Bohemian art glass was made in and around the present-day Czech Republic during the Art Nouveau or Jugendstil era. Antique pieces in this genre most often consist of a classic vase form that has been hand-worked and sometimes deformed into swirling, organic-looking shapes like seashells, flowers, and tree trunks. Decorative vases, cups, and pitchers were popular forms, and many of the pieces have an iridescent sheen from the firing and reduction techniques used at the time.

The movement grew out of a rich tradition of Bohemian glass making, which goes back to the 16th and 17th centuries. But it was the Marmoriertes and Lithyalin glass of the mid-19th century that really paved the way for the iridescent Art Nouveau art glass that contemporary collectors are most familiar with. These types of "marbled" glass signaled a shift away from a study of form to an infatuation with surface treatments and techniques.

One of the region’s leaders in this field was Loetz, which took first prize for its pieces exhibited at the 1889 Paris Exhibition. Loetz pieces from this period include the vases, pitchers, and bowls in the Phänomen series. The chief characteristic of the series was the rippled or featherlike designs on the object’s surface, which was achieved by wrapping a molten piece of glass with equally hot glass threads, and then pulling those threads to make waves and other designs while the materials were still malleable.

Loetz patented the Phänomen technique in 1898, but by that time the firm was also incorporating techniques pioneered by L.C. Tiffany in the United States—in particular, Tiffany’s iridescent Favrile work. Combined, the two techniques provided plenty of inspiration for Loetz designers and artisans, including E. Prochaska, Franz Hofstötter, and Koloman Moser.

The Kralik glassworks was another well-known maker of antique Bohemian art glass, although it would not rise to prominence until the Art Deco period. During the Art Nouveau, it was largely producing vases, jars, and shells in the style of Loetz and others. Today, collectors of antique Bohemian art glass are often buying a Kralik when they are being sold a Loetz.

Rindskopf and Sons was another contemporary of Loetz. Although early 20th-century glass enthusiasts had no difficulty differentiating its tall vases, with their slender bodies and bulbous heads, from Loetz pieces, today sellers routinely label Rindskopf pieces incorrectly as Loetz. Series to look for include Pepita, Grenada, and Alhambra.

