The Indian Head cent, or Indian Head Penny, was designed by James Barton Longacre and struck from 1859 until 1909. It was minted in both Philadelphia and San Francisco.

The coin featured the head of Lady Liberty, facing left and wearing a Native American headdress with "Liberty" written across the band. The words "United States of America" encircle her. Popular legend has it that Longacre used his young daughter as inspiration for the design, but no proof exists to confirm nor deny this rumor.

For the first year it was struck, the reverse of the Indian Head cent depicted the denomination – the words "one cent" – inside a laurel wreath. The following year, the laurel wreath became an oak wreath, thought to symbolize authority. Arrows were added to the bottom an a heraldic shield was added at the top.

The Indian Head penny was produced using the same material as the Flying Eagle cent – a mixture of copper and nickel – until 1864, when the nickel was removed, changing the coin’s color.

Although there are slight variations in design, the images remained virtually the same (excluding the obvious change on the reverse after the first year) until the coin ceased production in 1909.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Indianheads.org

Indianheads.org

The combined efforts of a knowledgeable group makes this an authoritative site for both beginning and seasoned coll… [read review or visit site]

Legendary Coins and Currency

Legendary Coins and Currency

This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is a great way to get an overview… [read review or visit site]

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Society of U.S. Pattern Collectors

Home to the Society of U.S. Pattern collectors, this well-organized site provides in-depth information on pattern c… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

1877 U.s. Indian Head CentNgc Ms64 1863 Copper Nickel Indian Head Cent 11909-s Indian Head Penny ** Scarce Key Date Final Year Issue! ** Free Shipping! 1909-s Key Date Indian Cent, Pcgs Ms-63 Bn Cac, Sweet (estatesale Is Now Dkrc)Complete 1857-1909 Indian Head Penny Set. Including 1877 And1909s"s" Tail Indian/1893 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**50 Wheat And Indian Cents #2546Civil War Token/1861 Indian Head Ends*old Roll**50 Wheat And Indian Cents #25481872 Indian Head Cent, Circulated, Bold Liberty1909 S Indian Head Cent Key Date Fine - Very Fine Obv Mark Still Nice !1909s Indian Head Penny With Liberty1909-s Indian Head Cent: Attractive Sharply Struck Surfaces & Retaing Luster-wowCivil War Token/1862 Indian Head Ends*old Roll**50 Wheat And Indian Cents #2535Key Date Very Good 1877 Indian Head Penny1877 Indian Head Cent Slabbed By Anacs As Grade F-12Civil War Token/1867 Indian Head Ends*old Roll**50 Wheat And Indian Cents #25471903 Indian Head Cent Pcgs Ms65rb **mostly Red/beautiful Luster**1876 Indian Head Cent, Very High Grade Circulated1874 Indian Head Cent (high Mint State Red)Civil War Token/1879 Indian Head Ends*old Roll**50 Wheat And Indian Cents #25361870 Indian Head Cent, Bold N, Very High Grade Circulated1864 Indian Head Cent, Circulated, Bold Liberty, Feathertips1876 Indian Head Cent Semi Key Date Xf Original Nice CoinUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Rolls #85 { 2 ~ 1914-d Lincoln Wheat Cent's }1877 Indian Head Cent Key Date! Nice Filler Coin, Coin Is PorousUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Rolls #68 { 1909-s Or 1909-s Vdb Wheat & 1914 Wheat }(no Date) Ngc F15 Bn Struck 15% Off Center Indian Cent Mint Error1909-s Indian Head Small Cent. No ReserveNice 1859 Indian Head Penny - Us Small Cent 1871 Indian Head Cent, Circulated, Bold Liberty, Feathertips1863 Indian/1876 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**50 Wheat And Indian Cents #2534Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Rolls #96 { 1864 'l' Indian Head & 1913 Wheat Cent }Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Rolls #97 { 1872 Glassboro, Nj & 1900 Bridgeton, Nj }1908-s Indian Head Cent 1c - Pcgs Au Details Certified*no Reserve1873 Indian Head Cent, Circulated, Full Liberty1908 S 11864 Cn Very Choice Uncirculated Bu Indian Head Penny Ms62 1863 Indian / 1889 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**50 Wheat And Indian Cents #c07Lot Of 6 1859 Us Indian Head Pennies1863 Indian/1886 Indian Head Ends**old Roll**50 Wheat And Indian Cents #25551877 1c Bn Indian Cent1877 Indian Head Penny // Key Date! // (i394)1864 L Indian Head Cent Nice Very Fine Plus Semi Key Date Great Coin1908-s Indian Head Penny ** Tough Date! ** Free Shipping!1871 Indian Head Cent Very Good1864 Indian Head Cent, Circulated, Full Liberty1872 Indian Head Cent Penny - Fine Condition - 73suUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Rolls #95 { Three Cent Piece & 1915-a Imperial Eagle }1865 Fancy 5 Indian Head Cent: Gem / Ms Bu Unc / Full Liberty And DiamondsUnchecked Lincoln Wheat Rolls #98 { 1938 & 1937 German Eagle And Swastika }1871 1c Indian Head One Cent Penny - Better Date - No Reserve!!1877 Indian Head Cent: Evenly Worn With Lt Brown Surfaces-ebay Best Buy-$.99 Nr!Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Rolls #87 { 1909-s Or 1909-s Vdb & 1912-s Wheat Cent }1869 Indian Head Cent, Circulated, Bold Liberty1867 Indian Head Penny Xf * Free Shipping *Unchecked Lincoln Wheat Rolls #84 { 2 ~ Rev. Three Cent Piece's }1864 L On Ribbon Indian Head Cent Ngc Au53 Bn1908 S Indian Head Cent Semi Key Date Very Fine Grade Original Nice Coin1870 Indian Head Cent Nice Fine Plus Semi Key Date Great Coin1867 Indian Head Cent, Circulated, Full Liberty1871 Indian Head Penny

Recent News: Indian Head Cents

Source: Google News

Today in History
Thegardenisland.com, July 21st

In 1909, the original Lincoln "wheat" penny first went into circulation, replacing the "Indian Head" cent. In 1923, the 29th president of the United States, Warren G. Harding, died in San Francisco; Vice President Calvin Coolidge became president. In...Read more

How to Clean Coins to Make Them More Valuable
KIRO Seattle, July 19th

You're digging through a giant jar of pennies you've ignored for years, hoping to find something special. That's when it happens. You come across a rare Indian Head Cent from 1909, a coin that's generally worth over $400. Pretty good for one cent! But...Read more

Today in History – Aug. 2
Vancouver Desi, July 18th

In 1909, the original Lincoln penny (with two ears of wheat on the reverse side) first went into circulation, replacing the “Indian Head” cent. In 1918, a general strike that began in Winnipeg broke out across Canada. In 1920, the League of Nations...Read more