The Indian Head cent, or Indian Head Penny, was designed by James Barton Longacre and struck from 1859 until 1909. It was minted in both Philadelphia and San Francisco.

The coin featured the head of Lady Liberty, facing left and wearing a Native American headdress with "Liberty" written across the band. The words "United States of America" encircle her. Popular legend has it that Longacre used his young daughter as inspiration for the design, but no proof exists to confirm nor deny this rumor.

For the first year it was struck, the reverse of the Indian Head cent depicted the denomination – the words "one cent" – inside a laurel wreath. The following year, the laurel wreath became an oak wreath, thought to symbolize authority. Arrows were added to the bottom an a heraldic shield was added at the top.

The Indian Head penny was produced using the same material as the Flying Eagle cent – a mixture of copper and nickel – until 1864, when the nickel was removed, changing the coin’s color.

Although there are slight variations in design, the images remained virtually the same (excluding the obvious change on the reverse after the first year) until the coin ceased production in 1909.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Indianheads.org

Indianheads.org

The combined efforts of a knowledgeable group makes this an authoritative site for both beginning and seasoned coll… [read review or visit site]

Legendary Coins and Currency

Legendary Coins and Currency

This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is a great way to get an overview… [read review or visit site]

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Home to the Society of U.S. Pattern collectors, this well-organized site provides in-depth information on pattern c… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

1877 Indian Head Penny, Rare Key Date ** Free Shipping!1877 Indian Head Cent Net Good Rare Key Date No Reserve Free ShippingUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #179 { 1914-d Wheat Cent & 1911-s Wheat Cent }1881 Proof Indian Cent, Pcgs Pr-64 Rb, Very Sweet Coin (estatesale Is Now Dkrc)Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #176 { 1909-s Or 1909-s Vdb Wheat & 1931-s Wheat }1894 Indian Head Penny, Eye Appealing ** Free Shipping!1909-s Indian Head Penny, Tough Key Date ** Free Shipping!1872 Indian Head Cent, Nice High Grade, Full Liberty Key Date**1871 Indian Head Cent Scarce Old Coin ** Civil War Token/1860 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**wheat And Indian Cents #3006Old Us Coins 1863 Indian Head Cent Civil War Penny Full Liberty Nice1877 Indian Head Cent Key Date Pcgs Vf301866 Indian Head Cent Full LibertyUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #177 { 1864 "l" Ih & 1863 Civil War Store Token }1909-s Indian Head Penny, Rare Key Date ** Free Shipping!1867 Indian Head Cent 147 Years Old Tougher Date Full Liberty **see Ad1903 Indian Head Penny, Fiery Red Surfaces, ** Free Shipping!1861 Indian Head Penny Xf * Free Shipping *1863 Civil War Era Indian Head Penny Choice Uncirculated * Free Shipping *1869 Indian Head Cent From Penny Collection1909 Indian/1896 Indian Cent Ends**old Roll** Wheat And Indian Cents #3026Us Coins 1908-s Indian Head Cent High Grade1889 Indian Head Penny, Gorgeous Proof ** Free Shipping!"s" Tail Indian/1872 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**wheat And Indian Cents #3010Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #178 { 1908-s Or 1909-s Indian & Rev. Indian Head }Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #181 { 1857 Flying Eagle & 1863 Civil War Token }1882 Indian Head Penny Choice Uncirculated ~ Blue Toning * Free Shipping *Rare Very Old Antique American Us Usa Indian Head Penny Coin Lot Ihp CollectionNice Lot Of 262 Coins Cull/ag Indian Head Cents Dates From 1859 To 1909 No HoledUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #180 { 1873 Three Cent Piece & Three Cent Piece }1865 Indian/1875 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**wheat And Indian Cents #30171884 Indian Head Penny Four Crisp Diamonds UncOld Us Coins Rare Choice 1859 First Year Indian Head Cent Penny Civil War 1909-s Indian Head Cent From Penny Collection1857-1909 Flying Eagle & Indian Head Cent 53-coin Mostly Complete SetUs Coins 1864-l Indian Head Cent Full LibertyCivil War Token/1890 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**wheat And Indian Cents #30321909-s Indian Head Cent Key All 4 Diamonds Full Liberty Rare!Rare 1871 Indian Head Penny Nice Au Full LibertyUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #175 { 1859 Indian Head Cent & 1869 Indian Head }1877 Indian Head Cent ~ Genuine1864-l Indian Head Cent Au *rare*Lot Of (21) 1909 Indian Head Cents, 1858 Flying Eagle 1c, Nice Tough Date Penny1875 Indian/1876 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**wheat And Indian Cents #30181909-s 1c Indian Head Cent Key Date1877 Indian Head Penny // Key Date! // (ih942)1877 Indian Head Cent Penny - Damaged Condition - 55suBank Style Shotgun Roll W/**au 1881 & 1909-s? Vdb Indian Heads Showing! L@@k1893 Indian Head Penny Unc 4 Diamonds1869 Indian Head Cent Penny - Very Good To Fine Condition Nice - 48su1877 Indian Cent Scarce Indian Cent Key To Series1901 Indian Head Penny, Super Red Blazer, ** Free Shipping!1909 S Indian Cent Fine Detail1886 Indian Head Penny, Scarce Proof ** Free Shipping!1869 Indian/1909 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**wheat And Indian Cents #3016Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Roll #184 { 1864 "l" Indian Head & 1931-s Wheat Cent }1908-s Indian Head Cent ~ Very Fine+ ~ Rare1857 Flying Eagle/1863 Indian Ends**old Roll**old Wheat And Indian Cents #3024Indian Head Pennies Roll Of 50 / 1857 / 1858 Showing On Ends ...........69561872 Indian Head Cent Key Date Full Liberty, Nice Example

Recent News: Indian Head Cents

Source: Google News

Coins bring in the dollars at auction
Clinton Herald, August 23rd

An 1859 Indian Head cent quickly hit $30 and 20 foreign coins, each over 100 years old, showed strength for their age and sold for $37.50. Some defective silver coins hit the high mark of $50 and a German coin bearing the Swastika sold at $15, three 2...Read more

How to Clean Coins to Make Them More Valuable
KING5.com, August 20th

You re digging through a giant jar of pennies you ve ignored for years, hoping to find something special. That s when it happens. You come across a rare Indian Head Cent from 1909, a coin that s generally worth over $400. Pretty good for one cent! But...Read more

Old Town Auburn tunnel tales: Gold, ghosts, graffiti and glow sticks
Auburn Journal, August 19th

Belarde pulled an Indian head penny from 1893 that he said he was able to pull from the bottom of the tunnel. He's seen artifacts and other coins – including a bar token from the old Orleans Hotel that was torn down in 1959. “I'm on a search,” he said...Read more

Today In History
Waterbury Republican American, August 5th

In 1909, the original Lincoln “wheat" penny first went into circulation, replacing the “Indian Head" cent. In 1923, the 29th president of the United States, Warren G. Harding, died in San Francisco; Vice President Calvin Coolidge became president. In...Read more