Antique Early American Pattern Glass

Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.

One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.

Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.

Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.

Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.

By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.

After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Sparkling Pontil Blown Three Mold Giv-7 Rum" Arch & Fern Quart DecanterPontil Blown Three Mold Giii-19 Quart Decanter W/ Blown StopperPontil Blown Three Mold Gii-18 Pint Decanter W/ Three Neck RingsPontil Blown Three Mold Gii-18 Quart Decanter W/ Three Neck RingsPontil Flintglass Quart Blown Backbar Decanter Colorless GlassBrilliant Pontil Blown Three Mold Gii-18 Pint Decanter W/correct Blown StopperNorthwood Chrysanthemum Sprig Condiment Set With Tray Cruet Salt & Pepper ShakerRare Antique 1879 Eapg Hobbs Brockunier Frosted Glass Hand Stem Cake Stand YqzHobbs Brockunier Cranberry Glass Opalescent Coin Dot Spot Salt Shaker MuffineerNice!! Old Greentown Shuttle Or Hearts Of Loch Laven Cake StandAntique Green Eapg Riverside X-ray Pattern Small Jar Toothpick Holder Cup GlassEapg Opaque White Corn With Husk ShakerEapg Unknown Opaque Green Shaker C1885 Challinor Acorn Syrup Pitcher & Shakers~~roseblush Shaded Pink Magnificent Eapg Opalescent Blue Reverse Swirl Toothpick Holder-late 1800'sEapg Northwood Glass Co's Custard Intaglio ShakerAntique Riverside Croeses Toothpick Cup Holder Purple Glass Eapg Pattern VintageEapg Challinor & Taylor Glass Cos' Lavender Acorn ShakerEapg Riverside Glass Co's 3 Vaseline Ransom TumblersEapg Unknown Blue Swirl ShakerAntique Ruby Red Eapg Glass Toothpick Holder Cup 1894 Mount Lowe Ca Souvenir VtgEapg Lacy Glass Cup Plate Parker Auction Catalog 1953 + PricesVintage Heavy Juice Cordial Glass Gold Gilt Grape Leaves Us Glass Flint Eapg ?Reduced! Antique Sandwich Glass Flint Small Tulip Sewing? Whale Oil Lamp NrRare Amber Pomona Toothpick Holder With Rigoree - New England Glass Ca 1885 Us Glass Vermont Cov Sugar, Spooner And Creamer Custard Handpainted Ca. 1899Eapg Covered Sugar, Creamer & Spooner - National's EurekaEapg Antique Hobbs Brockunier Ruby Flashed #335 Hexagon Block Tankard PitcherCollectible Rare Eapg Garfield Drape Complete Table Set - Adams Glass Ca. 1881Rare 2 Pc Northwood Emerald Green Gold Rose Dome Covered Butter Dish - NrEapg Vaseline Medallion Or Hearts & Spades GobletEapg Covered Sugar, Creamer And Spooner - Tarentum's Verona Esther Amber Stained Toothpick Holder With Enameling +++Eapg Dalzell, Gilmore& Leighton Glass Co's Opaque White Thrush Shaker1889 Eapg Eyewinker Large Covered Compote 13" High 8" WideEapg Northwood Glass Co's Clear Opalescent Intaglio CruetCrystal Wedding Adams Pattern Eapg Creamer Pitcher & Butter Dish Or Relish Tray Exquisite Eapg Cobalt Blue Opalescent Diamond Spearhead Toothpick-1901Adams And Company Plume 10" Pedestal Cake Stand 1874-1890Eapg Riverside Glass Co's Green Empress ToothpickAntique Challinor & Co Pink Rose Blush One- O-one Pattern Toothpick HolderPurple Slag Pressed Pattern Glass Barred Fishscale CreamerEapg Vaseline Clark's Teaberry Advertising TrayEapg Northwood Glass Co's Vaseline Opalescent Jackson CruetEapg Unknown Opaque Blue Shaker #1Clear Font Ca. 1890s Hobbs No.1 Size Oil Lamp With Good Scalloped Snowflake Foot3 Pc Set~dithridge Versailles Opaque Milk With Roses~sugar Bowl~spooner~creamer Eapg Fostoria Glass Co's Frosted Artichoke CompoteEapg Hobbs Brockunier Glass Co's Francesware Swirl CruetEapg Butter Dish - Tarentum's Verona Aka Waffle And Star BandEapg Antique Glass Dalton Cruet Tarentum 1904 Diamond Arch LoopGorgeous Eapg Northwood Ribbed Pillar Pink&white Spatter Toothpick Holder-1889Eapg Unknown Opaque Blue Shaker #3Eapg Antique Ladders Glass Loop & Pyramid Cruet Tarentum 1901Eapg Northwood Glass Co's Pair Of Pink & White Spatter Ribbed Pillar ShakersEapg Central Glass Co. #98 Brazen Shield Covered Butter Dish Ca. 1898Eapg Ruby Stained Toothpick Holder, York Fair 1912. York Pa.Pontil~1830's Free-blown~flint-glass~bar-bottle + Wheel-cut Pine-needle-designs!Incredible Eapg - Virginia Aka Galloway Cake Stand - Us Glass Ca. 1904Antique Eapg Table Set Pattern Unknown