Some of the earliest paperweights were made in Venice in the 1840s. They were gathered together out of scraps of latticino and other types of cane, as well as chunks of aventurine quartz, which would be picked up by a ball of hot glass at the end of a pipe, covered with more clear glass, and then fashioned into a smooth cylinder. The glass was of poor quality and the collection of scrambled scraps within was a random jumble, at best.

Around the same time in Bohemia, the present-day Czech Republic, glassworkers were taking Venetian caning techniques to more inspired heights. Whereas the Venetian paperweights had used canes to create a sort of three-dimensional collage, the Bohemians used it to produce millefiori effects, in which the ends of canes were organized with their cross sections facing out so that viewers could discern patterns in the paperweight.

The Bohemians improved upon the techniques of the Venetians, and also incorporated the artistry of the French, who really brought the art of the paperweight into full flower. In fact, flowers were part of the reason why mid-19th-century French paperweights are so prized by collectors today: the flowers that seem suspended within these paperweights are like nothing else produced at the time.

Baccarat is unquestionably the most famous and renowned paperweight producer. They used two principle types of cane: millefiori, whose cross-sections revealed stars, spirals, and shamrocks, and silhouettes, which ranged from dogs to doves to devils. Baccarat codified the basic types of paperweights that glassworkers still aspire to today. The "plain" millefiori paperweights were produced in widely spaced or tight-and-close styles. Sometimes the canes were organized in concentric circles, other times their ends were interwoven like garlands.

Two other collectible Baccarat styles are mushrooms, in which a bundle of canes seem to spout like a mushroom from within the weight, and carpets, whose wall-to-wall patterns would do a Persian rug maker proud.

Three-dimensional lampworked flowers encased in glass were the chief French innovation. At Baccarat, flower choices included pansies, primroses, wheatflowers, clematis, buttercups, and, of course, roses. Fruits such as strawberries and pears were also frozen in glass, as were lizards, snakes, and other reptiles.

One of Baccarat’s toughest competitors was St. Louis, whose artisans could do pretty much everything Baccarat’s could. Plus, they had a Venetian-inspired innovation of their own:...

There were numerous other paperweight makers in 19th-century France, including the highly regarded Clichy, whose trademark cane rose appears in some 30 percent of all the paperweights produced by the company. The cross section of another popular Clichy cane resembles a pastry mold. Like its French counterparts, Clichy often inserted a cane into its paperweights whose cross section was the first letter of its name (for Clichy that would be "C," Baccarat used one with a "B," while St. Louis had a cane that spelled out two letters, "SL").

The French also excelled at sulphide or cameo paperweights. Baccarat produced odes to Joan of Arc and scenics such as a hunter accompanied by his trusty dog. St. Louis encased Napoleon III, while Clichy made sulphides bearing the likenesses of Benjamin Franklin and Marie Antoinette.

English glassmakers were not sitting still while all this innovation was taking place on the other side of the channel. A Birmingham company called Bacchus made paperweights using canes that resembled stars, ruffles, and cogs. Its concentric paperweights are especially well regarded, as are the pieces whose interiors appears to be blanketed with drifts of snow. The English made sulphides, too, often, not surprisingly, of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

In the United States, some of the new world’s first paperweights were made at the New England Glass Company in Cambridge, the forerunner of a company today known as Libbey. Its specialties were flower and fruit weights. Some of these fruit paperweights were blown to scale in the shape of apples or pears, then fused to a round or square clear base. Crosstown Boston rival Sandwich Glass Company differentiated its products by putting the flowers inside its paperweights in delicate, encased baskets.

Former New England Glass employee William Gillinder started his own firm in Philadelphia. His paperweights featured sulphide portraits of America’s founding fathers—one series of buildings in Philadelphia was created for the nation’s centennial in 1876. Millville, New Jersey was another center for paperweight making. The so-called "motto" weights ("Home Sweet Home," "Remember the Maine," "Hope") were popularized here, as were the flower and clipper paperweights, which featured a single blooming rose or delicate miniature ship entombed in crystal.

Other early American paperweights that are highly prized by contemporary collectors include those made at the Mt. Washington Glass Works, Pairpoint (which took over Mt. Washington in 1894), and the Union Glass Company of Somerville, Massachusetts.

In the early part of the 20th-century, Tiffany used the paperweight to anchor some of his vases, as well as to create more traditional paperweights that offered viewers glimpses of underwater scenes. Steuben relegated paperweight-making to a unpaid pursuit best left to enterprising workers during their lunch hour.

