Antique Early American Pattern Glass

Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.

One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.

Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.

Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.

Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.

By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.

After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.


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Recent News: Early American Pattern Glass

Source: Google News

'Doctor Foster: A Woman Scorned': Five Barmy Reasons To Watch The UK's Biggest ...
Forbes, April 8th

Gemma's house – and those of her up-to-no-good neighbours – showcase some of British interior design's loveliest aspects (her kitchen) and its most inexplicable (her sliding dining-room doors, with their mottled-pattern glass). These are the rooms in...Read more

Longtime antique dealers open Clyde shop
Fremont News Messenger, March 28th

“We have 62 toothpick holders, 80 pieces of pottery, 70-plus pieces of pattern glass and 30-plus pieces of furniture,” Bollinger said. “We have a little bit of everything, from the mid-1800s to the mid-1900s.” Both Bollinger and Burt are originally...Read more

Laurie Walsh Carpenter announces candidacy for Florence County Treasurer
WBTW - Myrtle Beach and Florence SC, March 15th

She is married to Kent Carpenter and they have one grown son, Logan. They are members of John Calvin Presbyterian Church. She is a member of IPTAY, the Francis Marion Alumni Association, and the Early American Pattern Glass Society...Read more

A soft (and chewy) spot for vintage cookie jars? Go to antique show
The Bakersfield Californian, March 9th

toys, furniture and “primitive” cooking and household items. Fields said dealers, 39 this year, come from all over the state and sell at a variety of price points. A new dealer specializes in Western art, another sells crochet items and a third...Read more

The Forceful Brilliance of Donatella Versace
New York Times, February 12th

Versace took a seat and lifted a key-pattern glass of ice water from a small silver saucer. Her Rolex hung like a fishing weight from her tiny wrist, clinking against the crystal. She drew a pink plastic straw to her lips and proceeded to sip. Continue...Read more

New art exhibitions at Brunnier Art Museum
Ames Tribune, January 16th

A program, “Pattern Glass Made in Iowa,” will be held at 2 p.m. Sunday, May 1, at the museum. The program will be presented by Lonnie and Lynn Sulzberger, collectors and members of the Quester group Pearls of Wisdom No. 1186, and members of the ...Read more

Village Glass Works reflects on tradition, prepares for change
Columbia Daily Tribune, December 25th

She worked with the client to select the right type of opalescent — a sort of marbled pattern — glass to match the color and texture of the chicken's feathers. Next to her work, she has printed out several pictures of the chicken so she can double...Read more

100 years of Fostoria's American Pattern to be featured
Lebanon Democrat, June 21st

Dealers at the show will have a wide variety of glassware to show and sell. In addition to Fostoria's American pattern, they will offer other elegant glass patterns, depression glassware, early American pattern glass and American-made pottery from...Read more