Harry Northwood, son of esteemed English cameo glass maker John Northwood, came to the United States in 1880. He first worked for Hobbs, Brockunier and Company of Wheeling, West Virginia, for five years, getting hands-on experience in the glassmaking trade. After a brief stint as manager at La Belle Glass Company of Bridgeport, Ohio, he moved on to Buckeye Glass Company of Martin's Ferry, Ohio.

Finally, in 1896, he struck out on his own, forming the Northwood Company in Indiana, Pennsylvania, where he introduced his famous Northwood custard glass. Between 1899 and 1901, Northwood joined the National Glass Combine, but because of that group's financial problems, Northwood left to manufacture independently again. In 1902, Northwood purchased the old Hobbs, Brockunier plant and started to make his glass in two factories.

It was one Northwood's students, Frank L. Fenton, who came up with the techniques for iridizing glass, in which a piece of pressed glass is sprayed with metallic salts while it is still hot to give it a color-changing shimmer. His Fenton Glass Company of Williamston, West Virginia, introduced this "iridescence ware" or "Poor Man's Tiffany" in 1907. Today it is known as carnival glass.

Even though Fenton's product was not a smashing success, Northwood quickly followed in his footsteps, introducing its own iridescent ware called Golden Iris, which was known for its marigold color. Waterlily and Cattails, Cherry and Cable, and Valentine were among some of Northwood's early carnival glass patterns.

Unfortunately, most customers at the time didn't see iridescent ware as top-notch glass since it was so cheap to make, and they refused to pay good money for it. That's why these shimmering glass pieces—from vases and pitchers to goblets and candy bowls—were given away as prizes at carnivals, or as promotions at movie theaters or in grocery stores. Still, this supposed failure turned into a lucrative business for many companies.

Northwood succeeded because it was innovative, experimenting with splatter patterns and previously unseen colors. While all pieces of carnival glass appear to contain multiple colors, iridized glass tends to be identified by the base color of the glass that's treated. Northwood invented many signature colors for its iridized glass, including amethyst, cobalt blue, and green, as well as in pastels, ice blue and ice green, and white. Its esteemed marigold color, however, was an exception to the glass-color-naming convention: It was made by spraying clear glass with an orange-metallic color.

One of Northwood's most popular patterns is Grape and Cable. It was in such high demand, many mold variations were made, and it can be found in plain or stippled. The standard de...

In one variation, a large band replaces the cable—these rare pieces are highly sought by collectors. These include a hatpin holder in amethyst, blue, or marigold, a fruit bowl, a banana boat in marigold, green, blue, or aqua, and a dresser tray in marigold. Another variant found on ruffled bowls or rare double hand-grip plates features one leaf in the center of the circle instead of the four small ones. Colors include amethyst, green, blue, ice blue, aqua opalescent, smoke, and marigold. Grape and Gable with Thumbprint, meanwhile, is seen in berry sets, table sets, cookie jars, tobacco humidors, ruffled hat whimsies, and a water set.

Another well-received Northwood pattern is called Good Luck, which came in bowls and plates. It had a horseshoe in the middle and the words "GOOD LUCK" around the top of the center circle, surrounded by a floral pattern. Good Luck had three variants, could be stippled or unstippled, and usually had ribs or a basketweave texture on the back.

Collectors also love Northwood's peacock patterns, including Peacocks (or Peacocks on a Fence) found on bowls and plates; Peacock and Urn, found on a chop plate, an ice cream set, a large ruffled bowl, and a small plate; and Peacock at the Fountain, which was used on pitchers, tumblers, bowls, water sets, punch sets, table sets, berry sets, butter dishes, and creamers.

One of Northwood's most esteemed creations is its Tree Trunk vase, which came in five sizes, several design variations, and multiple colors. These vases range from 5-to-22-inches tall and are called, in order of smallest to largest, "squat," "standard," "mid-size," "elephant's foot," and "funeral." These come in marigold, amethyst, green, cobalt blue, ice blue, ice green, white, teal, aqua opalescent, lime green, marigold in custard—particularly rare is a vase with an iridized blue slag treatment.

