Bohemian art glass was made in and around the present-day Czech Republic during the Art Nouveau or Jugendstil era. Antique pieces in this genre most often consist of a classic vase form that has been hand-worked and sometimes deformed into swirling, organic-looking shapes like seashells, flowers, and tree trunks. Decorative vases, cups, and pitchers were popular forms, and many of the pieces have an iridescent sheen from the firing and reduction techniques used at the time.

The movement grew out of a rich tradition of Bohemian glass making, which goes back to the 16th and 17th centuries. But it was the Marmoriertes and Lithyalin glass of the mid-19th century that really paved the way for the iridescent Art Nouveau art glass that contemporary collectors are most familiar with. These types of "marbled" glass signaled a shift away from a study of form to an infatuation with surface treatments and techniques.

One of the region’s leaders in this field was Loetz, which took first prize for its pieces exhibited at the 1889 Paris Exhibition. Loetz pieces from this period include the vases, pitchers, and bowls in the Phänomen series. The chief characteristic of the series was the rippled or featherlike designs on the object’s surface, which was achieved by wrapping a molten piece of glass with equally hot glass threads, and then pulling those threads to make waves and other designs while the materials were still malleable.

Loetz patented the Phänomen technique in 1898, but by that time the firm was also incorporating techniques pioneered by L.C. Tiffany in the United States—in particular, Tiffany’s iridescent Favrile work. Combined, the two techniques provided plenty of inspiration for Loetz designers and artisans, including E. Prochaska, Franz Hofstötter, and Koloman Moser.

The Kralik glassworks was another well-known maker of antique Bohemian art glass, although it would not rise to prominence until the Art Deco period. During the Art Nouveau, it was largely producing vases, jars, and shells in the style of Loetz and others. Today, collectors of antique Bohemian art glass are often buying a Kralik when they are being sold a Loetz.

Rindskopf and Sons was another contemporary of Loetz. Although early 20th-century glass enthusiasts had no difficulty differentiating its tall vases, with their slender bodies and bulbous heads, from Loetz pieces, today sellers routinely label Rindskopf pieces incorrectly as Loetz. Series to look for include Pepita, Grenada, and Alhambra.

Ludwig Moser & Sons of Karlsbad, in what is now Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic, excelled at cut, gilded, and acid-etched pieces. And then there was Pallme-König and Habel, which had its own patent for threading glass onto a vase. In Pallme-König’s case, the threading ranges from tight and regular lines to treatments that are almost Jackson Pollock-like, in which the thick threads of glass appear to be the only things that are keeping the deformed shapes underlying them from collapsing and falling apart.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

C1900 Austrian Bronze Mounted Art Glass Vase Loetz / Rindskopf? 1 Of 4 NoreserveBohemian Moser Paneled Cranberry Glass Teapot W/ 2 Cup & Saucer Sets Gold FiligrAntique Austrian Large Art Glass Center Bowl Loetz / Rindskopf? 1 Of 4 NoreserveAustrian Tall Art Glass Vase With Drapery Loetz / Rindskopf? 1 Of 4 NoreserveAntique Austrian Large Art Glass Vase Loetz / Rindskopf? 1 Of 4 No ReserveMoser Antique, Czech Art Glass Green-to-clear, Cameo Cut Floral Cabinet VaseLoetz Czech Art Glass Vase Ornate W/ .999 Silver Overlay Gorgeous But CrackedIntricate Enamel Decorated Marked Harrach Art Glass VaseVery Rare Loetz Diaspora Blue Aurene Bohemian Art Glass Vase C.1900 (as Is) Bohemian Gilt Decorated Yellow Art Glass Tall Beverage Set Pitcher & 4 TumblersAntique C1830 Bohemian Cobalt Blue Overlay Cut Glass Perfume BottleArt Nouveau Loetz Kralik Blue Purple Gold Iridescent Painted 7" Gourd VaseLot Of 2 Antique Welz Bohemian Czech Spatter Cased Glass Bud Vases Czech Glass Open Salt With Intaglio Glass Insert2 Beautiful Pcs. Antique Loetz Era Favrile Iridescent Vase & Dish Ground PontilBohemian Art Nouveau Glass Vase By Karl Pohl Enameled Figure Of WomanAntique 19c Large Green Art Glass Moser Bohemian Hand Painted Enameled PitcherBohemian Glass Blue Perfume BottleAntique Bohemian Glass Decanter Set Moser Czech Green Mint Cond.Antique 1900's Moser Cut To Clear Emerald Green Crystal Decanter Jug W/ StopperSet Of 4 Bohemian Czech Wine Hock Glass Goblets Cut To ClearVintage Czech Green Vaseline Opaline Vase With Applied Cobalt Edge & HandlesA Vintage Art Glass Murano Blueberry Gold Fleck Pink Bead Bowl Austrian Czech ??Antique Stevens & Williams Art Glass Bowl-enameled,rigaree,brass Ormolu BaseVintage Loetz Art Glass Rusticana Iridescent Green Vase 10 1/2" Tall6 Nachtmann Bliekristall Multi-color Cut To Clear Old Fashion GlassesMoser Blue & Gold Cabochon Panel Tray & Cordial Nr!Pr. Bohemian Enameled Glass Austro Hungarian Royal Coat Of Arms VasesAntique Bohemian Etched Cut To Clear Blue & Amber Crystal Fine Large CompoteGoblets -blueAntique Bohemian Moser Ruby Glass Bowl Embellished With White Lace.hand EnameledPair Of 1920s Vintage Bimini Glass Bud Vase Card Holders Austria Original LabelSet Of 12 Circa 1890 Czech Moser Hand Blown And Decorated Water GobletsPr Antique Czech Bohemian Art Glass Cased Vases White Cut To Cranberry MoserGorgeous Loetz Amethyst Oil Drop Glass Bowl And Underplate Thistled Edges MintAntique Amethyst Glass Very Tall 16 1/2" Vase Gorgeous!Antique Blue Cut To Clear Jeweled Top Powder JarImperlux Emerald Green Cut To Clear Crystal Tall Decanter & 4 Wine Hocks~germanyBeautiful Moser Plate Artist Signed Mint ConditionVtg Czech Bohemain Heavy Art Glass Cobalt Blue Cut To Clear Rose Bowl/vase Antique Moser Gold Enameled Flowers Colored GobletsGreat Bohemian Czech Green Cut To Clear Decanter Mid 1900'sVtg German Beyer Bohemian "grape" Clear Cut Lead Crystal 2 Stemmed Wine GlassesBohemian Cased Crystal Czech BellVtg Egermann Bohemian Czech Cased Ruby Red Cut To Clear Vase With Foil LabelSet Of 4 Karo Cut Cased Crystal Wine Goblets New Beautiful!!Vintage Bohemian Glass Figurine Ophthalmologist By Zbs 8.5"Antique Bohemian Etched Glass Gold Green Enameled Salt CellarAntique Vintage White Cut To Aqua Blue Bohemian Czech Art Glass Table LampBohemia Crystal Decanter With Stopper And Six (6) Glasses Original Labels19th Century Opaline Clambroth Gilt GobletMoser Gilt Enameled Cranberry Scalloped Plate, 6 3/4" DCzech Bohemian Art Glass Red Cut To Clear Round VaseCzech. Bohemian Art Glass Vase White Overlay Cut To Cranberry 3-1/4h"moser"art Glass,18 Kt Gold Leaf,green Flower Glass,high 8 Inch