The Indian Head cent, or Indian Head Penny, was designed by James Barton Longacre and struck from 1859 until 1909. It was minted in both Philadelphia and San Francisco.

The coin featured the head of Lady Liberty, facing left and wearing a Native American headdress with "Liberty" written across the band. The words "United States of America" encircle her. Popular legend has it that Longacre used his young daughter as inspiration for the design, but no proof exists to confirm nor deny this rumor.

For the first year it was struck, the reverse of the Indian Head cent depicted the denomination – the words "one cent" – inside a laurel wreath. The following year, the laurel wreath became an oak wreath, thought to symbolize authority. Arrows were added to the bottom an a heraldic shield was added at the top.

The Indian Head penny was produced using the same material as the Flying Eagle cent – a mixture of copper and nickel – until 1864, when the nickel was removed, changing the coin’s color.

Although there are slight variations in design, the images remained virtually the same (excluding the obvious change on the reverse after the first year) until the coin ceased production in 1909.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The combined efforts of a knowledgeable group makes this an authoritative site for both beginning and seasoned coll… [read review or visit site]

Legendary Coins and Currency

Legendary Coins and Currency

This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is a great way to get an overview… [read review or visit site]

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Home to the Society of U.S. Pattern collectors, this well-organized site provides in-depth information on pattern c… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

1909-s Indian Head Cent Coin1909-s Indian Head Cent Vg 10 Pcgs. Better Date!!1877 Indian Head Penny1909-s Anacs Indian Head Penny Anacs Vf 30 * Ultra Challenging Final Year Issue!1877 Indian Head Penny ~ Key Date! * Free Shipping *1909-s Vdb Lincoln Wheat Cent {{ Key-date }}1877 Indian Head Cent Outstanding Uncirculated Red Very Rare This Nice!1909 S Indian Head Penny Key Date (gpsPenny Roll #76 { 1909-s Or 1909-s Vdb Lincoln Wheat Cent & 1911-s Wheat Cent }1877 Indian Head Cent - The King Of The Series-vg/fine Details - Dug Up Grounder1877 Indian Head Penny, Highly Challenging Ultra Rare Key Date, ** Free ShippingUs Coin 1877 P Indian Head Cent Bronze Variety 3 Better DateSeries Key Date 1877 Indian Head Cent1876 Indian Head Penny, Abundant Eye-appeal, ** Free Shipping!1869/69 Indian Head Cent Problem Free Au1909-s Indian Head Cent - Tough "s" Mint Key Date - Vg "details" - Damage 41 Indian Head Pennies1909-s Indian Head Cent, F/vf Condition, Only 99 Cents, N.r"s" Tail Indian//1865 Indian Old Window Wrapped Roll Wheat/indian Cents #38311878 Indian Head Penny, Very Nice, ** Free Shipping!Civil War Token/1888 Indian Head Old Window Wrapped Roll Wheat/indian Cent #38401864 L On Ribbon Indian Head Cent Graded Pcgs Vf 25 - An Attractive Coin1909 S Indian Head Cent - Key Date1909 Indian//1864 Indian Head Old Window Wrapped Roll Wheat/indian Cents #38361907 Indian Head Cent 1c Pcgs Ms 64 Rb1859 Indian Head United States Copper One Cent 1c Coin Pcgs Ms641890 Indian Head Penny, Stunning Red Gem Better Date, ** Free Shipping!1889 Indian Head Penny Proof, Fantastic Toning Throughout! ** Free Shipping!War Token/1897 Indian Cent Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #38331869 Indian Head Penny, Tough Key Date, ** Free Shipping!1879-cc $1 Capped Die Morgan Silver Dollar Pcgs Vf351863 Indian Head Penny, Great Sharp Strike, ** Free Shipping!Penny Roll #80 { 1877 Indian Head Cent & 1924-d Lincoln Wheat Cent }Lot Of 7 Indian Head Pennies Cents 1866, 1867, (2) 1868, 1869, 1870 And 18731860 Bronze Indian Head Cent The Scarcer Pointed Bust Ngc Ms621881 Indian/1898 Indian Cent Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #3837Nice 1868 Indian Head Cent1914-d Lincoln Wheat Cent {{ Key-date }}1878 1c Indian Head Cent Pcgs Ms62 Bn **better Date**Pcgs Graded 1884 Proof 63bn Indian Head Cent*red!! Ms 64 Rd Pcgs* 1908 Indian Head Penny In Ogh1869 Indian Head Cent *key Date 1c - Pcgs Xf Details - Cleaning *no Reserve!1871 Indian Head Cent 1c - Pcgs Vg10 - Certified & Graded *no Reserve!Penny Roll #81 { 1877 Indian Head Cent & 1911-s Lincoln Wheat Cent }1866 Ngc Xf 45 Indian Head Penny Key Date Above Average Strike.1870 1871 1872 &1873 Indian Head Cent Penny 1c. Reserve Free Ship1899 Indian Head Cent Pcgs Ms63 Red Brown 1881 Indian Head Cent 1c - Pcgs Au58 Certified & Graded *no Reserve!1872 Indian Head Penny, Seldom Seen This Pq Rare Key Date, ** Free Shipping!1877 Indian Head Cent Vf1875 Indian Head Penny, Tough Red Brown Copper Piece, ** Free Shipping!1864 With L Indian Head Penny Cent ~ Anacs Ef40 Xf Extremely Fine ~ #48231884 Indian Head Cent Pcgs Ms64 Brown1857 & 1858 Flying Eagle Cents Plus 1859, 1862, 1863 Indian Head Pennies - Nice 1899 Indian Head Cent Pcgs Ms64rb (4 Photos)War Token/1882 Indian Cent Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #38381884 Indian Head Cent 1c - Pcgs Au58 Certified & Graded *no Reserve!1858 Fl Eagle/1889 Indian Head Old Window Wrapped Roll Wheat/indian Cents #38431881 Indian Head Penny, Eye-appealing Razor Sharp, ** Free Shipping!Penny Roll #79 { 1857 Flying Eagle Cent & 1864 L Indian Head Cent }