Though widely copied, Northwood pieces can be identified by a circled or underlined “N.” The company went out of business in 1925, eight years after the founder's death.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Aqua Opal Diamond Point Carnival Glass Vase By Northwood, NrNorthwood Poppy Show Antique Carnival Art Glass Plate~marigold~fantastic Piece!Rare Green Grape & Cable Carnival Glass Candle Lamp By Northwood, NrNorthwood Peacock At The Urn Carnival Orange Iridescent Scallop Edge BowlNorthwood Peacocks Antique Carnival Glass Pce Bowl~electric Purple~spectacular!Northwood Grape & Cable Antique Carnival Art Glass Banana Boat~purple~fantastic!Northwood Grape & Cable Antique Carnival Art Glass Whiskey Decanter~marigold!Carnival Fantastic Pumpkin Marigold Drapery Vase By NorthwoodNorthwood Gorgeous Purple Grape & Cable Carnival Glass Bowl Signed Plain BackCarnival Extremely Rare Northwood Oriental Poppy Breakfast Set In Flashed PurpleNorthwood Wishbone Antique Carnival Art Glass Tumbler~purple~fantastic Specimen!Northwood Peacock At The Urn Antique Carnival Glass Ics Berry Bowl~blue~gorgeous Antique Northwood Thin Rib Carnival Glass Vase Amethyst 6 1/2" Nice Antique Northwood Grape And Cable Carnival Glass Hatpin Holder Amethyst NiceNorthwood Sweetmeat Grape And Cable Carnival Glass Electric Blue~super ColorScarce Feathers!! Short! Northwood Green Carnival Glass Vase Antique IridescentElectric G & C Carnival Glass Plate W/stretchy Irid., NrNorthwood Peacock On The Fence Pattern Northwood Three Fruits Antique Carnival Art Glass Ruffled Bowl~electric Purple!Northwood Carnival Glass Diamond Points Vase Circa 1910Carnival Mind Blowing Stippled Grape And Cable Tobacco Jar In Marigold "killer"Northwood Thin Rib Arches Antique Carnival Glass Jip Vase~purple~beautiful! Purple Grape & Cable Carnival Glass Butter Bottom & Top By Northwood, NrFrosty White Carnival Glass, Northwood "peacock On The Fence"Hob Nail Tree Trunk Carnival Glass Vase- Opalescent Purple Rare Antique Northwood Beaded Cable Blue Ftd Rose BowlNorthwood Carnival Glass Plate / Bowl "peacocks On The Fence" Electric AmethystNorthwood Grape & Cable Blue Carnival Handled Bon Bon Candy DishVtg Northwood Sunflower Carnival Iridescent Ruffled Glass Foot Bowl Antique ArtNorthwood Beaded Cable Antique Carnival Glass Ftd Rose Bowl~green~rayed Int! Northwood Carnival Glass Set Of Six PunchcupsNorthwood Amethyst Carnival Glass Embroidered Mums Ruffled Bowl~no Reserve!Carnival Very Scarce Blue Daisy And Plume Rosebowl With Raspberry InteriorNorthwood Peacock At The Fountain Footed Fruit BowlNorthwood Peacocks On The Fence Carnival Glass Bowl MarigoldNorthwood Amethyst Carnival Glass Three Fruit And Flowers Bowl With N MarkWow Cool!! Northwood Carnival Glass Leaf Beads Nut Bowl Iridescent Vase AntiqueNorthwood Three Fruits Bowl Blue / Amethyst Carnival Glass Bowl Wreathed BackNorthwood Good Luck Amethyst/lavender Carnival Glass 9" Ruffled Bowl No Reserve!Antique Northwood Opalescent Cream & Sugar Set, "pump & Trough"Vintage Swung Diamond Point Columns Amethyst Carnival Glass Tall Vase 9.99 Nr!Vintage Northwood Carnival Glass Singing Birds CupAntique Northwood Marigold Orange Grape Cable Carnival Glass Whiskey Shot GlassAntique Northwood Old 3 Fruit Iridescent 7 3/8 Inch's Ruffled BowlNorthwood Glass White Carnival And Gold Peach Peaches Eapg Butter Dish GildedNorthwood Carnival Glass Grape And Cable Green Master Berry Bowl AntiqueVtg Northwood Leaf & Grape Leaves Carnival Ruffled 8 1/2" Glass Bowl Antique ArtAntique Glass Opalescent Northwood Stripe Venetian Rib Shaker CastorAqua Opal Hearts & Flowers CompoteNorthwood Vintage Singing Birds Mugs = 2 Marigold Antique Northwood Marigold Carnival Punch Cup "peacock At The Fountain" PatternBeautiful Carnival Glass Northwood Fine Ribbed Vase / Ametyhyst / Number 1Contemporary "new Northwood" Dolphin CompoteGreen Fenton Blackberry Block Tankard Carnival Glass!Northwood Amethyst Carnival Glass Mug...singing Bird PatternAntique Carnival Glass Bowl Northwood Grape And Cable Ruffled Edge 6 1/8 InchsNorthwood Vintage Grapes And Gothic Arches Butter Cover MintNorthwood Vintage Acorn Burrs Lid Green Carnival GlassNorthwood Grape And Cable Tumbler Pair Amethyst Marked "n" Iridescent Vtg Unmarked Northwood "grape And Cable" Ruffled Edge Carnival Glass Bowl

