect quite a few of them—they don’t take up as much room as other things. Shoes also have to be practical as well as beautiful, more so perhaps than anything else we wear.

When it comes to clothing, the only things you worry about are modesty and warmth, but when it comes to shoes, there’s a certain technological level of construction it has to have. A shoe has to provide support, it has to be comfortable, and it has to look nice. Shoes have a lot of requirements, and yet over the past centuries they have also been interesting objects of fashion.

Right now there is a move toward a very fresh, new kind of look, but some of the shoes that are being created by today’s designers are almost throwbacks to what was happening in the 16th and 17th centuries. For example, there’s an exhibition at the Bata Shoe Museum through September of 2010 on the chopines, which were elevated shoes from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. There is a Swedish example in the show from around 1540 that looks almost exactly like something Nicholas Kirkwood would’ve done last season.

I don’t know if he was looking back to the 16th century when he designed his version, but with shoes, there is a limited repertoire of what you can do. There can only be so many fresh looks.

“We think of Ferragamo as a postwar designer, but he introduced the platform shoe in the 1930s.”

For me, the most important historical development was when shoes became visible. That’s when they became interesting. When skirts were long and covered the shoes, shoes were quite boring, plain, and practical, not very interesting to look at. They tended to be black or white and heelless. But when the hemlines began to rise, they became more noticeable and therefore designers began to put more attention into their color and ornamentation.

In many ways, shoes are a fairly new element of fashion. They were kind of ignored through most of the 19th century and even into the early 20th century. But then in the 1910s and ’20s, when hemlines rocketed up, suddenly shoes became an essential part of an outfit. They had to match the gloves, the purse, the hat, or the jewelry. I think that’s one reason there’s so much interest in shoe design, because it’s contemporary in that sense. This conscious awareness of what shoes should look like has only been around for a while.

Collectors Weekly: Do you collect shoes?

Walford: I do, yes. At last count, I had around 700 pairs. I collect through every century. The oldest shoe I have is a single shoe from the 1660s that came out of an American collection. That shoe could very well have been worn in New Amsterdam (present-day New York) back in the 17th century, which would make it the oldest European-style shoe in America. I don’t have proof of that, but I’ve had several people look at it and they’ve all said it looks like something that was very typical of what you’d expect to find in Holland at the time, except it’s made out of deerskin. So it could be an American shoe made by a Dutch-trained shoemaker in New Amsterdam.

A black suede button boot, typical of the style in 1910.

A black suede button boot, typical of the style in 1910.

The next-oldest shoes I have are from the early 18th century, and from then on I have pretty much a solid representation of fashion footwear from the 1750s right up to the present. But the focus of the collection is from 1920s to the ’70s and ’80s.

From the ’20s alone I have shoes in different colors; shoes in tooled and appliquéd leather; shoes of painted silk and others covered with rhinestones. I think that’s in part why I tend to collect more shoes from the 1920s—there is just so much variety. If you’re collecting shoes from the 1840s, for example, you are pretty much limited to a pair of black, flat shoes and a pair of boots, and that kind of does it. Two pairs essentially cover all aspects of what was going on.

For me, the most aesthetically pleasing part of a shoe is the shaped heel, the part where there’s a gentle curve from the heel going down to the ground. I’ve never been fond of big, blocky heels or straight, sharp heels. I think they’re a little bit awkward. But that’s personal taste—everything has its own beauty.

For example, shoes in the late ’60s with the square toes and the low heels can be a little bit boring at times, but you also had some wonderful designs using amazing plastic materials, bright colors, psychedelic printed leathers, metal trimmings, and all sorts of other wonderful stuff. Every period has its strengths, so I can’t really say I like one any more than another.

Collectors Weekly: What were women wearing at the beginning of the 20th century?

Walford: This was just around the period when hemlines were beginning to creep up. Interestingly, shoes were almost a reaction to the fashions of the time. A lot of the Edwardian turn-of-the-century fashions were dripping in lace and making the most of the feminine figure, with padded buttocks, a padded bosom, and a tight waist. The look was ultra feminine. In contrast, shoes were often very masculine—little, tight Oxford shoes with low heels, very suffragette in comparison to the elaborate femininity of the costume itself. Even in eveningwear or with very fancy dresses, the footwear was still quite practical and masculine.

These embroidered shoes by French designer Greco are from 1927.

These embroidered shoes by French designer Greco are from 1927.

All that changed in the 1910s with the rise of the hem. There was the introduction of straps and color in womens footwear. Of course the leg was still not supposed to be seen in its naked form, so stockings were opaque. But the shoes themselves brought attention to the leg and the foot.

