Founded in 1764 with the permission of Louis XV of France, Baccarat is an art glass manufacturer that has transcended eras and fashions. Over the years, Baccarat has produced just about every form of art glass and glassware imaginable. It may be most famous for its ornate paperweights, but it has also designed crystal and glass vases, perfume bottles, chandeliers, boxes, and other decorative objects.

Because of the French Revolution and the reign of Napoleon, Baccarat and other French glass manufacturers were a bit behind the rest of the world when it came to crystal. Early Baccarat productions were concentrated on stemware, windowpanes, and mirrors. In 1816, however, Baccarat got around to producing lead crystal and reformed its glassware factory nestled in tiny Baccarat, France, in the eastern Lorraine region, to become a crystal factory. The company used a blend of sand, potash, and lead to create crystal that quickly became a symbol of high-quality French decorative art.

In fact, just seven years after it began producing crystal, Baccarat was commissioned to create stemware for King Louis XVIII. Since then, the company has, on a variety of occasions, been hired to produce crystal for royalty and heads of state, whether it was stemware for Charles X and Franklin Roosevelt or vodka glasses for Czar Nicholas II. Not only was Baccarat's crystal gorgeous, it was also refractive, luminous, and heavy, thanks to its 32-percent lead content.

Baccarat expanded quickly, and it already had an overseas market in 1841 when it released its flat-sided Harcourt set—this signature Baccarat designs continues to be produced today. In 1846, the company began producing millefiori paperweights, whose interiors held captive everything from flowers to birds. Today collectors struggle to definitively date Baccarat paperweights from that era, as they are considered some of the greatest examples of the form ever made.

By 1855 Baccarat was an industry leader. At the Exposition Universelle in Paris that year, it was awarded the Grand Medal of Honor. In 1860, Baccarat added a brand signature to the bottom of every piece. This mark can be found on all vintage Baccarat glass made between 1860 and 1936.

The design of a particular Baccarat piece can usually be closely tied to the era when it was made. For example, Baccarat glass and crystal from the 1870s reflect the influence at the time of Japanese design. At the turn of the century, Baccarat produced curvy Art Nouveau glassware; in the 1920s, Baccarat glass featured geometric Art Deco cuts.

Aided by the development of a new workshop, the 20th century also brought a boom in the production of perfume bottles for Baccarat. In 1907, the company was producing more than 2...

Despite being more than two centuries old, Baccarat continues to innovate. In 1979 it released its Massena cut-crystal stemware and tumblers, and in 1993 Baccarat produced its first line of fine jewelry.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

21 Vintage French Baccarat Crystal Glass Christmas Ornaments, Plaquette Noel NrLouis Xiii Remy Martin Cognac Baccarat Crystal DecanterVintage 1974 Signed Baccarat France Art Glass Paperweight Pelican Nr!!Antique Baccarat Millefiori Quatrefoil Garland PaperweightVery Fine C1860 Victorian Gold Gilt Cut Glass Tantalus Decanter Set BaccaratSet Of 5 Baccarat Harmonie Tumbler Glasses Set Of 7 Baccarat Crystal Massena Finger Bowls6 Signed Baccarat Harcourt Facet Cut Crystal Glass Whiskey 6oz Flat Tumblers N/rIncredble 19thc Signed Lobmeyr Austrian Cut Glass Castle Scenic Whiskey DecanterVintage Lilly Dache Baccarat France Perfume Bottle & BoxVintage Baccarat Crystal Ruler-c.1960Vintage Baccarat France Glass Crystal Six Curved Knife Rest Set Signed Set 10 Antique Baccarat Rose Tiente Amberina Swirl Footed Dishes & Under PlatesStunning Set Of 8 C1900 Baccarat French Cut Glass Martini Champagne Wine GlassesExquisite Huge Baccarat Crystal Vase W/ Applied Satin Clamshell Form HandlesSet 11 Antique Baccarat Rose Tiente Amberina Swirl Footed Water GobletsOriginal Baccarat Crystal Harmonie Round Decanter Modern Baccarat Concentric Millefiori Art Glass Paperweight "we The People"Six Baccarat Crystal Noel Christmas Ornaments 1983-1988Baccarat Chrystal Parrot Figurine Green Paperweight #215Six Baccarat Crystal Noel Christmas Ornaments 1989-1994Baccarat Ruby Red Glass Butterfly Figurine Marked ExcellentClassic Set Of 10 Baccarat Crystal Wine Glasses And Crystal Decanter (n)Vintage Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal Art Glass Cabinet Vase 4" Mint!Superb 19thc Baccarat France Glass Candle Holder With Frosted Glass Cherub C1880Five Baccarat Crystal Noel Christmas Ornaments 2000-20044” Baccarat Green Crystal Frog Figurine Paperweight - No ReserveVintage Signed Baccarat France 8-1/2" Cut Crystal Decanter Carafe W/ Stopper PicFabulous Caesar Crystal Bohemiae Vase Hand Cut To Clear Overlay Five Baccarat Crystal Noel Christmas Ornaments 1995-1999 2 Baccarat Crystal Museum Reproduction Collection Fine Urn Trumpet Vases SignedSet Of 6 Baccarat Harmonie Fluted Champange Flutes Original BoxLot 4 Antique Baccarat Rose Tiente Amberina Swirl Footed Tazza Compotes & TraysRemy Martin Louis Xiii Miniature Baccarat DecanterBaccarat Four (4) Tumblers, Harmonie Pattern, 4" Tall; French Crystal, MintBaccarat Crystal DecanterBaccarat 10 Oz. Massena Flat Tumblers 4Pair Of Baccarat Massena Crystal Champagne FlutesThree Baccarat Crystal Unicef Christmas Ornaments Baccarat Etched French Crystal Bowl SignedRare Signed St Louis French Cut Crystal Decanter Gold Thistle Pattern NrBaccarat Purple Amethyst Neptune Vase 7 1/4"Baccarat Crystal Signed Obelisk 10 Inches High Authentic Pristine Mint Baccarat France Crystal Massena Champagne Flute 2 Piece Set Three Baccarat Crystal Christmas Ornaments 100% Authentic Baccarat Crystal Dice Paper Weight FranceAntique Baccarat Crystal Lacanau Decanter. Circa Late 19th Century.Beautiful Lot Of 6 C1900 Baccarat French Cut Glass Scotch Whiskey Juice GlassesBaccarat France Heavy Crystal Swirl Glass Candy Dish / BowlBaccarat French Crystal Diva Vase, 16.5", Artful Design, By Nicolas TriboulotAntique 1920s Saint St Louis Cranberry Massenet Cut To Clear Decanter * WowBaccarat Crystal Ice Bucket Nancy Pattern RareBaccarat Sapphire Blue Glass Butterfly Figurine Marked ExcellentRare Baccarat Crystal Red Twist Christmas Tree 2.5" Original In Box - Beautiful!Set Of 5 Baccarat Crystal Harmonie Tumbler GlassesAntique C1820 Baccarat Charles X Opaline Glass Perfume Scent BottleSigned Baccarat France Crystal Clear Art Glass Tortoise Turtle Figural SculptureRare 19th C French Original Baccarat Crystal Glass Perfume Bottle W/ 5 Gold RimsBaccarat Crystal 2 Flat Tumblers, MassenaSet Of 4 Baccarat Crystal Harmonie Tumbler Glasses