Recent News: Indian Head Cents

Source: Google News

Rare US Coins, Medals, and Paper Money from Several Important Collections ...
CoinWeek, March 17th

Flying Eagle and Indian Head cent varieties and patterns from the Reference Collection of Q. David Bowers will captivate specialists in the series. The Desh Family Collection, long off the market, was assembled by a Midwestern dry goods merchant...Read more

City Living: Cobb's Hill smorgasbord
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, March 17th

A man with a metal detector gets a beep and finds a 1909 Indian head penny. Right behind him, following him and his curious contraption, a Depression child picks up a 2015 copper-coated Lincoln head zinc cent. Above me on the reservoir, a mother...Read more

Dan Perkins has lived with his cartoon-world alter-ego, Tom Tomorrow, for 25 ...
Monterey County Weekly, February 5th

Dan Perkins has published nine anthologies, crafted an album cover for Pearl Jam and launched his own direct-to-consumer cartoon network to make up for the loss of income as newspaper clients go under. Next up? He hopes to launch a Kickstarter ...Read more

School Bank Day Turns Up An Unusual Find, January 23rd

North Falmouth School 1st grader Grady O'Dea had this Indian Head penny in his collection of coins for his weekly bank deposit. Class volunteer Kristin Shearer spotted the penny, had it appraised and returned it to Grady to keep. Posted: Friday...Read more

Key Date Indian Head Cents
Coin Update News, November 21st

After the Flying Eagle cent had briefly been struck for circulation in 1857 and 1858 (in addition to pattern pieces struck in 1856, often included with the two other dates), the Indian Head Cent was introduced in 1859. It would by struck for half a...Read more

Treasure Hunting for the Transitional Pattern 1859 Indian Head Cent
Coin Update News, October 31st

In 1859 an estimated 1,000 or more specimens were made of a so-called transitional pattern (Pollock-272, Judd-228) utilizing the standard 1859 Indian Head cent obverse in combination with the oak wreath and shield reverse (as regularly adopted in 1860)...Read more

1872 Indian Head cent shines in MS-65
Numismatic News, February 29th

The 1872 Indian Head cent is no longer a secret. It might be surprising to some, but for decades the 1872 Indian Head cent received very little attention as being an especially tough date. That was largely because Indian Head cents were like most other ...Read more

Indian Head Cent Stood Test of Time, August 31st

James Longacre must have been a better engraver than his critics thought. In designing the Indian Head cent, he managed to blend seemingly inconsistent design elements into a masterpiece that remained in production for half a century. A Caucasian ...Read more