Shoe design took off in the 1920s and ’30s when bare legs and translucent stockings became acceptable. Suddenly shoes were brightly colored and highly decorated. French shoe designer André Perugia got his start in the 1920s, doing fantastical designs and colors and patterns for Paul Poiret. Roger Vivier designed shoes for Elsa Schiaparelli in the 1930s. This is when shoe design as we know it really began.

Collectors Weekly: Were shoe designers as well known or regarded in the early 1900s?

Walford: Not really. Jean-Louis François Pinet, who worked out of Paris, produced very elaborate, embroidered versions of whatever was in fashion. But he’s pretty much the only one that was known at all. Shoe manufacturing was just getting off the ground at the very end of the 19th century. It was a time when people were moving from traditional styles to a more modern type of footwear—from clogs to leather boots, for example. Generally speaking, the footwear was quite plain, and the makers and designers were not well known.

If anything, it was the manufacturers that became famous for producing quality footwear at a reasonable price. This is where the Americans excelled. The American shoe industry just exploded at the end of the 19th century. They produced massive quantities of good quality shoes, not necessarily in bright colors and wonderful designs, but quality construction at an inexpensive price.

Collectors Weekly: Who were some of the leading manufacturers?

Walford: There was a huge shoemaking industry in St. Louis, New York, and the Boston area. There was also the Krohn-Fechheimer Shoe Company of Cincinnati. Fechheimer was best known for its Red Cross brand of shoes. You can find Red Cross brand shoes right up until at least the end of the 1960s. They might even go into the 1970s. The only time you won’t find them is during the war from about 1942 to ’46.

Italian designer Ferragamo is one of the most famous names in shoes. This cellophane and kid shoe is from 1938.

Italian designer Ferragamo is one of the most famous names in shoes. This cellophane and kid shoe is from 1938.

The company came to an agreement with the Red Cross not to use that name for their shoes because they didn’t want to suggest that they were somehow associated with the Red Cross and its work during the war.

There were an amazing number of American companies. They’re mostly all gone now because they started getting a lot of competition from the Italian manufacturers in the 1950s and ’60s, the Spanish and Brazilian manufacturers in the ’60s, ’70s, and ’80s, and the Chinese in the 1990s. The 1860s until the 1960s was the heyday of American shoe manufacturing.

Collectors Weekly: Did European designers always influence their American counterparts?

Walford: Well, from the 1860s until the 1930s, Europe was where all fashion ideas came from. Designers in the United States and Canada, the whole Western hemisphere for that matter, followed what was coming out of London or Paris or Vienna. The same was true for shoes. Even when American shoe manufacturing took off in the 19th century, producing plain, wearable-quality shoes without any outrageous colors or designs, they were still getting their design cues from Europe.

That gradually began to change in the 1930s. A few homegrown American design talents began to show up, but American retailers were leery of taking American designs. They always wanted to sell the latest fashions from Paris or London. They never wanted to say ‘buy the latest fashions by so and so from Ohio’. World War II changed that because U.S. retailers were cut off from Europe’s fashion leaders. Suddenly they had to look to the local talent, and there was a lot out there. They would even promote the names of U.S. shoe companies like Herman Delman in advertisements.

Collectors Weekly: How else did World War II affect U.S. shoes?

Walford: Actually, both world wars had an impact. From 1915 to 1918, material shortages forced European designers to replace some of the leather in their shoes with gray felt or cotton. This was especially true for boots. In World War II, again because of a lack of leather, materials such as wood and cork were used in soles instead of leather. That created the platform, which became the fashion throughout the war and even into the early 1950s.

During World War II, shoe manufacturers in Europe and the U.S. turned to wood and woven fabrics due to the lack of leather.

During World War II, shoe manufacturers in Europe and the U.S. turned to wood and woven fabrics due to the lack of leather.

In Europe the main problem was a lack of leather. In the States, wartime regulations also restricted the amount of dye you could use on leather, which decreased demand. In the United States, there were, I think, just five colors that were allowed between 1942 and 1945. You had white, black, brown, gray, and navy blue. That was it for a leather-soled shoe. The way to get around that was to make a textile shoe with a leather sole. You could produce a red cotton upper with a leather sole, that kind of thing, but not red leather.

Delman was just one of the U.S. firms that became famous during the 1940s. Seymour Troy was another one, and Beth Levine showed up just after the war, I think in ’48. There were a fair number of them. Fashion designers like Claire McCardell, Irene, and Adrian created the clothes that went with the Seymour Troy and Herman Delman shoes.

This U.S. moment, if you will, did not last long. After the war, the American shoe industry began to be challenged by the Italians, who had a long history of hand shoemaking. Their workers learned by the apprentice method—they could make a shoe from beginning to end. It was slow and expensive but the results were wonderful, high-quality shoes.

