Founded in 1764 with the permission of Louis XV of France, Baccarat is an art glass manufacturer that has transcended eras and fashions. Over the years, Baccarat has produced just about every form of art glass and glassware imaginable. It may be most famous for its ornate paperweights, but it has also designed crystal and glass vases, perfume bottles, chandeliers, boxes, and other decorative objects.

Because of the French Revolution and the reign of Napoleon, Baccarat and other French glass manufacturers were a bit behind the rest of the world when it came to crystal. Early Baccarat productions were concentrated on stemware, windowpanes, and mirrors. In 1816, however, Baccarat got around to producing lead crystal and reformed its glassware factory nestled in tiny Baccarat, France, in the eastern Lorraine region, to become a crystal factory. The company used a blend of sand, potash, and lead to create crystal that quickly became a symbol of high-quality French decorative art.

In fact, just seven years after it began producing crystal, Baccarat was commissioned to create stemware for King Louis XVIII. Since then, the company has, on a variety of occasions, been hired to produce crystal for royalty and heads of state, whether it was stemware for Charles X and Franklin Roosevelt or vodka glasses for Czar Nicholas II. Not only was Baccarat's crystal gorgeous, it was also refractive, luminous, and heavy, thanks to its 32-percent lead content.

Baccarat expanded quickly, and it already had an overseas market in 1841 when it released its flat-sided Harcourt set—this signature Baccarat designs continues to be produced today. In 1846, the company began producing millefiori paperweights, whose interiors held captive everything from flowers to birds. Today collectors struggle to definitively date Baccarat paperweights from that era, as they are considered some of the greatest examples of the form ever made.

By 1855 Baccarat was an industry leader. At the Exposition Universelle in Paris that year, it was awarded the Grand Medal of Honor. In 1860, Baccarat added a brand signature to the bottom of every piece. This mark can be found on all vintage Baccarat glass made between 1860 and 1936.

The design of a particular Baccarat piece can usually be closely tied to the era when it was made. For example, Baccarat glass and crystal from the 1870s reflect the influence at the time of Japanese design. At the turn of the century, Baccarat produced curvy Art Nouveau glassware; in the 1920s, Baccarat glass featured geometric Art Deco cuts.

Aided by the development of a new workshop, the 20th century also brought a boom in the production of perfume bottles for Baccarat. In 1907, the company was producing more than 2...

Despite being more than two centuries old, Baccarat continues to innovate. In 1979 it released its Massena cut-crystal stemware and tumblers, and in 1993 Baccarat produced its first line of fine jewelry.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

French Art Glass Concentric Millefiori Crystal Paperweight Baccarat Or St Louis St Louis Crystal France Thistle Champagne Stem Glasses Gold Glass Cristal FrenchRare Baccarat (?) Cherries Lamp Work PaperweightA Very Unique Antique 19th Century Victorian Art Glass Epergne Gilt Bronze MountStunning Vintage Baccarat Blue Opaline Glass & Gilt Paperweight Signed - FranceAntique Baccarat Crystal Périgueux Decanter. Circa Late 19th Century.Baccarat Paperweight - Crocus On Snowy Ground - L.e. # 46 Of 150 - Mint In Case4ct Vintage Baccarat Stemware Genova 5" Crystal Champagne Sherbet Six Sided Stem4ct Vintage Baccarat Crystal Genova 5" Juice Wine Port Goblet Six Sided Stem4ct Vintage Baccarat Stemware Piccadilly 5" Cut Crystal Tall Champagne SherbetBaccarat Dauphin Large Candelabra Vintage Signed Baccarat France Art Glass Mid Century Vase 7" 2 Beautiful Baccarat Crystal Missouri Covered Candy Bowls (retail For $435 Ea)Set Of 6 Baccarat France Crystal Napkin Rings With BoxesAntique Baccarat Glass Paperweight PansyLarge Crystal Baccarat Lion's Head Figurine Perfect Condition Double Signed4ct Vintage Baccarat Stemware Genova 6" Crystal Water Wine Goblet Six Sided StemLot Of 3 Baccarat Signed Crystal Paperweights Hearts & StarVintage Baccarat Crystal Made In France 5" Flower Vase Near Mint No Box Vintage Baccarat 1974 "frog" Paperweight - Mint Marked France 1974Baccarat Crystal Snake Limited Edition Le Art Glass Paperweight Rare 1971 #60Set Of 2 Baccarat Neptune Crystal Wine GlassesBaccarat Crystal Faceted Fruit Basket Limited Edition Le Art Glass Paperweight Baccarat Massena Crystal 1 Champagne Flute 1 Tumbler 1 Liqueur Glass4ct Vintage Baccarat Stemware Genova 3-5/8" Crystal Cordial Six Sided StemVintage Baccarat Crystal Made In France Flower Vase 1481965 Near Mint No Box Baccarat Jumping HorseBeautiful Baccarat VaseBeautiful French Baccarat Crystal Clear 6" Angel FigurineGeorges Chevalier Elephant Sculpture 1925 Art Deco Paris Exhibition BaccaratBaccarat Crystal Art Deco Retriever Pointer Hunting Dog Figurine Signed FranceSir Winston Churchill Paperweight By G. Poillerat Crystal D'albret #160 Gold TypVintage Baccarat France Crystal Art Glass Griffin, Gryphon Figurine PaperweightBaccarat Massena Crystal Pair Of Candle SticksVintage Signed Prigot Crystal Baccarat Art Glass Mid Century Amorphic Vase 9" Large Crystal Baccarat Roaring Lion Figurine Perfect Condition Double SignedBaccarat Massena Wine GlassSet Of 2 Baccarat Harcourt Green Crystal Wine GlassesBaccarat Vintage Crystal Eagle Bird Figurine Art Glass Paperweight Animal StatueBaccarat "putting Golf" Crystal FigurineBaccarat Crystal Egg Stand2 Baccarat Neptune Vintage 8-1/4" Crystal Water Goblets Art Glass Signed RetiredLot Of 4 Baccarat Crystal 6 1/4" Tall Harcourt Water GobletsBaccarat ~ Bird ~ Chick ~ Frosted Crystal Figurine ~ Mint ConditionSet 2 Baccarat Crystal Stemware Genova 7 1/2" Water / Wine Glasses / GobletsBaccarat Fool Vase Limited Edition And Signed By Designer Phillippe Starck, Nib0.70l Baccarat Cristal Bottle For Remy Martin Louis Xiii Cognac ~ Matching #'sBaccarat Papillon Lucky Butterfly Blue Sapphire Crystal (new In Box)Vintage Franklin Mint Baccarat Crystal Sulphide Paperweight Mahatma Gandhi W/boxLarge Vintage Crystal Baccarat Talleyrand Scotch Whiskey Decanter And StopperBaccarat Harmonie Double Old Fashioned - 8 / FranceBaccarat-cut Glass Crystal 7" Cylindrical VaseBaccarat France Sulphide Faceted Crystal Taurus Zodiac Bull Paperweight Colbalt Baccarat Dom Perignon Champagne Flute 9 1/4"Baccarat Crystal Ram FigureBaccarat Signed Mustard Or Mayo With An Original Signed Ladle 4-1/2" High Pics6 Signed Baccarat France Cut Crystal Harmonie 5 1/2" High Ball Glasses~estateBaccarat Crystal / Crystal Judges Gavel Mint ConditionElegant 6 3/8' French Baccarat Messena Crystal Stemware, Never Used Value $160. Baccarat Vega Crystal Martini Glass- Blue , In Original Box