The Indian Head cent, or Indian Head Penny, was designed by James Barton Longacre and struck from 1859 until 1909. It was minted in both Philadelphia and San Francisco.

The coin featured the head of Lady Liberty, facing left and wearing a Native American headdress with "Liberty" written across the band. The words "United States of America" encircle her. Popular legend has it that Longacre used his young daughter as inspiration for the design, but no proof exists to confirm nor deny this rumor.

For the first year it was struck, the reverse of the Indian Head cent depicted the denomination – the words "one cent" – inside a laurel wreath. The following year, the laurel wreath became an oak wreath, thought to symbolize authority. Arrows were added to the bottom an a heraldic shield was added at the top.

The Indian Head penny was produced using the same material as the Flying Eagle cent – a mixture of copper and nickel – until 1864, when the nickel was removed, changing the coin’s color.

Although there are slight variations in design, the images remained virtually the same (excluding the obvious change on the reverse after the first year) until the coin ceased production in 1909.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Indianheads.org

Indianheads.org

The combined efforts of a knowledgeable group makes this an authoritative site for both beginning and seasoned coll… [read review or visit site]

Legendary Coins and Currency

Legendary Coins and Currency

This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is a great way to get an overview… [read review or visit site]

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Home to the Society of U.S. Pattern collectors, this well-organized site provides in-depth information on pattern c… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

1877 Indian Head Cent Outstanding Uncirculated Red Very Rare This Nice!1909-s Indian Head Penny, Scarce Final Year "s" Mint Issue! ** Free Shipping!1877 Indian Head Cent- Scarce !! Key Date !!1908 Ngc Indian Head Penny Proof, Red-brown, Ngc Pf 64 Rb ** Beautiful Color!1877 Indian Head Cent Key Date 1908 S Indian Head Cent - Ms 64 Rb - Anacs Certified - Old Holder- Key Date-nice 1877 Indian Head Small Cent, G+ / Vg, Priced Below Value.1909-s Indian Head Penny, Highly Sought After Final Year Issue! ** Free ShippingUnsearched Wheat Penny Roll ( 1863 Civil War Token / 1892 Indian Head )u7Us Coins 1869/69 Overdate Indian Cent No Reserve!!! Penny Collection Set AlbumUs Coins 1864 With "l" High Grade Indian Cent No Reserve! Penny Set CollectionUs Coins 1870 High Grade Indian Cent No Reserve!!! Penny Set Album Collection1860 Indian Head Penny Brown Au * Free Shipping *1862 Indian Head Cent 1c Pcgs Ms 62Lot Of 262 Indian Head Pennies United States Coins 1 Cent No Reserve1875 Indian//1887 Indian Ends Unsearched Old Wrap Roll Wheat/indian Cents #880332 Pc Indian Head Cent Set 1878 To 1909 In Whitman AlbumAnacs Vg8 1909-s Indian Head Cent1905 Indian Head Cent Ms64rd PcgsPenny Roll #22 { Rev. Copper Nickel Indian Head & 1914-s Lincoln Wheat Cent } Us Coins 1871 High Grade Indian Cent No Reserve!!! Penny Set Album Collection1900 S.28 "1 In Forehead" Indian Cent, Pcgs Ms-64 Rb Cac David Kahn Rare CoinsUnc 1860 Pointed Bust Indian Head Cent Uncirculated Us Penny 1c Gorgeous1908 Indian/1900 Indian Cent Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #8804War Token/1865 Indian Head Unsearched Old Wrap Roll Wheat/indian Cents #8820Partial Indian Head Cent Set, 1857 1858 Flying Eagle, 1860 1861 1909 Penny 1cUs Coins 1872 High Grade Indian Cent No Reserve!!! Penny Set Album Collection1897 Pcgs Ms64 Bn Indian Cent - No ReserveUnsearched Wheat Penny Roll ( 1857 Flying Eagle / 1905 Indian Head )u11Penny Roll #19 { 1877 Indian Head Cent & 1915-d Lincoln Wheat Cent } 1877 Indian Head Cent Penny - Date Shows - Free Ship - Pcgs 2129 - No Reserve1909 S Indian Head Penny - Exceptional Condition!!!1861 Indian Head Penny Au * Free Shipping *1872 Indian Head Cent Penny Key Date1864 Cn Indian Head Penny Vf-xf * Free Shipping *1907 Indian Head Cent:stunning Red-blazing Luster-pq Plus Strike-gem Bu PlusUnsearched Wheat Penny Roll ( 1866 3 Cent Nickel / Indian Head Tail ) U141877 Indian Head Cent 1c - Key Date1909-s Indian Head Cent- Fine !! Key Date !!1896 Indian Head Penny, Beautiful Red Proof, * Flashy Surfaces W/ Unique Toning!1872 Indian Cent 11876 Indian Head Cent...better Date...choice Original Xf+ W/ Tons Of Appeal...nr1859 Indian Head Penny Au-uncirculated * Free Shipping *1864 Br Indian Head Cent1909 Indian/1882 Indian Cent Unsearched Old Estate Roll Wheat/indian Cents #88181859 C.n. Indian Cent 1Unsearched Wheat Penny Roll ( 1863 Civil War Token / 1893 Indian Head ) U131909 S Indian Head Cent Cleaned Pcgs Vf Details1889 Indian Head Penny, Flashy Red Proof! ** Free Shipping!1877-p U.s. Indian Head Cent ++ngc Slabbed Ag Details++ Rare1877 Indian Head Penny, Ultra Rare Key Date, Avidly Pursued In All Grades!1874 Indian Head Penny Xf * Free Shipping *1865 Indian Head Cent1909 Indian Head Cent Unc Brilliant Uncirculated Coin1871 G-vg Details And 1894 Xf Indian Cent1909 S Vdb Penny Pcgs Ms 63 Rb Green Label1922 Plain No D Cent Strong Reverse Rare Key Date 1902 Indian Head Penny Proof, Flashy Red Proof Surfaces! ** Free Shipping!Us Coins 1864 Cn High Grade Indian Cent No Reserve!!! Penny Set Album Collection1869 Indian Head Cent 1