After the war, the Italians started to combine the best American manufacturing methods with the tradition of Italian craftsmanship. Half of the shoe would be manufactured and the other half would be hand finished. It was a brilliant concept because it combined the strength and uniformity of a manufactured shoe with fine finishing and high quality. And because labor in post-war Italy was less expensive than it was in the United States, the shoes were a lot cheaper.

That was the beginning of the end of the shoemaking industry in the States. A lot of designers in New York simply sent their manufacturing work to Italy. One New York importer, Marx & Newman, operated a string of small shoe companies on the Amalfi Coast. That became the Amalfi label, which was a very popular brand in the late 1940s.

Collectors Weekly: Skipping back to the 1920s and ’30s for a moment, what drove shoe design during those decades?

Walford: Well, the ’20s and ’30s are, for me, the golden age of shoe design. That’s when everything was new and fresh. So many things had never been done before. A designer couldn’t do wrong. There wasn’t a lot of change in the actual architecture of the shoe in the 1920s; it was more about color and decoration. By the 1930s, though, designers started playing with the actual shape of the shoe. They created sling backs and open toes and all these various new types of shoes for women that had never really been around before.

It’s also when some of the most respected designers of the 1950s and ’60s got their start. Vivier started in the 1930s but he was actually better known after the war. We think of Ferragamo as a postwar designer, but he introduced the platform shoe in the 1930s. Palter Deliso, an American company, was credited with promoting the then-scandalous open-toe sling back pump in the 1930s, but their shoes were especially popular during and after the war.

Collectors Weekly: How does the evolution of the heel fit into this?

Walford: The truly flat shoe, with no heel or just a very, very small heel, had pretty much disappeared by the end of the 19th century. By the 1890s, there was a preference for a bit of a heel, at least one-and-a-half-inches, so the heel would be above the toe. Heels got higher as shoes became more visible. So you begin to see two- and two-and-a-half-inch heels in 1915, 1920, with three-inch heels by the end of the 1920s.

A plum and gray kid sandal by Perugia, France, 1939.

A plum and gray kid sandal by Perugia, France, 1939.

High-heel pumps first appeared during the ’20s and ’30s. The stiletto heel did not come about until the late 1950s, but in the 1920s women wore what were known as Spanish heels, which were slim two-and-a-half or three-inch heels.

Roger Vivier is often credited with inventing the stiletto heel for Dior in 1954, but the idea was out there. It was in the air. Lots of designers were doing it at the same time, and the public was ready for it. It was like the mini skirt. Some designers will say they invented the mini skirt, but they’re lying. Nobody invented the mini skirt. It just happened. It all happened at once. It just caught on.

Beyond the striking look of high-heeled shoes there was an aesthetic value to it for the wearer. A high-heeled shoe makes the foot look smaller, and, of course, it also tightens a woman’s calf muscles and slims her ankle. When a woman is wearing a short skirt, her lower leg is visible, so a high heel creates a shapely calf and a narrow ankle. Aesthetically it’s a wonderful shoe to wear. Medically it’s not so great.

Collectors Weekly: What other designers were known for their high heels?

Walford: All of them. Perugia was certainly doing them. Ferragamo, too. Herman Delman was doing high heels quite early. By the time you had designers putting their names in shoes, the high heel was firmly established.

Collectors Weekly: From a collector’s standpoint, what are the really sought-after shoes?

Walford: For the past 20 years now, certainly in the last 10, the trend has been to collect by designer. Everyone wants the shoe that has as a name associated with it. So right now people are collecting Perugia, Ferragamo, Vivier, all these pioneers of shoe design. There hasn’t been as much appreciation for American designers unless they are big names like Beth Levine (who designed for her husband, Herbert Levine’s, label), or Seymour Troy and Palter Deliso.

Collectors Weekly: Are the 1950s still regarded as one of the most popular decades for vintage-shoe collectors?

Walford: Yes and no. I think maybe that’s passed a little bit. I think 1950s shoes were more popular as vintage purchases in the ’80s and ’90s. I prefer the ’40s myself. I would say that maybe the heel isn’t quite as popular as it was maybe five years ago, and I think the late ’70s and early ’80s are getting increased interest right now—all those Charles Jourdan disco-era shoes, Halston shoes, that kind of thing. Those have great appeal.

Collectors Weekly: What were some of the signature looks of the 1950s?

Walford: Well, everyone thinks of the stiletto heel pump. But that became popular at the end of the 1950s. Generally speaking, it was a very plain pump or sandal. The sandals were barely there—the fewer straps, the better. A lot of the evening sandals had the bare minimum number of straps to keep the shoe on the foot, and always a very high heel.

This green suede and silver kid shoe from 1955 was produced by Gainsborough, a Florida manufacturer.

