The oft-told Heddon fishing lure creation myth goes something like this: Once upon a time in the late 1800s, no one is exactly sure when, James Heddon was whittling by the side of a lake. Having had his way with the small piece of wood, he casually tossed it in the water where, to his surprise, it was attacked by a big, beautiful bass. Thus the idea of carving a piece of artificial bait, known as a plug, from wood was born.
It’s a nice story, but in an article from the 1921 issue of American Angler magazine, Charles Heddon, one of the sons of Dowagiac, Michigan’s famous James Heddon and Sons, confessed the following: "When asked who made the first wooden bait or plug, my father used to always exhibit two types of wooden minnows used by his grandfather… as far back as from 1850 to 1855."
Whether or not James Heddon was present at the moment of conception for antique fishing lures, he was a fishing-lure force to be reckoned with. The reason is the sheer inventiveness of Heddon plugs and lures, their craftsmanship, and, above all, the fact that they worked.
One of the earliest Heddon plugs was a hook-laden painted frog, carved from a broomstick, with a bottle cap for a head. That was in 1890. By 1902, Heddon was making lures for sale in his family kitchen. The first of these were named after his hometown, Dowagiac. The Dowagiac lures had sloped noses that were painted blue to contrast with the rest of the lure’s white bodies and red aluminum collars.
Perhaps the most interesting accident to come out of the Heddon kitchen was the crackled-paint effect, sometimes called "fancy back." To meet the demand of his customers, wet, freshly painted lures were often hurriedly dried in Mrs. Heddon’s oven. The resulting crackled surface of the lures was deemed a feature rather than a mistake.
Almost at the beginning, Will Heddon joined his father (the company’s 1903 catalog reads "James Heddon and Son" to reflect this change) and a few years later, Charles came on board (the 1909 catalog refers to the firm as "James Heddon and Sons").
By now the Heddons had moved their operation out of Mrs. Heddon’s kitchen and their lines of lures had grown to include the oval-shaped Dowagiac Underwater lures of 1904, with th...
For collectors of antique Heddon lures, the only thing more prized than one of these early lures, in good shape, is a lure in its original box, made of cardboard or wood. Rarer still is a lure in its box with the original information sheet describing the care and use of the lure.
Other rare lures from the first decade of the 20th century include the Underwater Expert with its exterior belly weight, the #450 Killer, the #50 Artistic Minnow (its tail was made of deer hair, and it was sold with a casting weight), and the #400 Bucktail Surface Minnow (it was only made from 1908 to 1909). At the end of the decade, Heddon introduced the #20, a series of smaller, squatter minnow lures.
The 1910s brought a bulbous-headed lured called Radiant Moonlight Bait; very few of these appear to have been made since they don’t appear in any of the old Heddon catalogs. This was also the decade of the Woodpecker, the #1300 Black Sucker Minnow, the #210 Dowagiac Minnows, and #1600 and #1700 Deep Diving Wigglers.
In the 1920s, Heddon expanded its repertoire to include bugs made out of wood, Weedless Pork-Rind lures made out of Bakelite and, later, of a plastic called Pyralin, Musky Minnows, Tad Pollys, Deep-O-Divers, Lucky 13s, Bassers, and Luny Frogs. Of particular to collectors are the #8500 Bassers from 1922 stamped with the words "Head-On Basser." Those are more rare than the later ones that were simply stamped "Basser."
Also popular in the 1920s were the various Vamp lures and the #8300 Zig-Wag lures. By the end of the decade, fly fisherman were hooked on Heddon’s Tiny Tease lures, which featured a single hook that dangled below the lure floating on the surface.
After World War II, Heddon continued to innovate with bass lures, fly lures, and better rod technology. By the time the company was sold in 1951, it was producing as many as 15,000 lures a day.
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Recent News: Heddon Fishing Tackle
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FORD: Nothing beats a great lure, proper techniqueEvansville Courier & Press, August 1st
The Heddon company told me how to "walk the dog" with a Zara Spook, but I was never able to get it right (and catch a fish on it) until I saw it done successfully. Even the trusty Rapala balsawood minnow from Finland came with good advice on how to...Read more
Bass club reels in a champion | Jim Bolton's outdoors columnNJ.com, August 1st
me a lot of bass - my biggest was a 6 1/2 pounder caught in what we called "Little Mill". (Just above Second Island in Union Lake.) If I remember right, Paul Menz used a red and white "Jitterbug", Ken Wilson a Heddon "Lucky 13" and Jim Menz a...Read more
New Niles Trails & Ales Festivus celebrates river trails and local brewsMLive.com, July 31st
Some of these companies are over 100 years old, such as Heddon, Shakespeare, Creek Chub, Paw Paw, and the South Bend Bait and Tackle Company. The displays are set up for the public's enjoyment and education, with the emphasis the local area's ...Read more
Outdoors column: A cure for the summertime bluesTallahassee.com, July 30th
They were bloody, tore up tackle, and most of the people hiring them wanted glamour fish like sails and dolphin. Then one year, sometime in the '70s, the migration .... Hold your rod tip high and as you reel set up a rhythm of slight jerks that make...Read more
If you have a favorite lure, put it to good useChicago Daily Herald, July 29th
Perhaps you are no different from the thousands of other anglers in the area who have tackle boxes stuffed with lures and gadgets that just sit there and do nothing. ... The newer version involves starting my retrieve the very second the lure hits the...Read more
Get in the slop for summertime muskiesAppleton Post Crescent, July 28th
For starters, begin with the Renegade Bullfrog from Phantom Lures, a bait of similar style and shape to the old Heddon Moss Boss except its on steroids. Featuring a single 9/0 hook and ... Musky Mania Tackle's Squirrely Burt is an ultra buoyant 10...Read more
Eagle River fishing report for July 27Appleton Post Crescent, July 28th
Use a plastic rigged weedless, spinner bait, buzz bait or miscellaneous topwaters like a Bass Rat or Heddon Torpedo; also work a minnow under a slip bobber. All day action and the bite is good to excellent. MUSKY: Fish weed edges and adjacent break...Read more
Heddon One Knocker Spook ReviewWired2fish, July 16th
Of all the topwaters on the market, the Heddon Spook remains one of the most popular. First introduced in 1939, this walking topwater lure has caught countless bass for both recreational and professional anglers alike. So I guess it goes without saying...Read more