Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.
One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.
Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.
Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.
Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.
By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.
After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.
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Weekend picks: Cristela Alonzo cracks up RosemontChicago Daily Herald, March 4th
More than 25 dealers from around the country will showcase early American pattern glass, depression glassware, kitchen glassware and more. Also featured is an identification table where guests can bring in their own glass pieces. $8 per person...Read more
Venerated Topanga Folkie Linda Perhacs Releases Her First New Work in 44 ...LA Weekly, February 27th
Employing a slow-building sitar crescendo and baroque synth pattern, "Glass" refracts the maternal zeal she feels for her new-found youthful acolytes. It is at once pastoral and modern. This new album is something she says she'd hoped to make for many ...Read more
New Kensington will again host Three Rivers Depression glass showTribune-Review, February 23rd
“There will be glass from about 100 years ago, early American pattern glass,” says Leasure, who chairs the show with her husband, Jim, and is also the society's president. “We do have that, but not a whole lot. “We tried to center on the Depression Era.”...Read more
A touch of glassKenosha News, February 5th
“Then you'll know what you like,” Carr says. Knowing the pattern, “you can research where and when it was made. You can go into a store and ask for African shield pattern or gothic lace pattern glass, Carr says. “The more you research, the more you'll...Read more