This green suede and silver kid shoe from 1955 was produced by Gainsborough, a Florida manufacturer.

Some heels were so spiky they were actually banned from certain buildings. In Paris, for example, if you wanted to go into the Louvre, you had to wear plastic caps on the end of your heels to keep the stiletto ends from ruining the floors. I remember my mother had linoleum floor in the kitchen, and it was covered with little pockmarks. She didn’t typically wear stilettos in the kitchen, but she’d have friends over, and if she wore her heels in the kitchen to, say, make a cup of tea, the heels would leave little pockmarks in the surface. The heel concentrates the pressure.

A really high heel also puts a lot of pressure on the arch in your instep and on the ankle, so they are not really good for you. Women who wear heels often end up with spider veins and things like that. But for a short period of time, anything is fine. If you are stuck in one style for too long and don’t change it that can be bad. That’s even true for wearing sneakers all the time. You should exercise your foot by going high heel, low heel, negative heel, walking barefoot, wearing shoes. Variety is good. It exercises your foot, keeps all the muscles and bones healthy.

Heels were not the only things that got pointy. And at the beginning of the decade, the round toe became more pointed, too. A pointed toe visually elongates and narrows the foot; it makes the foot look more elegant. Well, that’s what they say. I actually prefer the round toe myself. I always thought they’re much more chic. I like the round toe, especially when they’re cut quite low, and then you have toe cleavage, which I think is very sexy.

Collectors Weekly: Have boots also gone in and out of style?

Walford: The boot went out of fashion at the end of the 1910s with the rising of the hemline. Women preferred to go to a shoe with the stocking rather than wearing a boot. There was one style that was popular in the 1920s called the Cossack boot. It was basically a pull-on boot. But those were really only popular for a short while, and women did not really wear boots again until the 1960s when mini skirts and go-go boots became popular.

Collectors Weekly: Did the mini skirt bring back the boot?

Walford: Yes. It was a very youthful, fashion-forward, modern look. Pierre Cardin actually came out with that boot in ’57 or ’58, quite early, but he didn’t pair it with the mini skirt. He paired with knee-length skirts and it looked a little awkward. It looked almost like you were wearing galoshes with a cocktail dress. It didn’t quite work. But when you put it with a mini dress, suddenly there was this expanse of leg in between the top of the boot and the bottom of the hemline. It looked very chic and modern.

The other thing that made it all work was the boot material. In the ’60s, materials like Corfam were introduced. They weren’t necessarily superior or even cheaper materials, but they suited mass manufacturing. You could work with them more easily than leather, and you could make the material at the same site as the boot, so it sped up the process and made everything more affordable.

Collectors Weekly: What replaced pointed stilettos in the 1960s?

Walford: The rejection in the 1960s of the pointed toe and the high heel marked a division between two styles of fashion happening at the same time—one embraced by youth culture and another by older women. Younger women wanted square toes and low heels. Older women continued to wear pointed toes and high heels. The divide began in the early ’60s. By 1964 you really began to notice the difference between the two styles and by the end of the decade, the square toe, low-heel shoe had become the dominant style.

Collectors Weekly: Who designed the first pair of Mary Janes?

Walford: I’m not exactly sure, but the name comes from cartoonist Richard Outcault who drew Buster Brown. Mary Jane was Buster’s sister. The Brown Shoe Company of St. Louis adopted Buster as its mascot for children’s footwear. He was introduced in 1904. In the cartoon, Mary Jane wore these flat, little-girl shoes with a single strap of the instep. That style became fashionable in the 1920s for everyday footwear and her name became associated with the shoe.

Shoes with instep straps, such as this example from 1905, evolved into the Mary Jane.

Shoes with instep straps, such as this example from 1905, evolved into the Mary Jane.

It actually wasn’t a marketing ploy on the part of Brown Shoe Company. It just happened. Until recently it’s been a very American phenomenon. Ten years ago, if you said “Mary Jane” to a Brit, they wouldn’t know what you were talking about.

Since the 1960s, there’s been a lot of looking back in fashion. In the 1960s, fashion designers were looking back to the 1920s, which was the last time women wore short skirts and shoes like Mary Janes. In the 1970s, there was a lot of interest in the 1930s and ’40s—that’s when the platform shoe came back into fashion.

By the time you got to the 1980s, designers were looking back to the 1950s, which is why the stiletto heel came back. So really, for the last 45 years, I would say, there’s been a concentrated interest in looking back to past trends in order to get ideas for current styles. Before that, fashion was always looking forward, trying to find new ways to move ahead rather than looking back.

Collectors Weekly: Have shoe colors also evolved?

Walford: I knew a woman who worked in a shoe store in the East End of London in the 1950s. She was hoping to sell lots of avocado green and pink shoes to the clients that came in the door, but the women who shopped there would buy black shoes for winter and white shoes for summer. She might be able to talk them into brown or navy blue, but that was about it.

