The Indian Head cent, or Indian Head Penny, was designed by James Barton Longacre and struck from 1859 until 1909. It was minted in both Philadelphia and San Francisco.

The coin featured the head of Lady Liberty, facing left and wearing a Native American headdress with "Liberty" written across the band. The words "United States of America" encircle her. Popular legend has it that Longacre used his young daughter as inspiration for the design, but no proof exists to confirm nor deny this rumor.

For the first year it was struck, the reverse of the Indian Head cent depicted the denomination – the words "one cent" – inside a laurel wreath. The following year, the laurel wreath became an oak wreath, thought to symbolize authority. Arrows were added to the bottom an a heraldic shield was added at the top.

The Indian Head penny was produced using the same material as the Flying Eagle cent – a mixture of copper and nickel – until 1864, when the nickel was removed, changing the coin’s color.

Although there are slight variations in design, the images remained virtually the same (excluding the obvious change on the reverse after the first year) until the coin ceased production in 1909.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The combined efforts of a knowledgeable group makes this an authoritative site for both beginning and seasoned coll… [read review or visit site]

Legendary Coins and Currency

Legendary Coins and Currency

This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is a great way to get an overview… [read review or visit site]

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Home to the Society of U.S. Pattern collectors, this well-organized site provides in-depth information on pattern c… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

{rare} 1858 Indian Head Cent ~ Pattern Coin ~ { Copper-nickel W/ Laurel Wreath }1877 Indian Head Cent, Proof, Pcgs Genuine, Sharp Unciculated Details Penny 1c1877 Indian Head Penny, Second Lowest Mintage In Series, ** Free Shipping!Usa Indian Cent 1871 Key Date Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #26 { 1867 Indian Head & 1866 Indian Head Cent } Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #28 { 1908-s Or 1909-s Indian Head & 1915 Wheat } Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #27 { 1868 Indian Head Cent & 1931-s Wheat Cent } 1909-s Indian Head Cent Key Date (23rd) 1872 Indian Head Cent Original Key Date Us Coin1877 Indian Head Cent Very Nice Key Date (23rd)1909s Indian Head Cent, Semi-key Ngc Graded Vf Detail IhcUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #24 { 1875 Indian Head & 1874 Indian Head Cent } ˜ 1872 1c Indian Head Penny - Great PieceIndian Head Penny Cent Collection (includes 1877)1877 Dated Indian Head Cent Decent Devices No Reserve1888 Red Ultra High Grade Indian Head Cent From Big CollectionLot Of 50 1880 - 1909 Indian Head Penny 1 Cent U.s. Coins * Free Shipping *1871 Indian Head Cent 1c - Pcgs Unc Details Certified & Graded *no Reserve!Civil War Token/1862 Indian Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #8266Usa Indian Cent 1868 Key Date Xf-auCivil War Token/1884 Indian Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #82811877 1c Indian Head Cent Us Coin Ngc Vf Details Very Fine (#097)68 Indian Head Penny Cent Cull+better Mixed Lot U.s.coins1870 Unc Indian Head Cent Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #32 { 1869 Indian Head Cent & 1924-d Wheat Cent } 1908-s Indian Head Cent 106 Years Old Key Date Partial Liberty No Reserve!!Civil War Token/1885 Indian Head Unsearched Old Roll Wheat/indian Cents #82741862 Ngc Indian Head Penny Ngc Ms 64 ** Simply Outstanding! ** Price Guide $425Indian Head Cent/penny 1869/9 Snow-3 Repunched Date Vf/xfUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #31 { 1872 Indian Head Cent & 1910-s Wheat Cent } Civil War Token/1876 Indian Head Unsearched Old Roll Wheat/indian Cents #8268Usa Indian Cent 1860 Key Date Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #25 { 1909-s Or 1909-s Vdb & 1908-s Or 1909-s Ih } 1864 Red Ultra High Grade Indian Head Cent From Big CollectionUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #30 { 1868 Indian Head & 1909-s Or 1909-s Vdb } 1892 11909-s Indian Head Cent! F/vf Condition! Full Liberty! Free Shipping!1877 Indian Head Penny1909-s Indian Head Cent - Pcgs Certified Genuine Nice 1900 Indian Head Cent Icg Ms64rb Turn Of The Century Coin***no Reserve1908 S Indian Head Cent, Penny. Full Liberty.1878 1c Indian Head CentXf/au 1861 Copper Nickel Indian Head Penny CentSharp 1871 Indian Head Cent - Xf/au Details! Bold Key Date! No Reserve!1908 S Indian Head Cent A Very Fine Coin1877 Indian Head Penny Cent 11886 Type 2 Indian Head Penny Xf * Free Shipping *Old Us Coins 1888 Indian Head Cent Penny Key Date Full Liberty Choice GemLot Of 200 Indian Head Pennies 1 Cent United States Coins1909s Indian Head Penny - Free Shipping1864 W/ L Indian Head Penny CentCivil War Token/1891 Indian Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #82851859 Indian Head Cent Choice Uncirculated Copper Nickel: No Reserve Auction!!!1861 Indian Head Penny Xf ~ Nice Civil War Era Coin! * Free Shipping *Usa Indian Cent 1861 Key Date 1868 Indian Head Cent1874 Indian Head Cent Red Proof Coin Ngc Pf 63 Rd Penny1879 Indian Head Cent (ms 63 Bn) Ngc1897 Indian/1899 Indian Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #8267"s" Tail Indian/1872 Indian Head Unsearched Old Roll Wheat/indian Cents #8270

