Antique Early American Pattern Glass

Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.

One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.

Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.

Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.

Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.

By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.

After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Eapg Antique Glass Pedestal Cake Stand Plate . Fostoria Pattern No. 1467C1890 Us Glass Blue Daisy & Button Hanging Umbrella Match Holder Antique Eapg Star & Shield Oil / Kerosene Lamp, Signed Macbeth Chimney.Eapg Antique Glass Biscuit / Cracker Jar With Cover / Lid Duncan BlockPair Ca.1880s Blue Glass Eapg Raymond Swirl Central Wheeling Wv Finger Oil LampsOriginal Greentown Golden Agate / Holly Amber Sauce Dish / 450 Line / C.1903Old Greentown Glass Austrian Pattern Chocolate Glass Child CreamerVintage Eapg Pressed Glass Scalloped Eye Cake Stand ~ Plate W/ WellRare Circa 1900 "illinois" Large 15" Tall "banquet" Size Glass Kerosene Oil LampRare Lacy C1825-50 Boston & Sandwich Glass Flint Lafayet Boat Salt #bt-6 ClearChocolate "chrysanthemum Leaf" Tumbler - Greentown ReferenceOld, Rare Greentown Glass, Mckee Glass, Chocolate Glass Majestic Pattern CompoteAdams & Co Crystal Wedding Square Pedestal Cake Stand - Plate - EapgVtg Central Glass Vaseline Canary Pressed Diamond Covered Compote Candy DishC.1800's Free-blown Cobalt Blue Flint/ Lead Glass Egg Cup W/ Applied Saucer BaseBoston Sandwich Eapg 1840 Blown Pressed Engraved Glass Whale Oil Lamp Lee Pl 189Mckee Chocolate Wild Rose With Bowknot Tumbler - Greentown ReferenceCirca 1892 Victorian Cranberry Swirl Glass Syrup Pitcher Jug Northwood FentonVictorian Cranberry Thumbprint Glass Pickle Castor W Tongs Meriden B QuadrupleGreentown Chocolate "indoor Drinking Scene" Mug Without HandleCobalt Blue Lacy Glass Salt Baccarat? Mid 1800'sRare & Adoraable Eapg Blue Opalescent Swag W/brackets Toothpick Holder-jeffersonCobalt Blue Whisky Taster Shot GlassesFlint Milk Glass Diamond Sawtooth Covered Salt Dip CellarVery Scarce . Eapg Antique Glass Pedestal Cake Stand Plate . Tarentum ManhattanEapg - Cranberry Paneled Sprig Pickle Jar - Northwood 1889Squirrel W/nut Tree Branch~antique Eapg Water Pitcher~1800s Pattern Glass Eapg Duncan And Sons Crystal Monkey Celery Vase/ SpoonerEapg Richards Hartley Vaseline Three Panel Celery Vase Circa Late 1800'sAntique Cranberry Glass Tumbler Coin Spot Dot Thumbprint OpalescentEarly American Pattern Glass ~ Iris With Meander ~ Canary Opalescent SpoonerEapg Reverse Torpedo Pattern Pedestal Cakestand 9 1/2" DiameterStunning Cranberry Toothpick Holder W/enameled Flowers - MintEapg Antique Glass Good Luck Aka Prayer Rug Cheese Dish Base Adams C1881Epag Steimer Glass W V 1903-1906 ( Swirl And Star ) Punch Bowl StandAntique Libby Decorated Maize Pattern TumblerRare Eapg New England Pomona Diamond Optic Toothpick Holder W/ Ruffles Ca. 1885Lot 5 Antique Souvenir Ruby Red Flash Glass Fair Ia. Oh. Wi. Gettysburg Ruby Stain, Kings Crown/ruby Thumbprint Covered Etched Sugar.Central Glass Co Eapg Salt Cellar Dog Pulling Cart 1880's Very Nice Made In WvEapg Ruby Stained Glass Florida Primrose Sugar Bowl & Spooner Greensburg C1890Eapg Egyptian Goblet Circa 1880'sVictorian Glass Northwood Royal Ivy Water Pitcher W/cracquelle Effect CranberryTs Hobbs Victorian Eapg Vaseline Opalescent Dew Drop Hobnail Covered Sugar Bowl!Antique Eapg Ruby Stain Duncan & Miller Button Arches Tankard Circa 1897Flint Glass Sugar Bowl Ring And Cable Pattern Boston And SandwichAntique Wild Rose With Bow Knot Sultan Mckee Glass Eapg Toothpick HolderStorybook Red Riding Hood Childs Antique Punch Bowl SetRare Depression Glass Moon And Stars Cruet ClearRuby Stain, Kings Crown/rtp Mustard Jar BaseEapg 19th Century Antique Adams & Co. Sapphire Blue Wildflower Pattern GobletExceptional Eapg Connecticut Toothpick Holder W/white Floral Decor -1920's2 Eapg Antique Glass Pedestal Shelf Supports / Risers / Soda Fountain Drug StoreEapg 1870 - 1880 "hobnail" Pressed Glass Cake Plate By Columbia Glass Co.Antique Victorian Window Treatment Hardware Eapg Sandwich Curtain Tie Backs OpalAntique Eapg "lion" Oval Frosted Compote Gillinder & Son Circa 1877New Jersey €Antique "ribbed Gothic Arch", Pressed Glass, 4 Piece Cruet Castor Set, C. 1875Eapg Pattern Glass Figural Log Cabin Pitcher Central Glass CoEapg Mckee Prescut Rock Crystal Art Nouveau Flowers Pitcher Clear Pressed Glass

Recent News: Early American Pattern Glass

Source: Google News

National Glass Block Leader Contributes to Green Building and Universal ...
PR Web (press release), October 22nd

UDLL installed DECORA® and IceScapes® pattern glass blocks in a beautiful aquarium-themed mural to add a touch of color to the master bathroom. The IceScapes® pattern created a bold border around the mural which used DECORA® pattern blocks ...Read more

Devoted mother Joan Moonan Pinnell enjoyed music, travel
Columbia Missourian, October 15th

Mrs. Pinnell also had a knack for collecting things. "She had a terrific collection of American pressed pattern glass, glass that was common up until the 1940s," Patrick Pinnell said. "The kids grew up with a more-than-standard appreciation of...Read more

Heinz History Center speaker featured at Mt. Pleasant Glass Museum series
Tribune-Review, October 11th

'The Glass: Shattering Notions' exhibit features a large piece of cullet from L.E. Smith, a press machine and mold, as well as automobile glass lens and pattern glass made there. In our Special Collections gallery, we feature one of the large...Read more

Iwen, Margaret M.
Madison.com, October 11th

Her interest in design and professional skills led her to pursue further interests in American antique pattern glass. These interests continued in her retirement as she researched and documented the organization and development of early glass companies...Read more

Aldora announces Charlotte area expansion plans
Glass on Web, October 3rd

Aldora Aluminum and Glass Products is a manufacturer and distributor of glass and aluminum fabricated products as well as textured and pattern glass. Operating out of its two manufacturing locations, Aldora in Miramar, FL and Aldora in Charleston, SC...Read more