Everyday shoes tend to remain on the plain side because they need to match. Only recently have women embraced this hodgepodge chic where you wear shoes that don’t match anything. For the most part, though, shoe fashions have always complemented dress fashions.

For example, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, burgundy was a very popular semi-neutral. So, a lot of women had burgundy shoes. In the earlier part of the ’70s, brown was the color so women had brown shoes. That was the standard color. In the ’50s, black was very popular, in no small part because of the black cocktail dresses of the time.

The 1960s brought lots of metallic colors like gold and silver to shoes, as well as all the psychedelic colors—the acid greens, the hot pinks, things like that. Shoe colors followed the fashions of the period. That isn’t to say that you couldn’t buy a pair of purple shoes in the 1950s. You could, but the selection of shoe styles would not be as great.

Collectors Weekly: Do most collectors collect to wear their vintage shoes?

Walford: That’s really difficult. There are vintage wearers and then there are wearer/collectors. I think sometimes people will start off buying vintage shoes to wear and then, later, they’ll realize that they really shouldn’t be wearing those 1940s open-toe pumps because they’re too valuable or not strong enough or whatever.

The Philadelphia firm of Laird Schober & Co. produced this contemporary looking shoe back in 1900.

The Philadelphia firm of Laird Schober & Co. produced this contemporary looking shoe back in 1900.

Age is the other issue with shoes. If you buy things that are old, they’re often made of fragile materials. If the shoes don’t fit you absolutely perfectly, you’re going to split them in the first wearing. So you really have to get the right fit because leather dries out and satin is thin. Some things will last but other things damage easily. Most collectors learn by trial and error. That said, certainly shoes made in the 1950s and ’60s will hold together pretty well if you take decent care of them.

I know collectors who are not wearers, but I know a lot of people who do wear vintage. I think maybe the thing with vintage is that it tends to be special wear. You might have a special pair for a special outfit, but not every day.

When I was a teenager in the ’70s, women were ransacking vintage clothing stores looking for groovy, old, pretty platforms and other things to wear every day. Wonderful stuff was being bought cheap and just worn to death. But it was plentiful, and it was a quick way to get a fun look.

Over the past 30 years, though, vintage has become more expensive and chic. Its value has gone up, and respect for it has gone up as well. So today I think wearing vintage shoes is not so common. You pull them out and you wear them to a party for two or three hours, and then you put them away for the next special occasion.

(All images in this article courtesy Jonathan Walford of Kickshaw Productions)

42 comments so far

  1. Glamoursurf Says:

    Fabulous interview Jonathan! I really like what you have to say about collecting vintage designer shoes. I think it will be interesting 50 years from now to see what people are collecting from today’s fashion footwear designers.

  2. Poppy's Vintage Clothing Says:

    A great read here with some valuable information here for anyone interested in vintage shoes!

  3. Tom Says:

    I have about 20 shoe design /drawings from 1940 – 1950 era.
    In very good shape. Looks like she was retained by Altman and Scholls
    to provide design ideas. Some have catalog page numbers written on them.

    How do I date these items.


  4. VintageBaubles Says:

    Extraordinarily interesting! Makes me appreciate shoe history and design even more than I did before. Thanks for a great interview to all involved!

  5. robert mounce Says:

    i have a pair of shoes i believe are from 1860, childs shoe made of hand carved wood leather nailed on, steel like horshoes on heel and front,metal buckle on front ,strap with little ball.any info would be appreciated

  6. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Tom: You could probably compare the shoe images with examples illustrated in books, such as my book The Seductive Shoe, or other books that on the market, John Peacock has a shoe style book which could be useful for this. Otherwise, you could try posting them online at some place like the Vintage Fashion Guild and ask for help from members.

    Robert: Your shoes sound like what are commonly called ‘Northumberland clogs.’ They are also sometimes tooled but the plain ones were popular from the mid 19th century until the early 20th century. They were commonly worn in the cotton mills because the wooden sole and oiled leather uppers were waterproof (cotton was spun wet). They were also worn by children because they wore like iron — children outgrew them before they wore out. The shoes fell from use during the 1910s but there was a small revival during WW2 due to leather shortages, however during the 1940s they were often made of red leather.

  7. John Rogers Says:

    Great article! To learn more, I urge you go to the Bata Shoe Museum in Toronto (also on line). I gather there are only 4 such museums in the world. They also have Johathan’s wonderful book mentioned in this article. The podcasts are very educational and you can sign up for an electronic newsletter! I was so excited by the museum, I made every woman I talked to in Toronto promise to go visit their ‘home town’ jewel.