Recent News: Indian Head Cents

Source: Google News

Key Date Indian Head Cents
Coin Update News, November 21st

After the Flying Eagle cent had briefly been struck for circulation in 1857 and 1858 (in addition to pattern pieces struck in 1856, often included with the two other dates), the Indian Head Cent was introduced in 1859. It would by struck for half a...Read more

Dollars And Cents, November 12th

John Brown holds an Indian head penny, part of his collection that includes coins and tokens from all over the world. Some are valuable; some are sentimental. Photo by Emily Mentzer. By Emily Mentzer · As of Wednesday, November 12, 2014 · Sign in to ...Read more

Team names: Why take offense where none is intended?
Minneapolis Star Tribune, November 1st

American Indian imagery is not intended negatively, nor received that way, in our coinage, with its buffalo nickel's obverse side showing an Indian head that the Redskins logo has clearly copied, or the Indian Head penny that was in circulation for...Read more

Treasure Hunting for the Transitional Pattern 1859 Indian Head Cent
Coin Update News, October 31st

In 1859 an estimated 1,000 or more specimens were made of a so-called transitional pattern (Pollock-272, Judd-228) utilizing the standard 1859 Indian Head cent obverse in combination with the oak wreath and shield reverse (as regularly adopted in 1860)...Read more

Colon couple lives in former Lytle School
Sturgis Journal, October 25th

“Other than that, there wasn't any great discovery inside, though I did find an Indian head penny one day out in the yard and I once found a token of some sort.” As if on cue, while Gary Hughes was talking about the unattached shed in which the teacher...Read more

WV Book Team: Witchy Wanda flies in for Halloween
Charleston Gazette, October 18th

His parents question his actions, and Jackson feels he can't confide in them. The only supporter in his household is his grandfather, who forgets a lot. The grandfather gifts Jackson with a “lucky” Indian Head penny, making Jackson feel empowered...Read more

1872 Indian Head cent shines in MS-65
Numismatic News, February 29th

The 1872 Indian Head cent is no longer a secret. It might be surprising to some, but for decades the 1872 Indian Head cent received very little attention as being an especially tough date. That was largely because Indian Head cents were like most other ...Read more

Indian Head Cent Stood Test of Time, August 31st

In designing the Indian Head cent, he managed to blend seemingly inconsistent design elements into a masterpiece that remained in production for half a century. A Caucasian instead of an Indian. A headdress, usually reserved for select males, atop the ...Read more