The 1920s saw a boom in paperweight technologies in the Czech Republic, where faceted, flower-filled paperweights were the rage. Baccarat revived its millefiori output shortly after World War II, and in 1953 created a sulphide paperweight to mark the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. St. Louis also built upon its 19th-century paperweight traditions in the 1950s, particularly with its upright bouquets, which it produced throughout the 1960s.

In recent years, one of the most vibrant regions for vintage paperweights has been Scotland. According to collector Richard More, the Ysart family and the companies they spawned came to prominence shortly after World War II. Ysart’s patterned millefiori paperweights are at once traditional and fresh, with rich coloration and lush interiors. Whether it’s an Ysart Brothers piece from 1946 to 1955, a Vasart from 1956 to 1964, or a Strathearn from 1965 to 1980, these paperweights remind us why the form has captivated art-glass lovers for more than 150 years

Key terms for Antique and Vintage Art Glass Paperweights:

Cane: A glass rod made by stretching molten glass from both ends.

Lampworking: The practice of using an open flame, usually from a gas torch, to melt and form pieces of glass into a desired shape.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Morton D. Barker Paperweight Collection

Morton D. Barker Paperweight Collection

This Illinois State Museum microsite showcases over 200 of the finest examples of antique French paperweights of th… [read review or visit site]

Richard Mores Paperweight Photo Albums

Richard Mores Paperweight Photo Albums

Richard More’s stunning gallery of glass paperweights produced by the Ysart family from 1946 to 1980 (Ysart Brot… [read review or visit site]

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Early Office Museum

Early Office Museum

This site showcases pre-1920 office antiques, including paperweights, writing ink, paper fasteners, seal pressers, … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Vintage Perthshire Limited Edition Flower Bouquet Glass PaperweightWhitefriars Lead Crystal Facetted Paperweight,partridge In A Pear Tree,1979 CaneAntique 19th C. Clichy Spaced Millefiori Art Glass Paperweight - See ConditionPerthshire Millefiori Glass Paperweight With Signed Cane 1 97 P In Polished BasePaperweights Contemporary Art Glass James Alloway 3.1inch "quadmania" #321Baccarat France Crystal Cupid Collection Blue Heart Paperweight Signed Lalique France Opaline Art Glass Owl Bird Statue Figural Sculpture PaperweightVintage Selkirk Glass 1985 Millefiori Flower Paperweight 62/250Signed Josh Simpson Js 03 Inhabited Planet Art Glass Marble Paperweight 1&3/8"Lovely Vintage Perthshire Large 3 Inch Millefiori 8 Spoke Glass PaperweightPaul Ysart Glass Paperweight Harlequin Briefbeschwerer Presse Papier Label H Art Deco Akro Agate Multi Color Art Glass Marble Paperweight Swirl Ash Tray RareSigned Josh Simpson 09 Inhabited Planet Art Glass Marble Paperweight Lrg 1&3/4"Peter Mcdougall Extra-large G12b Complex Cane Close Pack On Blue GroundPaperweights Contemporary Art Glass James Alloway 3.2inch "space Cadet" #122Paperweights Contemporary Art Glass James Alloway 3.25inch "raelynbow" #95Early Perthshire Glass Pp2 10 Radials Millefiori Paperweight Pre 1978 Nice!Disney Fine Art Crystal Maleficent Villain Robert Guenther Paperweight FigureStunning Isle Of Wight Studio Art Glass Paperweight - Flower Garden LarkspurSigned Josh Simpson 09 Inhabited Planet Art Glass Marble Paperweight Lrg 1&3/4"Stunning Perthshire Millefiori And Lattice Golfer 1990 Scottland Early 13 Spoke Pp2 Scottish Perthshire Art Glass Millefiori PaperweightSigned Hal David Berger Studio Cased Art Glass Biomorphic Desk Paperweight MthVintage Art Glass Paperweight Robert Eickholt Signed 1994 Jellyfish OpalescentOrient & Flume Studio Art Glass Pulled Feather Irridescent Paperweight SgnCaithness Millefiori Star Garden Whitefriars Paperweight With Box & Id Sheet Pair Vntg 24k Gold Fleck Sparkling Murano Art Glass Christmas TreesCaithness Scotland Studio Art Glass Paperweight Clock & BoxJosh Simpson Fantastic 2 3/4" Inhabited Planet Paperweight ~ 2011 Signed Mint!Blue White Crystal Pair Joe St Clair Paperweight LampsPressed Concentric Millefiori Perthshire Paperweight5.2cm John Ditchfield Glasform Irridescent Apple Paperweight With Original Label12 Spoke Pp2 Scottish Perthshire Art Glass Millefiori PaperweightVintage Murano Cenedese Aquarium Lampworked Fish Art Glass Paperweight Sculpture11 Spoke Pp2 Scottish Perthshire Art Glass Millefiori PaperweightIsle Of Wight Studio Art Glass Iridescent Apple Paperweight - Summer FruitsDelmo Tarsitano Paperweight 3" Strawberries Faceted Miniature Millefiori Perthshire PaperweightVintage Antique Style Heavy Glass Paperweight Magnifying Desktop Lens Desk Signed Josh Simpson Js 01 Inhabited Planet Art Glass Marble Paperweight 1&1/2"Selkirk Glass Paperweight Butterfly Peter Holmes Signature Cane Vintage Box/certSteuben Glass Vintage Crystal Zodiac Collection Trigon Prism Paperweight SignedSigned Steuben Glass Labrador Retriever Bust Dog Handcooler Paperweight FigurineVitra Glass Studio, Marten Stone 1995 Under Sea "reef"Glass Eye Studio Neptune Celestial Planet Series Paperweight 481 Blown Glass Golden Ges Glass Eye Studios Dichroic Art Glass Paperweight C. 2006Antique Glass Paperweight 1901 Exposition At Buffalo Ny By Empire Art CoShawn Messenger Signed Art Glass Marble Lrg 2" PaperweightJosh Simpson Planet 1991 Handmade Paperweight Art Glass Signed Steven Lundberg Glass Art "starfish And Barnacles"Signed Kosta Boda Sweden Lindstrand Studio Cased Art Glass Desk Paperweight MthLot Of 4 Close Pack Canes Millefiori Glass Paperweight CollectionTwists - Murano Glass Owl Paperweight Decorative Item - NewSigned Robert Eickholt Studio Art Glass Paperweight 1996 Bubbles Luminous SwirlsPristine Handmade Boro Glass Paperweight 1-13/32" Mini Reef Coral Marble Oddity!Signed James Alloway Studio Art Glass End Of Day Magnum 4 1/4" PaperweightSigned Steuben American Art Glass Owl Figural Bird Sculpture Paperweight Mth NrWilliam Manson Sr. PaperweightVintage Murano Millefiori Italian And Japanese Large And Small Lot Of 9 Exquisite Isle Of Wight Studio Iridescent Glass Apple Shape Paperweight