  8. Loulou's Vintage Says:

    Thank you Jonathan, again an incredible learning experience. I love the red leather Laird Schober &, circa 1900, they look so now, quite amazing. Linda

  9. AMBER1717 Says:

    WOW!!:)..I too have a love for vintage shoes. Especialy boots!! The
    “GO-GO” boots are adorible!!! My “MAM-MA” is 90 yrs. old now
    and has asked me to put her wonderful collection of “EVERYTHING”
    you could possibly think of to collect(LOL)in my home!! :)She
    is a “HOARDER”… in a good way though. My Mam-ma loved to shop
    and then would bring her ‘TREASURES” home and leave them in the
    original box.Then place them in a bigger box and store them in
    one of her 4 bedrooms. … WELL…after… “50 yrs”…
    of buying and storing her “TREASURES”…my “WONDERFUL” neat
    little Mam-ma (she is only 4’11” and 90 lbs.)has accumalated
    hundreds of items..from china,crystal artwork,figurines,ect.
    in not only the 4 bedrooms,but the whole gang house.:)I love
    her very much and I know she is a very smart woman.Mam-ma knew
    one day her “TREASURES” would be worth something.And even
    though she is 90 yrs. old she will still say “Come and get me,
    I want to go shopping”!!!:)…I will split up her “TREASURES”
    and pass them down to her “GREAT and GREAT-GREAT GRAND CHILDREN!!
    Again “THANK-YOU” for your wonderful story and the “PASSION” you
    have for collecting your own vintage “TREASURES” GOD BLESS! :)

  10. bchaim Says:

    Hello – wondering if you can share any info on the London Character Shoe Co, as I’ve just discovered that my great-great grandfather, Marcus Weingarten, established it. I haven’t been able to find much about him or his company, other than a few Library of Congress photos of a shop. Thank you.

  11. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Sorry, but I don’t know anything about the London Character Shoe Company. As the LIbrary of COngress has photos of it, I presume it was located in the U.S.? BY the sound of its name, it was probably a theatrical footwear manufacturer – ‘character’ shoes are a common name for the plain leather strap shoes used on stage by chorus line dancers and tappers.

  12. Laurene Fitzjarrell Says:

    I have a pair of my mothers Seymour Troy platform sandals (P41150 725 at 87) written on inside. How do I find out about the shoes and how should I get them refurbished?

  13. Kathy Says:

    I have a pair of Red Cross slingbacks with peep toes and stitched “quilting” in brown leather. 3 inch heels and hardly any wear. Model number 86317. How do I find what year they are from? They say they are size 5 1/2 D, but I can fit into them as a size 6 – 1/15.

  14. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Dear Laurene and Kathy;
    The numbers used on the inside of shoes rarely include any sort of discernable dating system. Those numbers are there for inventory and indicate the style, colour, size, and occasionally the date, but often in a method that can not be deciphered – such as the week of the year and the year, which is identified by only the last number, (example: 235 – 23rd week of 1955) Above all, the numbering systems are different at every company and the key to knowing how to read them is forgotten or buried in an archive somewhere.

    If I may plug my next book ‘Shoes A-Z: Designers, Brands, Manufacturers, and Retailers’ which is being released in a few weeks, at the end of November, both of you would find the information in the book useful in dating your shoes. While My first book on shoes ‘The Seductive Shoe’ focussed on the history of footwear styles, this book focusses on the information of the maker’s and sellers of shoes. I can’t accurately date either of your shoes without seeing a picture, however, Seymour Troy was active between the mid 1920s and mid 1960s, so, as your shoes are platforms, they are likely from the mid 1940s (the only period platform shoes were popular during his career.) The Red Cross brand of shoes, on the other hand, was used by the United States Shoe Corporation beginning in 1905, however, they dropped the use of that brand in the middle of WW2, in 1942, so as not to confuse their product with the Red Cross organization. They did not revive that brand again until 1948, at which time they often specified on their label that the brand was not associated with the Red Cross. As you say your shoes are sling-backs, the style did not exist before the late 1930s, so you can begin to get a better idea of when your shoes date from.

    I hope this helps both of you with your shoe dating questions.

  15. Jason Says:

    My girlfriend has a pair of vintage shoes, look like Mary Janes I guess. Inside, they say “British Trotters by Altman’s”. I’ve googled and googled and can’t find any information on them, but she is curious about when/where they’re from and their value. They are in very good condition. I’ve love it if you could offer any insight. Thanks. Jason

  16. Jonathan Walford Says:

    HI Jason, I would need to see a picture to be able to tell for sure. British Trotters was a brand of shoe that I have seen advertisements for in publications like Vogue, from the late 1940s and 1950s. I suspect the Altman’s in the label is referring to the New York store B. Altman which was a large, high-end department store that went out of business about twenty years ago. It was common for department stores to commission lines of shoes and have their name appear on the label.

