Antique Early American Pattern Glass

Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.

One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.

Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.

Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.

Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.

By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.

After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Eapg Greentown Amber Tall Cat On A Hamper Covered DishRare Antique Belmont Glass Cow Novelty Butter Dish Amber Covered Animal Eapg NrHobbs Brockunier Hobnail Vaseline Opalescent Water Pitcher EapgDalzell Gilmore Leighton Amber Stained & Frosted Klondike Covered Butter DishEapg Flint Glass Bottle & Underplate, Horn Of Plenty, H. E. Swan C.1850sMillersburg #353 Ohio Star Salt ShakerSandwich Flint Eapg Cut Glass Applied Handle Creamer Pitcher Corning Museum Eapg-boston & Sandwich Glass Co. 3 1/4" Bulls Eye Flint Whiskey Tumbler- Metz #6Northwood Dugan Klondyke Fluted Scrolls Blue Opalescent SpoonerEapg Shield SpoonerFrosted Lion Eapg Syrup Pitcher Lid Patd. 1872Antique Medallion Sprig Syrup Pitcher, Green To Clear, West Virginia Glass. Co2 -1893 Chicago World's Fair Ruby Flash 10" Tall Tankard Columbian Exposition NrAntique Admiral Dewey Molded Glass Bust Epg Mfg Co 1899Vintage Large Eapg Crystal Wedding BowlEarly American Pattern Glass Eapg Holly Band Pressed Master SaltEapg Northwood Glass Co's Ivory Geneva ToothpickTokyo Green Opalescent Cruet EapgIowa City Glass 1880s Beehive "be Industrious" Eapg Frosted Plate Deer TrayEapg George Duncan #555 Shell & Tassel Pedestal Cake Stand Circa 1880Eapg Delaware Glass Ruby Water Set - Pitcher & Six Tumblers - Very NiceEapg Belmont Glass Co's Deer & Pine Tree Water PitcherEapg Greentown No. 200 Austrian 3 Piece Set Indiana Tumbler & Goblet Co. 1898Rare..model Flint Glass Opalescent Pressed Eapg Glass Salt Cellar 1850-1910Antique Sandwich Glass Cup Plate, Lot Of 6J B Higbee Fortuna 1910 Art Deco Eapg Glass Marked Small Mini Cake Stand EucEapg Crystal Glass 1892 Morgan Dollar New Orleans Toothpick Matchstick HolderEapg Pink Opaque Glass Syrup PitcherEapg Gillinder Glass Co's Washington Centennial Champagne & WineHobbs Frances Ware Glass 7pc Set Dew Drop Hobnail Ca1886 Spooner Bowl Plates ArtAntique Blue Custard Glass Serving TrayEapg Cooperative Flint Blue Frog And Leaf Toothpick Holder Ca 1911Eapg Tree Of Life Water PitcherEapg Cooperative Flint Glass Co's Jeweled Moon & Star Banana StandEapg Canton Glass Co's Orion Thumbprint Large Creamer Or Milk Pitcher Pair Sandwich Big Loop Flint Glass Compotes Ca. 1850-70Group Of 4 Old Clear Glass Toothpick HoldersVictorian Civil War Era Tasseled Pin Cushion/ Pressed Flint Glass Base,circa1860Cut Glass & Silverplate Lidded Syrup Pitcher, Pineapple And Diamond PatternEapg Victorian Northwood Quilted Opalescent Toothpick Holder.Eapg Bakewell And Pears Glass Co's Flint Early Thumbprint SpoonerAntique Eapg Blue Opalescent Wreath & Shell CreamerEapg Oval Medallion Stemmed Cake Server Stand: 10 1/2"x 9 1/2" X 6 1/2" HighSet Of Four Phoenix Punch CupsAttenbury Epag 1880's Milk Glass Hunting Platter Swimming Retreiver Dog & DuckRuby Flash Large Etched Glass Pitcher Dated 1892 To My Sister Beautiful Vintage Eapg Early American Pattern Glass Westward Ho Compote W/ IndianEapg Amber Side Wheeler Water PitcherAntique 1896 Eapg Ruby Red Flash Glass Atlantic City Souvenir Footed Pitcher Eapg Green Herringbone Butter DishAntique Green Glass Cup Souvenir Of Bay Port, MichiganLee & Rose 178 Cup Plate - Flint - Sandwich Glass - Very Rare / Extremely RareEapg Unknown Blue Daisy And Button GobletEapg Unknown Blue Daisy & Button Mug With Pouring LipRare Antique Signed Ht Herman Tappan Daisy & Button Eapg Blue Glass Shoe SlipperRare Antique U.s. Glass Texas Pattern Loop Stippled Panels Covered Butter DishEapg Antique Pedestal Cake Stand 1881 Horseshoe Prayer RugImperial Glass Broken Column Cheese Or Butter DishAntique Vintage Ruby Flash Cup Etched 1000 Islands 1899 LyleAntique Iridescent Red Flash Glass Vase Souvenir Of Niles, Michigan