Posted 7 years ago
- Russia (CCCP) / 1962 Commemorative Postage Stamp - (Space)
- Commemorate the launching of the Mars 1 space rocket on exploration mission (launched November 11, 1962) -- Issue date November 17, 1962
*** Cancelled Collector Issue - with original gum (unused)
- Scott# 2666 - Denomination: 10 Kopeks - "Earth / Rocket / Mars"
*** Mars 1 (1962 Beta Nu 1), an automatic interplanetary spacecraft launched to Mars on November 1, 1962, was the first probe of the Soviet Mars probe program. Mars 1 was intended to fly by the planet at a distance of about 11,000 km and take images of the surface as well as send back data on cosmic radiation, micrometeoroid impacts and Mars' magnetic field, radiation environment, atmospheric structure, and possible organic compounds. Sixty-one radio transmissions were held, initially at two-day intervals and later at 5 day intervals, from which a large amount of interplanetary data was collected. On 21 March 1963, when the spacecraft was at a distance of 106,760,000 km from Earth, communications ceased due to failure of its antenna orientation system.