  17. L Heck Says:

    I have posted a pair of vintage Italian leather heels in the Show n Tell gallery. Please take a look and let me know if you can identify when they were made. I picked these up at a vintage clothing store several years ago for a 60’s party I was attending. Haven’t worn them since but would love to know if they are worth showing to a collector or reseller.

  18. Jonathan Walford Says:

    They look c. 1974-75ish but I can’t be any more specific or offer any advice on what they are worth without handling them.

  19. Eileen Postle Says:

    I have a pair of wedding shoes made by “Jay Jordan”. Can you tell me anything about this company?

  20. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Dear Eileen – sorry, I don’t know that label.

  21. Melanie Says:

    Hi, I loaned your book from my local library having just picked up this pair of Clarks shoes which inspired me to do more research. By complete coincidence I also ended up on this page from a Vintage Guild link and found that the two are related! I would like to say thankyou for both very useful texts to a new collector. I’ve just submitted my first real vintage find of any age to the Show and Tell gallery ( under Pinkcoke) a pair of Clarks pierced tan leather heels in the original box that have been dated to 1955 with the help of Clarks customer services (and their archives!). I also wanted to ask, how do you decide when a pair of shoes are either too good to wear or good enough to put on display in a museum like your own? Despite their age, these are the best condition vintage shoes I’ve held- I suspect because they may not have been worn together at all! (only one shoe has marks of wear to the sole…broken leg? :) Besides the point they’re not my size it actually seems a shame to have the condition deteriate through normal wear and tear.

  22. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Thank-you for your kind words Melanie. Its difficult to assess what a museum wants, because every museum has its own collection mandates. Most fashion-collection related museums look for examples of high fashion or popular mainstream brands, but condition, age, rarity, quality, design excellence, provenance, etc. all relate to the desirabtility of the item. I looked at the pics of your 1950s Clark’s shoes, and they are in wonderful condition, but many museums migh consider the style too ‘every-day’ to be important for a collection of fashion history, while other museums may want them because they are a good example of an everyday style.

    However, few museums have any funds to purchase items, so while there are probably several museums that would love to have those shoes in their collection there are probably none that would buy them. This is why so many items do end up on the market and are collected, and sometimes worn by their owners, often with unfortunate results (there are several examples within the last year or so I can think of celebreties damaging antique garments they wore to events.)

  23. Frederick Ridner Says:

    I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this blog. Thank you, I will try and check back more frequently.

  24. Renee Levine Says:

    I read your blog with great interest. My father, Irving Schneir, was the manufacturer D’Antiono Shoe Co., in NY and beside the D’Antonio line, he manufactured Margaret Jerrold and Palter DeLiso. It was his company that first came out in the late 40’s with the skyscrapper heel. Would you have any research on that innovation? Thank you.

  25. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Hi Renee – you already have more information than I do! I didn’t realize the same company made all those brands. Was there another name for the company? I assume it was in New York.

    All I know about the skyscraper heel is that it was set back further under the heel, so it looked even taller than it was, but that is all I know from what I have read. I had thought it was an innovation by Roger Vivier for Delman, but I could be wrong.

    Do you have the archives of the company, or was it donated somewhere? Fell free to contact me for a more detailed chat at

    Jonathan Walford

  26. Debbie Lubitz Says:

    I came across your blog while doing research about my grandfather, Vincent DeLiso. Thank you for writing about him.

  27. Janice Druckman Says:

    In 1964 I worked as a secretary for the office manager for the D’Antiono Shoe Co., on Broadway and 12th Street in NY. I remember that they also manufactured Margaret Jerrold and Palter DeLiso shoes. I loved the shoes — beautiful classic styling. I was able to purchase the shoes for 25% off of wholesale. I bought handbags to match the shoes. I have two of the bags in my possession. I wish I had kept the shoes.

  28. Carolyn Karmazinas Says:

    hi jonathan,
    i was wondering if you can help me find a shoe that i had when I was 6 yrs old, it was a black leather mary jane shoe with one strap & buckle across the foot by the ankle & it had white stiching on top of the shoe like 2 upside down v’s. my shoes were from the 70s and i have been searching for yrs. i noticed that your shoes are even older than mine were so i was wondering if you have ever seen anything like it or if you know how to find my mary jane shoes from the 70s? thank you.

  29. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Dear Carolyn – I’m sorry but that is a tall order, and not something I can help you with. Children’s shoes are another whole field, and not my area of expertise. Good luck with your search!

  30. Nell Mealy Says:

    I have found a pair of old high top tennis shoes at a farm were we live ,They look like the converse But on theside of each shoe has circle and it says Air senco Cooled.
    I can not find any brand of thatname anywhere. Would you know anything about that name?Thanks nell

  31. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Dear Nell, sorry but sneakers are not my area of expertise.

