Bohemian art glass was made in and around the present-day Czech Republic during the Art Nouveau or Jugendstil era. Antique pieces in this genre most often consist of a classic vase form that has been hand-worked and sometimes deformed into swirling, organic-looking shapes like seashells, flowers, and tree trunks. Decorative vases, cups, and pitchers were popular forms, and many of the pieces have an iridescent sheen from the firing and reduction techniques used at the time.

The movement grew out of a rich tradition of Bohemian glass making, which goes back to the 16th and 17th centuries. But it was the Marmoriertes and Lithyalin glass of the mid-19th century that really paved the way for the iridescent Art Nouveau art glass that contemporary collectors are most familiar with. These types of "marbled" glass signaled a shift away from a study of form to an infatuation with surface treatments and techniques.

One of the region’s leaders in this field was Loetz, which took first prize for its pieces exhibited at the 1889 Paris Exhibition. Loetz pieces from this period include the vases, pitchers, and bowls in the Phänomen series. The chief characteristic of the series was the rippled or featherlike designs on the object’s surface, which was achieved by wrapping a molten piece of glass with equally hot glass threads, and then pulling those threads to make waves and other designs while the materials were still malleable.

Loetz patented the Phänomen technique in 1898, but by that time the firm was also incorporating techniques pioneered by L.C. Tiffany in the United States—in particular, Tiffany’s iridescent Favrile work. Combined, the two techniques provided plenty of inspiration for Loetz designers and artisans, including E. Prochaska, Franz Hofstötter, and Koloman Moser.

The Kralik glassworks was another well-known maker of antique Bohemian art glass, although it would not rise to prominence until the Art Deco period. During the Art Nouveau, it was largely producing vases, jars, and shells in the style of Loetz and others. Today, collectors of antique Bohemian art glass are often buying a Kralik when they are being sold a Loetz.

Rindskopf and Sons was another contemporary of Loetz. Although early 20th-century glass enthusiasts had no difficulty differentiating its tall vases, with their slender bodies and bulbous heads, from Loetz pieces, today sellers routinely label Rindskopf pieces incorrectly as Loetz. Series to look for include Pepita, Grenada, and Alhambra.