Recent News: Northwood Glass

Source: Google News

Kanata Lasers' Johnny Kyte competes in Deaflympics, carrying on a family legacy
Yahoo Sports (blog), April 17th

You had to look in the glass. You had to, in practice, go over and over and over the play and execute it on the ice. That's the only way you could play. "The other cool thing about when you play is that — I find — it's very, very rough," adds Kyte...Read more

All the entertainment events, eight days of the week
The Register-Guard, April 16th

Richie G and Ma Beat — Americana, 6 p.m., Saginaw Vineyards, 80247 Delight Valley School Road, Cottage Grove. Free. (541-942-1364). Gumbo Groove — Folk-fueled fungrass, 6 p.m., Friendly Street Market and Deli, 2757 Friendly St. Free. (541-683-2079)...Read more

Bambi Northwood-Blyth and Dan Single share a kiss on the Game of Thrones ...
The Daily Telegraph, April 13th

“A glass of red wine and an episode of Game of Thrones is a great night in for us.” Nine's Mornings presenter David Campbell could not wait to see the action on the big screen with wife Lisa. Bambi Northwood-Blyth. Picture: Andrew Murray Source: News ...Read more

Our Towns What's On Calendar
Toledo Blade, April 13th

Mosaic glass class offered by the Waterville Area Arts Commission and Animal House Glass at the Waterville Library, 800 Michigan Ave., 10 a.m. to noon April 25. Class will be taught by local glass artist Gail Christofferson with assistant Carol Rodgers...Read more

St. Tammany Parish real estate transfers
NOLA.com, April 9th

RURAL LAND Section 12, township 7 south, range 11 east: William P. Strain, Tammy S. Glass and David T. Glass to Autozone Development LLC, $395,000. Section 16, township 5 south, range 10 east: Nancy L. Johnston, Jason D. Haik, Tracy L.H. Bennett, Jesse...Read more

Porcelain tea set made in Czechoslovakia
Chicago Daily Herald, April 9th

Northwood Glass Company was founded by Harry Northwood in Wheeling, West Virginia, in 1901. Northwood produced both pressed glass and blown glass. They made beautiful carnival glass from 1908 to 1915. The "Grape and Cable" pattern was available ...Read more

Phelps home Albany area Yard of the Month for April | PHOTO GALLERY
The Albany Herald, April 7th

#“This is a great yard with lots going on,” Marideane Maxwell, who chairs the club's selection committee, said of the Phelps home at 1802 Northwood Drive. “You will need to drive by and view the yard from the front …. and then down the paved alley and...Read more

Treasures: Amethyst bowl is a work of carnival glass
Belleville News Democrat, April 6th

The ruffled bowl in today's question appears to be made from amethyst glass, which is nice, but in this pattern, colors such as pastel smoke, ice blue and ice green tend to be a little better. Wishbone was first made around 1911 by the Northwood...Read more