Antique Early American Pattern Glass

Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.

One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.

Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.

Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.

Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.

By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.

After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Large Antique 1870s Boston Sandwich Overshot Art Glass, Rope Handle, Ice PocketAntique Sandwich Art Glass Paperweight, Red Poinsettia Flower & Latticino GroundAntique Waisted Loop Early American Pressed Flint Glass Whale Oil Fluid Lamp Antique 19th C Blown Mold Whimsy Sandwich Glass Hat Geometric New EnglandAntique~1860's Era~"sandwich" Cologne Bottle! Deep Cobalt Blue + 8-sided! Nice!Antique Sandwich Glass Whale Oil LampVictorian Glass Pink With Gold Flecks Cased Glass Square Top PitcherEarly Glass Blown Three Mold Gii-18 Flip GlassVtg Eapg Greentown ? Indiana Chocolate Glass Cat On Hamper Lid Only Red AgateNorthwood Vaseline Opalescent Pump And TroughEapg U.s. Glass Maine Paneled Stippled Flower Green Syrup PitcherEapg Iowa City Glass Co's Deer GobletEapg Scroll,two Band Pattern Milk Glass Salt Shaker New Martinsville 1902-1905Extremely Rare U.s. Glass Flower & Pleat Ruby Stained Toothpick HolderCentral Glass Co. Large Eapg Log Cabin Base 6"x8" Exc. Cond. Eapg Kings Crown Ruby Stained 8 1/4" Table Pitcher Thumbprint Tankard StyleEapg Sawtooth Pattern Blue Milk Glass Victorian Salt Shaker 1898-1903 Pair Of Eapg Ruby Stained Mario Patern Salt / Pepper Shakers Circa Late 1800'sDewey Water Pitcher Vaseline Pattern Glass Indiana Tumbler 1898 Greentown EapgBeautiful Victorian Pink Satin Cased Toothpick Holder 1890'sRare Ruby Stain Toothpick Holder By New Martinsville Wv Glass Mfg. Leaf & StarEapg Bulging Loops Pattern Consolidated Glass Pink Cased Salt Shaker 1895-1904 Victorian Glass Pink Cased Satin Squatty Cone Syrup PitcherEapg Portland Glass Tree Of Life Goblet Circa 1870Rare Polar Bear Water Pitcher, C. 1880sEapg Pattern Glass Ornate Elegant Pedestal Cake Stand W/ Button Daisy Apron Star1880's Bryce Brothers Of Pittsburgh Pa, Pointing Dog Eapg Crystal PitcherEapg Us Glass Dakota Baby Thumbprint Cake Stand With Fern And Berry EtchEapg Bellaire Goblet Co's Amber Currier & Ives ShakerCondsidered Rare A Canton Glass Type-2 Jumbo Or Elephant Amber Water Pitcher Extremely Rare Steimer Glass Co. Goblets - Texas Star Swirl2 Northwood Pink Slag Glass, Eapg "inverted Fan & Feather", Punch CupsEapg Bellaire Goblet Co's Pair Of Blue Currier & Ives ShakersScarce Circa 1900 Northwood “diamond Spearhead” Vaseline Glass Opalescent MugEapg Iowa City Glass Co's Alhambra Sugar BaseEapg Boston And Sandwich Holly Celery VaseVintage 1880 Eapg "ashman" Pattern Glass Spooner Vase By Adams & Co.Pair Of Antique Eapg Goblets / Bryce Walker / Thistle PatternMillersburg Crystal Hobstar And Feather Covered ButterPut In Bay Ohio Mug Ruby Stained Early American Pattern Glass Jewel AntiqueEapg Columbian Exposition Goblet19thc Frosted Lion Covered Compote Early American Pattern Glass-by GillinderEapg Unknown Pattern Glass SpoonerAwesome Victorian Eapg Milk Glass Candy Dish With Swan Cover - Must See !!!Antique Millersburg Ohio Star Vase 10" Excellent Condition Rare Early American Lacy Glass Opalescent Cup Plate Lee & Rose #465e, Opal(2) Pcs. U.s. Glass Coin Pattern Columbian Coin Platter & Toothpick EapgEapg U.s. Glass Co's Pair Of Green Vermont TumblersEapg Vintage Red Ruby Flash Souvenir Glass 16 Oz Pitcher To Mother 1904Eapg Tarentum Glass Co's Green Cornell ToothpickEapg Flint Lined Smocking Goblet Circa 1850'sScarce Northwood Plums And Cherries Creamer 1906 Early American Pattern GlassAntique Eapg Libbey & Sons Maize Ear Of Corn Vase Opaque White Vg Cond Ca. 1889Eyewinker Early American Pattern Glass Salt ShakerCambridge Inverted Feather Large Pitcher-htf Antique 1904 Eapg Souvenir Ruby Red Flash Glass St Louis Worlds Fair Cup MugCirca 1890 “beatty Block” Opalescent Blue Glass Creamer, Table Set Size, AntiqueSeneca Loop O'hara Flint Glass Open Compote High Standard Eapg Exc.condEapg Jefferson Glass Co's Green Opalescent Iris With Meander Jelly CompoteLot Of 2 Eapg Goblets Flint Glass Mid-19th C Bellflower Fine Ribbed Grape