In 1887, L. B. Martin and W. S. Brady founded the Fostoria Glass Company in Fostoria, Ohio. When the area’s natural gas deposits ran out, Fostoria moved to Wheeling, West Virginia, and then to Moundsville, West Virginia, in 1891, where it remained until it closed in 1983.

The factory in Moundsville opened with a furnace that could fire 14 pieces of glass at once, which was quite impressive at the time. Fostoria’s first products were kerosene lamps and lamp parts, but the company’s line soon expanded to include “tableware, colognes, stationers’ glassware, and candelabra,” as one of its advertisements touted.

In 1915, Fostoria introduced the American pattern of glassware, which was not discontinued until the factory shut its doors in 1983; this remarkable 68-year run makes American the longest continually produced pattern in the domestic glassware industry. Fostoria’s early tableware pieces, including these early American items, were generally either needle etched or wheel cut.

By 1920, Fostoria had expanded to a large factory with five furnaces, producing stemware, decorative lamps, container glass, and tableware. The company’s management—headed by president W. A. B. Dalzell—realized it had to think strategically in order to keep customer demand high enough for the factory to produce at capacity. With this motivation, Fostoria began an advertising campaign the likes of which had never been seen before in the glass industry—Fostoria’s marketing style would later be imitated by many of its major competitors.

While most firms sold their glassware through sales representatives, who would sell the products of multiple companies, Fostoria created its own closed system. The company chose which stores could sell its goods and trained its salesmen to be experts in the product.

In 1924, Fostoria expanded its product line by introducing colored glassware. The inaugural colors included green, amber, blue, and canary. The colors were a huge hit, and, with the strength of a national advertising campaign behind it, Fostoria products began appearing in influential magazines like “Good Housekeeping” and “Ladies’ Home Journal.”

Colored glassware fit snugly into the market—due to the rise of industry and the workdays it entailed, fewer American families were having luncheons and afternoon teas than in th...

In 1925, Fostoria employed 650 workers and was second in the industry, behind the Cambridge Glass Company. Building on its success, the company continued to introduce new colors of glassware, including orchid (1927); rose (also known as dawn) and azure (1928); and regal blue, empire green, and burgundy (1933).

At the same time, carnival glass was having its heyday, so Fostoria produced two lines: Taffeta Lustre, which included bowls, candlesticks, and console sets, and its Brocaded designs, which included Brocaded Acorns, Palms, Summer Garden, and more.

With its strong market position, Fostoria was in good shape when the Great Depression struck. While the company was not immune to the downturn, it weathered the economic climate and emerged still in business. During the Depression, Fostoria produced glassware that was still of high quality, especially in comparison with the cheaper, budget products of its competitors.

Just a few years later, World War II cut Fostoria’s workforce almost in half, but that did not stop the company from continuing to innovate. In the early 1940s, Fostoria released several new patterns of glassware, including Chintz (1940), Colony (1940), Romance (1942), and Holly (1942). These followed on the heels of the distinctive Baroque style, which was introduced in 1937 and featured a signature fleur-de-lis in its design.

After World War II came to a close, Fostoria began its most aggressive period of expansion. The company’s size and production peaked in 1950, with more than 900 workers and about eight million pieces of glass sold that year. The company continued to introduce new styles, including Century (1950), Rose (1951), Wedding Ring (1953), and Jamestown (1959).

Throughout the 1960s, Fostoria sold millions of pieces of glass each year to American consumers, including a few particularly noteworthy figures: Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon both obtained exquisite glass ashtrays engraved with their signatures from Fostoria.

Always a leader in marketing, the company expanded its efforts yet again by adding company boutiques and display rooms to department stores. Even more innovative was the company’s new consumer-direct magazine, “Creating with Crystal,” which was highly successful as a marketing tool.

Faced with increasing competition from foreign companies, however, Fostoria began to decline in the 1970s—the Lancaster Colony Corporation eventually bought the company. The factory closed altogether in 1983, though some of its patterns—including American—continued to be produced by Dalzel-Viking, thanks to a contract with Lancaster Colony. The early 1990s saw the last trickle of Fostoria pattern production.

