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Feb. 20th is National Handcuff Day

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dr.sideshow's likes1 of 3Taking a Rest ~ A. Penot ~ Paris Girl Drawinghamilton printers cabinet
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    Posted 5 years ago

    pw-collector
    (278 items)

    It is on this date, February 20, 1912 that the U.S. Patent Office issued Patent No. 1,017,955 to George A. Carney for a swinging bow ratchet-type adjustable handcuff. The application for this patent was filed on October 4, 1911 by G.A. Carney and granted on Feb. 20, 1912. Before his invention, handcuffs were heavy, bulky and had a fixed locking bow. Carney states in his application, "My invention relates more particularly to means for locking and unlocking the handcuff and it has been the special object of my invention to provide an automatic locking arm which need not be positively locked in order to keep it in place when the device is not in use, it being provided with means whereby it may be securely held in place when not in use and yet may be instantly and easily opened in order to admit the wrist."
    George A. Carney had not implemented his new invention and in 1914 he sold his patent to James Milton Gill, the police commissioner of Springfield, Massachusetts. On June 22, 1914, James M. Gill formed the Peerless Handcuff Company. Mr. Gill, not having any experience in manufacturing, but knew there was an opportunity here to make a few bucks, sought out the help from his good friend Joseph H. Wesson of the Smith & Wesson gun manufacturing company in his home town. He knew between the two of them working together, both could make a profit.
    Joseph Wesson looked over the Carney patent and was impressed by the the swing-through, pivoting, rotatable locking arm system but realized that the locking mechanism needed to be redesigned. On Oct. 6, 1914, J.H. Wesson filed a patent application for a improved lock for use in Carney's handcuff patent. On November 23, 1915, Patent No. 1,161,562 was granted to Joseph H. Wesson and assigned to James M. Gill both of Springfield, Mass.
    It is presumed that shortly after J.H. Wesson filed for his patent in 1914 that Smith & Wesson started manufacturing the first handcuffs for the Peerless Handcuff Company. The combination of G.A. Carney's patent no. 1,017,955, now owned by J.M. Gill, and J.H. Wesson's patent no. 1,161,562 became the standard style that most modern handcuffs around the world have been designed after, with minor modifications.
    I'm not sure when the official "National Handcuff Day" began but it was in honor of the G.A. Carney patent no. 1,017,955 granted on Feb. 20. 1912.
    Shown above is an example of the first of these Peerless Handcuffs manufactured by Smith & Wesson in 1914-15. They have the lock design and curved lock-case design as drawn in J.H. Wesson's patent no. 1,161,562.
    Thanks for looking & Happy Handcuff Day,
    Dave

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    Comments

    1. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thank you for the appreciation:
      mikelv85
      aghcollect
    2. SEAN68 SEAN68, 5 years ago
      awesome Dave!!!!! great!!! is this a real holiday? if so are you using them!!! lol !! A little humour!!
    3. DrFluffy DrFluffy, 5 years ago
      One time I freaked out a very annoying date... I took out my handcuffs and told him that I am going to handcuff him to the table. That was our only date.
    4. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Sean, yes it is, in the handcuff world anyway. Here is a link to the Peerless Handcuff Company home page referring to the holiday and contest.
      Being a holiday I decided to give my handcuffs a day off.
      http://www.peerless.net/Nat_Handcuff_Day.html
    5. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      DrFluffy, he wasn't worth keeping then anyway!
    6. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thank you for the comments & appreciation:
      Ken
      officialfuel
      Sean
      walksoftly
      vetraio50
      packrat-place
      AzTom
      petey
      catburgler
      DrFluffy
      lzenglish
    7. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thank you PatSea for the appreciation.
    8. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thanks again mikelv85 for the appreciation
    9. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thank you Trey for the appreciation.
    10. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thank you dr.sideshow for the appreciation.
    11. Alan2310 Alan2310, 5 years ago
      Great item and great research.
      I love it.
      Alan
    12. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thank you Alan for the comment & appreciation.
    13. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thank you clockerman for the appreciation.
    14. SEAN68 SEAN68, 5 years ago
      lol Dave!!
    15. pw-collector pw-collector, 5 years ago
      Thanks Manikin for the appreciation.

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