Milk glass has been around since the 16th century, but the term itself was coined in the 20th century to describe the opaque white plates, goblets, serving items, and decorative objects that became popular in the late 1880s.
France was the first place milk glass came into vogue, and 19th-century French milk glass is highly collectible today. By the early 1900s, milk glass was a symbol of the style and taste of American households enjoying the fruits of the Gilded Age. These privileged individuals filled their homes with milk glass produced by 19th-century U.S. glass manufacturers, including New England Glass Company, Bryce Brothers, Gillinder & Sons, and Atterbury & Company.
Milk glass plates are one of the most popular collectibles from this era. One particularly rare plate featured the face of George Washington and had a border of thirteen stars. Other plates sported relief portraits of Christopher Columbus at their centers, and in 1908, plates were produced to help spur the presidential campaigns of William Jennings Bryan and William Howard Taft.
Regardless of the imagery at its heart, whether it was relief flowers or painted birds, the borders of milk glass plates were often pressed or molded to resemble latticework or pinwheels. Some edges were scalloped, others were beaded like frosting on the rim of a wedding cake, and a few were even smooth and round, with undecorated centers to go with these uncharacteristically understated edges.
Platters were a step up from plates—unlike dinnerware, which demanded a certain minimum level of functionality, platters could go all-out when it came to decorative effects. The relief on a rare Lincoln platter from the late 1800s is so great that it must have been used exclusively as a commemorative object. At the other end of the utility spectrum were waffle platters, whose gridded surfaces resembled those of the popular breakfast item they were designed to carry. Somewhere in between was the retriever platter, which depicted a three-dimensional dog head breaking through cattails at the bottom of the platter.
For objects such as serving dishes, milk glass was often pressed so that its surface had a diamond-cut pattern—collectors refer to these as Sawtooth pieces. Atterbury was especially well known for its covered Sawtooth dishes in the shapes of ducks, fish, and other animals. In fact, Atterbury made so much milk glass that the company’s Pittsburgh factory was often referred to as the White House.
In a class by themselves are the covered serving dishes, whose tops resembled roosters, chickens, hens, and swans, as well as lions and other less domestic beasts. Sometimes peop...
Jugs and pitchers were another favorite form for milk glass. Geometric and basket-weave reliefs graced the outsides of these handsome objects, and Hobnail patterns were very popular on everything from flower vases to syrup jars.
During the Depression and into the 1940s and ’50s, milk glass lost some of its luster as a symbol of domestic status. Respected glass companies such as Akro Agate, Westmoreland, Fenton, and Fostoria made milk glass, but the style seemed a throwback to an earlier, fustier age.
Akro Agate made powder jars, whose lids were in the shapes of Colonial-era women wearing billowy dresses. Fostoria made a pink version of milk glass, while Westmoreland made things like covered dishes whose tops and bottoms formed a kneeling camel. It was all very charming but seemed out of step with the evolving styles of the day.
Despite this, some companies actually made a name for themselves with milk glass. In particular, Fenton’s line of Hobnail milk glass—from fan-shaped vases to toothpick holders to candlesticks—became the company’s flagship pattern in the 1950s. Indeed, the company’s prodigious output and success with Hobnail milk glass contributed to a resurgence of interest in this retro form during the early 1960s.
Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)
Milk Glass Collectors Society
Pattern Glass School
Clubs & Associations
- Milk Glass Collectors Society
- Early American Pattern Glass Society
- National Cambridge Collectors, Inc.
Other Great Reference Sites
Most watched eBay auctions
Recent News: Milk Glass
Source: Google News
Estate Sale Roundup: August 22-24: Be one of the few stalwart shoppers out ...Austin Chronicle, August 21st
The pickings are fairly slim this week, prior to what will presumably be a Labor Day vintage blowout when the real loot will debut. Stay tuned to this space for a three-day weekend's worth of rummaging, and in the meantime, you never know – while...Read more
Collectible milk glass is both pretty and practicalThe Spokesman Review (blog), August 21st
I'm not a milk glass collector, although there are many people who are, but I do occasionally pick up a particularly pretty piece when I can put it to some practical use. Living in a small cottage means that what comes into the house must serve some...Read more
Heart in a box, relish in a trayAitkin Independent Age, August 20th
But what about hers, what about a strong/sweet social worker/mother? He was way less likely to dispose of anything but she collected more stuff – old-fashioned tea cups, milk glass (remember milk glass?), carefully categorized and. labeled photo albums...Read more
Miss Shaw and Mr. Smith unite in lovely garden ceremonyForest Blade, August 19th
Smaller arrangements of ferns, jasmine, white hydrangeas and silverberry were placed in antique white tea pots and peach colored antique milk glass. Tall vases held creme pillar candles. 'Mr. and Mrs.' signs, framed in white distressed driftwood, held...Read more
Banks go for more than just peanutsClinton Herald, August 18th
Choice of milk glass brought a bid of $21 and the winner took three pieces for $63. If you still have your old toys from childhood, now would be the time to sell them as prices are high and buyers are looking for them. Ted Wilk is with Wilk Auction and...Read more
Use glass to bring class to the tableThe Sun, August 8th
Still perfect today for everyday use, the durability of the milk glass paired with colorful stripes will add a pop of color to any event. In fact, one of my all-time favorites is milk glass. Although my mother had an overabundance of this in our home...Read more
Woodsman Pastry Chef Nancye Benson Opening Milk Glass Market on North ...Willamette Week, August 7th
Nancye Benson, pastry chef at the Woodsman Tavern and former head of the food program at the Woodsman Market, is opening a 28-seat cafe and market called Milk Glass Market at 2150 N. Killingsworth Street with partner William Macklin. Benson and ...Read more
Versatile cornbread: From salad to milk glassNashville Ledger newspaper, July 31st
Cornbread salad in summer is like chili in winter – a must-have. It's like a cool garden salad with Southern charm. It's also a potluck favorite. If you've never tried cornbread salad, I have a great recipe for you, and this is the best time of the...Read more