Antique and vintage glassware encompasses countless types of decorative-yet-functional containers, bowls, and platters produced from the late 1800s through the mid-1900s. Examples include pressed glass, cut glass, carnival glass, Depression glass, elegant glass, and milk glass.
Of these techniques, cut glass is the oldest, going back some 2,000 years, almost to the introduction in the West of glassblowing itself. Then as now, glass was cut by holding a cooled piece up to a grinding wheel to carve grooves in its side. The effect could be used to produce decorations and designs, as well as patterns. Another type of cut glass could also be called carved glass. In the earliest surviving example of this technique, a piece of 1st-century cameo glass known as the Portland Vase, a top layer of white glass has been carved away to reveal the background of dark blue glass behind it.
More recently, during the so-called "American Brilliant" period from the late 19th century until the early part of the 20th, intricately cut pieces of leaded crystal on a dining table was a key signifier of social status and class. But the American Brilliant era was brief, its optical opulence interrupted by World War I and dealt a final blow during the Depression, when less-expensive pressed glass was embraced by budget-conscious consumers.
In the United States, the production of pressed glass proliferated in the mid-1800s, when the Early American Pattern Glass (or EAPG) industry matured. Manufacturers such as New England Glass Company of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Cambridge Glass Company of Cambridge, Ohio, were leaders, as was McKee of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. These companies and many others like them, often produced the same patterns (albeit with very minor differences to avoid lawsuits), with names like Bellflower and Wildflower, Westward-Ho, and Lion, and Thousand Eye and Three Face. The numerous firms that came out of Ohio were particularly strong, including Heisey, Fostoria, and Jennette.
During the 1920s, many pressed-glass manufacturers struggled as cut glass from France (Baccarat) and Ireland (Waterford) became relatively cheap. But the stock-market crash of 1929 gave a boost to even less-expensive forms of pressed glass, known, fittingly, as Depression glass. Now it was Anchor-Hocking’s turn to shine. Also from Ohio, the firm manufactured at an impressive rate, producing 90 pieces of glassware a minute, allowing it to practically give away Circle, Mayfair, Spiral, and other popular glassware patterns for pennies each.
Concurrently, companies such as Fenton and Northwood were cranking out a sort of poor-man’s Tiffany Favrile known as carnival glass, since it was so often given away as prizes at carnivals. Fenton made roughly 150 patterns of carnival, with descriptive names like Waterlily and Cattails, Peacock Tail, Thistle, and Wreath of Roses. Because the competition was so fierce, companies resorted to all sorts of visual gimmicks to distinguish themselves. One by-product of this race to the bottom was Vaseline or uranium glass, which glowed green when exposed to UV light thanks to its sprayed coating of uranium salt on its surface.
Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)
Pattern Glass School
Clubs & Associations
Other Great Reference Sites
Most watched eBay auctions
Recent News: Glassware
Source: Google News
People of the World's Longest Yard SaleRacked, August 31st
Driving the world's longest yard sale this summer, that felt like an optimistic count. Still, even if it's a fifth the size, that's a whole lot of front yards, church parking lots, cow fields, and fairgrounds filled with used baby clothes, mid-century...Read more
Lewis County brimming with events on Labor Day WeekendThe Exponent Telegram (press release) (registration), August 29th
Garrett said the antique tractors and engines will be at the Jubilee all weekend, but there will be antique cars on Sunday only. Also on Sunday ... I have some Jerusalem carvings, melted glass designs, vintage-style clothes and handmade rugs...Read more
Time in TallahasseeOrlando Sentinel, August 29th
Tallahassee that afternoon, we wandered the well-preserved Goodwood Museum & Gardens, an 1830s-vintage mansion popular today for weddings, with verandas, Spanish-moss-draped oak canopy and enough vintage furniture, porcelain and glassware ...Read more
Give the garden some height with a DIY totem or towerBoston Globe, August 29th
Karen Heath of Grosse Pointe Farms, Mich., recycles antique glass lamps into tall garden towers. She threads the mismatched globes, which are gaudy and outdated for many homes today, onto rebar to make works of light-catching art. You can find lamps at ...Read more
WORD ON THE STREET: Fresno mother and daughter start vintage rental companyFresno Bee, August 26th
Laura Bolduc and daughter, Lisa Fisher, started Something Borrowed Events in Fresno to rent their collection of antique furniture and accessories. Special to The Bee ... They also have lighted signs, assorted glassware and chalkboard signs. “When I got ...Read more
The Picker Knows moves into old Dahl's storeDesMoinesRegister.com, August 24th
The shop has 300 vendors selling antique furniture, artwork, glassware, vintage signs and jewelry. It can hold up to 400 vendors, Cross said. Weekly auctions will be held in the 6,000-square-foot auction space inside the shop. The Picker Knows also is ...Read more
Gloria Ferrer on her sparkling glassware collectionNapa Valley Register, August 20th
I remember very well when I began to collect glasses. It was in Venice, in 1956, that my uncle gave me the idea while sitting at the dinner table in the Piazza San Marco. My father quietly got up and went into an antique shop near Saint Marco's...Read more
For what it's worth, HAHS plans antique appraisal fair Aug. 5La Crosse Tribune, August 2nd
drawings, prints and statuary; furniture; ceramics such as figural pottery, vases, dishes, kitchenware and stoneware; glassware, including lighting, marbles and souvenir items; vintage photographs; two-dimensional and three dimensional advertising...Read more