Harry Northwood, son of esteemed English cameo glass maker John Northwood, came to the United States in 1880. He first worked for Hobbs, Brockunier and Company of Wheeling, West Virginia, for five years, getting hands-on experience in the glassmaking trade. After a brief stint as manager at La Belle Glass Company of Bridgeport, Ohio, he moved on to Buckeye Glass Company of Martin's Ferry, Ohio.

Finally, in 1896, he struck out on his own, forming the Northwood Company in Indiana, Pennsylvania, where he introduced his famous Northwood custard glass. Between 1899 and 1901, Northwood joined the National Glass Combine, but because of that group's financial problems, Northwood left to manufacture independently again. In 1902, Northwood purchased the old Hobbs, Brockunier plant and started to make his glass in two factories.

It was one Northwood's students, Frank L. Fenton, who came up with the techniques for iridizing glass, in which a piece of pressed glass is sprayed with metallic salts while it is still hot to give it a color-changing shimmer. His Fenton Glass Company of Williamston, West Virginia, introduced this "iridescence ware" or "Poor Man's Tiffany" in 1907. Today it is known as carnival glass.

Even though Fenton's product was not a smashing success, Northwood quickly followed in his footsteps, introducing its own iridescent ware called Golden Iris, which was known for its marigold color. Waterlily and Cattails, Cherry and Cable, and Valentine were among some of Northwood's early carnival glass patterns.

Unfortunately, most customers at the time didn't see iridescent ware as top-notch glass since it was so cheap to make, and they refused to pay good money for it. That's why these shimmering glass pieces—from vases and pitchers to goblets and candy bowls—were given away as prizes at carnivals, or as promotions at movie theaters or in grocery stores. Still, this supposed failure turned into a lucrative business for many companies.

Northwood succeeded because it was innovative, experimenting with splatter patterns and previously unseen colors. While all pieces of carnival glass appear to contain multiple colors, iridized glass tends to be identified by the base color of the glass that's treated. Northwood invented many signature colors for its iridized glass, including amethyst, cobalt blue, and green, as well as in pastels, ice blue and ice green, and white. Its esteemed marigold color, however, was an exception to the glass-color-naming convention: It was made by spraying clear glass with an orange-metallic color.

One of Northwood's most popular patterns is Grape and Cable. It was in such high demand, many mold variations were made, and it can be found in plain or stippled. The standard de...

In one variation, a large band replaces the cable—these rare pieces are highly sought by collectors. These include a hatpin holder in amethyst, blue, or marigold, a fruit bowl, a banana boat in marigold, green, blue, or aqua, and a dresser tray in marigold. Another variant found on ruffled bowls or rare double hand-grip plates features one leaf in the center of the circle instead of the four small ones. Colors include amethyst, green, blue, ice blue, aqua opalescent, smoke, and marigold. Grape and Gable with Thumbprint, meanwhile, is seen in berry sets, table sets, cookie jars, tobacco humidors, ruffled hat whimsies, and a water set.

Another well-received Northwood pattern is called Good Luck, which came in bowls and plates. It had a horseshoe in the middle and the words "GOOD LUCK" around the top of the center circle, surrounded by a floral pattern. Good Luck had three variants, could be stippled or unstippled, and usually had ribs or a basketweave texture on the back.

Collectors also love Northwood's peacock patterns, including Peacocks (or Peacocks on a Fence) found on bowls and plates; Peacock and Urn, found on a chop plate, an ice cream set, a large ruffled bowl, and a small plate; and Peacock at the Fountain, which was used on pitchers, tumblers, bowls, water sets, punch sets, table sets, berry sets, butter dishes, and creamers.

One of Northwood's most esteemed creations is its Tree Trunk vase, which came in five sizes, several design variations, and multiple colors. These vases range from 5-to-22-inches tall and are called, in order of smallest to largest, "squat," "standard," "mid-size," "elephant's foot," and "funeral." These come in marigold, amethyst, green, cobalt blue, ice blue, ice green, white, teal, aqua opalescent, lime green, marigold in custard—particularly rare is a vase with an iridized blue slag treatment.