Recent News: Indian Head Cents

Source: Google News

School Bank Day Turns Up An Unusual Find
CapeNews.net, January 23rd

North Falmouth School 1st grader Grady O'Dea had this Indian Head penny in his collection of coins for his weekly bank deposit. Class volunteer Kristin Shearer spotted the penny, had it appraised and returned it to Grady to keep. Posted: Friday...Read more

This Week In Photos - January 23, 2015
CapeNews.net, January 22nd

Indian Head Penny. North Falmouth School 1st grader Grady O'Dea had this Indian Head penny in his collection of coins for his weekly bank deposit. Class volunteer Kristin Shearer spotted the penny, had it appraised and returned it to Grady to keep...Read more

Preview of Heritage Long Beach Expo US Coins Signature Auction
Coin Update News, January 22nd

Lot 3019 is the sole 1905 Indian Head Cent known to be struck on a gold planchet that was intended for the quarter eagle denomination. In the series there are a total of five such pieces confirmed to exist; three are dated 1900 and one each dated 1905...Read more

Classic US Coins for less than $500 each, part 12: Copper-Nickel Indian Cents
CoinWeek, January 21st

1859 Indian Head Cent As 1859 Indian cents are not very expensive, there is not a need to have a long debate as to whether one is needed for a type set: of all classic U.S. coin series, of cents, of 19th century coins, or of U.S. coins that contain...Read more

FUN starts year right
NumisMaster.com, January 15th

Flying Eagle and Indian Head cent specialist Rick Snow of Eagle Eye Rare Coins of Tucson, Ariz., said a problem is arising because of high demand for quality coins. “Grading services are vastly overgrading a lot of Indian cents, especially the key date...Read more

Key Date Indian Head Cents
Coin Update News, November 21st

After the Flying Eagle cent had briefly been struck for circulation in 1857 and 1858 (in addition to pattern pieces struck in 1856, often included with the two other dates), the Indian Head Cent was introduced in 1859. It would by struck for half a...Read more

Treasure Hunting for the Transitional Pattern 1859 Indian Head Cent
Coin Update News, October 31st

In 1859 an estimated 1,000 or more specimens were made of a so-called transitional pattern (Pollock-272, Judd-228) utilizing the standard 1859 Indian Head cent obverse in combination with the oak wreath and shield reverse (as regularly adopted in 1860)...Read more

1872 Indian Head cent shines in MS-65
Numismatic News, February 29th

The 1872 Indian Head cent is no longer a secret. It might be surprising to some, but for decades the 1872 Indian Head cent received very little attention as being an especially tough date. That was largely because Indian Head cents were like most other ...Read more