Antique Early American Pattern Glass

Early American Pattern Glass (EAPG), also known as pressed glass, was produced from roughly 1850 to 1910. Cheaper to manufacture than blown glass, this glassware was made in cast-iron molds and marketed as an economic alternative to hand-cut crystal. Manufacturers made a wide range of patterns in order to compete with each other, usually patenting their work. Despite these steps, competitors routinely copied patterns by making minor changes to them and varying the names of the patterns just enough to keep from being sued.

One of the most famous of the early manufacturers was McKee, which established itself making windows and bottles in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1836. By 1850, the company, which had numerous names in the 19th century, moved into flint glassware. By the 1860s, its patterns included Sprig, New Pressed Leaf, and Crystal. In 1889, the firm relocated to Jeannette, Pennsylvania.

Another famous Pittsburgh firm was Atterbury & Company, whose first patent came in 1874 for a pattern called Basket Weave. Others such as Lily (most collectors know it as Sunflower) followed, while one of Atterbury’s most famous designs, for a covered dish in the shape of a duck, was patented in 1887.

Ohio was also a center of EAPG. For example, Heisey was founded in 1895 in Newark, producing pressed glassware that was so precise it looked like cut glass. Early on, the company was known for its colorless pressed glass tableware. In the first two decades of the 20th century, designer Arthur J. Sanford produced much of tableware for Heisey, a lot of it in the Colonial style, although some of its most memorable pieces came later during the Depression.

Also from Ohio was Fostoria, which was established in 1887 and was known for its almost sculptural patterns such as Bedford, Frisco, and Heavy Drape. Some of its earliest products, though, were kerosene lamps.

By the 1890s, the industry was ready for consolidation. That occurred in earnest in 1891, when the United States Glass Company was created out of the merger of 18 glass factories. These included some of the biggest names in the business, including Adams & Company and Bryce Brothers of Pittsburgh; Columbia Glass and Bellaire Goblet of Findlay, Ohio; and Hobbs Glass and Central Glass of Wheeling, West Virginia. One company that did not join the group was Northwood, which, in 1902, moved into the factory that had been vacated by Hobbs.

After World War I, pattern-glass manufacturers struggled as the real thing from Waterford and Baccarat, among other European manufacturers, became relatively inexpensive and plentiful in the United States. But when the Great Depression hit, Americans once again turned to pattern glass made by companies that today are associated with Depression glass, including Anchor Hocking, Cambridge, Jeannette, Imperial, Hazel-Atlas, Indiana Glass Company, and Macbeth-Evans.

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Recent News: Early American Pattern Glass

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Market research report on global deep-etched pattern glass industry of 2014 ...
WhaTech, March 24th

2014 Global Deep-etched Pattern Glass Industry Report is a professional and in-depth research report on the world's major regional market conditions of the Deep-etched Pattern Glass industry, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia...Read more

Earthmoving equipment market in Germany to grow at a CAGR of 3.96% during ...
WhaTech, February 26th

Earthmoving Equipment market in Germany to grow at a CAGR of 3.96 percent over the period 2014-2019. To calculate the market size, the report considers the revenue generated from the sales of earthmoving equipment in Germany including construction ...Read more

Glass club to host antique show in Bethel Park
Pittsburgh Post Gazette, February 19th

Exhibitors John and Alice Ahlfeld, a couple from Manor, Lancaster County, are specialists in Early American pattern glass, the common everyday tableware of the 1850s to 1910. They started collecting glass nearly 50 years ago as a hobby and have been ...Read more

The Houston Glass Show & Sale and The Best Little Antique Show in Texas set ..., February 11th

We have two buildings filled with top quality merchandise. The show features American made glassware and antiques from 1880-1970. This includes Pattern Glass, Carnival Glass, American Brilliant Cut Glass, Depression Glass, and American Art Pottery...Read more

How Can I Use Sandblasted Glass?
Glass on Web, February 10th

Sandblasted Glass is not a new glass finishing process; in fact it has been used on windows for many years, however, the effect and precision possible now to create sandblasted patterns in the surface of glass has advanced exponentially over the last...Read more

The Musselmans of Murrell: Pioneer Dealers in Pennsylvania German and Early ...
Maine Antique Digest, January 14th

Ada had an eye for pattern glass and sold it for more than it brings today. She appears to have been the go-getter, as well as the record keeper; the shop was advertised in her name. When our country was beginning to celebrate its sesquicentennial in...Read more

The last days of the Hotel Marshall
Sacramento Bee, December 27th

Cursing loudly, the man reared back and hurled his backpack into the window, shattering it in a starburst pattern. Glass rained into the lobby. Virk darted outside, punching 911 into his phone. He spotted former resident Bruce Presley chasing the man...Read more

Mould maker to speak at Mt. Pleasant Glass Museum
Tribune-Review, August 13th

In 1961, representatives of Mt. Pleasant's former L.E. Smith Glass Co. ventured south to Wheeling, W.Va., to tour the Island Mould and Machine Co., according to John Weishar, who along with his elder brother, Tom, co-owns the company today under ...Read more