Ludwig Moser & Sons of Karlsbad, in what is now Austria, excelled at cut, gilded, and acid-etched pieces. And then there was Pallme-König and Habel, which had its own patent for threading glass onto a vase. In Pallme-König’s case, the threading ranges from tight and regular lines to treatments that are almost Jackson Pollock-like, in which the thick threads of glass appear to be the only things that are keeping the deformed shapes underlying them from collapsing and falling apart.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Important Signed Loetz Austria Peacock Iridescent Art Glass Phenomen Vase19thc, Bohemian Cranberry Glass Moser Miniature Portrait Painting Perfume BottleSet 6 Antique Moser Gilt Enamel Decorated Cranberry Glass Stemware Wine GobletsC1910 Bohemian Cranberry Art Glass Globular Vase W/ Flutter Rim Bronze Mtd. NrFinest Moser Gilt & Painted Enamel Standing Glass Salt Signed Moser Bohemian Czech Art Deco Glass Decanter Set + 6 Cups Super Quality!C1890 Bohemian Cranberry Art Glass Dresser Box W/ Enameled Courting Couple NrBohemian Loetz Type Cranberry Iridescent Draped Satin Glass VaseImpressive Iridescent Glass Vase Bohemian Hand Painted Maker UnknownFinest Moser Gilt & Painted Enamel Stemware GlassC1890 Bohemian Cranberry & Luster Art Glass Wine Decanter Ewer Enameled NoresAjka Czech Bohemian Cut Clear Cobalt Blue Crystal Liquor Decanter Set Mint40's Or Older Loetz Or Tiffany Style Iridescent Art Glass Vase, Pinched, Antique Bohemian Ruby Etched Cut Glass Vases The Industrial Exhibition For 1851Large 19th C Antique Bohemian Ruby Etched Cut Glass Covered Vase / Urn EgermannBlue Iridescent Glass Trumpet Vase - Stamped Czechoslovakia Loetz? - No DamageAntique Loetz Iridescent Moser Enameled Olympia Art Glass Vase Bohemia Czech!!!Fantastic Art Deco Spirit Of The Wind Victoire Bohemian Glass Car Mascot Loetz Octopus VaseVintage And Scarce Karl Palda Czech Art Glass Set Of 4 Tumblers NrFinest Moser Gilt & Painted Enamel 5" Stem GlassGreat Set Of Signed Lobmeyr 19th Century Cut Glass StemsFinest Moser Gilt & Painted Enamel Finger Bowl & Under PlateFinest Moser Gilt & Painted Enamel 4 1/4" Stem GlassWonderfull Large Bohemia Kralik Art Glass Lustre Vase Iris DecorFinest Moser Gilt & Painted Enamel 5 3/4" Stem GlassFinest Moser Gilt & Painted Enamel 5 1/2" GlassMoser Glass Bohemian Czech Karlsbad Trinket Signed Footed Box GladiatorsFabulous Bohemian Art Deco Vaseline Glass Perfume Bottle Vintage Enamel Bohemian Cranberry Art Glass Powder,dresser,vanity Jar-moserAntique Victorian Moser Era Enameled Rose Art Glass & Bronze Jewel Dresser Box6 1/4" Moser Sprial Stem & Gilt CordialBohemian Art Deco Glass Vase Iridescent Czech Glass Antique Signed Moser 6 Pc Decanter Set Cobalt CabachonTall 19th C Antique Victorian Bohemian Moser Enameled Green Glass Vase W FlowersVintage Victorian Bohemian Enameled Blue Glass Perfume Bottle-moser,loetz-nice!Bohemian Art Deco Glass Vase Iridescent Czech Glass 7 1/2" Moser Air Twist Stem & Gilt Goblet Moser Bohemian Enamel Tumbler Empress Maria Theresa Cut-to-clear Cased Art GlassFamous Bohemian Alexandrite Glass Art Deco Vase Antique Hand Blown Russian Armorial Sherry Decanter Czech Glass Hand Enameled NrRare Old Loetz Oil Spot Art Glass Perfume AtomizerVintage Turn Of Century Cobalt Blue Cut Glass Perfume Bottle Stopper W/dauber Set Of Nachtmann Traube Colored Cut To Clear Crystal Cordial Stems 5" BeautifulVintage Bohemian Blue Cut To Clear Crystal Decanter & 3 Glasses Beautiful Set **victorian Bohemian Moser Cranberry Glass Painted Enameled Tumbler #1**Six! Vintage Cut To Clear Cut Glass Wine Glasses Assorted Colors!Pair Of Beautiful Bohemian Cranberry Overlay VasesMoser Bohemian Gilt Enameled Desert Set C. 1900Bohemian / Czech Art Glass Threaded Iridescent Cased Glass Globe Lamp ShadeHuge Iridescent Czech Republic Hand Blown Art Glass Vase Signed By Artist MillerBohemian Ruby Red Cut To Clear Crystal Glass VaseOne (1) Bohemian Czech Port Wine Sipper Boro Crystal Pipe Shape Pink/gold/floralAntique Rogaska "queen " Pattern Goblets 9 1/8" Glasses-12 Piece Collection VgBohemian Kralik Art Deco Czech Red Tango Glass Fan Vase Apple Green SpatterBeautiful Set Of 2 Nachtmann Cut To Clear Crystal Cordial Stems 5-1/2" ExcellentAntique Cut Glass Moser Gold Decorated Cylinder VaseArt Glass Pair Antique Opal Vases W All Over Enamel Design2 Czech Cobalt Blue Cut To Clear Crystal Glass Tumbler Pair Bohemian Mint VntgC1880 Moser Style Bohemian 12" Vase Shaded Amber W/floral Enamel