The Indian Head cent, or Indian Head Penny, was designed by James Barton Longacre and struck from 1859 until 1909. It was minted in both Philadelphia and San Francisco.

The coin featured the head of Lady Liberty, facing left and wearing a Native American headdress with "Liberty" written across the band. The words "United States of America" encircle her. Popular legend has it that Longacre used his young daughter as inspiration for the design, but no proof exists to confirm nor deny this rumor.

For the first year it was struck, the reverse of the Indian Head cent depicted the denomination – the words "one cent" – inside a laurel wreath. The following year, the laurel wreath became an oak wreath, thought to symbolize authority. Arrows were added to the bottom an a heraldic shield was added at the top.

The Indian Head penny was produced using the same material as the Flying Eagle cent – a mixture of copper and nickel – until 1864, when the nickel was removed, changing the coin’s color.

Although there are slight variations in design, the images remained virtually the same (excluding the obvious change on the reverse after the first year) until the coin ceased production in 1909.


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Recent News: Indian Head Cents

Source: Google News

Treasure Hunting for the Transitional Pattern 1859 Indian Head Cent
Coin Update News, October 31st

In 1859 an estimated 1,000 or more specimens were made of a so-called transitional pattern (Pollock-272, Judd-228) utilizing the standard 1859 Indian Head cent obverse in combination with the oak wreath and shield reverse (as regularly adopted in 1860)...Read more

NFL Week 9 Picks: Tom Brady, Peyton Manning Primed For Sunday Showdown
NESN.com, October 30th

Tom Brady. You circle certain games on your calendar at the beginning of the NFL season. This is one of those games. The 16th edition of Tom Brady versus Peyton Manning will kick off at 4:25 p.m. Sunday, when the Denver Broncos take on the New ...Read more

Colon couple lives in former Lytle School
Sturgis Journal, October 25th

“Other than that, there wasn't any great discovery inside, though I did find an Indian head penny one day out in the yard and I once found a token of some sort.” As if on cue, while Gary Hughes was talking about the unattached shed in which the teacher...Read more

WV Book Team: Witchy Wanda flies in for Halloween
Charleston Gazette, October 18th

His parents question his actions, and Jackson feels he can't confide in them. The only supporter in his household is his grandfather, who forgets a lot. The grandfather gifts Jackson with a “lucky” Indian Head penny, making Jackson feel empowered...Read more

Pennsylvania Library Discovers Time Capsule from 1901
Fine Books & Collections Magazine (blog), October 15th

The Carnegie Free Library staff in Connellsville, Pennsylvania made a startling discovery when they removed a large bush from library grounds and revealed a stone hiding a time capsule. Library officials knew that a time capsule had been placed when...Read more

Connellsville opens time capsule sealed in 1901
Tribune-Review, October 7th

However, one coin, a 1901 Indian head penny that fell out of the capsule as it was opened, suffered a scratch on one side, causing a drop in its value, according to Orszulak. Also found was a 50-cent paper note, something that began during the time of...Read more