Though widely copied, Northwood pieces can be identified by a circled or underlined “N.” The company went out of business in 1925, eight years after the founder's death.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Northwood Heart And Flowers Antique Carnival Glass Plate~pumpkin Marigold~hot! Northwood Good Luck Antique Carnival Plate~rare Electric Blue~visually Striking!Northwood Carnival Glass Nippon Bowl Green Antique Imperial Crest IridescentNorthwood Three Fruits Antique Carnival~stippled~plate~marigold~beautiul Pinks!Northwood Stippled Rays Antique Carnival Glass Pce Bowl~green~super Rich~awesomeNorthwood Grape & Cable Antique Carnival Complete 7 Pc Water Set~purple~gorgeousAntique Northwood Carnival Glass Daisy Drape Vase Iridescent Vintage MarigoldNorthwood Electric Blue Embroidered Mums Carnival Glass Bowl Iridescent AntiqueFantastic Purple Northwood Carnival Glass Hearts And Flowers Ruffled 9 Inch BowlNorthwood Strawberry Electric Amethyst Carnival Glass Plate Iridescent AntiqueNorthwood Springtime Antique Carnival Glass Water Pitcher~elusive Green~hot!!! Northwood Peacocks Antique Carnival Glass Plate~electric Purple~superb Color!Grape & Cable By Northwood Amethyst Carnival Glass 9" Raised Base Plate DishCarnival Superior Northwood Grape Arbor Tankard Water Pitcher In PurpleNorthwood Good Luck Antique Carnival Glass Ruffled Bowl~marigold~ultra Sharp! Northwood Grape & Cable Antique Carnival Glass Cologne Bottle~purple~superb! Northwood Singing Birds Antique Carnival Glass Berry Bowl~purple~vibrant ExampleNorthwood Green Opalescent Tree Trunk VaseNorthwood Peacocks Antique Carnival Glass Ruffled Bowl~blue~super Rich Colors!Northwood Grape & Cable Antique Carnival Glass Water PitcherNorthwood Antique Carnival Glass 8 Sided Bushel Basket~white~gorgeous Pastels! Carnival Incredible Blue Singing Birds Mug By Northwood "iridescence To Die For"Northwood Springtime Antique Carnival Glass Tumbler~marigold~beautiful Example!Northwood Sunflower Antique Carnival Glass Ftd Ruffled Bowl~purple~gorgeous! Northwood Large Fruit Bowl ~banded And Stippled~ Circa 1900'sNorthwood Good Luck Antique Carnival Glass Ruffled Bowl~purple~hot!!! Northwood Carnival Glass Rose Show 9" Ruffled Bowl - Deep Marigold ColorAntique Northwood Carnival Glass Grape And Cable Pitcher And Tumblers-amethystEarly Northwood Amethyst Carnival Vases W 1905 Mark - EucNorthwood Green "singing Birds" MugNorthwood Carnival Glass Punchbowl Stand Northwood Green Iridized Thin Rib Vase, Cir 1904Carnival Fantastic Cambridge Inverted Strawberry Purple Tumbler Signed Near-cutVintage Northwood Wild Rose Electrifying Blue Carnival Glass Three Footed BowlVtg Antique Northwood Memphis Berry Bowl Set Emerald Green Gold Gilt 1907Northwood Amethyst Tree Trunk VaseAntique Northwood Opalescent Blue Daisy And Fern Parian Mould Large PitcherVintage Northwood Carnival Irridesent Glass Bowl Star Of David Impressed " N "Vintage Amethyst Grape & Cable Carnival Glass 5 Piece Water Set, NrNorthwood Grape & Cable Antique Carnival Glass Tumbler~rare Smoke~super Piece!Northwood 8 1/2 Inch Grape And Cable Carnival Glass Green W/ Emerald GrapesFine Cut And Roses, Northwood Carnival Glass Candy BowlRare Vintage Northwood Tricolor Purple Grape Carnival Glass Lace Candy DishNorthwood White Clear Carnival Glass Round Handled "bushel Basket"Northwood White Opalescent Jolly Bear Ruffled BowlNorthwood Fruit & Flowers BowlNorthwood Green Stippled "grape And Cable" Punch Cup With Blue HighlightsAntique Northwood Grape & Gothic Arches Marigold Carnival Glass TumblerNorthwood Carnival Glass Marigold - Good Luck - Bowl Pie Crust Ribbed BackNorthwood Fine Rib Amethyst 10" Vase- Hard To Find, Fiery Color!Northwood Green Carnival Glass Footed Bowl Wild Rose & Shell PatternAntique Northwood Swirl Marigold Carnival Glass TumblerNorthwood Raspberry Antique Carnival Complete 7 Pc Water Set~very Scarce Green!Northwood Rose Show Carnival Glass Plate Electric Blue AntiqueNorthwood Sizzling Electric Blue Rose Bowl 3 Foot Beaded Cable Rare Vintage Square Art Glass Purple Amethyst Iridescent Northwood Dark Green! Carnival Glass Vase Thin Rib Antique Victorian IridescentWonderful Carnival Glass Vase In A Very Rich IridescenceVintage Northwood Carnival Glass Green Iridescent Tree Trunk Vase Exc Cond!!Vintage Northwood Grape & Ivy Pink Footed Glass Hatpin Holder