In general, Fostoria’s colored stemware and dinner pieces are more prized by collectors today than their clear counterparts. Some people like to amass entire sets of Fostoria products in one color, while others focus instead on specific pieces in a variety of colors. In particular, early pieces from the American set are especially popular with contemporary collectors.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Rare Fostoria American Perfume Bottle Gilt Filigree Holder Guilloche Enamel RoseFostoria American Crystal Pedestal Cake Plate Stand W/ Rum Well NrVintage Fostoria American Pattern Elegant Glass 12pc Lot Napkin RingsFostoria American 5 Ins Pin TrayFostoria American 14 " Punch Bowl With 16 Flared Handled Cups Perfect NrVintage Fostoria American Punch Bowl Base TallFostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque Set Of Two Lustre Candlestick Holders - Prisms7 Fostoria Versailles Blue Etched Crystal Footed Goblets Iced Beverage GlassesVintage 14" American Fostoria Punch BowlGlistens Like Diamonds Fostoria American Cake Stand With Rum Well 10"American Fostoria ??? Cake PlateDeep Purple Fostoria Coin Glass Wedding Bowl Antique Great Decor!!13" TallFostoria American Or Whitehall Glasses Set Of 6 Footed Ice Tea Goblets 6"Vintage Fostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque Set Of Twelve (12) Dinner PlatesFornasetti Jar "tabac" Vintage - No Chips Or DamageDeep Purple Fostoria Candle Holders Great Decor!antique!Nice Purple Fostoria Coin Glass Cigarette Urn Rare!great Decor! Fostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque Set Of Salt & Pepper Shakers W/twist Off LidsVintage Fostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroqe Flame 12" Dessert Serving Tray Platter Fostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque Set Of (8) Eight 7" Water Goblets - No ReserveFostoria American Clear Round Candy Dish, Centerpiece Bowl Or Serving CompoteCarnival Glass * Fostoria Brocade Acorn 6 1/2" Handled Bon-bon - Lavender #2Fostoria American Set Of (10 ) 7.5" Salad Plates Very Nice !!!9 - Fostoria Colony Glass Swirl Ice Cream Square Bowls Dish 5.5"Fostoria Heirloom Peg Vase In Yellow Opalescent / Vaseline GlassFostoria Heirloom Peg Vase In Yellow Opalescent / Vaseline Glass4 3/4 " Round Cake Stand In Monroe-milkglass By FostoriaNice Purple Fostoria Coin Glass Salt And Pepper Shakers Great Decor!Nice Purple Fostoria Coin Glass Nappy Great Decor!Set/5 Fostoria American Pattern 7 1/2" Salad PlatesNice Purple Fostoria Coin Glass Compote Great Decor!Carnival Glass * Fostoria Brocade Acorn 6 1/2" Handled Bon-bon - Lavender #1Vintage American Fostoria Set Of 6 Dinner Or Sandwich Plates 10 3/4 Inches Carnival Glass * Fostoria Brocade Acorn 6 1/2" Handled Plate - Lavender #1Lot Of 3 Fostoria Ice Cream Dishes & 10x8" Tray Coin GlassVintage American Fostoria Jam Jar 4" W/ Lid Nice Look Estate Fostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque Vintage Set Of Eight Footed Cocktail GlassesFostoria American Or American Whitehall Set Of 4 Footed Tumbler 4 3/8" Tall 9 OzFostoria Lidded Box Coin Glass 6x4.5"Fostoria American Pattern Square VaseFostoria Shell Pearl Set Of 9 Iridescent Iced Tea GlassesCarnival Glass * Fostoria Brocade Acorn 6 1/2" Handled Plate - Lavender #2Nice! 3 Collectible Vintage Fostoria Elegant Glass Glasses "romance" 1 Price- NrGenuine Fostoria American Crystal, Lot Of 4 Salad PlatesVintage 3" Clear Fostoria American Pattern Hurricane Candlestick Holder BaseFostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque 3 Tea Glasses,1 Juice Glass, And 4 TumblersFostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque Jelly Dish With Lid/cover 7 1/2 Inches HeightVintage Fostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque Set Of Seven Dessert/pie Plates 7 1/4"Set Vintage Fostoria American Glass Candle Holders Double Candlesticks Elegant Fostoria Glass Co. American Pattern Mini Salt & Pepper TrayFostoria Glass American Pattern 10 Inch Dish Serving Plate With Handles3 Fostoria American Crystal *9 1/2" Dinner Plates*Fostoria June Blue Grapefruit & LinerFostoria Meadow Rose Blue 10 Oz, Footed Tumbler Etched Depression Glass Fostoria Heirloom Candle Holder In Yellow Opalescent / Vaseline GlassFostoria Heirloom Candle Holder In Yellow Opalescent / Vaseline GlassVintage Fostoria Glass Azure Blue Baroque Set Of 9 Footed Sherbet Dessert Cups11 Fostoria Corsage Clear Glasses, Assorted Sizes, All Need Some TlcVintage American Fostoria Crystal Oval Divided Relish DishFostoria Crystal Etched Navarre Square Footed 6" Bowl