Antique Early American Pattern Glass

Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.

One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.

Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.

Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.

Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.

By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.

After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

4 Pcs Antique 19thc Ashburton Hand Blown Flint Glass Eapg Pitcher Vase & BottlesRare Vintage Vaseline Glass Dish Daisy Pattern With Handle 5 Inches High NrNorthwood Cranberry Opalescent “ribbed Opal Lattice” Salt & Pepper Shakers –Antique C1830 Boston & Sandwich Opaline Flint Glass Teakettle InkwellEarly 1800's? Blown Glass Window Pane Or Plate? Ribbed~new England Produced?Eapg Bryce Higbee Glass Co's Child's Drum Table SetBoston Sandwich Lacey Amethyst Purple Glass Childs Toy TumblerAntique Boston & Sandwich Yellow Vaseline Lidded Bowl CompoteAntique Northwood Blue Opalescent Glass Reverse Drapery Pitcher & Glass Set YqzEapg Westmoreland Specialty Co's Flying Swan SugarRipley / Adams Square Panes / Post Hollow Stem Kerosene Oil LampEapg Antique Glass Pedestal Cake Stand Plate With Dome Lid . Coop Flint CoC1890 Dithridge & Co. "sunset" Pattern Toothpick Holder Pink Cased White Eapg Canton Glass Co's Jumbo SpoonerRare Greentown Holly Amber Large Bowl 8 1/2" Golden Agate 450 Pattern Eapg 1902Boston Sandwich Lacey Teal Glass Childs Toy Tumbler1876 Centennial Worlds Fair Souvenir Frosted Lion Paperweight Gillinder Glass CoRare Eapg Thousand Eye Canary Glass Buggy Salt - 1879 - 1891C1898 Riverside Glass Purple "croesus" Pattern Toothpick Holder Heisey Prince Of Wales Plumes Ruby Stained Glass Eapg - Butter DishEapg Mckee Glass Co's Ribbed Palm CreamerScarce Ziiper Slash Eapg Early American Pattern Glass Cake Stand Plate Duncan Eapg Cranberry And White Leaf Mold ToothpickAntique Adams Glass Cake Stand Canary Vaseline Daisy & Button Thumbprint ~ EapgAntique Northwood Eapg~ Rose Agate ~ Leaf Umbrella ~ Pitcher Heisey Prince Of Wales Plumes Ruby Stained Glass Eapg - Covered Sugar BowlEapg Boston & Sandwich Glass Co's Flint Bellflower Covered ButterEapg U.s. Glass Co's U.s. Coin RelishAntique Dugan Diamond 1906 Pulled Loop Green Opalescent Glass 10" Swung VaseHeisey Prince Of Wales Plumes Ruby Stained Glass Eapg - Handled CreamerAtterbury Milk Glass Rabbit Covered Dish Pat 1886 W/red Glass Eyes EapgAntique Purple Amethyst Croesus By Riverside Glass Co.1897 Tray Dish Mint!Very Rare Antique Eapg Water Goblet Etched Two Tigers Jungle New England GlassAmerican Flint Glass Drink Tumbler-waffle & Thumbnail Pattern Pressed GlassBoston Sandwich Lacey Clambroth Glass Childs Toy TumblerEapg Bryce Higbee Glass Co's Blue Menagerie Fish SpoonerVery Rare Antique Eapg Pattern Flint Glass Creased Worcester Lidded Mustard JarEarly Pressed Flint Pattern Glass Master Salt Loop And DartBoston Sandwich Lacey Blue Glass Childs MugEapg 1885 Duncan Ellrose Water Pitcher-daisy & Button W/ Yellow Panels 7 1/2"Millersburg Glass - Ohio Star Pattern Punch Bowl Rare Lg. Victorian 1890 Aj Beatty Opalescent Hobnail Art Glass Lemonade PitcherEapg Trailing Vine Milk Glass Creamer Coudersport With Paint Xc 29.99George Duncan & Sons Eapg "japanese" Celery Vase, Circa 1880Eapg Green & Gold Northwood Berry Set W/ 6 Bowls Peach PatternLot Of 45 Antique Cut Glass Stoppers, Apothercary, Perfume Bottles, Decanters 85Eapg Duncan & Miller Glass Co's Child's Mardi Gras Creamer And SpoonerEapg Rose Bowl Vase Heart With Thumbprint Tarentum Bull's Eye Pattern Glass 1898Late Victorian Pressed Glass Pocket Watch NoveltyEarly Pressed Flint Pattern Glass Master Salt Oak Leaf Acorn BandAntique Boston & Sandwich Glass Company Lacy Open Salt~ Neal Sd 16 ~ FootedAntique Milk Glass 2 Face Figural Man Toothpick HolderNice!! Early Flint Eapg Pillar Mold Or Midwest Eight Rib Bar Bitters BottleEapg Northwood Glass Co's Blue Opalescent Cattail And Waterlily CreamerEapg Flint Cable SpoonerAntique Eapg Clear Daisy & Button Square Cake Pastry Plate Pedestal L G Wright ?Vintage Imperial Full Size Beaded 12" Blue Glass Cake Stand/ Plate Candlewick Eapg Fostoria Atlanta Square Lion Two GobletsCentral Glass U.s. Coin Pattern Toothpick Holder ( Not A Reproduction )Set Of 2 Eapg Thick Old Glass Tumblers W/yellow Stained Vines,leaves & Flowers

