Antique Early American Pattern Glass

Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.

One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.

Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.

Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.

Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.

By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.

After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Eapg Antique Glass Pedestal Cake Stand Plate . Cottage Aka Dinner Bell PatternBuckeye/northwood Chrysanthemum Base Swirl Cranberry Opalescent Syrup PitcherAntique 19thc Eapg Horn Of Plenty Flint Sandwich Glass Pitcher & 4 Tumblers, NrAntique19thc Eapg Horn Of Plenty Flint Sandwich Glass Whale Oil Lamp, Nr6 Antique19thc Eapg Horn Of Plenty Flint Sandwich Glass Water Goblets, NrNorthwood Royal Oak Rubina Syrup Pitcher Nr!Antique Eapg Horn Of Plenty Flint Sandwich Glass Celery Vase & 2 Compotes, NrCirca 1830s Eapg Horn Of Plenty Flint Sandwich Glass Goblets, Tumblers & Jar, NrEapg Flint Glass Cream Jug, Mirror By Mckee C1850, Perfect Applied Handle!Eapg Vaseline Salt Shaker, 1000 Eye By Richards & Hartley C1875Antique Eapg Banquet Oil / Kerosene Lamp Illinois Pattern 1890's Us GlassVery Scarce . Eapg Antique Glass Pedestal Cake Stand Plate . Tarentum ManhattanEapg - Cranberry Paneled Sprig Pickle Jar - Northwood 1889Antique Sandwich Glass Black Bear Pomade Jar / Ink Bottle Figural Figure AnimalCirca 1892 Victorian Cranberry Swirl Glass Syrup Pitcher Jug Northwood FentonEapg King's 500 Cobalt Blue Butter Dish U.s Glass Nr!8 Early19thc Eapg Horn Of Plenty Flint Sandwich Glass Juice Goblets, NrEarly 19thc Eapg Horn Of Plenty Flint Sandwich Glass Sugar Bowl & Dishes, NrNorthwood Royal Ivy Rubina Covered Sugar Bowl & Sugar ShakerEapg Antique Ruby Stained Pattern Glass Butter Sugar Creamer & Spooner Table SetEapg Antique Glass Northwood Royal Ivy Cranberry Frosted Rubina Pickle Jar C1890Northwood Leaf Umbrella Cased Blue Bowl Nr!Cobalt Blue Lacy Sandwich Glass Salt Stag Pattern Ca. 1830 Neal Sn1 ScarceEapg Antique Early Pressed Pattern Glass Open Salt Cellar Hexagon Sandwich GlassAntique Pattern American Blown Three Mold Glass Decanter Bottle Sandwich Flint ?Scarce Mckee And Bros. Ruby Stained Crescent Cruet Antique Northwood Eapg Leaf Umbrella Blue Satin Cased With White TumblerRare Circa 1900 Northwood €Blue Opalescent Glass Coinspot Coin Dot CruetOld Greentown Chocolate Glass Rabbit Lid For Covered DishBlue Opalescent "manila" Toothpick Holder Circa 1899-1903Eapg Covered Cheese Dish Actress Pattern C1880 Adams Co Lone Fisherman 2 DromiosEapg Greentown Dewey Pattern Teal Blue MugAntique 1880s Floral Wrap Around Pressed Glass Jar Pickle Castor Barbour Bros Ruby Stained, Broken Column Insert For A Pickle Castor1883 Three Face Glass Vase Engraved "saratoga 1883 Mkd"Westward Ho, Antique Glass Compote 1879, Over 12" Tall, Deer, Bison,cabin Dugan Tiny Twigs Vaseline Opalescent 4.5" VaseEapg Childs Pattern Glass Acorn Creamer W/ Kate Greenway Type Boy & GirlEapg Emerald Green Glass Compote- Croesus - Riverside Glass C.1896Antique Eapg ~ Dakota Glass Fern & Berry Crystal 7" CompoteEapg Greentown Dewey Pattern Emerald Green Salt ShakerDorflinger Elegant Cut Strawberry Diamonds Blown Crystal Champagne GlassEapg 1870 - 1880 "hobnail" Pressed Glass Cake Plate By Columbia Glass Co.Ruby Stain, Kings Crown/ruby Thumbprint Lg. Boat Shaped Berry BowlRuby Stain, Kings Crown/ruby Thumbprint Small TankardAntique Victorian Frosted Lion Covered Compote Serving Dish Footed EapgEapg Heart And Thumbprint 6 1/4 Inch Plate Tarentum 1898Striking Eapg Hobbs Hobnail Francisware Toothpick Holder -amber RimEapg Adams & Co. Kings Crown Aka Xlcr Cruet Set! Base & Inserts! Ca. 1891Eapg Emerald Green Glass Cruet - Croesus - Riverside Glass C.1896Old Northwood Rubina Cranberry Glass Salt Shaker Ivy PatternAntique Eapg Tree Of Life Pattern Glass Spoon Holder Excellent Condition!Antique Eapg Tree Of Life Pattern Glass Cream Pitcher Excellent Condition!Eapg Greentown Indiana Goblet Tumbler Dewey Pattern Creamer Emerald GreenEapg Miniature Tray Salt & Cruet W/ Stopper Hobnail MilkglassFabulous Eapg Honey Bee Honeycomb Amber Sandwich Glass Covered DishEapg 1874 Adams & Co Non Flint 9" Plume High Standard Cake Plate StandBoston & Sandwich Baby Thumbprint Cologne Bottle 1840-1870 Excellent ConditionAntique 1904 World's Fair Souvenir Eapg Ruby Stained Bottle Jar No Reserve!

Recent News: Early American Pattern Glass

Source: Google News

National Glass Block Leader Contributes to Green Building and Universal ...
PR Web (press release), October 22nd

UDLL installed DECORA® and IceScapes® pattern glass blocks in a beautiful aquarium-themed mural to add a touch of color to the master bathroom. The IceScapes® pattern created a bold border around the mural which used DECORA® pattern blocks ...Read more

Devoted mother Joan Moonan Pinnell enjoyed music, travel
Columbia Missourian, October 15th

Mrs. Pinnell also had a knack for collecting things. "She had a terrific collection of American pressed pattern glass, glass that was common up until the 1940s," Patrick Pinnell said. "The kids grew up with a more-than-standard appreciation of...Read more

Heinz History Center speaker featured at Mt. Pleasant Glass Museum series
Tribune-Review, October 11th

'The Glass: Shattering Notions' exhibit features a large piece of cullet from L.E. Smith, a press machine and mold, as well as automobile glass lens and pattern glass made there. In our Special Collections gallery, we feature one of the large...Read more

Iwen, Margaret M., October 11th

Her interest in design and professional skills led her to pursue further interests in American antique pattern glass. These interests continued in her retirement as she researched and documented the organization and development of early glass companies...Read more

Aldora announces Charlotte area expansion plans
Glass on Web, October 3rd

Aldora Aluminum and Glass Products is a manufacturer and distributor of glass and aluminum fabricated products as well as textured and pattern glass. Operating out of its two manufacturing locations, Aldora in Miramar, FL and Aldora in Charleston, SC...Read more