George Parker patented his first pen in 1889 when he was still teaching telegraphy students how to transcribe Morse code. In 1894, he invented and patented his "lucky curve" feed system, which greatly reduced the leakage that was a common problem of early eyedropper fountain pens. By 1905, Parker’s Lucky Curve pens were a force to be reckoned with in the growing fountain-pen industry.
The Parker Jack Knife Safety pen arrived in 1911. Its cap could be screwed down to the pen’s body, making it ink-tight. One especially prized model had a transparent, amber, Bakelite body. Other Parker pens from the 1910s include the no. 15, a ladies model with a mother-of-pearl barrel and black hard-rubber caps that were either crowned by a semi-precious stone or covered in gold-filled filigree. The Parker no. 16 was a very small pen with gold-filled filigree, while the descriptive name of the Black Giant pretty much sums up its utilitarian design.
The Jack Knife evolved into the "Big Red" button-filler Duofold in 1921, which was advertised to "rival the beauty of the scarlet tanager." Duofolds in Mandarin yellow and lapis lazuli followed in 1927. Vintage yellow Duofolds are extremely collectible, but a blue model named for the Zaner Blouser calligraphy school is one of the most rare Parkers ever made.
In fact, as a group, the vintage Parker Duofold fountain pens from the 1920s are extraordinarily beautiful writing instruments. Jade pens made out of a branded plastic called Permanite were sold in a variety of sizes (Junior, Ladies, Senior) and in sets with matching mechanical pencils. Some Duofolds had pearl handles and caps, veined with black plastic. Apple green and "Modernistic blue" were other popular colors, as were moiré-patterned fountain pens, which ranged from pink to blue.
The Vacumatics followed the Duofolds in 1932. These pens held twice as much ink as those that had preceded them (102 percent more, to be specific), and, for the first time, the clip on the cap was shaped like an arrow, which would become a symbol of the Parker brand. These were also Parker’s first mass-produced pens. Some had horizontal layers of silver alternating with translucent plastic, which allowed the user to see how much ink was left in the pen. Codes were printed on all Vacumatic barrels, making them relatively easy to date today.
A Junior Vacumatic was introduced in 1934—the Golden Web pattern from that series lasted only from 1936 until about 1938, making it a particularly prized Parker for collectors. Even more rare is the Imperial Vacumatic from 1939, which was produced to compete with the Sheaffer Crest.
That same year, 1939, the company finished developing the pen for which it would become best known, the Parker 51. Released in 1941, the pen used a new, quick-drying ink, which m...
The original Parker 51 had a quick-action, vacumatic-type filler, but in 1948, this was replaced with an aerometric filler, which was actually similar to some of the sleeve-filler systems that had been around for 40 years. 1948 was also the year the pen’s arrow clip was redesigned.
Parker 51s are not especially valuable, so collectors who want to actually use one to write with would do well to choose a post-1948 model, since they tend to work better. For collectors who want to find a 51 to put away, look for models with solid-gold caps, Empire 51s, pens with small aluminum "jewels" at the bases of their clips, and the pre-production models tested in Venezuela, Columbia, Spain, and other climates with high humidity to test the tolerances of the ink.
Other notable Parker pens from the post-war era include the Parkette, a low-priced, lever-filler model from the early 1950s that looked like a 51 but was marketed to students; the Parker Jotter, which was Parker’s 1954 entry into the ballpoint pen wars (the 51 Jotter resembled the famous Parker 51); the self-wicking (but, at $20, expensive for its time) Parker 61 from 1956; and the Parker 75 of 1964, whose silver, engraved, grid-pattern body was an instant classic.
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145 homes to be built on Parker Pen sitein NewhavenSussex Express, March 3rd
Now that the Parker Pen factory has been consigned to history, a scheme to build up to 145 homes on the site has been given the green light. Newhaven Eastside LLP was given permission to construct the development by Lewes District Council's planning ...Read more
Wanted: Can you help police track down these suspected crooks?Gazette Live, March 2nd
This man is suspected of stealing an X-men DVD, a Parker pen gift set and a Top Gear book from WH Smith, Wellington Square, Stockton on December 9 between 11.33pm and 11.45pm. Reference: S-1031-2014. 19. This man and woman are accused of ...Read more
Thumbs Up/Down, March 2: School fundraising, city flag, preserving Parker Pen ...Gazettextra, March 1st
Thumbs up to preserving history of Parker Pen. For more than 100 years, the company that George S. Parker founded in 1888 called Janesville home. Now gone, it's an important part of our community's rich heritage. As more and more former employees die, ...Read more
Passing Parker Pen generation helped build JanesvilleJanesville Gazette, February 23rd
JANESVILLE—Genevieve Joyce never guessed on her first day of work in January 1939 how much Parker Pen would become a part of her life. During the Great Depression, the 19-year-old woman found a steady job in the retail sales department. She typed ...Read more
Clemens Anthony Sonntag, Janesville, WI (1924-2015)Gazettextra, February 22nd
Clem and Janet moved to Janesville in 1958, where he worked as an engineer at Parker Pen Company. They had four children. Janet died unexpectedly on June 7, 1967. Clem later met and married Margaret(Marggie) Grow on June 17, 1972. During his time ...Read more
Erline M. Cox, Mountain Home, AR/formerly Janesville, WI (1931-2015)Gazettextra, February 7th
She started work at Parker Pen Co. in the Research Dept. immediately after high school and later worked in the Travel Dept. Erline was a “people person” who enjoyed her work very much and retired as Human Resources Administrator in 1993, after 44 years ...Read more
PCCU plans branch in former Milton bankJanesville Gazette, February 5th
Parker Community Credit Union formed in 1934 as Vacumatic Credit Union serving Parker Pen employees. In 1977, it opened its membership to employee groups other than Parker Pen employees. In 1982, the credit union opened to anyone living or working ...Read more
Steve Knox: Could SHINE be the next Parker Pen for Janesville?Janesville Gazette, September 15th
The one world-class company that will always have a large place in my heart is Parker Pen. Granted, I wasn't alive during the 'good old days' of Parker but ever since I was little I had a fascination with the product and the company. Maybe it was the...Read more