American Buffalo Gold Bullion Coins

In 2006, the U.S. Mint released its first 24-karat (.9999 gold) gold bullion coin, the American Buffalo. The initial sets, both uncirculated and proofs, were only made in 1 oz versions, with a face value of $50, but the mint sold the coins for $800 each, which reflected the value of their gold content at the time.

The reason the United States decided it needed such a fine coin when it already had four denominations of 22-karat American Eagles is that it felt the need to compete with other countries that printed pure gold coins—in particular Canada, which had been very successful with its Canadian Maple Leaf coin.

The American Buffalo’s design pays homage to James Earle Fraser's Buffalo (Indian Head) nickel. The Buffalo nickel was the American five-cent piece from 1913 until 1938, with the exception of a few years during which no nickels were minted. The obverse depicts the profile of a Native American while the reverse shows a bison atop a mound of dirt. Unlike the Buffalo nickel, however, the legend under the gold bison’s feet reads “$50 1 OZ. .9999 FINE” instead of “FIVE CENTS.”

Like all bullion coins, the American Buffalo was minted at the West Point, New York, mint, though only the proof versions of the coin received the ‘W’ mintmark.

After printing only 1 oz coins in 2006 and 2007, the U.S. Mint decided to produce fractional American Buffaloes as well. These coins came in 1/10 oz, ¼ oz, and ½ oz weights, had face values of $5, $10, and $25 respectively, and were limited to runs of no more than 300,000.

In September of 2008, the U.S. Mint suspended production of all 24-karat coins due to that year’s economic crisis. Investors were looking for secure investments such as gold, and the Mint was concerned it could not satisfy all of the demand. In 2009, the Mint began striking American Buffaloes again, and in 2010, a proof version of the 1 oz coin could be purchased through the Mint for $1,460.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Legendary Coins and Currency

Legendary Coins and Currency

This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is a great way to get an overview… [read review or visit site]

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Home to the Society of U.S. Pattern collectors, this well-organized site provides in-depth information on pattern c… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

2007 American Buffalo One Ounce .9999 Fine Gold Proof Coin With Boxes2006 1oz American Buffalo Gold Proof Coin .9999 Fine Gold, Box And Coa Included2008 Proof Gold Buffalo 4 Piece Set - 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/10 Ounce 24 Carat Gold2013-w American Gold Buffalo Reverse Proof (1 Oz) $50 - Pcgs Pr70 - First Strike2008 $5 Proof Gold Buffalo 1/10 Oz Ogp W Coa Wow!2013-w $50 (1oz) Gold American Buffalo Reverse Proof Pcgs Pr70 First Strike8 2006 Gold American Buffalo Ms69 $50 1 Oz Coins2012 - 1oz Gold Buffalo $50 Coin .9999 Fine. Sealed Us Mint Package!2010-w Gold American Buffalo $50 Anacs Pf702008 American Buffalo One Quarter Ounce Gold Proof Coin, With Box & Coa2014-w $50 1 Oz Gold Buffalo Pcgs Pr70 Dcam - Fs Buffalo Label - Beautiful!2012 Ngc Pf 70 Ultra Cameo Gold Buffalo Early Release - 1 Ounce 24 Carat Gold2010-w 1-ounce Proof Gold Buffalo (w/box & Coa)2013-w 1 Oz Reverse Proof Gold Buffalo Coin - W/ Box & Coa Directly From Usmint 2011 Ngc Pf 70 Ultra Cameo Gold Buffalo Early Release - 1 Ounce 24 Carat Gold2008 W Buffalo G$10.00 Ngc Pf 69 Ultra CameoAmerican Buffalo 2008 Celebration Coin2009 American Buffalo 1oz Gold $50 Pcgs Ms70 First StrikeChoice Gem Brilliant Uncirculated $50 Buffalo Gold United States Coin2008 W $5 Buffalo Gold Proof 1/10 Oz .9999 Gold Coin Ngc Pf70 Ultra Cameo Nr2008 W $5 Gold Buffalo Proof Ngc Pf 69 Ultra Cameo Early Releases2013 1 Oz. Gold Buffalo Coin Ms68 $50.00 .9999 Fine Gold2008 W Buffalo G$10.00 Ngc Pf 70 Ultra Cameo2008 W Buffalo G$5 Ngc Ms69 Flawless Gols Coin 1/10 Oz2008 W $10 Gold Buffalo Proof Ngc Pf 69 Ultra Cameo Early Releases2007 Ngc Pf 70 Ultra Cameo Gold Buffalo - 1 Ounce 24 Carat Gold2006 1oz American Buffalo Gold Proof Coin .9999 Fine Gold, Box And Coa Included2009-w American Buffalo One Ounce Gold Proof Coin Dcam2009 & 2010 Pf Gold Buffalos - 1 Ounce 24 Carat Gold2013-w 1 Oz Proof Gold Buffalo Pf-70 Ngc Ucam (early Releases)2009 Gold Buffalo G$50.00 Fs Ms 702007-us Mint- American Buffalo Proof--$50 Gold Coin2008-w 1/10 Oz. $5 American Gold Buffalo Proof Coin .9999 Fine W/ Box And Cert1898 Manitoba Canada Gold Coin $1 Dollar 3.1 Grams 18k Rg#790 Buffalo Maple Leaf2008 W $5 Buffalo Gold 1/10 Oz .9999 Gold, Ngc Ms70 Er Early Release Bullion Nr2011 W $ 50 Proof Gold Buffalo Ngc Pf 70 Ucam Early Release2007 Gold Buffalo G$50.00 Fs Ms 702008 W $25 Gold Buffalo 1/2 Oz. Ms2008 W $10 Buffalo Gold 1/4 Oz Coin Ngc Pr 70 Ultra Cameo Ogp Deep Cameo Frosty2006 Gold Buffalo G$50.00 Fs Ms 702008 W $10 Gold Buffalo 1/4 Oz. Ms2008 W $5 Gold Buffalo 1/10 Oz. Ms2009 $50 American Gold Buffalo Early Release Ngc Ms-70 1 Oz. .9999 Fine Gold