The oft-told Heddon fishing lure creation myth goes something like this: Once upon a time in the late 1800s, no one is exactly sure when, James Heddon was whittling by the side of a lake. Having had his way with the small piece of wood, he casually tossed it in the water where, to his surprise, it was attacked by a big, beautiful bass. Thus the idea of carving a piece of artificial bait, known as a plug, from wood was born.
It’s a nice story, but in an article from the 1921 issue of American Angler magazine, Charles Heddon, one of the sons of Dowagiac, Michigan’s famous James Heddon and Sons, confessed the following: "When asked who made the first wooden bait or plug, my father used to always exhibit two types of wooden minnows used by his grandfather… as far back as from 1850 to 1855."
Whether or not James Heddon was present at the moment of conception for antique fishing lures, he was a fishing-lure force to be reckoned with. The reason is the sheer inventiveness of Heddon plugs and lures, their craftsmanship, and, above all, the fact that they worked.
One of the earliest Heddon plugs was a hook-laden painted frog, carved from a broomstick, with a bottle cap for a head. That was in 1890. By 1902, Heddon was making lures for sale in his family kitchen. The first of these were named after his hometown, Dowagiac. The Dowagiac lures had sloped noses that were painted blue to contrast with the rest of the lure’s white bodies and red aluminum collars.
Perhaps the most interesting accident to come out of the Heddon kitchen was the crackled-paint effect, sometimes called "fancy back." To meet the demand of his customers, wet, freshly painted lures were often hurriedly dried in Mrs. Heddon’s oven. The resulting crackled surface of the lures was deemed a feature rather than a mistake.
Almost at the beginning, Will Heddon joined his father (the company’s 1903 catalog reads "James Heddon and Son" to reflect this change) and a few years later, Charles came on board (the 1909 catalog refers to the firm as "James Heddon and Sons").
By now the Heddons had moved their operation out of Mrs. Heddon’s kitchen and their lines of lures had grown to include the oval-shaped Dowagiac Underwater lures of 1904, with th...
For collectors of antique Heddon lures, the only thing more prized than one of these early lures, in good shape, is a lure in its original box, made of cardboard or wood. Rarer still is a lure in its box with the original information sheet describing the care and use of the lure.
Other rare lures from the first decade of the 20th century include the Underwater Expert with its exterior belly weight, the #450 Killer, the #50 Artistic Minnow (its tail was made of deer hair, and it was sold with a casting weight), and the #400 Bucktail Surface Minnow (it was only made from 1908 to 1909). At the end of the decade, Heddon introduced the #20, a series of smaller, squatter minnow lures.
The 1910s brought a bulbous-headed lured called Radiant Moonlight Bait; very few of these appear to have been made since they don’t appear in any of the old Heddon catalogs. This was also the decade of the Woodpecker, the #1300 Black Sucker Minnow, the #210 Dowagiac Minnows, and #1600 and #1700 Deep Diving Wigglers.
In the 1920s, Heddon expanded its repertoire to include bugs made out of wood, Weedless Pork-Rind lures made out of Bakelite and, later, of a plastic called Pyralin, Musky Minnows, Tad Pollys, Deep-O-Divers, Lucky 13s, Bassers, and Luny Frogs. Of particular to collectors are the #8500 Bassers from 1922 stamped with the words "Head-On Basser." Those are more rare than the later ones that were simply stamped "Basser."
Also popular in the 1920s were the various Vamp lures and the #8300 Zig-Wag lures. By the end of the decade, fly fisherman were hooked on Heddon’s Tiny Tease lures, which featured a single hook that dangled below the lure floating on the surface.
After World War II, Heddon continued to innovate with bass lures, fly lures, and better rod technology. By the time the company was sold in 1951, it was producing as many as 15,000 lures a day.
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Recent News: Heddon Fishing Tackle
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Old fishing tackle still fools big bassKansas City Star, May 21st
All the equipment Platt was using was made in the 1930s or earlier. He fought the fish with a Pfluegger Supreme reel, a Heddon Pal steel rod and a Creek Chub Midget Darter topwater lure. It wasn't the first time he caught a big fish with the antique...Read more
Eastern Outfitters now has an official NC fishing weigh stationStarNewsOnline.com, May 18th
comes the miles of tackle. It is arranged according to fish, so you can easily find what you need. You'll find popping corks and floats; jigs, rigs, and hooks; spooks and spinners and more with trusted names like Clarkspoon, Gulp, Blue Water Candy...Read more
Good offshore catches, bluefish along beaches, Spanish at piersCarolinacoastonline, May 8th
Right now, our only consistent live baits are mud minnows, which can be purchased at most tackle shops, and peanut pogies, which you will have to cast net yourself. Hopefully, live shrimp ... The more popular topwaters are the Top Dog, Top Dog Jr., She...Read more
Steve Sarley: Musts for your tackle boxNorthwest Herald, May 6th
The Pop-R and Zara Spooks are popular items, and they work just fine for me, along with the Heddon Tiny Torpedo. Dave Kranz took me to school using the Bagley Bang-O Lure. I thought it was too big, but he proved me wrong. I thought you had to move it a ...Read more
Duo smash speckled trout surf-fishing on Elmer's IslandLouisiana Sportsman, May 4th
In slick calm just before sunrise, the duo started working topwater Heddon Super Spooks that generated lots of blow-ups, but not many hook-ups. “They were hitting the topwater, but it wasn't making ... “We threw every color we had in the tackle box and...Read more
Classic LuresBassResource.com (press release), May 3rd
Mr. Twister Keeper Hooks, Tru Turn hooks, Gator Tail worms, sliders, Heddon Crazy Crawler, Mann's little George, Augertails, and I still throw manns jelly worms in black and strawberry reg 6" size, We had plenty of good hooks back in the day, I never ...Read more
Outdoor column: Old lures are valuable for different reasonsNew Bern Sun Journal, April 29th
Not every old fishing lure has a story to tell. Even so, there are a lot of people poking through old tackle boxes at yard sales, scrounging in the back rooms of vintage hardware stores, and even advertising over the Internet in an attempt to locate...Read more
The Grueling 3rd Annual AFWC in Delacroix, LAFlorida Sportsman Magazine, April 26th
First off, if you're not familiar with the Adventure Fishing World Championship (AFWC) then you're in for a treat. I first heard about it three years ago from my friend, Vickie Sallee, who was looking for a partner to fish it with. As I have fished...Read more