The Indian Head cent, or Indian Head Penny, was designed by James Barton Longacre and struck from 1859 until 1909. It was minted in both Philadelphia and San Francisco.

The coin featured the head of Lady Liberty, facing left and wearing a Native American headdress with "Liberty" written across the band. The words "United States of America" encircle her. Popular legend has it that Longacre used his young daughter as inspiration for the design, but no proof exists to confirm nor deny this rumor.

For the first year it was struck, the reverse of the Indian Head cent depicted the denomination – the words "one cent" – inside a laurel wreath. The following year, the laurel wreath became an oak wreath, thought to symbolize authority. Arrows were added to the bottom an a heraldic shield was added at the top.

The Indian Head penny was produced using the same material as the Flying Eagle cent – a mixture of copper and nickel – until 1864, when the nickel was removed, changing the coin’s color.

Although there are slight variations in design, the images remained virtually the same (excluding the obvious change on the reverse after the first year) until the coin ceased production in 1909.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Indianheads.org

Indianheads.org

The combined efforts of a knowledgeable group makes this an authoritative site for both beginning and seasoned coll… [read review or visit site]

Legendary Coins and Currency

Legendary Coins and Currency

This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is a great way to get an overview… [read review or visit site]

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Home to the Society of U.S. Pattern collectors, this well-organized site provides in-depth information on pattern c… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

55 Assorted Pennies, Flying Eagle & Indian Head1870 Indian Head Penny, Rare Pick Axe, Highly Desired Au++ Key Date Mint Error!Key Indian 1877 Indian Head Penny Ungraded No Reserve1857 - 1909 Almost Complete Set Of Indian Head Cents Pennies In Whitman Album1872 Indian Head Penny, Super Tough Choice Au++ Key Date, ** Free Shipping!1877 Indian Head Penny, Desired In All Grade & Conditions, Key Date, * Free S/h!1859 Indian Head Penny, Highly Desired Near Gem Bu++ Better Date Copper!1873 1c Indian Head Proof Cent Closed 3 Variety Mirror-like Surfaces Very Rare!1877 Indian Head Penny, Highly Challenging Rare Key Date, ** Free Shipping!1872 Indian Head Cent - Good Details 1857 Flying Eagle Cent, Ngc Ms64, Choice1909 S Indian Head Cent Key Date Key Date Key Date No Reserve1877 Indian Head Cent * Gem Red * No Reserve Starts At $1.001909-s Indian Head Penny, Very Scarce Tough Key Date Copper, ** Free Shipping!1909 Ngc Ms66bn Gem Toned Indian Cent1876 Indian Head Cent { W/ Die Breaks & Slightly Off Center } Nice High Grade1869/9 Indian Head Penny, Avidly Pursued Choice Au Rare Key Date, ** Free ShippiPartial Indian Head Flying Book Missing 3 1857-1909 Set Great Shape Circulated1867 Indian Head Cent - Fine Details Us 1894 Indian Head Small Cent, From Old Collection, Uncirculated, Great ToningUs 1887 Indian Head Small Cent, From Old Collection, Uncirculated, Great ToningGenuine 1877 Indian Head Penny Problem Free Cent Key Date Coin .01 Nr!Ngc Graded 1909-s Indian Head Cent Vf30 Bn1864 L Indian Head Small Cent No Reserve!1878 Indian Head Cent Ms Lustrous Original Red Brown Uncirculated Key Date1879 Indian Head Cent Harder Date No Reserve 1871 Indian Head Cent Harder Date No Reserve 1866 Indian Head Cent Harder Date Semi Key Date No ReserveC6320- 1909-s Indian Head Cent Pcgs F15 - 309k Minted1909 S Indian Head Cent Key Date Coin Certified Icg Vf25 Low Mintage 309,000 1 C1871 Indian Head Penny / Cent - Semi-key Date1864 Bronze Indian Head Penny Cent Sharp Brown Uncirculated+ * Us Coin *Wow Eye Appeal Extremely Fine++ 1859 First Year Cn Indian Head Cent 1c Penny1869/69 Indian Cent Gem Bu Rpd Fs-301 S-3 (fs-008.3) Red/brown Unc Rb Key Date1909-s Indian Head Penny Ungraded Liberty Shows No Reserve1883 Indian Cent, Pcgs Ms63rb, Pq And Nicely Toned1869 Indian Head Penny / Cent - Semi-key Date1905 Indian Cent ---- Stunning Gem Bu ---- #x3831877 Indian Head Cent Key Date Coin Certified By Icg Vg8 Low Mintage 852,500 1 C1870 1c Indian Cent Anacs Ms64 Rb Ddo ~ Double Die Obverse! Pcgs Rare!1860 Indian Head Penny, Gorgeous Near Gem Bu++ Tougher Date, ** Free Shipping!1873 1c Indian Head Cent Closed 3 - Xf , Vintage Penny Coin (191951a)1878 Indian Head Penny, Very Tough Key Date, Au Details, ** Free Shipping!1863 Indian Head Penny, Copper-nickel, Lustrous Near Gem Bu++ Better Date!Us 1883 Indian Head Small Cent From Old Collection, Nice Toning, Uncleaned1871 Indian Head Cent - Good Details Us 1890 Indian Head Small Cent, From Old Estate, Reverse 10 Degrees Die RotationC7593- 1864-l Bronze Indian Head Cent Ngc Ms63 Rb Cac "snow-15 Variety"1877 Indian Cent Pcgs Vg Details, Cleaned1871 Philadelphia Mint Copper Indian Head Cent Free Shipping1868 Indian Head Penny, Gorgeous Choice Au++/unc Better Date, ** Free Shipping!Us 1884 Indian Head Small Cent From Old Collection, Nice Toning, Uncleaned1870 Indian Head Cent Harder Date No Reserve 1864-l Indian Head Cent - Fine Details - Dark1906 Indian Head Cent Ngc Ms 64 Red Brown Beautiful Original Coin1876 Indian Head Penny / Cent - Semi-key Date - Partial Liberty1859 Indian Head Cent With Full Liberty1863 Ms65 Ngc Indian Head Penny Uncirculated No Reserve Auction1865 1c Plain 5 Indian Cent Pcgs Ms63 Bn**lot Of 100** Nice Indian Head Cent 1c Pennies