The oft-told Heddon fishing lure creation myth goes something like this: Once upon a time in the late 1800s, no one is exactly sure when, James Heddon was whittling by the side of a lake. Having had his way with the small piece of wood, he casually tossed it in the water where, to his surprise, it was attacked by a big, beautiful bass. Thus the idea of carving a piece of artificial bait, known as a plug, from wood was born.
It’s a nice story, but in an article from the 1921 issue of American Angler magazine, Charles Heddon, one of the sons of Dowagiac, Michigan’s famous James Heddon and Sons, confessed the following: "When asked who made the first wooden bait or plug, my father used to always exhibit two types of wooden minnows used by his grandfather… as far back as from 1850 to 1855."
Whether or not James Heddon was present at the moment of conception for antique fishing lures, he was a fishing-lure force to be reckoned with. The reason is the sheer inventiveness of Heddon plugs and lures, their craftsmanship, and, above all, the fact that they worked.
One of the earliest Heddon plugs was a hook-laden painted frog, carved from a broomstick, with a bottle cap for a head. That was in 1890. By 1902, Heddon was making lures for sale in his family kitchen. The first of these were named after his hometown, Dowagiac. The Dowagiac lures had sloped noses that were painted blue to contrast with the rest of the lure’s white bodies and red aluminum collars.
Perhaps the most interesting accident to come out of the Heddon kitchen was the crackled-paint effect, sometimes called "fancy back." To meet the demand of his customers, wet, freshly painted lures were often hurriedly dried in Mrs. Heddon’s oven. The resulting crackled surface of the lures was deemed a feature rather than a mistake.
Almost at the beginning, Will Heddon joined his father (the company’s 1903 catalog reads "James Heddon and Son" to reflect this change) and a few years later, Charles came on board (the 1909 catalog refers to the firm as "James Heddon and Sons").
By now the Heddons had moved their operation out of Mrs. Heddon’s kitchen and their lines of lures had grown to include the oval-shaped Dowagiac Underwater lures of 1904, with th...
For collectors of antique Heddon lures, the only thing more prized than one of these early lures, in good shape, is a lure in its original box, made of cardboard or wood. Rarer still is a lure in its box with the original information sheet describing the care and use of the lure.
Other rare lures from the first decade of the 20th century include the Underwater Expert with its exterior belly weight, the #450 Killer, the #50 Artistic Minnow (its tail was made of deer hair, and it was sold with a casting weight), and the #400 Bucktail Surface Minnow (it was only made from 1908 to 1909). At the end of the decade, Heddon introduced the #20, a series of smaller, squatter minnow lures.
The 1910s brought a bulbous-headed lured called Radiant Moonlight Bait; very few of these appear to have been made since they don’t appear in any of the old Heddon catalogs. This was also the decade of the Woodpecker, the #1300 Black Sucker Minnow, the #210 Dowagiac Minnows, and #1600 and #1700 Deep Diving Wigglers.
In the 1920s, Heddon expanded its repertoire to include bugs made out of wood, Weedless Pork-Rind lures made out of Bakelite and, later, of a plastic called Pyralin, Musky Minnows, Tad Pollys, Deep-O-Divers, Lucky 13s, Bassers, and Luny Frogs. Of particular to collectors are the #8500 Bassers from 1922 stamped with the words "Head-On Basser." Those are more rare than the later ones that were simply stamped "Basser."
Also popular in the 1920s were the various Vamp lures and the #8300 Zig-Wag lures. By the end of the decade, fly fisherman were hooked on Heddon’s Tiny Tease lures, which featured a single hook that dangled below the lure floating on the surface.
After World War II, Heddon continued to innovate with bass lures, fly lures, and better rod technology. By the time the company was sold in 1951, it was producing as many as 15,000 lures a day.
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Recent News: Heddon Fishing Tackle
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Treasure is theme for Grant fishing tournmentFlorida Today, October 10th
It struck a top-water, bone-colored Heddon Zara Spook Jr., just as the eastern horizon was turning golden. Entry fees in ... Special categories will be included in the children's division and every child entered will receive a rod-and-reel combo and a...Read more
Outdoors column: Bear Hunting TipsTallahassee.com, October 8th
In clearer water, a shrimp lure like the DOA standard or Sureketch jig hopped across the sandy potholes will do the same thing. Topwater walk-the-dog plugs like the Rapala Skitterwalk or Heddon Super Spooks in chromes, bone and natural patterns...Read more
Tips for more fall bassArkansas Online, October 3rd
When the water has a glassy surface, and no top-running baitfish are evident, you may elicit some action by working a Heddon Torpedo or other prop bait around cover or grass. Avoid overworking the lure, however, as many anglers tend to do. The optimum ...Read more
Texas angler scores on Toledo Bend 11.14-pound monsterLouisiana Sportsman, September 27th
Venturing to a small, jutting point, he made a 25-yard cast with a Heddon Super Spook toward the shallows. “I figured bass were sitting in 6 to 10 feet of water feeding on the shad coming across the location,” Bryant said. The angler was dog-walking...Read more
By: Colorado Parks and WildlifeColorado Springs Gazette, September 22nd
Top water fishing has been good this past week and will keep your lure out of the weeds. Crappie and bluegill ... Most anglers have been using barry's pike fly red and white, cisco kid toppers, heddon rattlin' spooks, and booyah pikee. Fly fishing at...Read more
North Hunterdon Junior Lions Week 2 RecapNJ.com, September 21st
Great plays by Ryan Kassim and Jeff Heddon stopped early runs but Del Val responded with a big run as Trevor Brotons ran down the player knocking him out of bounds to stop a sure TD. This play was big as it lead to big defensive stand with huge tackles...Read more
Follow baitfish for 'fall transition' successThe Decatur Daily, September 17th
A square bill crankbait is one lure that fills most needs at this time of year. Small square bills mimic the baitfish with an enticing wobble and will catch ... Old-school lures like the Rebel Jumpin' Minnow and the Heddon Tiny Torpedo are great...Read more
North Hunterdon Junior Lions game recapsNJ.com, September 14th
The Lions set the tone in the first quarter by hitting hard on the opening kickoff as Skyler Miller and Alex Zeszotarski attacked to make a nice tackle on the United return. Somerville's offensive line was controlled by great defensive line play...Read more