The Indian Head cent, or Indian Head Penny, was designed by James Barton Longacre and struck from 1859 until 1909. It was minted in both Philadelphia and San Francisco.

The coin featured the head of Lady Liberty, facing left and wearing a Native American headdress with "Liberty" written across the band. The words "United States of America" encircle her. Popular legend has it that Longacre used his young daughter as inspiration for the design, but no proof exists to confirm nor deny this rumor.

For the first year it was struck, the reverse of the Indian Head cent depicted the denomination – the words "one cent" – inside a laurel wreath. The following year, the laurel wreath became an oak wreath, thought to symbolize authority. Arrows were added to the bottom an a heraldic shield was added at the top.

The Indian Head penny was produced using the same material as the Flying Eagle cent – a mixture of copper and nickel – until 1864, when the nickel was removed, changing the coin’s color.

Although there are slight variations in design, the images remained virtually the same (excluding the obvious change on the reverse after the first year) until the coin ceased production in 1909.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Indianheads.org

Indianheads.org

The combined efforts of a knowledgeable group makes this an authoritative site for both beginning and seasoned coll… [read review or visit site]

Legendary Coins and Currency

Legendary Coins and Currency

This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is a great way to get an overview… [read review or visit site]

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Home to the Society of U.S. Pattern collectors, this well-organized site provides in-depth information on pattern c… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

1877 Indian Head Penny, Highly Collectible Choice Fine Key Date Copper!1877 Indian Penny Head Penny, Highly Collectible Rare Key Date Scarce Choice Au+1862 Indian Head Penny, Proof, Outstanding Solid Gem Pf++, Gorgeous Key Date Pr!1877 Philadelphia Mint Copper Indian Head Cent Free Shipping1909-s Indian Head Penny, Outstanding Solid Gem Bu++ Key Date, Rare This Pq!1909 S Indian Head Cent, 1c Pcgs Uncirculated Details, Scarce Key Date Penny1898 Indian Head Penny, Proof, Beautiful Solid Gem Pf++, Low Pr Mintage!1909-s San Francisco Mint Copper Indian Head Cent Free Shipping1869 1c Indian Head Cent Attractive Medium Brown Xf Extra Fine W/ Full Liberty!1887 Indian Head Penny, Proof, Beautiful Solid Gem Pf++ ** Free Shipping!One Unsearched Indian Head Penny Roll Of 50 Fifty Cents 1859 - 1909 P S Lot #101869/69 Indian Head Penny, Fs-301, Rare Key Date, Highly Desired Choice Au+!1873 Indian Head Penny, Very Nice Gem Bu++ Better Date, ** Free Shipping!1859 Indian Head Penny, Beautiful Near Gem Bu++ Better Date, ** Free Shipping!1877 Indian Head Penny, Highly Coveted Au++ Rare Key Date, ** Tough This Nice!1862 Indian Head Penny, 4-full Diamonds, Sharp Solid Gem Bu++ Better Date!1890 Indian Head Penny, Nice Red, Gorgeous Gem Bu++ Rd, ** Free Shipping!1876 Proof Indian Cent, Pcgs Pr64 Bn, Wonderfully Appealing Davidkahnrarecoins1869 Indian Cent! Blazing Gem Bu! Rare Date, And Possibly The Finest Known!1871 Philadelphia Mint Copper Indian Head Cent Free Shipping1877 Indian Head Penny One Cent Good Condition1869 Indian Head Penny, Very Tough Au++ Better Date ** Free Shipping!1877 Indian Head Cent Key DateKey1877 Indian Head Penny Almost Very Good1877 Indian Head Penny, Highly Coveted Rare Key Date Copper, ** Free Shipping!1900 Ms 64 Rb Indian Head Cent Pcgs1909-s Ngc Indian Head Penny Ngc Vf 30 ** Cac Certified, Coveted Tough Key Date!1880 Proof 1c Indian Cent Pr63rb Pcgs - Beautiful & Rare Coin1870 Indian Head Penny, Very Tough Choice Vf++ Better Date, ** Free Shipping!1869 Indian Head Cent Fine Details1871 Indian Head Cent G/vg Details Bold N1864-l Indian Head Penny, L On Ribbon, Solid Choice Au++ Better Date, Free S/h!1894 Indian Head Penny, Red Brown, Pcgs Ms 64 Rb ** Tough Date, Lots Of Red!Very Nice Old Penny Roll For Bid As Pictured Roll # 381893 1c Indian Cent Ms64rb Pcgs - Beautiful CoinOne Unsearched Indian Head Penny Roll Of 50 Fifty Cents 1859 - 1909 P S Lot #201909 S Indian Head Cent Penny 1c Vf Very Fine Key Date1877 Indian Head Penny Key Date! * Circulated Us Coin *1908 Pcgs Indian Head Penny, Red, Pcgs Ms 64 Rd ** Free Shipping!1864 White Copper Nickel Indian Cent*** Gem Uncirculated 1859 Indian Head Penny BuP838 - Rare - 1869 - Us - Indian Head - One Cent Coin - NrP841 - Rare - 1869 - Us - Indian Head - One Cent Coin - Nr1878 Indian Head Cent About UncirculatedOne Unsearched - Indian Head Penny Roll 50 Cents - 1859 1909 P S (30)1867 Philadelphia Mint Copper Indian Head Cent Free Shipping1864 L Indian Head Penny High Grade Full Liberty 1872 1c Indian Head Cent Nicely Toned Medium Brown Xf Extra Fine Beauty Rare!1869 Indian Head Cent A Very Good Coin1886 Philadelphia Mint Copper Indian Head Cent Free Shipping1871 Indian Head Cent Vg Details1872 Philadelphia Mint Copper Indian Head Cent Free Shipping1866 Philadelphia Mint Copper Indian Head Cent Free Shipping1908 S Pcgs Ms 64 Rb Indian Head Cent Semi-key Date .95 Start Books @ $825Indian Head Cent Collection Including Flying Eagle Cents 1856-1909, 46 Coins1884 Indian Head Penny, Gorgeous Gem Bu++ Rb, ** Free Shipping!One Unsearched Indian Head Penny Roll Of 50 Fifty Cents 1859 - 1909 P S Lot #091859 Copper Nickel Indian Head Cent (au 53) Pcgs 1872 Indian Head Cent A Extremely Fine Coin1871 Indian Head Cent Key Date