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Roman: Philip II Caesar - Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.

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Ancient Roman Coins2 of 23Caesar BC ancient identifyingRare Roman Coin of Germanicus
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    Posted 3 years ago

    (214 items)

    This coin originated in the turbulent 3rd century AD during the age of the "Barracks Emperors". A barracks emperor was a Roman Emperor who seized power by virtue of his command of an army. There were approximately fourteen barracks emperors in 33 years, producing an average reign of a little over two years apiece. The resulting instability and the near constant state of civil war threatened to destroy the Roman Empire from within and left it vulnerable to attack by outsiders.

    Philip I was one of these. It is believed he was instrumental in the death of his predecessor, the young Gordian III. Philip rose from Praetorian Prefect (head of the Imperial guard) to emperor upon his death in 244 AD. In Roman politics at that time, those who lived by the sword frequently died by it. His reign only lasted until 249 when he was overthrown by another of the barracks emperors, Decius.

    When Philip I became Augustus, he conferred the title of Caesar upon his young son, Philip II. Philip II was to die when his father fell at only age 11.

    This coin was struck in the Roman Province of Syria at the Antioch mint. Antioch had produced beautiful silver tetradrachms since Greek times, but by this time the silver had become somewhat debased. This coin was struck between 244-247 AD. Obverse: Inscription: "MAR IOYLI FILIPPOC KECAR" bare-headed and draped bust of Philip II to right.
    Reverse: Inscription: "DHMARX EZ OYCIAC" - Eagle standing facing, on palm branch, with spread wings, his head turned to left and holding wreath in his beak; in exergue, S C.

    "Revenge is profitable, gratitude is expensive."... one is reminded why Edward Gibbon's "The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" is still considered a classic book today.

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    1. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      Thank you JImam my friend :-)
    2. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      I see the webpage does not support the Greek letters that I pasted into my story :-(
    3. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      So here are close substitutes of latin letters instead... MAR IOYLI FILIPPOC KECAR / DHMARX EZ OYCIAC
    4. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      Thank you for looking in Phil!
    5. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
    6. vetraio50 vetraio50, 3 years ago
      BMV I would edit your main text and put in the Latin letters instead.
      Those question marks are so 'confusing'.

      Perhaps you could add a translation of the Greek inscriptions?
      Mar Ioyli is one of a few versions seen on these coins ... M. IOVLI, M IVL, M IOV etc. DHMARX EXOYCIAC too. I have no idea.

      I love all of your numismatic posts ands appreciate the work that goes into each one.
    7. vetraio50 vetraio50, 3 years ago
      It finally clicked : Marcus Iulius Philippus Caesar .... DOH !!!
    8. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      Thanks again Kevin, text in article edited to remove the Greek alphabet characters that the website could not display. Ironic that there is a category for Ancient Greek Coins, but no way to correctly display Greek inscriptions ;-P
    9. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      Thank you very much SpizyChicken... they were certainly at least as intelligent as humans living today. Happy you like it! - Cheers! - Bob
    10. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      Also best regards to fortapache & jscott0363!
    11. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      Much appreciated kyratango.
    12. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      Hi Kevin... I believe the reverse inscription is as follows...
      DHMAPX[IKH] = TRIBVNICIA=Tribunician
      In other words, Tribune of the People
    13. beyemvey beyemvey, 3 years ago
      Greek = Latin = English... Kevin, you pretty much nailed the obverse inscription :-)

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