Recent News: Northwood Glass

Source: Google News

Monday Room owner opens new wine bar
The Press, August 26th

Hanna will be serving up wine by the glass (from $10) and wine by the bottle (from $45 to $4000) with a selection of platters of charcoal grilled food. Yum. The Wine Bar will be open 4pm to late seven days so you can get your fix any day of the week...Read more

Recent crimes in Ashfield
Mansfield Chad, August 24th

A brown-coloured Kona Jump Bike, has painted skull with fire on frame and bottle opener of handle. Value £1800. 18th Aug 14 Northwood Avenue, Sutton Shop Offender smashed glass door to gain entry, smashed open cigarette locker and stolen a unknown ...Read more

Weekend Planner: Sports and arts join in new Albert Lea festival
Albert Lea Tribune, August 21st

Thirty to 40 art vendors will be at the festival exhibiting different mediums such as acrylics, chalk, jewelry, photography, rug weaving, sculpture, stained glass, watercolors, oils, pastels, rock creatures, soaps and wood. Sports exhibitors include...Read more

Community Calendar
News Sentinel, August 20th

Fused Glass Wreath Plate, 6-7 p.m. Dec. 1, Lane Middle School; $33. CULINARY: Sushi: Doesn't Always Mean Raw Fish, 6-8 p.m. Oct. 7, North Side High ... 3, Northwood Middle School; $39. HOME: Organize Your Home and Office, 6:30-8:30 p.m. Sept. 15 and 22...Read more

Heart of America Carnival Glass Association Auction
Maine Antique Digest, August 14th

A glass bell made as a 1912 souvenir for the Portland, Oregon, convention of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (BPOE)was the key item at the Heart of America Carnival Glass Association convention sale on May 3, selling for $11,000 (no buyer's...Read more

Treatment plant back to 100%
Toledo Blade, August 6th

The Blade reached out to representatives from several water-intensive industries on Wednesday, including glass manufacturers, steel processing plants, and refiners. While some said they're taking extra conservation measures or trying to shift usage...Read more

Coffeehouse brings a taste of Canada to Myrtle Beach
MyrtleBeachOnline.com, August 5th

The spot is a new addition to Northwood Plaza, which is becoming foodie central in Myrtle Beach, adding the gift of delectable, heavenly tasting brews that come from above — not heaven, but Canada. Some refer to the Second Cup chain as the Starbucks...Read more

Real Estate: What's your neighbor's home selling for?
Belleville News Democrat, August 3rd

2608 Sandstone Drive; from William P. Nelson, Karen R. Nelson, Nelson Revocable Living Trust; to Steven W. Laur and Jeanne D. Laur; $228,000. * 26 Oak Leaf; from Nadine L. Janette; to Amanda Gudac; $222,500. * 16 Northwood Ave.; from Cade Garrett; ...Read more