The oft-told Heddon fishing lure creation myth goes something like this: Once upon a time in the late 1800s, no one is exactly sure when, James Heddon was whittling by the side of a lake. Having had his way with the small piece of wood, he casually tossed it in the water where, to his surprise, it was attacked by a big, beautiful bass. Thus the idea of carving a piece of artificial bait, known as a plug, from wood was born.
It’s a nice story, but in an article from the 1921 issue of American Angler magazine, Charles Heddon, one of the sons of Dowagiac, Michigan’s famous James Heddon and Sons, confessed the following: "When asked who made the first wooden bait or plug, my father used to always exhibit two types of wooden minnows used by his grandfather… as far back as from 1850 to 1855."
Whether or not James Heddon was present at the moment of conception for antique fishing lures, he was a fishing-lure force to be reckoned with. The reason is the sheer inventiveness of Heddon plugs and lures, their craftsmanship, and, above all, the fact that they worked.
One of the earliest Heddon plugs was a hook-laden painted frog, carved from a broomstick, with a bottle cap for a head. That was in 1890. By 1902, Heddon was making lures for sale in his family kitchen. The first of these were named after his hometown, Dowagiac. The Dowagiac lures had sloped noses that were painted blue to contrast with the rest of the lure’s white bodies and red aluminum collars.
Perhaps the most interesting accident to come out of the Heddon kitchen was the crackled-paint effect, sometimes called "fancy back." To meet the demand of his customers, wet, freshly painted lures were often hurriedly dried in Mrs. Heddon’s oven. The resulting crackled surface of the lures was deemed a feature rather than a mistake.
Almost at the beginning, Will Heddon joined his father (the company’s 1903 catalog reads "James Heddon and Son" to reflect this change) and a few years later, Charles came on board (the 1909 catalog refers to the firm as "James Heddon and Sons").
By now the Heddons had moved their operation out of Mrs. Heddon’s kitchen and their lines of lures had grown to include the oval-shaped Dowagiac Underwater lures of 1904, with th...
For collectors of antique Heddon lures, the only thing more prized than one of these early lures, in good shape, is a lure in its original box, made of cardboard or wood. Rarer still is a lure in its box with the original information sheet describing the care and use of the lure.
Other rare lures from the first decade of the 20th century include the Underwater Expert with its exterior belly weight, the #450 Killer, the #50 Artistic Minnow (its tail was made of deer hair, and it was sold with a casting weight), and the #400 Bucktail Surface Minnow (it was only made from 1908 to 1909). At the end of the decade, Heddon introduced the #20, a series of smaller, squatter minnow lures.
The 1910s brought a bulbous-headed lured called Radiant Moonlight Bait; very few of these appear to have been made since they don’t appear in any of the old Heddon catalogs. This was also the decade of the Woodpecker, the #1300 Black Sucker Minnow, the #210 Dowagiac Minnows, and #1600 and #1700 Deep Diving Wigglers.
In the 1920s, Heddon expanded its repertoire to include bugs made out of wood, Weedless Pork-Rind lures made out of Bakelite and, later, of a plastic called Pyralin, Musky Minnows, Tad Pollys, Deep-O-Divers, Lucky 13s, Bassers, and Luny Frogs. Of particular to collectors are the #8500 Bassers from 1922 stamped with the words "Head-On Basser." Those are more rare than the later ones that were simply stamped "Basser."
Also popular in the 1920s were the various Vamp lures and the #8300 Zig-Wag lures. By the end of the decade, fly fisherman were hooked on Heddon’s Tiny Tease lures, which featured a single hook that dangled below the lure floating on the surface.
After World War II, Heddon continued to innovate with bass lures, fly lures, and better rod technology. By the time the company was sold in 1951, it was producing as many as 15,000 lures a day.
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Leave a message, I've gone fishin'Greensburg Daily News, March 4th
So, it's time to get in the garage, pull out those old poles and tackle boxes and let's see what you've got. Wooden lures, also called plugs, have been around since the late 1800s, but the very early ones are hard to find. As a result ... In fact the...Read more
A passion for the sport of fishingThe Rushville Republican, March 3rd
When our seven year old was still going strong at midnight, Grandpa Jon resorted to blackmail with a promise to take him fishing in the morning if he would just go to bed. I am thinking it was around 1:30 a.m. when my head finally hit the pillow, so...Read more
Action at power plant outfall cools after weather warmsSuncoast News, February 24th
Anclote Bait and Tackle, (727) 945-1808: Capt. Griff says the big chill last week got things fired up at the Anclote power plant outfall canal. The plant was pumping out hot water from its cooling towers, making the outfall the place to be for fish...Read more
Outdoors: Fond memories of 'The Mount Pleasant Gang'NJ.com, February 5th
Mine was a "Frog Hula Popper." Paul Menz liked a "creek club injured minnow." Wilson used a "Heddon River Runt" and Jim Menz a "Helin Orange & Black Flatfish." Once in a while we would have a contest where you could only use your choice of one lure ...Read more
Heddon Crazy Crawler?BassResource.com (press release), November 3rd
I have never tried it myself for more than a few casts and then I get impatient as it is a lure you work slow, and I hate fishing slow with topwaters as I only pause or slow down near an area I am expecting a blow up so that time is never slow when...Read more
Finding treasure in a tackle boxNewsOK.com, March 15th
The Heddon lure in the tackle box was a black-and-gold Midget River Runt. I called Karl White of Luther, the world's utmost authority on antique lure collecting, to learn what information I could about the River Runt. White writes a column for...Read more
Vintage Tackle Contest: (Very Rare) Heddon PunkinseedField and Stream (blog), October 10th
The only one I actually recognized was the Heddon Punkinseed, because I believe we've featured one before. I told Dr. Todd Larson of The Whitefish Press and "Fishing For History" blog to pick whichever lure he thought had the best story, but I was...Read more
Vintage Tackle Contest: Heddon Crazy CrawlerField and Stream (blog), May 10th
Based on a 1920s design by New Jersey luremaker Jim Donaly (early Crazy Crawlers came with what is called the "Donaly" clip holding the wings on the side of the lure), it was introduced in 1940 as Heddon's alternative to the Arbogast Jitterbug. A best ...Read more