Recent News: Early American Pattern Glass

Source: Google News

In Defense of Pattern Glass
Maine Antique Digest, April 9th

What a winter. Everyone seems to be talking about the weather. We've been lucky here, keeping mostly warm and never losing power—until the day after Hollie wrote this sentence. There's hardly an experience more jarring to young Americans than losing ...Read more

Market research report on global deep-etched pattern glass industry of 2014 ...
WhaTech, March 24th

2014 Global Deep-etched Pattern Glass Industry Report is a professional and in-depth research report on the world's major regional market conditions of the Deep-etched Pattern Glass industry, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia...Read more

History on display at Fox Valley Antiques Show
Chicago Daily Herald, March 15th

A new feature at the spring show was a one-hour presentation on pattern glass featuring Nancy Smith of Lamplight & Old Glass Ltd. from Grand Rapids, Michigan. There is a fall show in the same location on the third weekend of October. This weekend's...Read more

Modern style intersects with history at Fox Valley Antiques Show
Chicago Daily Herald, March 2nd

A new feature is a one-hour presentation on pattern glass at 4 p.m. Saturday featuring Nancy Smith of Lamplight & Old Glass Ltd. in Grand Rapids, Michigan. She has been a collector of Early American Pattern Glass since she received her first piece as a...Read more

Glass club to host antique show in Bethel Park
Pittsburgh Post Gazette, February 19th

Exhibitors John and Alice Ahlfeld, a couple from Manor, Lancaster County, are specialists in Early American pattern glass, the common everyday tableware of the 1850s to 1910. They started collecting glass nearly 50 years ago as a hobby and have been ...Read more

The Houston Glass Show & Sale and The Best Little Antique Show in Texas set ..., February 11th

We have two buildings filled with top quality merchandise. The show features American made glassware and antiques from 1880-1970. This includes Pattern Glass, Carnival Glass, American Brilliant Cut Glass, Depression Glass, and American Art Pottery...Read more

How Can I Use Sandblasted Glass?
Glass on Web, February 10th

Sandblasted Glass is not a new glass finishing process; in fact it has been used on windows for many years, however, the effect and precision possible now to create sandblasted patterns in the surface of glass has advanced exponentially over the last...Read more

Mould maker to speak at Mt. Pleasant Glass Museum
Tribune-Review, August 13th

In 1961, representatives of Mt. Pleasant's former L.E. Smith Glass Co. ventured south to Wheeling, W.Va., to tour the Island Mould and Machine Co., according to John Weishar, who along with his elder brother, Tom, co-owns the company today under ...Read more