Founded in 1764 with the permission of Louis XV of France, Baccarat is an art glass manufacturer that has transcended eras and fashions. Over the years, Baccarat has produced just about every form of art glass and glassware imaginable. It may be most famous for its ornate paperweights, but it has also designed crystal and glass vases, perfume bottles, chandeliers, boxes, and other decorative objects.

Because of the French Revolution and the reign of Napoleon, Baccarat and other French glass manufacturers were a bit behind the rest of the world when it came to crystal. Early Baccarat productions were concentrated on stemware, windowpanes, and mirrors. In 1816, however, Baccarat got around to producing lead crystal and reformed its glassware factory nestled in tiny Baccarat, France, in the eastern Lorraine region, to become a crystal factory. The company used a blend of sand, potash, and lead to create crystal that quickly became a symbol of high-quality French decorative art.

In fact, just seven years after it began producing crystal, Baccarat was commissioned to create stemware for King Louis XVIII. Since then, the company has, on a variety of occasions, been hired to produce crystal for royalty and heads of state, whether it was stemware for Charles X and Franklin Roosevelt or vodka glasses for Czar Nicholas II. Not only was Baccarat's crystal gorgeous, it was also refractive, luminous, and heavy, thanks to its 32-percent lead content.

Baccarat expanded quickly, and it already had an overseas market in 1841 when it released its flat-sided Harcourt set—this signature Baccarat designs continues to be produced today. In 1846, the company began producing millefiori paperweights, whose interiors held captive everything from flowers to birds. By 1855 Baccarat was an industry leader. At the Exposition Universelle in Paris that year, it was awarded the Grand Medal of Honor. Today collectors struggle to definitively date Baccarat paperweights from that era, as they are considered some of the greatest examples of the form ever made.

The design of a particular Baccarat piece can usually be closely tied to the era when it was made. For example, Baccarat glass and crystal from the 1870s reflect the influence at the time of Japanese design. At the turn of the century, Baccarat produced curvy Art Nouveau glassware; in the 1920s, Baccarat glass featured geometric Art Deco cuts.

Aided by the development of a new workshop, the 20th century also brought a boom in the production of perfume bottles for Baccarat. In 1907, the company was producing more than 26 times as many perfume bottles a day than it had just ten years earlier. By the middle of the century, Baccarat was expanding globally, opening a retail outlet in New York in 1948, among other places.

Despite being more than two centuries old, Baccarat continues to innovate. In 1979 it released its Massena cut-crystal stemware and tumblers, and in 1993 Baccarat produced its first line of fine jewelry.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Baccarat France French Crystal Harmonie 1975 Art Glass Mantle Bud Vase W Box KbcBaccarat France Black Crystal Art Glass Chien Labrador Dog Figurine 5.5 X 6.5”Baccarat Crystal Stemware, Massena Claret Wine Glass, 6 1/2'' 3 GlassesAntique Baccarat Crystal Vésinet Decanter. Circa Late 19th Century. 7 Lbs.Baccarat Crystal Stemware, Massena Red Wine Glass,7'' 6 Pc Set! Baccarat Jet-black Crystal Egyptian-style Cat/cougar FigurineRichard Hennessy Cognac Dummy Bottle Baccarat Crystal Glass Decanter Display N/aBaccarat Massena French Crystal 7" Stemmed Wine Or Water GlassFine Vintage Baccarat French Crystal Loving Doves Love Birds FigurineBaccarat Crystal PantherBaccarat Crystal Harmonie Ice Bucket SetVery Fine, Christofle, "alizes" Water Goblets, (6) Cut Crystal, SignedBaccarat Crystal Massena Pattern Champagne Flutes, Set Of 4, MintLovely Baccarat Triangular Clear Crystal Rose Bud Vase With Box - Xlnt!Baccarat Crystal EagleMib Flawless Exquisite Baccarat Red Crystal Papillon Lucky Butterfly Figurine!!!France 2 X 9 1/4" Dom Perignon Crystal Champagne Flutes In Box Glasses FrenchBaccarat Pressed Crystal Big Oval BowlBaccarat Black Pointer Hunting Dog FigurineBaccarat Crystal ' Tallyrand ' Decanter With Cut Design StopperBaccarat Crystal Blue Puffed Heart PaperweightFlawless Stunning Baccarat Crystal Blue Spinning Rabbit Bunny FigurineVery Fine Baccarat Crystal D'assas Pattern Set Of 4 Water Goblet Glasses 7 3/4"Baccarat Crystal France Art Glass Ribbed Optic Amber Topaz Yellow 4¼" VaseBaccarat France Crystal Glass Free Form Bowl Dish Baccarat Uranium Glass Salt Cellar. 1900. Cristal Dichroide. Vaseline Glass. Baccarat France Perfect Signed Crystal Elephant Paperweight FigurineAntique Georgian C1840 Baccarat Charles X Crystal DecanterBacarrat France Crystal Art Glass Madonna Mary Baby Statue Figurine ReligiousBaccarat Crystal Rooster FigurineBaccarat Crystal Heart Vintage Baccarat French Art Glass Decanter Delicate Etching MarillonBaccarat Crystal Cat Figurine Retired. Excellent Condition Clear. Signed. Three Baccarat Crystal Dessert DishesBaccarat Crystal Seated Stylized Cat Figurine, Baccarat Logo Mark, FranceBaccarat France Signed Art Glass Hoot Barn Owl Paperweight Figurine With BoxBaccarat France Crystal Glass Parrot Bird Figurine Signed Baccarat Love Bird Dove Crystal Clear Art Glass Paperweight Figure StatueBeautiful Vintage Signed French Baccarat Butterfly Paper Weight 3” HighBaccarat Signed Crystal Glass Dragon Dinosaur Flawless Condition France Baccarat Depose Rose Colored 5 3/4 Inch Plate-swirl Design-franceBaccarat France Crystal Bunny Rabbit Art Glass Paperweight FigurineBaccarat Franklin Mint 1975 Ben Franklin Sulfide Paperweight - Blue GroundVintage Contemporary Glass Baccarat Giverny Bud 10" Bud Vase SignedBaccarat France Crystal Sugar Bowl Jam Jar With Spoon, SignedDom Perignon 9" Sign Engraved Logo Clear Crystal Tinkles Champagne Flute SingleBeautiful Baccarat Barn Owl Crystal Glass Abstract Paperweight Sculpture Figure Signed Clear Baccarat France Puffed Crystal Heart Paperweight No ReserveEstate Heavy Baccarat Black Cat Crystal Paperweight 2 Lbs Made In France ArtPair Baccarat Massena French Crystal 7" StemsVintage Antique Baccarat Crystal Wine Water Goblet Estate Find 4 3/8 TallBaccarat Crystal Art Glass Bunny Rabbit Figurine 3" Tall PaperweightVery Fine Baccarat Crystal D'assas Pattern Set Of 4 Red Wine Glasses 7"Baccarat France Crystal Candleholders (pair)Vintage Baccarat Sulphide Paperweight-limited Edition-adlai Stevenson In BoxBaccarat 2000 Crystal Star Ornament In Box Glass Crystal Frosted Bird Figurine- Trinket/ring Dish -.signed Glass Crystal Seal Figurine Paperweight - 1 Lb. 2 Oz.Baccarat Clear Crystal Feeding Bird Decorative FigurineBaccarat Frosted Crystal Feeding Bird Decorative Figurine