Ludwig Moser & Sons of Karlsbad, in what is now Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic, excelled at cut, gilded, and acid-etched pieces. And then there was Pallme-König and Habel, which had its own patent for threading glass onto a vase. In Pallme-König’s case, the threading ranges from tight and regular lines to treatments that are almost Jackson Pollock-like, in which the thick threads of glass appear to be the only things that are keeping the deformed shapes underlying them from collapsing and falling apart.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Austrian Bohemian Loetz Art Nouveau Iridescent Silver Overlay Art Glass VaseA Period Antique Iridescent Over Ruby Base Color Art Glass Loetz Fan Bud Vase Great Loetz Norma Green Art Glass Vase 7"Green Czech, Bohemian Moser? Hand Painted "fern Leaf" Raised Enamel Box CasketAntique Loetz Rosa Formosa Art Glass Vase Tiffany Steuben EraAntique Biedermeier Green Opaline Glass Trinket Box * Georgian Era Loetz Candia Diaspora Art Glass Vase Pair Vintage Gold Decorated 16” Bohemian German Mantel Lusters, No ReserveAntique Biedermeier Blue Cut To Opaline Glass Trinket Box * Georgian EraBohemian Iridescent Kralik Bacillus Art Nouveau Art Glass Vase-loetz/pallmeEarly 20thc Czech Beaded Molded Art Glass Flower Spelter Cold Paint Lamp BasketVintage Czech Loetz Art Glass Art Nouveau Sterling Silver Papillon Vanity Vtg 1920s 30s Bohemian Czech Amethyst Cut To Clear Epergne Omolu CenterpieceC1930s Bohemian Art Glass Ewer & 6 Wine Stems Glasses Green W/ Hand Painted GoldCzech Kralik Moss Agate Humpen Cracker JarCzechoslovakia Art Glass VaseBlue Loetz Art Glass VaseAntique Biedermeier Darkest Blue Cut To White Double Overlay Glass Vase ** Wow2 Beautiful Early Moser Glass Candlesticks Candle Holders Zipper Cut GoldBohemia Czech Cranberry Red Gold Gilt Wine Decanter Shotglass Cordial & Tray S/mElegant Antique Moser Bohemian Engraved Ruby Cut Wine Glass Stem Gold GiltBohemian Art Deco Acid Etched & Cut Cameo Vase Signed Loetz-galle/daum SchoolVintage Heavy Thick Bohemian Emerald Floral Cut To Clear Glass Stem Vase Nr YqzAntique Bohemian Engraved Ruby Cut Glass Tumbler Beaker Hunting Dog Stags 19thcVictorian Cranberry Glass 9" Bowl Hand Painted Enamel Flowers Bohemian AmericanArt Nouveau Loetz Aventurine Documented Decor Art Glass Bowl Gold EnamelWonderful C. 1900 Orange Loetz Art Glass Vase With Ruffled RimMoser Brown Glass Vase Gold Cameo Overlay Naked People AntiqueVintage Czech. Multi Color Red Blue Yellow Hand Blown Glass BowlArt Deco French Czech Italy Smoke Cut Art Glass Decanter And Cordial Set C1930sSet Of 4 Ajka Blue Cobalt King Louis Wine Glass Goblet 8" InchesPretty Bohemian Glass Cranberry Pink Vase Enamel And Gilt C1900sCzech Glass Vase Mottled Green Blue And Yellow Hexagon Shape Marked On BottomBohemian Glass Vase Holder Lizards LeavesAntique Bohemian Art Glass Twist Vase Kralik Loetz Rindskopf Nr!8 Pieces Of Beautiful Ruby Cut To Clear Bohemian Stemware/ajka??Antique Bohemian Moser Gold Gilt Hand Cut Crystal Cordial Ornate Glass SignedOld Bohemian Crystal Cut To Clear Crystal Tumbler/beaker/vase/glass-flowersBohemian Glass Decanter White Cut To Cranberry Hand Painted Floral & GoldAntique C1904 Loetz Silberiris Ii Art Deco Glass Bowl * No Damage * No ReserveC1930s Bohemian Art Glass Covered Urn Or Pokel Green W/ Hand Painted Gold No ResVintage Poschinger Art Nouveau Glass Vase Iridescent W/ Purple Trails BeautifulVintage Rowland Ward 7.5" Water Pitcher Etched Rhino Big Game Collection N/rVintage Bohemian Style Amber Etched Glass Mug 2 1/4" Stag Panelled Germany NiceCzechoslovakia Intaglio Lg Blue Glass Master Salt W/ Footed Jeweled Brass FrameDugan Blue!! Venetian Gold Star Frit Gourd Vase Antique Art Glass Pompeii DecoSet Of 4 Ajka Blue Cobalt King Louis Wine Glass Goblet 8" InchesVtg Ruby Red Cut To Clear Czech Bohemian Crystal Art Glass Flower Vase 10.75"Vtg Czech Bohemian Art Glass Pediatrician Doctor Holding Baby Figurine Nr GrmBaccarat Or Val St Lambert Cobalt To Clear Crystal Hock Wine Goblet 8" Stunning2 Vintage Bohemian Cut To Clear Green Wine Hock / Glasses 7 1/2" Very Nice!!Vintage Moser Cut Glass Crystal Purple Amethyst Egg Lidded Compote Dish DecoAntique Bohemian Gilt Decorated Cut Back Glass Compote Silver BaseAntique Bohemian Heavily Cut Green To Clear Air Twist Stem Hock GlassBeautiful Bohemian Antique Cobalt Cut To Clear Shallow Bowl Plate DishSet Of 4 Czech Beaded Bulb Covers From 1910-20'sVintage Bohemian Czech Art Glass Emerald Green Pink Enameled Flowers BasketVintage Bohemian Glass CruetAjka Albracca Cut To Clear Wine Goblets Multi Color Set Of 4Vintage Bohemian Emerald Green Vase, Hand-painted & Enamel Flowers, 24 Krt Gold