Founded in 1764 with the permission of Louis XV of France, Baccarat is an art glass manufacturer that has transcended eras and fashions. Over the years, Baccarat has produced just about every form of art glass and glassware imaginable. It may be most famous for its ornate paperweights, but it has also designed crystal and glass vases, perfume bottles, chandeliers, boxes, and other decorative objects.

Because of the French Revolution and the reign of Napoleon, Baccarat and other French glass manufacturers were a bit behind the rest of the world when it came to crystal. Early Baccarat productions were concentrated on stemware, windowpanes, and mirrors. In 1816, however, Baccarat got around to producing lead crystal and reformed its glassware factory nestled in tiny Baccarat, France, in the eastern Lorraine region, to become a crystal factory. The company used a blend of sand, potash, and lead to create crystal that quickly became a symbol of high-quality French decorative art.

In fact, just seven years after it began producing crystal, Baccarat was commissioned to create stemware for King Louis XVIII. Since then, the company has, on a variety of occasions, been hired to produce crystal for royalty and heads of state, whether it was stemware for Charles X and Franklin Roosevelt or vodka glasses for Czar Nicholas II. Not only was Baccarat's crystal gorgeous, it was also refractive, luminous, and heavy, thanks to its 32-percent lead content.

Baccarat expanded quickly, and it already had an overseas market in 1841 when it released its flat-sided Harcourt set—this signature Baccarat designs continues to be produced today. In 1846, the company began producing millefiori paperweights, whose interiors held captive everything from flowers to birds. By 1855 Baccarat was an industry leader. At the Exposition Universelle in Paris that year, it was awarded the Grand Medal of Honor. Today collectors struggle to definitively date Baccarat paperweights from that era, as they are considered some of the greatest examples of the form ever made.

The design of a particular Baccarat piece can usually be closely tied to the era when it was made. For example, Baccarat glass and crystal from the 1870s reflect the influence at the time of Japanese design. At the turn of the century, Baccarat produced curvy Art Nouveau glassware; in the 1920s, Baccarat glass featured geometric Art Deco cuts.

Aided by the development of a new workshop, the 20th century also brought a boom in the production of perfume bottles for Baccarat. In 1907, the company was producing more than 26 times as many perfume bottles a day than it had just ten years earlier. By the middle of the century, Baccarat was expanding globally, opening a retail outlet in New York in 1948, among other places.

Despite being more than two centuries old, Baccarat continues to innovate. In 1979 it released its Massena cut-crystal stemware and tumblers, and in 1993 Baccarat produced its first line of fine jewelry.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

2 Signed Rigot Baccarat Crystal Encounter Man Woman Modernist Face Sculpture S/mSigned Baccarat France Floriform Modernist Crystal Vase By Richard Rigot Nr CftRetired Set 12 Baccarat French Crystal Avranches White Wine Art Glass Goblet NrSigned Baccarat France Harmonie Pattern Cut Crystal 7 7/8" Tall Bud Vase Nr CftBaccarat Djeddah Leila Etched Red Wine Goblet 11 Pc Set No ReserveSigned Baccarat France Harmonie Pattern Cut Crystal 9 7/8" Glass Flower Vase SccBaccarat Djeddah Leila White Wine Glasses 10 Pc Set No ReserveBoxed Baccarat Crystal Eye VaseSuper Signed Baccarat France #67 Millefiori Dome Paperweight 1974Baccarat Paperweight 1971 Multifiori Rooster 1971 Large #835Baccarat Water Goblet Leila Djeddah Etched 12 Pc Set No ReserveBaccarat Sherry Glasses Djeddah Leila 11 Pc Set No ReserveBaccarat French Champagne Goblets Leila Or Djeddah Etched No Reserve Baccarat Crystal. Double Old Fashioned Harcourt TumblerVtg Baccarat France Art Glass Stella Splash Modernist Sculpture Glass Bowl CftBoxed Baccarat Crystal Vega Flutissimo Cobalt Blue Champagne FluteBaccarat Crystal Art Glass Michel Camus Royale Cognac Decanter W Box EmptyVintage French Baccarat Heavy Crystal Glass Edith Flower Vase 8"Baccarat Antique Pansy Paperweight StarVintage 1964 Baccarat Sulphide Ruby Red John F Kennedy Jfk PaperweightVtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 5 3/8" Champagne Goblet #3Baccarat Crystal CatBeautiful Baccarat France Cut Crystal Condiment Mustard Jar W/cover, SpoonVtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 7 1/2" Wine Water Goblet #4Vintage Baccarat France Crystal Pitcher 1841 Harcourt Baccarat Crystal Malmaison Set Of 8 Cordials Vtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 7 1/2" Wine Water Goblet #1Vtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 5 3/8" Champagne Goblet #1Baccarat Chateau Wine Glass 2610697 New In Box Rrp £76Rare Set 19th C French Baccarat Crystal Perfume Atomizer / Van Cleef PerfumeSet Of 2 Baccarat Glass Martini Glasses In Red Box French Crystal StemwareBaccarat Or Val St Lambert Cobalt To Clear Crystal Hock Wine Goblet 8" StunningVtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 6" Port Wine GobletBaccarat Signed Crystal Black Winston Churchill Paperweight For Franklin MintVintage Baccarat Art Glass Paperweight Multi Faceted Star Cut Cobalt Blue BaseAuthentic Signed Baccarat Crystal Art Glass Cube Square Decorative PaperweightBaccarat Vintage Elongated 17" Free Form Centerpiece/bowlVtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 7 1/2" Wine Water Goblet #5Vtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 7 1/2" Wine Water Goblet #2Vtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 7 1/2" Wine Water Goblet #3Vtg Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal "malmaison" 5 3/8" Champagne Goblet #2Baccarat Crystal Decanter - 25.5 Cm / 10 Inches - Mint - (from The 1950's)Fine Signed Baccarat Solid Crystal Art-glass Frog Figurine Paperweight Baccarat Crystal DovesBoxed Baccarat Crystal Tip Top Bottle StopperBaccarat Nancy Crystal Cordial Decanter 8 5/8" Baccarat Crystal Coeur Clear Puffed Heart Paperweight: Valentine's Day GiftBaccarat Red Valentine Heart PaperweightBaccarat French Crystal StarBaccarat Faceted Paperweight Sulphide Zodiac Sign Pisces Fish Euc W/boxBaccarat Crystal Vintage Swan Bird Figurine Paperweight France SignedBaccarat Crystal Christmas Noel Angel Signed Mint 4" TallPair Of Baccarat Crystal Odilon Clear Swirl Glass CandlesticksBaccarat France - Massena Mini Small Decanter W/top, Excellent Unused Cond.Baccarat Crystal Art Glass Turquoise Dolphin Original BoxBaccarat Crystal France Pair Of St. Remy Claret Wine GlassesVintage Baccarat Of France Cut Crystal Perfume BottleRare Baccarat Virgin Mary Mother Madonna & Christ Child Crystal Sculpture FranceBaccarat Crystal Crouching CatBaccarat Angel Playing Harp