Founded in 1764 with the permission of Louis XV of France, Baccarat is an art glass manufacturer that has transcended eras and fashions. Over the years, Baccarat has produced just about every form of art glass and glassware imaginable. It may be most famous for its ornate paperweights, but it has also designed crystal and glass vases, perfume bottles, chandeliers, boxes, and other decorative objects.

Because of the French Revolution and the reign of Napoleon, Baccarat and other French glass manufacturers were a bit behind the rest of the world when it came to crystal. Early Baccarat productions were concentrated on stemware, windowpanes, and mirrors. In 1816, however, Baccarat got around to producing lead crystal and reformed its glassware factory nestled in tiny Baccarat, France, in the eastern Lorraine region, to become a crystal factory. The company used a blend of sand, potash, and lead to create crystal that quickly became a symbol of high-quality French decorative art.

In fact, just seven years after it began producing crystal, Baccarat was commissioned to create stemware for King Louis XVIII. Since then, the company has, on a variety of occasions, been hired to produce crystal for royalty and heads of state, whether it was stemware for Charles X and Franklin Roosevelt or vodka glasses for Czar Nicholas II. Not only was Baccarat's crystal gorgeous, it was also refractive, luminous, and heavy, thanks to its 32-percent lead content.

Baccarat expanded quickly, and it already had an overseas market in 1841 when it released its flat-sided Harcourt set—this signature Baccarat designs continues to be produced today. In 1846, the company began producing millefiori paperweights, whose interiors held captive everything from flowers to birds. Today collectors struggle to definitively date Baccarat paperweights from that era, as they are considered some of the greatest examples of the form ever made.

By 1855 Baccarat was an industry leader. At the Exposition Universelle in Paris that year, it was awarded the Grand Medal of Honor. In 1860, Baccarat added a brand signature to the bottom of every piece. This mark can be found on all vintage Baccarat glass made between 1860 and 1936.

The design of a particular Baccarat piece can usually be closely tied to the era when it was made. For example, Baccarat glass and crystal from the 1870s reflect the influence at the time of Japanese design. At the turn of the century, Baccarat produced curvy Art Nouveau glassware; in the 1920s, Baccarat glass featured geometric Art Deco cuts.

Aided by the development of a new workshop, the 20th century also brought a boom in the production of perfume bottles for Baccarat. In 1907, the company was producing more than 2...

Despite being more than two centuries old, Baccarat continues to innovate. In 1979 it released its Massena cut-crystal stemware and tumblers, and in 1993 Baccarat produced its first line of fine jewelry.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Vintage 1974 Signed Baccarat France Art Glass Paperweight Pelican Nr!!21 Vintage French Baccarat Crystal Glass Christmas Ornaments, Plaquette Noel NrAntique Baccarat Millefiori Quatrefoil Garland PaperweightSet Of 5 Baccarat Harmonie Tumbler Glasses Set Of 7 Baccarat Crystal Massena Finger BowlsLouis Xiii Remy Martin Cognac Baccarat Crystal DecanterVintage Baccarat France Glass Crystal Six Curved Knife Rest Set Signed Set 10 Antique Baccarat Rose Tiente Amberina Swirl Footed Dishes & Under PlatesBaccarat Harmonie Double Old Fashioned, Signed Retail=$125 Bidding Starts $1.00Exquisite Huge Baccarat Crystal Vase W/ Applied Satin Clamshell Form HandlesVintage Lilly Dache Baccarat France Perfume Bottle & BoxSix Baccarat Crystal Noel Christmas Ornaments 1989-1994Vintage Baccarat Crystal Ruler-c.1960Modern Baccarat Concentric Millefiori Art Glass Paperweight "we The People"Baccarat Harmonie Highball, Signed Retail=$125 Bidding Starts $1.00 No Reserve!Set 11 Antique Baccarat Rose Tiente Amberina Swirl Footed Water GobletsFive Baccarat Crystal Noel Christmas Ornaments 2000-2004Five Baccarat Crystal Noel Christmas Ornaments 1995-1999Six Baccarat Crystal Noel Christmas Ornaments 1983-19884” Baccarat Green Crystal Frog Figurine Paperweight - No ReserveBaccarat Small Glass VaseLot 4 Antique Baccarat Rose Tiente Amberina Swirl Footed Tazza Compotes & TraysBaccarat Purple Amethyst Neptune Vase 7 1/4"Superb 19thc Baccarat France Glass Candle Holder With Frosted Glass Cherub C1880Three Baccarat Crystal Unicef Christmas Ornaments Rare Baccarat Crystal France Backgammon Doubling Cube 1.5" With Rounded CornersBaccarat Chrystal Parrot Figurine Green Paperweight #215Lovely C. 1900 Baccarat Brilliant Cut Clear Glass Dresser Box N/rBaccarat 10 Oz. Massena Flat Tumblers 4Vintage Signed Baccarat France 8-1/2" Cut Crystal Decanter Carafe W/ Stopper PicFabulous Caesar Crystal Bohemiae Vase Hand Cut To Clear Overlay Baccarat Crystal Empire Water Goblet 6 1/8” Pair 2 Baccarat Crystal Museum Reproduction Collection Fine Urn Trumpet Vases SignedBaccarat Crystal Signed Obelisk 10 Inches High Authentic Vintage Art Deco French Baccarat Cut Crystal Art Glass Cabinet Vase 4" Mint!Three Baccarat Crystal Christmas Ornaments Set Of 6 Baccarat Harmonie Fluted Champange Flutes Original BoxAntique 1920s Saint St Louis Cranberry Massenet Cut To Clear Decanter * WowRare Baccarat Crystal Red Twist Christmas Tree 2.5" Original In Box - Beautiful!Baccarat Harmonie Ice BucketBaccarat Mille Nuits Flutissimo Champagne Flute Cobalt BlueBaccarat Queen Elizabeth Ii Coronation Paperweight, 1953, Blue OverlaySteuben Puppy Love Crystal Art Glass Figurine Paperweight Dogs Puppies,eucBaccarat Sapphire Blue Glass Butterfly Figurine Marked ExcellentAntique Baccarat Crystal Lacanau Decanter. Circa Late 19th Century.Signed Baccarat France Crystal Clear Art Glass Tortoise Turtle Figural SculptureBaccarat France Heavy Crystal Swirl Glass Candy Dish / BowlBaccarat 3 Light Zenith Wall Sconce Retail=$8170.Baccarat Harmonie Tumbler #3**rose Teine Baccarat Amberina Depose Swirl Vanity Pin Tray**Signed Baccarat France Crystal Art Glass Bunny Rabbit Hare Sculpture PaperweightBaccarat Regent Votive Retail = $345 Staring @ $1.00Baccarat Crystal Triple Heart Of Love PaperweightAntique C1820 Baccarat Charles X Opaline Glass Perfume Scent Bottle100% Authentic Baccarat Crystal Dice Paper Weight FranceG52 Vintage Classic Baccarat France Ice Bucket Steel Handle & Sifter SpoonVintage Antique Crystal Baccarat Perfume Bottle LqqkBaccarat France Glass Elephant With Trunk Up For Luck Signed - No ReservePaperweight By Baccarat Crystal Rabbit Solid Glass Figurine Collectible FranceBeautiful Baccarat Perfection Cut - 11 Port Wine Cyrstal Glasses