When we think of American Art Nouveau art glass, the objects that first spring to mind are probably the leaded lamp shades and iridescent vases of Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933). The son of Charles Lewis Tiffany, the famous jewelry designer, Tiffany studied painting with the great landscape painter George Inness; later, in Paris, he learned art glass techniques from the French master Emile Galle. These experiences informed Tiffany’s work at Louis C. Tiffany and Co., Associated Artists, which he established in 1879. The firm was renamed Tiffany Glass Co. in 1885, Tiffany Glass and Decorating Co. in 1892, and Tiffany Studios in 1900.

Another influence on Tiffany was ancient Greek and Roman glass, both the finishes and forms. Yet despite his focus on classic designs and naturalistic imagery, Tiffany was a technological innovator. Perhaps because he was a designer rather than an artisan, Tiffany worked and collaborated with some of the best thinkers, inventors, and craftsmen of his day. For his glass studio, Tiffany hired British chemist Arthur J. Nash, who remained with the firm until 1919; his son took it over in 1928.

The advent of electricity was also of keen interest to Tiffany. For an 1885 commission of sconces for the Lyceum Theatre in New York, Tiffany worked with Thomas A. Edison, who installed some of the electrical lighting himself. By 1906, Tiffany Studios was selling more than 400 models of electric and oil lamps and hanging shades.

Throughout, blown glass remained a preoccupation for Tiffany — it was, after all, why he had brought Nash to the firm in the first place. In order to have as much control on the process as possible, in 1893 Tiffany installed glass-blowing furnaces at his studio. A year later, with the help of Nash’s glass recipes, which Nash reportedly never revealed even to Tiffany, the Favrile brand was born.

Favrile glass was prized then, and is still admired today, for its eye-catching iridescent surfaces. The Favrile line included classic forms harking back to Tiffany’s fondness for all things ancient, as well as for new inventions like the paperweight vases, which are technical marvels that remain difficult for contemporary artists and artisans to duplicate to this day.

The paperweight vases are thick, making them a challenge to keep balanced on the end of a blow pipe, with a layer of decoration (usually flowers created from millefiori) sandwiched between clear layers of aqua-colored glass. A signed piece with no chips can bring tens of thousands of dollars at auction.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Tiffany’s love for leaded-glass windows and electrical lamps combined into a series of lamp shades on bronze bases. Despite being made of hard materials, the lamp shades seem to drip and drape over their light sources, in dense organic patterns resembling wisteria, apple blossoms, and other plants and trees...

After Tiffany’s death, his studios continued to produce stained glass windows for churches, but within a few years, as the Depression deepened, the studio closed (Tiffany never jumped on the Art Deco bandwagon). Today, Tiffany glass remains among the world’s most collected types of art glass, which has also made it a favorite of everyone from forgers to legitimate art-glass studios, many of whom have made names for themselves by producing historically accurate pieces in the 'Tiffany style.'

Key terms for Tiffany Art Glass:

Favrile: A technique for producing iridescent glass, patented by Louis Comfort Tiffany in 1894, in which metallic and chemical compounds are applied to molten glass. Iridescence is achieved when air to the furnace is reduced, a process known as reduction, leaving only the metallic part of the compound on the surface of the glass.

Millefiori: An ancient glass technique, popularized in the 19th century, in which rods of fused glass are cut into cross sections to reveal patterns, frequently resembling flowers.

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Recent News: Tiffany Art Glass

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Looking back: Sept. 19, 2014
Shelbyville Sentinel News, September 19th

I'm one: Tyler Zimmerman, Nancy Catherine Clark, Tiffany Ann Grasch, Luke James Hedges, Daylen Thomas Hocker, Taylor McKenzie Smitha, Jared Michael Whelan, Hannah Nicole West.... Deaths: Arthur "Ted" Christopher Barr, 67; Betty Mae Dennison, 73; ...Read more

Admiral Theatre preps for 75th anniversary
Bremerton Patriot, September 19th

The foundation proudly states that since 1997, the theatre's art-deco architecture and design have been at the center of renaissance and reawakening of downtown Bremerton not witnessed since the end of World War II. .... Staff members include directors...Read more

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Greenville News, September 19th

Many of the signature decoupaged, handblown glass plates with coral images from New York artist John Derian are based on 18th-century prints, with a naturalistic style that echoes those of botanical illustrations of the same vintage. Water colors and...Read more

Naples Daily News, September 19th

Many of the signature decoupaged, handblown glass plates with coral images from New York artist John Derian are based on 18th-century prints, with a naturalistic style that echoes those of botanical illustrations of the same vintage. Water colors and...Read more

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Mountain Xpress, September 16th

20. The juried festival has grown from about 70 artists the first year to 114 artists on the 2014 roster. Displayed works include a range of mediums, from glass to ceramics to photography and more, as well as a series of live music performers...Read more

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The New Yorker, September 15th

I felt a similar solitude the other day, while walking through a ghostly Metropolitan Museum, starting by the Tiffany windows in the American wing and working my way back through medieval art and European sculptures to the front atrium, without...Read more

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New York Times, September 11th

Museum holdings of Tiffany glass, which are rarely returned to the market, are in flux this year. On Sept. 23, the Doyle auction house in New York will offer about 50 pieces of Tiffany glass from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Estimates range from...Read more

Doyle New York to Auction Objects by Louis Comfort Tiffany Deaccessioned ...
ArtfixDaily, September 7th

Highlighting the lamps by Tiffany Studios are a bronze and leaded favrile glass Dragonfly lamp designed by Clara Driscoll, circa 1906-13 (est. $50,000-70,000) and a gold painted bronze and leaded favrile glass Dogwood lamp (est. $20,000-30,000)...Read more