Recent News: Art Glass Paperweights

Source: Google News

Morning Briefing -- Wednesday
Bennington Banner, September 30th

Participants will make a paperweight, a drinking glass, and a personal choice for the third project. All glass projects can be taken home ... Children will explore art, movement, math and science through stories and activities. For more info, call...Read more

Noyes, Wheaton galleries free for bank customers
Press of Atlantic City, September 27th

The Gallery of Fine Craft manager Noelle Alampi, of Franklinville, places season-themed glass on display at Wheaton Arts and Cultural Center's Gallery of Fine Craft in Millville. The first weekend of the month, Bank of America customers get free...Read more

Art gallery listings for Sept. 28, 2014
Chico Enterprise-Record, September 27th

SATAVA ART GLASS: 819 Wall St. 345-7985, www.satava.com. Open 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Tuesday-Saturday. Producers of an array of hand-blown and solid forms in glass, specializing in paperweights, vases, bowls and jellyfish sculptures. STANSBURY HOME: ...Read more

See This, Skip That: Norfolk
ABC News, September 27th

When you visit the Chrysler Museum of Art -- considered one of the best in the country for a collection that features masters like Ansel Adams and Pablo Picasso – check out the glass studio. Opened three years ago, glass is presented here as a...Read more

Things to do today on Cape Cod
Capecodonline, September 26th

The public is welcome to watch as paperweight makers, lamp workers, bead makers, engravers and glassblowers work together at McDermott Glass Studio, 272 Cotuit Road, Sandwich to create glass art. · West Yarmouth Congregational Church expects to ...Read more

REGIONAL ENTERTAINMENT CENTER
Indiana Gazette, September 25th

or visit phipps.conservatory.org. Pittsburgh Glass Center, 5472 Penn Ave., Friendship, presents The 2014 Pittsburgh Biennial, through Oct. 26, featuring works by seven area artists with no prior glass experience, created in collaboration with five...Read more

Art Around Town
Flagpole Magazine, September 16th

“The Art of the Craft” features 12 master artists. All exhibits through Oct. 11. MADISON COUNTY LIBRARY (1315 Georgia 98, Danielsville) Hand-blown glass paper weights, vases and metal sculptures by Paul R., George, E.J. Poss and Peter Aland of ...Read more

Larkfield Glass Midnight Madness Open House
Journal Gazette and Times-Courier, September 3rd

We want to sincerely thank you for your interest in our glass art and visits to our studio and festival booths. However, if you no longer wish to receive these Open House notices, just let us know. As has always been our policy, your email address is...Read more