The oft-told Heddon fishing lure creation myth goes something like this: Once upon a time in the late 1800s, no one is exactly sure when, James Heddon was whittling by the side of a lake. Having had his way with the small piece of wood, he casually tossed it in the water where, to his surprise, it was attacked by a big, beautiful bass. Thus the idea of carving a piece of artificial bait, known as a plug, from wood was born.
It’s a nice story, but in an article from the 1921 issue of American Angler magazine, Charles Heddon, one of the sons of Dowagiac, Michigan’s famous James Heddon and Sons, confessed the following: "When asked who made the first wooden bait or plug, my father used to always exhibit two types of wooden minnows used by his grandfather… as far back as from 1850 to 1855."
Whether or not James Heddon was present at the moment of conception for antique fishing lures, he was a fishing-lure force to be reckoned with. The reason is the sheer inventiveness of Heddon plugs and lures, their craftsmanship, and, above all, the fact that they worked.
One of the earliest Heddon plugs was a hook-laden painted frog, carved from a broomstick, with a bottle cap for a head. That was in 1890. By 1902, Heddon was making lures for sale in his family kitchen. The first of these were named after his hometown, Dowagiac. The Dowagiac lures had sloped noses that were painted blue to contrast with the rest of the lure’s white bodies and red aluminum collars.
Perhaps the most interesting accident to come out of the Heddon kitchen was the crackled-paint effect, sometimes called "fancy back." To meet the demand of his customers, wet, freshly painted lures were often hurriedly dried in Mrs. Heddon’s oven. The resulting crackled surface of the lures was deemed a feature rather than a mistake.
Almost at the beginning, Will Heddon joined his father (the company’s 1903 catalog reads "James Heddon and Son" to reflect this change) and a few years later, Charles came on board (the 1909 catalog refers to the firm as "James Heddon and Sons").
By now the Heddons had moved their operation out of Mrs. Heddon’s kitchen and their lines of lures had grown to include the oval-shaped Dowagiac Underwater lures of 1904, with th...
For collectors of antique Heddon lures, the only thing more prized than one of these early lures, in good shape, is a lure in its original box, made of cardboard or wood. Rarer still is a lure in its box with the original information sheet describing the care and use of the lure.
Other rare lures from the first decade of the 20th century include the Underwater Expert with its exterior belly weight, the #450 Killer, the #50 Artistic Minnow (its tail was made of deer hair, and it was sold with a casting weight), and the #400 Bucktail Surface Minnow (it was only made from 1908 to 1909). At the end of the decade, Heddon introduced the #20, a series of smaller, squatter minnow lures.
The 1910s brought a bulbous-headed lured called Radiant Moonlight Bait; very few of these appear to have been made since they don’t appear in any of the old Heddon catalogs. This was also the decade of the Woodpecker, the #1300 Black Sucker Minnow, the #210 Dowagiac Minnows, and #1600 and #1700 Deep Diving Wigglers.
In the 1920s, Heddon expanded its repertoire to include bugs made out of wood, Weedless Pork-Rind lures made out of Bakelite and, later, of a plastic called Pyralin, Musky Minnows, Tad Pollys, Deep-O-Divers, Lucky 13s, Bassers, and Luny Frogs. Of particular to collectors are the #8500 Bassers from 1922 stamped with the words "Head-On Basser." Those are more rare than the later ones that were simply stamped "Basser."
Also popular in the 1920s were the various Vamp lures and the #8300 Zig-Wag lures. By the end of the decade, fly fisherman were hooked on Heddon’s Tiny Tease lures, which featured a single hook that dangled below the lure floating on the surface.
After World War II, Heddon continued to innovate with bass lures, fly lures, and better rod technology. By the time the company was sold in 1951, it was producing as many as 15,000 lures a day.
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Recent News: Heddon Fishing Tackle
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Waterfront AdsSan Diego Reader, January 25th
Fishing Tackle - Collector wants for his personal collection wooden, lures, reels, and Misc. by Heddon, Pflueger, Creek Chub, South Bend, Shakespeare, to name a few. 619-972-3488. Hummingbird fish finder 200dx - $10 as is 760-270-3600. Greg Liddle ...Read more
Most Popular StoriesThe Olympian, January 20th
People are using lures like a Heddon Tadpolly with a silver body and orange stripes. SKYKOMISH: Pink jigs ... Try using Mack's Lure's Mini Cha Cha Squidders in orange on a short leader behind Double D Dodgers in 00-0000 sizes. Bait the Cha Cha's with ...Read more
Advanced strategies for cold-water crappieArkansas Online, January 17th
Catching trophy-sized winter crappie, like this Lake Greeson slab caught by Josh Sutton of Wynne, may require the angler to experiment with different methods for slowing a lure's descent, such as increasing the size of line being used. ... with a 1/8...Read more
Pledge to clear repairs backlog goes to potHexhamcourant, January 13th
Peter Jackson, of Heddon, said: “These claims brought the council into disrepute and it's already clear that the sticking plaster technique we have been using to patch potholes simply does not work. “We have only had a couple of mild frosts this winter...Read more
Fishing 'round my fatherToronto Star, January 11th
For decades, those lures have sat in the same tackle box, just inside the door of the log cabin that my father built almost single-handedly. I can still picture him carrying huge logs on his slim shoulders, relying mostly on his massive hands for...Read more
Legendary lure make 'Cotton' Cordell passes away at 86The Advocate, January 8th
A biography published when Cordell was inducted into the Fresh Water Fishing Hall of Fame in 1988 noted his career began in the early 1950s when he was designing and making lures for Creek Chub and Heddon lure companies before he went into ... Fishing...Read more
Heddon Crazy Crawler?BassResource.com (press release), November 3rd
I have never tried it myself for more than a few casts and then I get impatient as it is a lure you work slow, and I hate fishing slow with topwaters as I only pause or slow down near an area I am expecting a blow up so that time is never slow when...Read more
Finding treasure in a tackle boxNewsOK.com, March 15th
The Heddon lure in the tackle box was a black-and-gold Midget River Runt. I called Karl White of Luther, the world's utmost authority on antique lure collecting, to learn what information I could about the River Runt. White writes a column for...Read more