  32. Tracy Sizemore Says:

    I have a wooden pair of carved baby shoes the upper part is all a leather type with a design I can not find. an Uncle brought them to the USA from World War I. There is what appears writing I have photos of would you mind send me your email to send you pictures. I dont know the value but the shoe bottom is entirely hand carved. It would appear for a very small pair of shoes that they would hurt to wear with the wooden toe portion as well. Thanks Tracy Indiana

  33. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Hi Tracy;
    They sound like they are probably Northumberland clogs. A wooden sole, often with an iron ‘horseshoe’ addition on the sole (although not always), and a tooled leather upper, sometimes with a strap and button closure. These were commonly made for children in and around Northumberland, and although the style died out during the 1920s, they were revived during WWII because they wore so well and ultimately were economical alternatives to conventional shoes. The style was apparently also adopted by workers in cotton mills because cotton has to be spun wet, so the floors of cotton mills are wet, and these were good for keeping the feet dry. I don’t know if this is true or not, but it was told to me with great authority!

  34. Jessica Says:

    Can anyone give me any more information (like a website) that has info on the D’Antonio Shoe Co? I cannot find a blessed thing online! It is like they never existed. Loads of shoes for sale on Ebay and Etsy with their name, but nothing anywhere about the company itself. I am trying to find out when they opened originally and if there is a catalogue somewhere I can date some shoes I found. This is the only place after hours of looking that even has the slightest mention of them. Thanks in advance!!

  35. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Hi Jessica;
    D’Antonio was located in New York. I suspect they were importers of Italian made footwear, or at least began that way. My notes on the company have it listed as being founded 1949, registering the D’Antonio name in 1955, and going out of business 1996. I have no names of the company founders etc. which is why I think its a made up name for imported shoes, like Amalfi.

  36. Jonathan Walford Says:

    I found a little more about D’Antonio. It was a trademark line of shoes made in New York by the Robern Shoe Manufacturing Corp. The trademark for ‘D’Antonio’ name was filed in 1953. The shoes were American made but used an Italian name to play up their cache – a not uncommon practice at the time – like giving French names to milliners and couturiers.

  37. Eleanor Says:

    I came across your interesting article whilst doing research to find out info on a pair of miniature bread dough shoes made by an italian prisoner of World war 2 which my father got whilst serving in North Africa but alas can’t find any info after many hours of research. I would appreciate any pointers of where to find out any info on these shoes and do many of these exist or any collectors thereof. Thank you for your interesting article

  38. Kathleen Marinacci Says:

    This is a wonderful, informative articulate that I have saved and read over and over. It always makes me want to ask you a question about a pair of shoes I own that are designed to match what I believe to be an orginal 1950’s Christian Dior dress and shawl. The shoes are clearly marked Vorreiter Berlin and are also marked with three very official looking trademarks or symbols. One of them is a two headed eagle or bird, one says something in German that is associated with awards and the last appears possibly a factory? Although they are clearly marked I have spent hours and hours trying to find information regarding this company. I would love to send a photograph and possibly clear up this mystery that has been haunting me for years.



  39. Kathleen Marinacci Says:

    I was so excited to hear from you! There was no email address for me to send photos so I came back to my orginal post and I am unable to post photographs from here. Could you please advise me?

    The shoes have a very interesting provenance and deserve to be identified. Their story involves a love affair between a Frenchman in the textile business and a German hat model who met in New York City in the 1940’s where they married. They returned to Paris after the war and then to Germany to look for surviving family. That is where they found and adopted their son. They traveled extensively across the ocean and returned to the US in the late 1950’s. Most likely 1957. I acquired the collection which has six pairs of shoes with matching dresses and accessories, along with the steamer trunk they were stored in, from the son five years ago.

    I have spent many hours trying to solve this mystery and it would take an expert who feels their energy as much as I do to solve it. There is more to this story.




  40. Stephen Harrison Says:

    Are vintage shoes valuable ? I have a single women’s shoe from early 16th Century that came from Manor Castle in England. Just wondering if it was worth anything

  41. Jonathan Walford Says:

    Hi Stephen;
    It’s worth something, but ‘old’ doesn’t necessarily mean ‘gold’. Best thing to do is take a photo and send it to some auction houses to see what they can do for you. Condition, beauty, rarity – these are all relevant to the value. If you have only one shoe, that reduces its value by more than half. A museum might be your best place for a fair market receipt to work against your taxes.

  42. Amy Delaney Says:

    Trying to find information on two pair of vintage pumps. They are marked “Vorreiter Berlin. I would love to send you pictures.

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